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Fabricare Draperies - Window Treatments for Businesses and Government Agencies Fabricare Draperies, a GSA contract holder, manufactures & installs custom window treatments for businesses and government agencies.
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Residential and commercial window treatments Beautiful, smart window treatments can make an uninspiring room suddenly spring to life. See our incredible residential and commercial window treatments.
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Skinlash | Eyelash Extension | Singapore Skinlash pride ourselves to be the leading face and eyelash extension studio in Singapore! With 10 years of experience, we aim to produce results and use high quality products to deliver top notch professional treatments tailored to your individual needs.
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Papad making machine, Papad machine, Packaging machines manufacturer,Vacuum machines,Shrink wrapping machines,Industrial boilers exporter,Papad making machines, Sealing machines supplier Papad making machine, Manufacturer packaging machines, exporter vacuum machines, sealing machines, shrink wrapping machines, papad making machines, boilers machines, water treatments, machines for packaging, Vijayengineering, Syscomm Solutions, India.
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Acne Treatments and Anti-Aging Skin Care - Skincare 4 All Seasons Skincare 4 All Seasons provide acne treatments and anti-aging skincare enhancements. We use clinical-grade products, active peptides and light energy therapy that will stimulate beautiful healthy changes and skin regeneration.
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Arigato-Sun Clinic, Brisbane South Area, Japanese Thermo-Therapeutic Treatments, Japanese Traditional Seitai Remedial Massage Arigato-Sun Clinic, Specialised in Japanese Naturo-Therapeutic Treatments. Japanese Traditional Light & Heat Therapy, Japanese Traditional Remedial Massage (Seitai Massage, Seitai-style Dry Hot Rock Remedial Masage Stretton Massage, Stretton remedial massage, popular local, popular local massage clinic, shiatsu massage, japanese shiatsu massage, popular remedial massage, popular stretton massage clinic, remedial massage, therapeutic massage, massage clinic 4116, massage clinic 4115, massage clinic 4114, massage clinic 4113, massage clinic 4112, massage clinic 4109, massage clinic 4117, massage clinic 4118, calamavale, parkinson, sunnybank hills, algester, runcorn, drewvale
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Papad making machine, Papad machine, Packaging machines manufacturer,Vacuum machines,Shrink wrapping machines,Industrial boilers exporter,Papad making machines, Sealing machines supplier Papad making machine, Manufacturer packaging machines, exporter vacuum machines, sealing machines, shrink wrapping machines, papad making machines, boilers machines, water treatments, machines for packaging, Vijayengineering, Syscomm Solutions, India.
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Skinlash | Eyelash Extension | Singapore Skinlash pride ourselves to be the leading face and eyelash extension studio in Singapore! With 10 years of experience, we aim to produce results and use high quality products to deliver top notch professional treatments tailored to your individual needs.
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Aida M Dental Spa | Dental care | North Miami – Aida M Dental Spa Regular dental care is an important part of oral health. Having healthy teeth and gums isn't a given, though.
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American Journal of Acupuncture: Serving Our Readers With The Most Comprehensive Collection of Contemporary Research and Experience Since 1973, the American Journal of Acupuncture has provided peer-reviewed articles spanning the diverse range of traditional and modern acupuncture and energy medicine. As the world''s most comprehensive collection of contemporary-practitioner''s research and experience, AJA offers treatment options and evidence, unique applications of acupuncture in the Western setting, clinical comparisons and research, treatment innovations including advances in pain management, herbal medicine, nutrition, and immune enhancement. Regular features include the Acu-Forum (with review and insight on the fundamentals by a senior practitioner), as well as book and equipment reviews, etc. Special series have included in-depth exploration of specific clinical topics, perspectives on healing traditions, as well as the future of Oriental medicine, bioelectromagnetics and the coming paradigm shift. AJA''s authors have included the world''s most renowned teachers, practitioners, researchers, scholars--all representing diverse traditions and perspectives in the field. In this forum, no school or perspective or training orientation is favored above any other--they all have their place in the evolving field. Sample topics: Parkinsonism, sportsmedicine, cellulite, sexual abuse, hiccups during surgery, edema, stroke, bone spurs, loss of taste, alcoholic recidivism, autoimmune disease, dangers of dairy products, colorpuncture, etc. Back issues for continued and unique professional enrichment are available.
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Bright Smiles Dental | Caring Dental for All Ages | Lowell MA Bright Smiles Dental is committed to making our practice convenient and accessible to you and your family. Dr. Xuan Duong, DMD of Middlesex County, Massachusetts is proud to announce her family dentistry practice in Lowell. Dr. Duong is a graduate of Boston University and she has been in practice since 2008. Dr. Duong is known for her caring personality and she always welcomes new patient. Bright Smiles Dental Lowell MA. Available treatments include dental cleanings, regular exams, digital x-rays, fluoride treatments, sealants, teeth whitening, fillings, crowns, restoration, extractions, emergency care, dentures.
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Acupuncture Retreat - Home Welcome to Acupuncture Retreat! 傅艳中医博士 Dr. Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM, Specializes in: For your Health: Pain and Infertility Treatment For your Beauty: Facial Rejuvenation Acupuncture For your Well-Being: Stress and Emotional Balance Dr. Fu started practicing both TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) and Western Medicine while serving in the Chinese Air Force General Hospital, Beijing, China. Dr.Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM., grew up in China, she is a California Board licensed Acupuncturist (LAc.), Herbalist and Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine who studied both Eastern and Western medicine. Dr. Heidi , Dr. Fu, Dr. Heidi Fu Acupuncture for Pain: Lower Back pain, Shoulder Pain, Headaches, Acupuncture for Infertility, Women’s Health, PMS Acupuncture for Well-Being: Stress and Emotional Balance Acupuncture for Beauty Facial Rejuvenation Acupuncture Acupuncture for Back pain Acupuncture is best way to treat back pain Acupuncture for Arm pain Acupuncture for Shoulder pain Acupuncture for Knee pain Acupuncture for Leg pain Acupuncture for Migraine Acupuncture for Headache Acupuncture for Sciatica Acupuncture for carpal tunnel Acupuncture for Depression, Acupuncture for Anxiety Acupuncture for Insomnia Acupuncture for Stress Acupuncture for Addiction Acupuncture for Facial Pain Acupuncture for Bell's palsy Acupuncture for Infertility Acupuncture for Fertility Acupuncture for Infertility Fertility Acupuncture Infertility Acupuncture Acupuncture Los Gatos ca Los Gatos ca Acupuncture Acupuncture Saratoga Saratoga Los Gatos Acupuncture Campbell Campbell Acupuncture Acupuncture San Jose San Jose Acupuncture Acupuncture Monte Sereno Monte Sereno Acupuncture Dr. Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM, Specializes in: Pain Treatment and Management Infertility Treatment for Men and Women Stress Management and Emotional Balance She has treated a wide spectrum of health issues with great success including Stress, Depression, Anxiety, Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS),low libido / loss of sex drive, weight loss and other conditions. She promotes Women and Men's Health, Beauty and Well-being. Revitalize Your Health with Acupuncture and Nutrition http://www.fivebranches.edu/doctorate-daom/1048#p12 Dr. Heidi Fu, licensed acupuncturist and Doctor of Acupuncture of Oriental Medicine (DAOM), has over 15 years of experience treating patients ranging from ages 3 to 86 years old in the health care field. Dr.Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM., grew up in China, she is a California Board licensed Acupuncturist (LAc.), Herbalist and Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine who studied both Eastern and Western medicine. Dr. Fu started practicing both TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) and Western Medicine while serving in the Chinese Air Force General Hospital, Beijing, China. Dr. Heidi Fu, licensed acupuncturist and Doctor of Acupuncture of Oriental Medicine (DAOM), has over 15 years of experience treating patients ranging from ages 3 to 86 years old in the health care field. Dr. Heidi , Dr. Fu, Dr. Heidi Fu, Acupuncture Retreat She is a Pain and Fertility Specialist, a professional Member of RESOLVE - The National Infertility Association, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, and a Certified American Heart Association CPR instructor. Dr. Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM, Specializes in: For your Health: Pain, Infertility Treatment For your Beauty: Facial & Anti-Aging Acupuncture For your Well-Being: Stress & Emotional Balance Dr. Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM, Specializes Treatment for Pain, Male and Female Infertility. She has treated patients with Stress, Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS),low libido / loss of sex drive and other conditions. She is into TCM Reproductive Medicine helping people desiring to be parents and suffering from infertility and also promotes Women and Men's Health, Beauty and Well-being. Couple’s health. At Acupuncture Retreat, we are dedicated to bringing health and healing to our patients thru acupuncture and chinese medicine. Dr. Heidi Fu, licensed acupuncturist and Doctor of Acupuncture of Oriental Medicine (DAOM), has over 15 years of experience treating patients ranging from ages 3 to 86 years old in the health care field. We specialize in pain management, infertility treatment, and stress management.Acupuncture, Acupuncture Retreat - Los Gatos, CA. The Center for Your Health, Beauty & Well-Being. Acupuncture,acupuncture herbs herb Chinese medicine Los Gatos Saratoga Monte Sereno Campbell pain neck shoulder back joints depression stress insomnia infertility allergy tendinitis urination headache migraine sciatica tennis elbow tinnitus fatigue low cost Bay Area California weak face lift natural holistic health management Heidi Fu alternative Monterey Sleeping disorder bipolar addiction allergies skin rash herbalAnxiety Depression Infertility IFV IUI Hypertension Stress Sinusitis Asthma Facial Acupuncture Facial Rejuvenation facelifts Facial Pain Facial Spasm Common Cold Symptoms Insomnia Chronic Fatigue Syndrome lost weight Arthritis IBS Migraine Headache Bell’s Palsy Sports Injuries Helping Patients From Los Gatos, Monte Sereno, Saratoga, Campbell, Cupertino, Sunnyvale, Los Altos, Mountain View, San Jose, Palo Alto, MorganHill and The Greater Bay Area, Weight Loss Neck Pain Lower Back Pain Digestive Problems Health improvement Auricular Acupuncture Electroacupuncture Five-Element Acupuncture Fire Neddles Heat Hot or Cold Herbs Therapy Japanese Acupuncture Korean Acupuncture Traditional Chinese Acupuncture Trigger Point Acupuncture QiGong We Accept Insurance PPO plan from: Anthem Blue Cross, Aetna, Blue Shield, Cigna, United HealthCare and many other insurance company...We will provide a billing statement and invoice for your health savings account (HSA), or flexible spending account (FSA). Acupuncture and Reproductive Health Acupuncture Increases IVF Success by 65% Acupuncture Improves Sperm Quality Foods for Fertility The Ancient Art of Infertility Treatment Five Top Men's Health Concerns and How Acupuncture Can Help Cardiovascular Disease,Lung Cancer,Prostate Health,Sexual Health Depression and Mental Health Samuel L. Jackson talks about getting acupuncture Acupuncture Cuts Tension Headache Rates By Almost Half At the Acupuncture Retreat we encourage you to join with us as we press forward for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine’s continuing integration into the world community of health care. Dr. Heidi , Dr. Fu, Dr. Heidi Fu American Heart Association CPR Class-Learn and Live! • CPR: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Class • CPR consists of four main parts: Airway, Breathing, Circulation and Defibrillation • Your CPR Certification is for TWO years BLS (Basic Life Support) for Healthcare Provider Course: For MD (Medical Doctors), RN (Register Nurses), Dentist and other medical professionals. This course includes all of the Healthcare Provider core components: 1. Adult CPR/Child CPR with Mask 2. Infant CPR with Mask 3. AED: Automated external Defibrillator Hartsaver First Aid Provider Course: This course qualifies for California Acupuncture Board Course for Acupuncturist. This course included the Heartsaver First Aid Core components: 1. Adult First Aid 2. Environmental Emergencies 3. Adult/Child CPR with Mask 4. Adult/ Child AED 5. Infant CPR with Mask Heartsaver CPR Provider Course: This course included the following Heartsaver CPR core components: 1. Adult CPR 2. Child CPR 3. Infant CPR Call/Text for your appointment: (408)-982-7277 or (408)-828-3089 (408)-98-AQCPR The best way to make your American Heart Association (AHA) BLS-CPR, CPR/First Aid or CPR class appointment is: E-mail: dr.heidifu@gmail.com Text/SMS: 1-408-982-7277 Call: 1-408-982-7277 or (408)-98-AQCPR We have CPR class everyday by appointment Your CPR class can be taught in English or Chinese The best way to make your Acupuncture or TCM appointment is: 1. E-mail: dr.heidifu@gmail.com 2. Text-SMS: 408-982-7277 3. Call: 408-982-7277 Dr. Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM, Specializes in: For your Health: Pain and Infertility Treatment For your Beauty: Facial Rejuvenation Acupuncture For your Well-Being: Stress and Emotional Balance For Chinese CPR class Call/Text: 1-408-828-3089 黃帝內經 Huang Di Nei Jing: “The superior physician prevents the disease; The mediocre physician attends to impending disease; The inferior physician treats the actual disease.” “The superior physician helps before the early budding of the disease. The inferior physician begins to help when the disease has already developed, he helps when destruction has already set in and since this is so, it is said of him that he is ignorant.” What Is Acupuncture? Acupuncture is an age-old healing practice of traditional Chinese medicine in which thin needles are placed at specific points in the body. It's primarily used to relieve pain but also has been used to treat other conditions. More than 3 million Americans use acupuncture, but it is even more popular in other countries. In France, for example, one in five people has tried acupuncture. Acupressure vs. Acupuncture If you are afraid of needles, you may be able to get much of the same effect from acupressure. Acupressure involves pressing or massaging the acupuncture points to stimulate the energy pathways. Scientific comparisons of acupressure and acupuncture are limited, but acupressure has been shown to be effective in reducing nausea and lessening labor pain. Infertility FAQ's What is infertility? Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying. Or, six months, if a woman is 35 years of age or older. Women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be infertile. Pregnancy is the result of a process that has many steps. To get pregnant— A woman’s body must release an egg from one of her ovaries (ovulation). The egg must go through a fallopian tube toward the uterus (womb). A man's sperm must join with (fertilize) the egg along the way. The fertilized egg must attach to the inside of the uterus (implantation). Infertility can happen if there are problems with any of these steps. Is infertility a common problem? Yes. About 10 % of women (6.1 million) in the United States ages 15–44 years have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant. http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/Infertility/ Study: Acupuncture Good For Aching Backs (CBS/AP) Fake acupuncture works nearly as well as the real thing for low back pain, and either kind performs much better than usual care, German researchers have found. Almost half the patients treated with acupuncture needles felt relief that lasted months. In contrast, only about a quarter of the patients receiving medications and other Western medical treatments felt better. Even fake acupuncture worked better than conventional care, leading researchers to wonder whether pain relief came from the body's reactions to any thin needle pricks or, possibly, the placebo effect. "Acupuncture represents a highly promising and effective treatment option for chronic back pain," study co-author Dr. Heinz Endres of Ruhr University Bochum in Bochum, Germany, said in an e-mail. "Patients experienced not only reduced pain intensity, but also reported improvements in the disability that often results from back pain and, therefore, in their quality of life." http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/09/25/earlyshow/health/main3294885.shtml Since the late nineties there has been evidence to suggest that your breech baby can be turned to its optimal position for birth using moxibustion, a Chinese medicine technique. View Larger Map 317 Los Gatos Saratoga Rd. Los Gatos, CA 95030 Regular practice Hours: By Appointment Mon - Fri: 11:00AM - 8:00PM Sat: 1pm - 6:00PM By appointment Sun: Closed Dr. Fu is available after hours by appointment on weekends and holidays for pain, stress, IVF, IUI and urgent needs patients. Call Dr. Fu’s office today, we are here to answer your call 24/7. We Accept Most Insurance PPO plan from: Anthem Blue Cross, Aetna, Blue Shield, Cigna, Great-West, United HealthCare and many other insurance companies... We will provide a billing statement and invoice for your health savings account (HSA), or flexible spending account (FSA). We bill your insurance directly. Having your insurance information prior to your visit will ensure that this process will go smoothly for you. Dr. Heidi , Dr. Fu, Dr. Heidi Fu Celebrity loves acupuncture! Christopher Egan, movies and TV star and an awesome friend of mine. He is stars in the movie " Letters to Juliet" and He is a fan of ancient Chinese acupuncture and Cupping. Christopher Egan, movie and TV star and a friend of mine. He is in the movie " Letters to Juliet"  and He is awesome!
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Home - The Dog Den - Dog Grooming Salon & Dog Day Spa The Dog Den, DOG GROOMING SALON & DOG DAY SPA, Complete Grooming clipping professional, experienced groomer, All breeds welcome, Dog Day Spa packages, Hypo-allergenic soap free products, Dogwear, accessories & pet care products, Total pampering, comfortable atmosphere, Discounts for regular clients, Customised treatments and packages to suit your dog
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Animal Health Review Animal Health Review is a regular update that features the latest research in the Animal Health area.
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Welcome to Guys Dental Practice in Lichfield Guys Dental Practice in Lichfield offer a number of different treatments from regular dental examinations and treatments such as fillings, dental hygiene services and cosmetic treatments
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Newpark Clinic | Orthodontic Braces, Invisalign & Skin Aesthetics Dublin's leading practice offering Invisalign clear braces and regular metal braces with Specialist Orthodontist Dr. Máirlín O'Donnell. We also offer dental hygienist cleanings, teeth whitening and aesthetic skin treatments (noninvasive tightening treatments for the face and body) to perfect the entire smile.
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Leopard Lounge Hair and Beauty Salon in Hillingdon UB10 | Salons in Hillingdon, Northolt, Hayes | Leopard Lounge Hair and Beauty | Hair Salon in Hillingdon UB10 | Great Service Great Prices | Nominated at the Hair and Beauty Awards | Regular Offers and Discounts | Follow Our Leopardloungeuk Social Media Channels |
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Esthetique At Esthetique Ltd., located in Limassol Cyprus, Dr. Svetlana Verhoeven-Iliazova provides a range of anti-ageing medical treatments. Dr. Svetlana Verhoeven-Iliazova specialized herself in anti ageing medical treatments for a number of years, attending courses, congresses, seminars and workshops in Belgium, France, Italy and Sweden which she continues to do on a regular basis
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Newpark Clinic | Orthodontic Braces, Invisalign & Skin Aesthetics Dublin's leading practice offering Invisalign clear braces and regular metal braces with Specialist Orthodontist Dr. Máirlín O'Donnell. We also offer dental hygienist cleanings, teeth whitening and aesthetic skin treatments (noninvasive tightening treatments for the face and body) to perfect the entire smile.
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Newpark Clinic | Orthodontic Braces, Invisalign & Skin Aesthetics Dublin's leading practice offering Invisalign clear braces and regular metal braces with Specialist Orthodontist Dr. Máirlín O'Donnell. We also offer dental hygienist cleanings, teeth whitening and aesthetic skin treatments (noninvasive tightening treatments for the face and body) to perfect the entire smile.
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Palm Beach Children's Dentistry – Dr. Lisa Ameer is a pediatric dentist treating children starting at 6 months old Dr Lisa Ameer of Palm Beach Children’s Dentistry provides dental care for all children, infants starting from 6 months old, and has expertise in working with medically compromised and special needs patients. She is a pediatric dentist in Royal Palm Beach who loves protecting kids smiles with regular checkups, routine cleanings, digital x-rays, sealants, fillings and whitening.
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Skin Smart Salon,facial treatments,microdermabrasion,acne care Owner, licensed Esthetician, and Certified Acne Specialist, Lisa Massimiano, has over 15 years'' experience in the skin care field. Her philosophy is simple: good skin care promotes healthy, beautiful skin. Regular facial treatments can make a dramatic difference in your skin.
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Sound Healing Dublin - Meetups, Workshops, Retreats Sound Healing Dublin - regular group meditations and meetups. 1 to 1 treatments. Workshops, retreats, training, attunements and other events.
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Face Lift | Marc Taylor, M.D.- Plastic Surgery- San Antonio Marc Taylor M.D. affordable,Face Lift in San Antonio - Specializing in face lifts, neck lifts,eye lid lifts,earlobe repairs,and laser skin treatments.
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Massage Green Spa Massage Green Spa is the best value in day spas for Massage, Facial Treatments, and Infrared Saunas. A regular regimen of professional massage therapy can help reduce chronic aches and pains, boost your immune system, improve your sleep habits and generally enhance your overall quality of life. Massage Green Spa offers massage therapy and infrared therapy with our Infrared Saunas. Locations in Chino, CA - Fontana, CA - Upland, CA. Inland Empire Massages
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if you want a dentist in athy county kildare, dublin, then doctor patrick o\\''brien at athy dental practice runs a family dentist\\''s surgery treatments include teeth whitening, dental implants, fissure sealants, crowns, veneers, bridges and regular check ups
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Sgggc.org - Top health & Remedy Informations We know how important it is for our health to spend time in nature. Unfortunately, it often comes with the risk of being bitten or bitten by mistakes. Do not let that discourage you enjoying the outdoors. There are many natural ways to quickly relieve bites and stings, either at the time or after you have returned home. And, luckily, you probably already have most of these natural arrangements in your kitchen or growing in your garden. BananaGreater plantago) 1. Herbal poultices One of the fastest herbal poultices you can do is simply chew a few banana leaves and put the puree in a bite or bite. If you have a plaster on hand, you can place it on top of the banana to keep it in place. You can also make a poultice of a number of different herbs by grinding fresh or dried herbs in a bowl or hand with a small amount of water or oil. Place the poultice in a bite or sting, then wrap it with a piece of gauze, a clean cloth or bandage to keep the poultice in place until the itching or pain clears. Banana, lavender, echinacea, basil, oregano, calendula, chamomile, bay leaves, witch hazel, thyme and mint make good poultices to relieve bites. 2. Onions and garlic Perhaps surprisingly, the natural compounds in raw onions and garlic that can make your eyes water can also calm the bite or sting of an insect. You can apply fresh onion or garlic slices directly into your bite. You can also chop, grate or shred onions or garlic to make a poultice. 3. Raw Potatoes Like onions and garlic, raw crushed, shredded or sliced ​​potatoes can be applied to a bite or sting to relieve pain. If you are in a hurry, simply cut a potato in half and keep it against your skin. 4. Citrus fruits It has been shown that certain natural compounds in citrus fruits effectively repel and kill various insect pests, including mosquitoes and ticks. This may be the reason why some people report that citrus fruits can also relieve bites and stings. You can use the juice or the pulp of lemons, limes, oranges or grapefruit directly on your skin. If you do not have fresh fruit available, lemon juice concentrate or prepared orange juice may also help. 5. Oatmeal Oatmeal contains specific phytochemicals that have anti-irritant qualities. Make an oat poultice by mixing equal amounts of quick-cooking oats and water in a bowl until it becomes a paste. Hold it on your skin with your hand or with a cloth until the itching and pain subside. If you have many insect bites, an oatmeal bath is another good option. Add 1 cup (240 grams) of instant or ground oatmeal to a regular-sized bath. Soak for about 15-20 minutes. You can also help periodically rub a bit of oats in your bites during bathing. 6. Essential oils It has been shown that many essential oils relieve pain and itching. Essential oils are usually mixed with a carrier oil, such as sweet almond or olive oil, in a ratio of 1: 1 before applying them to the skin to avoid burns or discomfort. Some of the best essential oils for insect bites are basil, chamomile, witch hazel, lavender, mint, rosemary, tea tree, thyme and eucalyptus. 7. Tea bags A tea bag makes a large pre-packaged poultice for bites and stings. Regular teas, such as Ceylon, green or white, contain natural tannins that can alleviate discomfort. Chamomile, mint, lemon balm and echinacea tea can also help soothe irritation and promote healing. It is better to soak a tea bag in cold water in the refrigerator for about 30 minutes. Squeeze the excess water from the bag and put it on your bite or sting. 8. Aloe Vera Aloe vera contains natural anti-inflammatory compounds that help reduce itching and swelling, as well as promote healing. If you have an aloe vera plant, you can simply tear a leaf and rub some of the fresh internal gel in a bite or sting. You can also use the gel or aloe vera extract purchased in the store if you do not have a plant nearby. Related in Care2 . (tagsToTranslate) insect (t) insect (t) bites (t) mosquitoes (t) bee (t) wasp (t) health (t) remedies (t) house (t) plant (t) herb (t) food (t) ) how (t) to (t) makes (t) diy (t) itch (t) pain (t) cataplasm (t) oil
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Massage Green Spa Massage Green Spa is the best value in day spas for Massage, Facial Treatments, and Infrared Saunas. A regular regimen of professional massage therapy can help reduce chronic aches and pains, boost your immune system, improve your sleep habits and generally enhance your overall quality of life. Massage Green Spa offers massage therapy and infrared therapy with our Infrared Saunas. Locations in Chino, CA - Fontana, CA - Upland, CA. Inland Empire Massages
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Apple Pay All hair and beauty products you need in one online store! Stocking professional brands at bargain prices! Pravana, Senscience, Fanola, Hi Lift, Cureplex, GKMBJ, Brazilian Bond Builder B3, Pravana Blonde Wande, NEVO, Muvo & More! Free shipping offered on orders over $250 Australia Wide
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Welcome to SQUIGLE® Oral Care Homepage SQUIGLE and Tooth Builder, the world''s only ultrahigh Xylitol toothpaste, soothe and protect dry mouths. And they stop or prevent sensitive teeth, canker sores, mouth ulcers, bad breath, halitosis, gum disease, bleeding gums, periodontal disease, gingivitis, mouth ulcers from cancer treatments, perioral dematitis, chapped lips, plaque, tartar, cavities, surface stain.
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Heritage Preservation Atelier | Virtus Et labor Heritage Preservation Atelier provides consultancy and services for Preservation and Conservation requirements of Heritage sites, Museums and Archives. We are also involved in training, research and education in the field of Heritage Preservation Highlights Archival conservation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5-JBBSdxO3M&t=191s https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dLgESiw51xY Oil painting conservation Use of Gels (for stubborn varnish removal) along with regular treatments: We are thoroughly…
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Cancer Prevention and Getting Through Treatments Cancer prevention through a healthy diet, regular physical activity, stress relief activities and the use of chemical-free everyday products.
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Aseptic MD I've spent 15 years looking for ways to help people with skin problems that regular treatments couldn't fix. We developed Aseptic MD because my patients
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home - Tir na nOg Holistic Centre & Shop Tir na nOg is a holistic centre, in a beautiful courtyard setting in the grounds of a country estate on the edge of the Loch Lomond and Trossachs National Park, just 40 minutes from Glasgow, and 30 minutes from Stirling. We have a great range of therapies on offer and an exciting calendar of workshops which you can view here: Come and visit our beautiful shop and browse our extensive range of crystals, books, jewellery and unusual gifts. Tir na nOg is owned and run by Oona McFarlane who facilitates regular Firewalk ceremonies as well as Reiki training, and private consultations in Reiki, Seichim, NLP and Hypnotherapy.
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Bathust Dental Care | Quality & Affordable Dentistry | Best Dentist in Bathurst NSW We offer a wide range of services and treatments including general dentistry, root canal treatment, braces and smile reconstruction, delivered with professional patient care. We make sure your visit is always comfortable and pleasant. We Accept All Major Private Healthfunds.
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Home page Introducing the newest Egyptian nail supplies brand. Runway offers both regular and breathable nail polish for the first time in Egypt. We''re nailing it :)
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The BackLoop - Spinal Decompression in Your Home, Office, On the Road The BackLoop is a portable spinal decompression device that sets up easily and works in minutes for regular treatments for the relief of back pain, and for increased mobility, flexibility, and performance.
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Dog Gone Cute Grooming & More - Pet Grooming - Fortville, IN Dog Gone Cute Grooming & More, in Fortville, Indiana, is the area's leading pet groomer serving Fortville, Greenfield, Pendleton and surrounding areas. We offer grooming, nail trimming, shampooing, flea treatments, gift certificates and more. For all your pet grooming needs, contact Dog Gone Cute Grooming & More in Fortville.
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Heritage Preservation Atelier | Virtus Et labor Heritage Preservation Atelier provides consultancy and services for Preservation and Conservation requirements of Heritage sites, Museums and Archives. We are also involved in training, research and education in the field of Heritage Preservation Highlights Archival conservation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5-JBBSdxO3M&t=191s https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dLgESiw51xY Oil painting conservation Use of Gels (for stubborn varnish removal) along with regular treatments: We are thoroughly…
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Aseptic MD I've spent 15 years looking for ways to help people with skin problems that regular treatments couldn't fix. We developed Aseptic MD because my patients
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The BackLoop - Spinal Decompression in Your Home, Office, On the Road The BackLoop is a portable spinal decompression device that sets up easily and works in minutes for regular treatments for the relief of back pain, and for increased mobility, flexibility, and performance.
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AIDS STOP | Useful Articles About Cancer and AIDS About HIV/AIDS HIV is a virus spread through certain body fluids that attacks the body's immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, often called T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can't fight off infections and disease. These special cells help the immune system fight off infections. Untreated, HIV reduces the number of CD4 cells (T cells) in the body. This damage to the immune system makes it harder and harder for the body to fight off infections and some other diseases. Opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS. Learn more about the stages of HIV and how to know whether you have HIV. What is HIV? HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS if not treated. Unlike some other viruses, the human body can't get rid of HIV completely, even with treatment. So once you get HIV, you have it for life. HIV attacks the body's immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (T cells), which help the immune system fight off infections. Untreated, HIV reduces the number of CD4 cells (T cells) in the body, making the person more likely to get other infections or infection-related cancers. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can't fight off infections and disease. These opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS, the last stage of HIV infection. No effective cure currently exists, but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. The medicine used to treat HIV is called antiretroviral therapy or ART. If people with HIV take ART as prescribed, their viral load (amount of HIV in their blood) can become undetectable. If it stays undetectable, they can live long, healthy lives and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. Before the introduction of ART in the mid-1990s, people with HIV could progress to AIDS in just a few years. Today, someone diagnosed with HIV and treated before the disease is far advanced can live nearly as long as someone who does not have HIV. Learn more about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). Where did HIV come from? Scientists identified a type of chimpanzee in Central Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans. They believe that the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus (called simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV) most likely was transmitted to humans and mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood. Studies show that HIV may have jumped from apes to humans as far back as the late 1800s. Over decades, the virus slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world. We know that the virus has existed in the United States since at least the mid to late 1970s. To learn more about the spread of HIV in the United States and CDC's response to the epidemic, see CDC's HIV and AIDS Timeline. Learn about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). What are the stages of HIV? When people get HIV and don't receive treatment, they will typically progress through three stages of disease. Medicine to treat HIV, known as antiretroviral therapy (ART), helps people at all stages of the disease if taken as prescribed. Treatment can slow or prevent progression from one stage to the next. Also, people with HIV who take HIV medicine as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. Stage 1: Acute HIV infection Within 2 to 4 weeks after infection with HIV, people may experience a flu-like illness, which may last for a few weeks. This is the body's natural response to infection. When people have acute HIV infection, they have a large amount of virus in their blood and are very contagious. But people with acute infection are often unaware that they're infected because they may not feel sick right away or at all. To know whether someone has acute infection, either a fourth-generation antibody/antigen test or a nucleic acid (NAT) test is necessary. If you think you have been exposed to HIV through sex or drug use and you have flu-like symptoms, seek medical care and ask for a test to diagnose acute infection. Stage 2: Clinical latency (HIV inactivity or dormancy) This period is sometimes called asymptomatic HIV infection or chronic HIV infection. During this phase, HIV is still active but reproduces at very low levels. People may not have any symptoms or get sick during this time. For people who aren't taking medicine to treat HIV, this period can last a decade or longer, but some may progress through this phase faster. People who are taking medicine to treat HIV (ART) the right way, every day may be in this stage for several decades. It's important to remember that people can still transmit HIV to others during this phase, although people who are on ART and stay virally suppressed (having a very low level of virus in their blood) are much less likely to transmit HIV than those who are not virally suppressed. At the end of this phase, a person's viral load starts to go up and the CD4 cell count begins to go down. As this happens, the person may begin to have symptoms as the virus levels increase in the body, and the person moves into Stage 3. Stage 3: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) AIDS is the most severe phase of HIV infection. People with AIDS have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic illnesses. Without treatment, people with AIDS typically survive about 3 years. Common symptoms of AIDS include chills, fever, sweats, swollen lymph glands, weakness, and weight loss. People are diagnosed with AIDS when their CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm or if they develop certain opportunistic illnesses. People with AIDS can have a high viral load and be very infectious. Learn more about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). How do I know if I have HIV? The only way to know for sure whether you have HIV is to get tested. Knowing your status is important because it helps you make healthy decisions to prevent getting or transmitting HIV. Some people may experience a flu-like illness within 2 to 4 weeks after infection (Stage 1 HIV infection). But some people may not feel sick during this stage. Flu-like symptoms include fever, chills, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, or mouth ulcers. These symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks. During this time, HIV infection may not show up on an HIV test, but people who have it are highly infectious and can spread the infection to others. If you have these symptoms, that doesn't mean you have HIV. Each of these symptoms can be caused by other illnesses. But if you have these symptoms after a potential exposure to HIV, see a health care provider and tell them about your risk. The only way to determine whether you have HIV is to be tested for HIV infection. To find places near you that offer confidential HIV testing, Visit gettested.cdc.gov, Text your ZIP code to KNOW IT (566948), or Call 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636). You can also use a home testing kit, available for purchase in most pharmacies and online. After you get tested, it's important to find out the result of your test so you can talk to your health care provider about treatment options if you're HIV-positive or learn ways to prevent getting HIV if you're HIV-negative. Learn about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). Is there a cure for HIV? No effective cure currently exists for HIV. But with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. Treatment for HIV is called antiretroviral therapy or ART. If people with HIV take ART as prescribed, their viral load (amount of HIV in their blood) can become undetectable. If it stays undetectable, they can live long, healthy lives and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. Before the introduction of ART in the mid-1990s, people with HIV could progress to AIDS (the last stage of HIV infection) in a few years. Today, someone diagnosed with HIV and treated before the disease is far advanced can live nearly as long as someone who does not have HIV. Learn more about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). What is HIV? HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. It damages your immune system, making it easier for you to get sick. HIV is spread during sex, but condoms can help protect you. Want to get tested for HIV? HIV is an infection that can lead to AIDS. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It's a virus that breaks down certain cells in your immune system (your body's defense against diseases that helps you stay healthy). When HIV damages your immune system, it's easier to get really sick and even die from infections that your body could normally fight off. About 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV, and more than 38,000 new infections happen every year. Most people with HIV don't have any symptoms for many years and feel totally fine, so they might not even know they have it. Once you have HIV, the virus stays in your body for life. There's no cure for HIV, but medicines can help you stay healthy. HIV medicine lowers or even stops your chances of spreading the virus to other people. Studies show that using HIV treatment as directed can lower the amount of HIV in your blood so much that it might not even show up on a test — when this happens, you can't transmit HIV through sex. Treatment is really important (that's why getting tested is so important). Without treatment, HIV can lead to AIDS. But with medicine, people with HIV can live long, healthy lives and stop the spread of HIV to others. What's the difference between HIV and AIDS? HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV and AIDS are not the same thing. And people with HIV do not always have AIDS. HIV is the virus that's passed from person to person. Over time, HIV destroys an important kind of the cell in your immune system (called CD4 cells or T cells) that helps protect you from infections. When you don't have enough of these CD4 cells, your body can't fight off infections the way it normally can. AIDS is the disease caused by the damage that HIV does to your immune system. You have AIDS when you get dangerous infections or have a super low number of CD4 cells. AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV, and it leads to death over time. Without treatment, it usually takes about 10 years for someone with HIV to develop AIDS. Treatment slows down the damage the virus causes and can help people stay healthy for several decades. How do you get HIV? HIV is carried in semen (cum), vaginal fluids, anal mucus, blood, and breast milk. The virus gets in your body through cuts or sores in your skin, and through mucous membranes (like the inside of the vagina, rectum, and opening of the penis). You can get HIV from: having vaginal or anal sex sharing needles or syringes for shooting drugs, piercings, tattoos, etc. getting stuck with a needle that has HIV-infected blood on it getting HIV-infected blood, semen (cum), or vaginal fluids into open cuts or sores on your body HIV is usually spread through having unprotected sex. Using condoms and/or dental dams every time you have sex and not sharing needles can help protect you and your partners from HIV. If you do have HIV, treatment can lower or even stop the chances of spreading the virus to other people during sex. If you don't have HIV, there's also a daily medicine called PrEP that can protect you from HIV. HIV can also be passed to babies during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. A pregnant woman with HIV can take medicine to greatly reduce the chance that her baby will get HIV. HIV isn't spread through saliva (spit), so you CAN'T get HIV from kissing, sharing food or drinks, or using the same fork or spoon. HIV is also not spread through hugging, holding hands, coughing, or sneezing. And you can't get HIV from a toilet seat. A long time ago, some people got HIV from infected blood transfusions. But now, giving or getting blood in medical centers is totally safe. Doctors, hospitals, and blood donation centers don't use needles more than once, and donated blood is tested for HIV and other infections. Help us improve - how could this information be more helpful? Overview - HIV and AIDS HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that damages the cells in your immune system and weakens your ability to fight everyday infections and disease. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the name used to describe a number of potentially life-threatening infections and illnesses that happen when your immune system has been severely damaged by the HIV virus. While AIDS can't be transmitted from one person to another, the HIV virus can. There's currently no cure for HIV, but there are very effective drug treatments that enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life. With an early diagnosis and effective treatments, most people with HIV won't develop any AIDS-related illnesses and will live a near-normal lifespan. The 2018/19 flu jab is now available. Flu can be very serious if you have HIV. Ask for your free flu jab at: your GP surgery a local pharmacy that offers the service Symptoms of HIV infection Most people experience a short, flu-like illness 2-6 weeks after HIV infection, which lasts for a week or two. After these symptoms disappear, HIV may not cause any symptoms for many years, although the virus continues to damage your immune system. This means many people with HIV don't know they're infected. Anyone who thinks they could have HIV should get tested. Certain groups of people are advised to have regular tests as they're at particularly high risk, including: men who have sex with men Black African heterosexuals people who share needles, syringes or other injecting equipment Causes of HIV infection HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person. This includes semen, vaginal and anal fluids, blood, and breast milk. It's a fragile virus and doesn't survive outside the body for long. HIV can't be transmitted through sweat, urine or saliva. The most common way of getting HIV in the UK is through having anal or vaginal sex without a condom. Other ways of getting HIV include: sharing needles, syringes or other injecting equipment transmission from mother to baby during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding The chance of getting HIV through oral sex is very low and will be dependent on many things, such as whether you receive or give oral sex and the oral hygiene of the person giving the oral sex. Diagnosing HIV Seek medical advice as soon as possible if you think you might have been exposed to HIV. You can get tested in a number of places, including at your GP surgery, sexual health clinics, and clinics run by charities. The only way to find out if you have HIV is to have an HIV test. This involves testing a sample of your blood or saliva for signs of the infection. It's important to be aware that: emergency anti-HIV medication called post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) may stop you becoming infected if started within 72 hours of possible exposure to the virus – it's recommended that you start it as soon as possible, ideally within 24 hours an early diagnosis means you can start treatment sooner, which can improve your chances of controlling the virus, reduce the risk of becoming more unwell and reduce the chance of passing the virus on to others Both positive and negative HIV tests may need to be repeated 1 to 3 months after potential exposure to HIV infection (this is known as the window period), but you shouldn't wait this long to seek help: clinics may offer a finger prick blood test, which can give you a result in minutes, but it may take up to a few days to get the results of a more detailed HIV test home testing or home sampling kits are available to buy online or from pharmacies – depending on the type of test you use, your result will be available in a few minutes or a few days If your first test suggests you have HIV, a further blood test will need to be carried out to confirm the result. If this is positive, you'll be referred to a specialist HIV clinic for some more tests and a discussion about your treatment options. Treatment for HIV Antiretroviral medications are used to treat HIV. They work by stopping the virus replicating in the body, allowing the immune system to repair itself and preventing further damage. These come in the form of tablets, which need to be taken every day. HIV is able to develop resistance to a single HIV drug very easily, but taking a combination of different drugs makes this much less likely. Most people with HIV take a combination of drugs – it's vital these are taken every day as recommended by your doctor. The goal of HIV treatment is to have an undetectable viral load. This means the level of HIV virus in your body is low enough to not be detected by a test. Living with HIV If you're living with HIV, taking effective HIV treatment and being undetectable significantly reduces your risk of passing HIV on to others. You'll also be encouraged to: take regular exercise eat a healthy diet stop smoking have yearly flu jabs to minimise the risk of getting serious illnesses Without treatment, the immune system will become severely damaged, and life-threatening illnesses such as cancer and severe infections can occur. It's rare for a pregnant woman living with HIV to transmit it to her baby, provided she receives timely and effective HIV treatment and medical care. Preventing HIV Anyone who has sex without a condom or shares needles is at risk of HIV infection. There are many effective ways to prevent or reduce the risk of HIV infection, including: using a condom for sex post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) treatment for HIV to reduce the viral load to undetectable if you use drugs, never sharing needles or other injecting equipment, including syringes, spoons and swabs Speak to your local sexual health clinic or GP for further advice about the best way to reduce your risk. For people with HIV, if you've been taking effective HIV treatment and your viral load has been undetectable for 6 months or more, it means you can't pass the virus on through sex. This is called undetectable=untransmittable (U=U). Want to know more? Page last reviewed: 03/04/2018 Next review due: 03/04/2021 HIV Screening Test What is an HIV test? An HIV test shows whether you are infected with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). HIV is a virus that attacks and destroys cells in the immune system. These cells protect your body against disease-causing germs, such as bacteria and viruses. If you lose too many immune cells, your body will have trouble fighting off infections and other diseases. There are three main types of HIV tests: Antibody Test. This test looks for HIV antibodies in your blood or saliva. Your immune system makes antibodies when you are exposed to bacteria or viruses, like HIV. An HIV antibody test can determine if you have HIV from 3–12 weeks after infection. That's because it can take a few weeks or longer for your immune system to make antibodies to HIV. You may be able to do an HIV antibody test in the privacy of your home. Ask your health care provider about at-home HIV test kits. HIV Antibody/Antigen Test. This test looks for HIV antibodies and antigens in the blood. An antigen is a part of a virus that triggers an immune response. If you've been exposed to HIV, antigens will show up in your blood before HIV antibodies are made. This test can usually find HIV within 2–6 weeks of infection. The HIV antibody/antigen test is one of the most common types of HIV tests. HIV Viral Load. This test measures the amount of the HIV virus in the blood. It can find HIV faster than antibody and antibody/antigen tests, but it is very expensive. It is mostly used for monitoring HIV infections. Other names: HIV antibody/antigen tests, HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibody and antigen evaluation, HIV test, human immunodeficiency virus antibody test, type 1, HIV p24 antigen test What is it used for? An HIV test is used to find out if you have been infected with HIV. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Most people with HIV don't have AIDS. People with AIDS have an extremely low number of immune cells and are at risk for life-threatening illnesses, including dangerous infections, a severe type of pneumonia, and certain cancers, including Kaposi sarcoma. If HIV is found early, you can get medicines to protect your immune system. HIV medicines may prevent you from getting AIDS. Why do I need an HIV test? The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine health care. You may also need an HIV test if you are at higher risk for infection. HIV is mainly spread through sexual contact and blood, so you may be at a higher risk for HIV if you: Are a man that has had sex with another man Have had sex with an HIV-infected partner Have had multiple sex partners Have injected drugs, such as heroin, or shared drug needles with someone else HIV can spread from mother to child during birth and through breast milk, so if you are pregnant your doctor may order an HIV test. There are medicines you can take during pregnancy and delivery to greatly reduce your risk of spreading the disease to your baby. What happens during an HIV test? You will either get a blood test in a lab, or do your own test at home. For a blood test in a lab: A health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes. For at home test, you will need to get a sample of saliva from your mouth or a drop of blood from your fingertip. The test kit will provide instructions on how to get your sample, package it, and send it to a lab. For a saliva test, you will use special spatula-like tool to take a swab from your mouth. For a fingertip antibody blood test, you will use a special tool to prick your finger and collect a sample of blood. For more information on at-home testing, talk to your health care provider. Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test? You don't need any special preparations for an HIV test. But you should talk with a counselor before and/or after your test so you can better understand what the results mean and your treatment options if you are diagnosed with HIV. Are there any risks to the test? There is very little risk to having any HIV screening test. If you get a blood test from a lab, you may have slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly. What do the results mean? If your result is negative, it can mean you don't have HIV. A negative result may also mean you have HIV but it's too soon to tell. It can take a few weeks for HIV antibodies and antigens to show up in your body. If your result is negative, your health care provider may order additional HIV tests at a later date. If your result is positive, you will get a follow-up test to confirm the diagnosis. If both tests are positive, it means you have HIV. It does not mean you have AIDS. While there is no cure for HIV, there are better treatments available now than in the past. Today, people with HIV are living longer, with a better quality of life than ever before. If you are living with HIV, it's important to see your health care provider regularly. Overview - HIV and AIDS HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that damages the cells in your immune system and weakens your ability to fight everyday infections and disease. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the name used to describe a number of potentially life-threatening infections and illnesses that happen when your immune system has been severely damaged by the HIV virus. While AIDS can't be transmitted from one person to another, the HIV virus can. There's currently no cure for HIV, but there are very effective drug treatments that enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life. With an early diagnosis and effective treatments, most people with HIV won't develop any AIDS-related illnesses and will live a near-normal lifespan. The 2018/19 flu jab is now available. Flu can be very serious if you have HIV. Ask for your free flu jab at: your GP surgery a local pharmacy that offers the service Symptoms of HIV infection Most people experience a short, flu-like illness 2-6 weeks after HIV infection, which lasts for a week or two. After these symptoms disappear, HIV may not cause any symptoms for many years, although the virus continues to damage your immune system. This means many people with HIV don't know they're infected. Anyone who thinks they could have HIV should get tested. Certain groups of people are advised to have regular tests as they're at particularly high risk, including: men who have sex with men Black African heterosexuals people who share needles, syringes or other injecting equipment Causes of HIV infection HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person. This includes semen, vaginal and anal fluids, blood, and breast milk. It's a fragile virus and doesn't survive outside the body for long. HIV can't be transmitted through sweat, urine or saliva. The most common way of getting HIV in the UK is through having anal or vaginal sex without a condom. Other ways of getting HIV include: sharing needles, syringes or other injecting equipment transmission from mother to baby during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding The chance of getting HIV through oral sex is very low and will be dependent on many things, such as whether you receive or give oral sex and the oral hygiene of the person giving the oral sex. Diagnosing HIV Seek medical advice as soon as possible if you think you might have been exposed to HIV. You can get tested in a number of places, including at your GP surgery, sexual health clinics, and clinics run by charities. The only way to find out if you have HIV is to have an HIV test. This involves testing a sample of your blood or saliva for signs of the infection. It's important to be aware that: emergency anti-HIV medication called post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) may stop you becoming infected if started within 72 hours of possible exposure to the virus – it's recommended that you start it as soon as possible, ideally within 24 hours an early diagnosis means you can start treatment sooner, which can improve your chances of controlling the virus, reduce the risk of becoming more unwell and reduce the chance of passing the virus on to others Both positive and negative HIV tests may need to be repeated 1 to 3 months after potential exposure to HIV infection (this is known as the window period), but you shouldn't wait this long to seek help: clinics may offer a finger prick blood test, which can give you a result in minutes, but it may take up to a few days to get the results of a more detailed HIV test home testing or home sampling kits are available to buy online or from pharmacies – depending on the type of test you use, your result will be available in a few minutes or a few days If your first test suggests you have HIV, a further blood test will need to be carried out to confirm the result. If this is positive, you'll be referred to a specialist HIV clinic for some more tests and a discussion about your treatment options. Treatment for HIV Antiretroviral medications are used to treat HIV. They work by stopping the virus replicating in the body, allowing the immune system to repair itself and preventing further damage. These come in the form of tablets, which need to be taken every day. HIV is able to develop resistance to a single HIV drug very easily, but taking a combination of different drugs makes this much less likely. Most people with HIV take a combination of drugs – it's vital these are taken every day as recommended by your doctor. The goal of HIV treatment is to have an undetectable viral load. This means the level of HIV virus in your body is low enough to not be detected by a test. Living with HIV If you're living with HIV, taking effective HIV treatment and being undetectable significantly reduces your risk of passing HIV on to others. You'll also be encouraged to: take regular exercise eat a healthy diet stop smoking have yearly flu jabs to minimise the risk of getting serious illnesses Without treatment, the immune system will become severely damaged, and life-threatening illnesses such as cancer and severe infections can occur. It's rare for a pregnant woman living with HIV to transmit it to her baby, provided she receives timely and effective HIV treatment and medical care. Preventing HIV Anyone who has sex without a condom or shares needles is at risk of HIV infection. There are many effective ways to prevent or reduce the risk of HIV infection, including: using a condom for sex post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) treatment for HIV to reduce the viral load to undetectable if you use drugs, never sharing needles or other injecting equipment, including syringes, spoons and swabs Speak to your local sexual health clinic or GP for further advice about the best way to reduce your risk. For people with HIV, if you've been taking effective HIV treatment and your viral load has been undetectable for 6 months or more, it means you can't pass the virus on through sex. This is called undetectable=untransmittable (U=U). Want to know more? Page last reviewed: 03/04/2018 Next review due: 03/04/2021
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AIDS STOP | Useful Articles About Cancer and AIDS About HIV/AIDS HIV is a virus spread through certain body fluids that attacks the body's immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, often called T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can't fight off infections and disease. These special cells help the immune system fight off infections. Untreated, HIV reduces the number of CD4 cells (T cells) in the body. This damage to the immune system makes it harder and harder for the body to fight off infections and some other diseases. Opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS. Learn more about the stages of HIV and how to know whether you have HIV. What is HIV? HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS if not treated. Unlike some other viruses, the human body can't get rid of HIV completely, even with treatment. So once you get HIV, you have it for life. HIV attacks the body's immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (T cells), which help the immune system fight off infections. Untreated, HIV reduces the number of CD4 cells (T cells) in the body, making the person more likely to get other infections or infection-related cancers. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can't fight off infections and disease. These opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS, the last stage of HIV infection. No effective cure currently exists, but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. The medicine used to treat HIV is called antiretroviral therapy or ART. If people with HIV take ART as prescribed, their viral load (amount of HIV in their blood) can become undetectable. If it stays undetectable, they can live long, healthy lives and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. Before the introduction of ART in the mid-1990s, people with HIV could progress to AIDS in just a few years. Today, someone diagnosed with HIV and treated before the disease is far advanced can live nearly as long as someone who does not have HIV. Learn more about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). Where did HIV come from? Scientists identified a type of chimpanzee in Central Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans. They believe that the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus (called simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV) most likely was transmitted to humans and mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood. Studies show that HIV may have jumped from apes to humans as far back as the late 1800s. Over decades, the virus slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world. We know that the virus has existed in the United States since at least the mid to late 1970s. To learn more about the spread of HIV in the United States and CDC's response to the epidemic, see CDC's HIV and AIDS Timeline. Learn about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). What are the stages of HIV? When people get HIV and don't receive treatment, they will typically progress through three stages of disease. Medicine to treat HIV, known as antiretroviral therapy (ART), helps people at all stages of the disease if taken as prescribed. Treatment can slow or prevent progression from one stage to the next. Also, people with HIV who take HIV medicine as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. Stage 1: Acute HIV infection Within 2 to 4 weeks after infection with HIV, people may experience a flu-like illness, which may last for a few weeks. This is the body's natural response to infection. When people have acute HIV infection, they have a large amount of virus in their blood and are very contagious. But people with acute infection are often unaware that they're infected because they may not feel sick right away or at all. To know whether someone has acute infection, either a fourth-generation antibody/antigen test or a nucleic acid (NAT) test is necessary. If you think you have been exposed to HIV through sex or drug use and you have flu-like symptoms, seek medical care and ask for a test to diagnose acute infection. Stage 2: Clinical latency (HIV inactivity or dormancy) This period is sometimes called asymptomatic HIV infection or chronic HIV infection. During this phase, HIV is still active but reproduces at very low levels. People may not have any symptoms or get sick during this time. For people who aren't taking medicine to treat HIV, this period can last a decade or longer, but some may progress through this phase faster. People who are taking medicine to treat HIV (ART) the right way, every day may be in this stage for several decades. It's important to remember that people can still transmit HIV to others during this phase, although people who are on ART and stay virally suppressed (having a very low level of virus in their blood) are much less likely to transmit HIV than those who are not virally suppressed. At the end of this phase, a person's viral load starts to go up and the CD4 cell count begins to go down. As this happens, the person may begin to have symptoms as the virus levels increase in the body, and the person moves into Stage 3. Stage 3: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) AIDS is the most severe phase of HIV infection. People with AIDS have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic illnesses. Without treatment, people with AIDS typically survive about 3 years. Common symptoms of AIDS include chills, fever, sweats, swollen lymph glands, weakness, and weight loss. People are diagnosed with AIDS when their CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm or if they develop certain opportunistic illnesses. People with AIDS can have a high viral load and be very infectious. Learn more about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). How do I know if I have HIV? The only way to know for sure whether you have HIV is to get tested. Knowing your status is important because it helps you make healthy decisions to prevent getting or transmitting HIV. Some people may experience a flu-like illness within 2 to 4 weeks after infection (Stage 1 HIV infection). But some people may not feel sick during this stage. Flu-like symptoms include fever, chills, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, or mouth ulcers. These symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks. During this time, HIV infection may not show up on an HIV test, but people who have it are highly infectious and can spread the infection to others. If you have these symptoms, that doesn't mean you have HIV. Each of these symptoms can be caused by other illnesses. But if you have these symptoms after a potential exposure to HIV, see a health care provider and tell them about your risk. The only way to determine whether you have HIV is to be tested for HIV infection. To find places near you that offer confidential HIV testing, Visit gettested.cdc.gov, Text your ZIP code to KNOW IT (566948), or Call 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636). You can also use a home testing kit, available for purchase in most pharmacies and online. After you get tested, it's important to find out the result of your test so you can talk to your health care provider about treatment options if you're HIV-positive or learn ways to prevent getting HIV if you're HIV-negative. Learn about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). Is there a cure for HIV? No effective cure currently exists for HIV. But with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. Treatment for HIV is called antiretroviral therapy or ART. If people with HIV take ART as prescribed, their viral load (amount of HIV in their blood) can become undetectable. If it stays undetectable, they can live long, healthy lives and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. Before the introduction of ART in the mid-1990s, people with HIV could progress to AIDS (the last stage of HIV infection) in a few years. Today, someone diagnosed with HIV and treated before the disease is far advanced can live nearly as long as someone who does not have HIV. Learn more about how to protect yourself, and get information tailored to meet your needs from CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool (BETA). What is HIV? HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. It damages your immune system, making it easier for you to get sick. HIV is spread during sex, but condoms can help protect you. Want to get tested for HIV? HIV is an infection that can lead to AIDS. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It's a virus that breaks down certain cells in your immune system (your body's defense against diseases that helps you stay healthy). When HIV damages your immune system, it's easier to get really sick and even die from infections that your body could normally fight off. About 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV, and more than 38,000 new infections happen every year. Most people with HIV don't have any symptoms for many years and feel totally fine, so they might not even know they have it. Once you have HIV, the virus stays in your body for life. There's no cure for HIV, but medicines can help you stay healthy. HIV medicine lowers or even stops your chances of spreading the virus to other people. Studies show that using HIV treatment as directed can lower the amount of HIV in your blood so much that it might not even show up on a test — when this happens, you can't transmit HIV through sex. Treatment is really important (that's why getting tested is so important). Without treatment, HIV can lead to AIDS. But with medicine, people with HIV can live long, healthy lives and stop the spread of HIV to others. What's the difference between HIV and AIDS? HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV and AIDS are not the same thing. And people with HIV do not always have AIDS. HIV is the virus that's passed from person to person. Over time, HIV destroys an important kind of the cell in your immune system (called CD4 cells or T cells) that helps protect you from infections. When you don't have enough of these CD4 cells, your body can't fight off infections the way it normally can. AIDS is the disease caused by the damage that HIV does to your immune system. You have AIDS when you get dangerous infections or have a super low number of CD4 cells. AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV, and it leads to death over time. Without treatment, it usually takes about 10 years for someone with HIV to develop AIDS. Treatment slows down the damage the virus causes and can help people stay healthy for several decades. How do you get HIV? HIV is carried in semen (cum), vaginal fluids, anal mucus, blood, and breast milk. The virus gets in your body through cuts or sores in your skin, and through mucous membranes (like the inside of the vagina, rectum, and opening of the penis). You can get HIV from: having vaginal or anal sex sharing needles or syringes for shooting drugs, piercings, tattoos, etc. getting stuck with a needle that has HIV-infected blood on it getting HIV-infected blood, semen (cum), or vaginal fluids into open cuts or sores on your body HIV is usually spread through having unprotected sex. Using condoms and/or dental dams every time you have sex and not sharing needles can help protect you and your partners from HIV. If you do have HIV, treatment can lower or even stop the chances of spreading the virus to other people during sex. If you don't have HIV, there's also a daily medicine called PrEP that can protect you from HIV. HIV can also be passed to babies during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. A pregnant woman with HIV can take medicine to greatly reduce the chance that her baby will get HIV. HIV isn't spread through saliva (spit), so you CAN'T get HIV from kissing, sharing food or drinks, or using the same fork or spoon. HIV is also not spread through hugging, holding hands, coughing, or sneezing. And you can't get HIV from a toilet seat. A long time ago, some people got HIV from infected blood transfusions. But now, giving or getting blood in medical centers is totally safe. Doctors, hospitals, and blood donation centers don't use needles more than once, and donated blood is tested for HIV and other infections. Help us improve - how could this information be more helpful? Overview - HIV and AIDS HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that damages the cells in your immune system and weakens your ability to fight everyday infections and disease. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the name used to describe a number of potentially life-threatening infections and illnesses that happen when your immune system has been severely damaged by the HIV virus. While AIDS can't be transmitted from one person to another, the HIV virus can. There's currently no cure for HIV, but there are very effective drug treatments that enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life. With an early diagnosis and effective treatments, most people with HIV won't develop any AIDS-related illnesses and will live a near-normal lifespan. The 2018/19 flu jab is now available. Flu can be very serious if you have HIV. Ask for your free flu jab at: your GP surgery a local pharmacy that offers the service Symptoms of HIV infection Most people experience a short, flu-like illness 2-6 weeks after HIV infection, which lasts for a week or two. After these symptoms disappear, HIV may not cause any symptoms for many years, although the virus continues to damage your immune system. This means many people with HIV don't know they're infected. Anyone who thinks they could have HIV should get tested. Certain groups of people are advised to have regular tests as they're at particularly high risk, including: men who have sex with men Black African heterosexuals people who share needles, syringes or other injecting equipment Causes of HIV infection HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person. This includes semen, vaginal and anal fluids, blood, and breast milk. It's a fragile virus and doesn't survive outside the body for long. HIV can't be transmitted through sweat, urine or saliva. The most common way of getting HIV in the UK is through having anal or vaginal sex without a condom. Other ways of getting HIV include: sharing needles, syringes or other injecting equipment transmission from mother to baby during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding The chance of getting HIV through oral sex is very low and will be dependent on many things, such as whether you receive or give oral sex and the oral hygiene of the person giving the oral sex. Diagnosing HIV Seek medical advice as soon as possible if you think you might have been exposed to HIV. You can get tested in a number of places, including at your GP surgery, sexual health clinics, and clinics run by charities. The only way to find out if you have HIV is to have an HIV test. This involves testing a sample of your blood or saliva for signs of the infection. It's important to be aware that: emergency anti-HIV medication called post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) may stop you becoming infected if started within 72 hours of possible exposure to the virus – it's recommended that you start it as soon as possible, ideally within 24 hours an early diagnosis means you can start treatment sooner, which can improve your chances of controlling the virus, reduce the risk of becoming more unwell and reduce the chance of passing the virus on to others Both positive and negative HIV tests may need to be repeated 1 to 3 months after potential exposure to HIV infection (this is known as the window period), but you shouldn't wait this long to seek help: clinics may offer a finger prick blood test, which can give you a result in minutes, but it may take up to a few days to get the results of a more detailed HIV test home testing or home sampling kits are available to buy online or from pharmacies – depending on the type of test you use, your result will be available in a few minutes or a few days If your first test suggests you have HIV, a further blood test will need to be carried out to confirm the result. If this is positive, you'll be referred to a specialist HIV clinic for some more tests and a discussion about your treatment options. Treatment for HIV Antiretroviral medications are used to treat HIV. They work by stopping the virus replicating in the body, allowing the immune system to repair itself and preventing further damage. These come in the form of tablets, which need to be taken every day. HIV is able to develop resistance to a single HIV drug very easily, but taking a combination of different drugs makes this much less likely. Most people with HIV take a combination of drugs – it's vital these are taken every day as recommended by your doctor. The goal of HIV treatment is to have an undetectable viral load. This means the level of HIV virus in your body is low enough to not be detected by a test. Living with HIV If you're living with HIV, taking effective HIV treatment and being undetectable significantly reduces your risk of passing HIV on to others. You'll also be encouraged to: take regular exercise eat a healthy diet stop smoking have yearly flu jabs to minimise the risk of getting serious illnesses Without treatment, the immune system will become severely damaged, and life-threatening illnesses such as cancer and severe infections can occur. It's rare for a pregnant woman living with HIV to transmit it to her baby, provided she receives timely and effective HIV treatment and medical care. Preventing HIV Anyone who has sex without a condom or shares needles is at risk of HIV infection. There are many effective ways to prevent or reduce the risk of HIV infection, including: using a condom for sex post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) treatment for HIV to reduce the viral load to undetectable if you use drugs, never sharing needles or other injecting equipment, including syringes, spoons and swabs Speak to your local sexual health clinic or GP for further advice about the best way to reduce your risk. For people with HIV, if you've been taking effective HIV treatment and your viral load has been undetectable for 6 months or more, it means you can't pass the virus on through sex. This is called undetectable=untransmittable (U=U). Want to know more? Page last reviewed: 03/04/2018 Next review due: 03/04/2021 HIV Screening Test What is an HIV test? An HIV test shows whether you are infected with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). HIV is a virus that attacks and destroys cells in the immune system. These cells protect your body against disease-causing germs, such as bacteria and viruses. If you lose too many immune cells, your body will have trouble fighting off infections and other diseases. There are three main types of HIV tests: Antibody Test. This test looks for HIV antibodies in your blood or saliva. Your immune system makes antibodies when you are exposed to bacteria or viruses, like HIV. An HIV antibody test can determine if you have HIV from 3–12 weeks after infection. That's because it can take a few weeks or longer for your immune system to make antibodies to HIV. You may be able to do an HIV antibody test in the privacy of your home. Ask your health care provider about at-home HIV test kits. HIV Antibody/Antigen Test. This test looks for HIV antibodies and antigens in the blood. An antigen is a part of a virus that triggers an immune response. If you've been exposed to HIV, antigens will show up in your blood before HIV antibodies are made. This test can usually find HIV within 2–6 weeks of infection. The HIV antibody/antigen test is one of the most common types of HIV tests. HIV Viral Load. This test measures the amount of the HIV virus in the blood. It can find HIV faster than antibody and antibody/antigen tests, but it is very expensive. It is mostly used for monitoring HIV infections. Other names: HIV antibody/antigen tests, HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibody and antigen evaluation, HIV test, human immunodeficiency virus antibody test, type 1, HIV p24 antigen test What is it used for? An HIV test is used to find out if you have been infected with HIV. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Most people with HIV don't have AIDS. People with AIDS have an extremely low number of immune cells and are at risk for life-threatening illnesses, including dangerous infections, a severe type of pneumonia, and certain cancers, including Kaposi sarcoma. If HIV is found early, you can get medicines to protect your immune system. HIV medicines may prevent you from getting AIDS. Why do I need an HIV test? The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine health care. You may also need an HIV test if you are at higher risk for infection. HIV is mainly spread through sexual contact and blood, so you may be at a higher risk for HIV if you: Are a man that has had sex with another man Have had sex with an HIV-infected partner Have had multiple sex partners Have injected drugs, such as heroin, or shared drug needles with someone else HIV can spread from mother to child during birth and through breast milk, so if you are pregnant your doctor may order an HIV test. There are medicines you can take during pregnancy and delivery to greatly reduce your risk of spreading the disease to your baby. What happens during an HIV test? You will either get a blood test in a lab, or do your own test at home. For a blood test in a lab: A health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes. For at home test, you will need to get a sample of saliva from your mouth or a drop of blood from your fingertip. The test kit will provide instructions on how to get your sample, package it, and send it to a lab. For a saliva test, you will use special spatula-like tool to take a swab from your mouth. For a fingertip antibody blood test, you will use a special tool to prick your finger and collect a sample of blood. For more information on at-home testing, talk to your health care provider. Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test? You don't need any special preparations for an HIV test. But you should talk with a counselor before and/or after your test so you can better understand what the results mean and your treatment options if you are diagnosed with HIV. Are there any risks to the test? There is very little risk to having any HIV screening test. If you get a blood test from a lab, you may have slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly. What do the results mean? If your result is negative, it can mean you don't have HIV. A negative result may also mean you have HIV but it's too soon to tell. It can take a few weeks for HIV antibodies and antigens to show up in your body. If your result is negative, your health care provider may order additional HIV tests at a later date. If your result is positive, you will get a follow-up test to confirm the diagnosis. If both tests are positive, it means you have HIV. It does not mean you have AIDS. While there is no cure for HIV, there are better treatments available now than in the past. Today, people with HIV are living longer, with a better quality of life than ever before. If you are living with HIV, it's important to see your health care provider regularly. Overview - HIV and AIDS HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that damages the cells in your immune system and weakens your ability to fight everyday infections and disease. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the name used to describe a number of potentially life-threatening infections and illnesses that happen when your immune system has been severely damaged by the HIV virus. While AIDS can't be transmitted from one person to another, the HIV virus can. There's currently no cure for HIV, but there are very effective drug treatments that enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life. With an early diagnosis and effective treatments, most people with HIV won't develop any AIDS-related illnesses and will live a near-normal lifespan. The 2018/19 flu jab is now available. Flu can be very serious if you have HIV. Ask for your free flu jab at: your GP surgery a local pharmacy that offers the service Symptoms of HIV infection Most people experience a short, flu-like illness 2-6 weeks after HIV infection, which lasts for a week or two. After these symptoms disappear, HIV may not cause any symptoms for many years, although the virus continues to damage your immune system. This means many people with HIV don't know they're infected. Anyone who thinks they could have HIV should get tested. Certain groups of people are advised to have regular tests as they're at particularly high risk, including: men who have sex with men Black African heterosexuals people who share needles, syringes or other injecting equipment Causes of HIV infection HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person. This includes semen, vaginal and anal fluids, blood, and breast milk. It's a fragile virus and doesn't survive outside the body for long. HIV can't be transmitted through sweat, urine or saliva. The most common way of getting HIV in the UK is through having anal or vaginal sex without a condom. Other ways of getting HIV include: sharing needles, syringes or other injecting equipment transmission from mother to baby during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding The chance of getting HIV through oral sex is very low and will be dependent on many things, such as whether you receive or give oral sex and the oral hygiene of the person giving the oral sex. Diagnosing HIV Seek medical advice as soon as possible if you think you might have been exposed to HIV. You can get tested in a number of places, including at your GP surgery, sexual health clinics, and clinics run by charities. The only way to find out if you have HIV is to have an HIV test. This involves testing a sample of your blood or saliva for signs of the infection. It's important to be aware that: emergency anti-HIV medication called post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) may stop you becoming infected if started within 72 hours of possible exposure to the virus – it's recommended that you start it as soon as possible, ideally within 24 hours an early diagnosis means you can start treatment sooner, which can improve your chances of controlling the virus, reduce the risk of becoming more unwell and reduce the chance of passing the virus on to others Both positive and negative HIV tests may need to be repeated 1 to 3 months after potential exposure to HIV infection (this is known as the window period), but you shouldn't wait this long to seek help: clinics may offer a finger prick blood test, which can give you a result in minutes, but it may take up to a few days to get the results of a more detailed HIV test home testing or home sampling kits are available to buy online or from pharmacies – depending on the type of test you use, your result will be available in a few minutes or a few days If your first test suggests you have HIV, a further blood test will need to be carried out to confirm the result. If this is positive, you'll be referred to a specialist HIV clinic for some more tests and a discussion about your treatment options. Treatment for HIV Antiretroviral medications are used to treat HIV. They work by stopping the virus replicating in the body, allowing the immune system to repair itself and preventing further damage. These come in the form of tablets, which need to be taken every day. HIV is able to develop resistance to a single HIV drug very easily, but taking a combination of different drugs makes this much less likely. Most people with HIV take a combination of drugs – it's vital these are taken every day as recommended by your doctor. The goal of HIV treatment is to have an undetectable viral load. This means the level of HIV virus in your body is low enough to not be detected by a test. Living with HIV If you're living with HIV, taking effective HIV treatment and being undetectable significantly reduces your risk of passing HIV on to others. You'll also be encouraged to: take regular exercise eat a healthy diet stop smoking have yearly flu jabs to minimise the risk of getting serious illnesses Without treatment, the immune system will become severely damaged, and life-threatening illnesses such as cancer and severe infections can occur. It's rare for a pregnant woman living with HIV to transmit it to her baby, provided she receives timely and effective HIV treatment and medical care. Preventing HIV Anyone who has sex without a condom or shares needles is at risk of HIV infection. There are many effective ways to prevent or reduce the risk of HIV infection, including: using a condom for sex post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) treatment for HIV to reduce the viral load to undetectable if you use drugs, never sharing needles or other injecting equipment, including syringes, spoons and swabs Speak to your local sexual health clinic or GP for further advice about the best way to reduce your risk. For people with HIV, if you've been taking effective HIV treatment and your viral load has been undetectable for 6 months or more, it means you can't pass the virus on through sex. This is called undetectable=untransmittable (U=U). Want to know more? Page last reviewed: 03/04/2018 Next review due: 03/04/2021
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Angelic Connection | INNER PEACE IS POSSIBLE Hi my name is Debbie Boyle and I am the founder of Angelic Connections. I hope you enjoy visiting the website, feel free to contact me should you have any queries or if you would like to book a course or treatment. Angelic Connections offers a range of holistic therapies which I'd like to invite you to explore. I can assure you that these treatments are carried out in a warm and cosy healing space. These treatments will assist you to heal and release stress and the accompanying symptoms of stress and strain in your body and your life. I also facilitate courses, workshops and Angelic weekend Retreats in holistic therapies. These courses and workshops can help and assist you to learn powerful healing life-tools and techniques. Classes are held in a safe, healing and interactive environment. I have a healing practice in Castleknock, Dublin 15 and I also run a Holistic School and Wellness Centre with Tara O'Neill in Lucan, co Dublin called "The Heart Wings" I teach regular workshops and classes from "The Heart Wings" and see clients on a one to one basis in both Castleknock and Lucan. I also hold classes and regular workshops in the Hill of Tara Open Studio in Co Meath.
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Sgggc.org - Top health & Remedy Informations During pregnancy, a woman can expect to feel new aches and pains, due to the changes that the body is experiencing. Gluteal pain is common and normal during pregnancy and may be due to several factors.As the fetus and uterus grow, they press on the hips, back and buttocks. Pain in the buttocks can also be due to complications of pregnancy and unrelated medical problems. No matter the cause, talk with a doctor about any new pain that may arise during pregnancy. A doctor can often help develop a treatment plan to relieve any bothersome symptoms. Next, get more information about the causes of buttock pain during pregnancy, as well as possible treatments and home remedies. Causes Pain in the buttocks during pregnancy can be a referred pain, which originates in other parts of the body and radiates to the buttocks, or can be the result of problems in the area. The following are some of the possible causes of pain in the buttocks during pregnancy: Hemorrhoids It is common for women to develop hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids are inflamed veins in the lower rectum or anus. As the uterus expands during the second and third trimesters, it exerts more pressure and pressure on the anus, which can cause the formation of hemorrhoids. Constipation and standing for long periods can increase the likelihood of developing hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids can cause: pains and anal pain itching around the anus bleeding during bowel movements A tender bulge to form in the anus. Sciatica The sciatic nerve extends from the buttocks to the leg. During pregnancy, the expansion of the uterus and the growth of the fetus can put pressure on the sciatic nerve, causing a condition called sciatica. People with sciatica often experience pain in the buttocks. In addition, a person may feel a burning sensation in the leg, butt and back, as well as a sharp pain in the leg. Pelvic waist pain Pain in the pelvic girdle affects approximately 1 in 5 pregnant women. A combination of the baby's extra weight and movement during pregnancy is often the cause. The pain of the pelvic girdle can cause pain in the buttocks, in addition to: dificulty to walk A clicking or grinding in the pelvic region. pain during sex pain when walking pain when the weight is all on one leg Difficulty lying on one side of the body for long periods The pain of the pelvic girdle can start at any time between the first and third trimesters. It can develop only in the last days of pregnancy. Contractions Contractions can cause pain in the lower back and the back. Contractions are the body's way of removing the fetus from the body. Genuine contractions occur during the latter part of the third trimester, just before birth. Some women feel contraction pain in the buttocks. Other symptoms associated with contractions include: Bloody or brown discharge from the vagina. back pain and abdomen the water breaking Before delivery, many women experience false contractions, known as Braxton-Hicks contractions. These can be painful but, unlike actual contractions, they do not occur at regular intervals that are becoming more frequent. Diagnosis A doctor will ask about the symptoms and if something improves or worsens them. In some cases, a visual examination is enough to determine if a person has hemorrhoids. Other tests, such as a blood or urine test or imaging tests, can also help a doctor determine the underlying cause of the pain. When to see a doctor Every time a pregnant woman experiences unexplained pain, she should talk to a doctor or other health professional. During pregnancy, a woman should call a doctor or go to the hospital if she experiences: the water breaking pain that causes nausea A loss of control over the bowels or bladder. pain that does not improve loss of copious blood from a hemorrhoid Treatments and home remedies. Treatments for hemorrhoids are available by prescription or over the counter. There are several potential treatment options for gluteal pain during pregnancy. Some common treatments include: Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications that are safe to use during pregnancy, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), which can be purchased online Creams and ointments for hemorrhoids prescription pain relievers for the most severe pain It is essential to talk with a doctor about which medications are safe to use. Some, including aspirin and ibuprofen, can be harmful. Some women want to avoid using certain medications during pregnancy. For mild pain or if a woman wishes to avoid medical intervention, home remedies can help. Home remedies for back pain during pregnancy include: Use of witch hazel for hemorrhoids, such as those that can be purchased online. Sit in warm water (not hot) for hemorrhoids. Eat fiber to help prevent constipation. Avoid standing or sitting for long periods of time. Sleeping with a pillow under the belly and between the legs. light stretch If the pain in the pelvic girdle causes pain in the buttocks, it may help to use a foam roller or stretch to help loosen tight hips. A range of foam rollers is available for purchase online. If sciatica is causing pain, the stretches in this article have been specifically designed to relieve the pain of sciatica during pregnancy. Prevention While it is not always possible to prevent pain in the buttocks during pregnancy, a woman can reduce the risk by: Avoid constipation with a diet high in fiber. Stay hydrated to avoid premature contractions. If possible, stay active during pregnancy. Stretching the muscles of the back, buttocks and legs panorama For the most part, pain in the buttocks during pregnancy is not a major cause of concern. Home remedies can often help relieve common causes of pain, such as hemorrhoids or the additional weight of pregnancy. However, if there is no obvious cause, consult a doctor. It is especially important to consult a doctor about pain that is severe, new or persistent.
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Dental Services | Dental Supplies Online | Teeth Whitening Wholesale | Dental Curing Light Manufacturers | Laboratory Dental - Spark Dental Store Dental Supplies Online - A professional and reliable dentist online shopping center providing a variety of quality dentistry products at reasonable prices and free shipping them globally.
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Boroondara Dental | Welcome | Balwyn Dental Care Boroondara Dental, dental treatments, Dental Anxiety, Teeth Whitening, full restorative treatment plan, fissure sealants, teeth decay-free, dream smile, Dr John Chen, 1026A Burke Rd Balwyn VIC 3103, Book an appointment, Oral Health Education and Promotion, general and cosmetic dentistry, smile for life, medical and dental questionnaire, professional quality dental care and treatment, dental sealant, Proper brushing, flossing , healthy diet, maintaining the baby teeth, Teeth Whitening, In-chair Whitening, captivating bright smile , whitening gel, Take-home Whitening, desensitising toothpaste, reshape your smile, close gaps, straighten crooked teeth, repair chips, cover permanent stains, regular oral hygiene routine, Private Health Insurance, Private Health Insurance card, Emergency Treatment, White Composite Resin Fillings, post-operative care instructions, Dental Extractions, Dentures, bridge, implants, dental check-ups, optimal oral health, Crowns, Porcelain, dental cement, Bridges, Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction TMD, Root Canal Treatment, Mouthguards, The Consequences of Missing Teeth, Periodontitis, Gum Disease, scaling, Regular dental check-ups, General Anaesthetic, Wisdom Teeth, General Dentistry, headaches, facial muscle soreness, neck and shoulder pain, bruxism, Intra Oral Camera, Latest Technology, Infection Control, Digital Radiographs, Root Caries and Sensitivity, dry mouth, radiotherapy treatment, pregnancy, Regular Dental Maintenance , Preventive Dental Care, Daily Oral Hygiene, Brushing, Electric toothbrushes, Mouthwash, Oral Health and Smoking, Dietary Advice, Emergency Treatment
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Welcome to South Yarra Clinic Not just your local GP, we're the Family Healthcare and Medical Professionals you can talk to. A Mixed Billing Medical Clinic In The Heart Of South Yarra.
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The Natural Health Centre | After suffering from hay fever throughout her adult life, Helen Cahill found relief in a dozen sterile needles. She told Health Editor MADELEINE BRINDLEY how acupuncture has set her free from her annual hay fever misery FOR years Helen Cahill was dependent on nasal sprays, eye drops and tablets to help her through the annual hay fever season. On days when the pollen count was particularly high, she would close all the windows and not leave home. But the 53-year-old, who lives in Peterston Super Ely, has now found drug-free relief for her hay fever symptoms after undergoing acupuncture. The regular sessions of the complementary therapy have left her symptom-less and allowed her to get on with her life without the worry and inconvenience of suffering hay fever's flu-like symptoms. Helen, a project worker, first started suffering from hay fever at the age of 17. "I wouldn't say that I was an extreme case, but I was very aware of it – if I was going out at the weekend, I'd go to the seaside rather than the country. "When I lived in London I didn't have it as much, and it has come in phases. I live in the countryside now so I'm much more aware of it. "I'd used eye drops, nasal sprays and tablets, which did work, but the tablets made me feel drowsy and you would have to remember to take them regularly. "You couldn't just decide to take them when you had the symptoms." She added: "I'd been thinking for some time that I'd had enough of the tablets and nasal sprays after all these years and wanted something, an alternative that was less chemical and more natural, as a treatment." Helen opted for acupuncture after a casual conversation with running partner Jackie Brown, who is the clinical director of the Natural Health and Fertility Clinic in Whitchurch. During the acupuncture treatment, she had fine sterile needles inserted into her face, hands, wrists and legs. She said she noticed a difference after just one session. "I felt the benefits of the acupuncture almost immediately after the first session," Helen said. "My nose dried up, stuffiness was eased and eyes were no longer itchy and sore. It also helped with the itchy throat although I still have to use eye drops when the pollen count is very high. "I felt full of life and the lethargy and sleepiness brought on by the tablets and condition, was lifted. It was marvellous. "The important thing for me and, I expect, other sufferers, is to start the course of treatment in April before the onset of any symptoms. "I have found that each year the symptoms have reduced and this could be as a result of the acupuncture. "Acupuncture has no side effects, there is an immediate response. It is gentle and relaxing." She added: "Whereas before I was faced with being virtually locked inside my home with doors and windows firmly shut during, what was for me, the miserable months of May and June, now I can go outside with confidence even during the highest pollen days. "I was a teeny bit sceptical at first but nevertheless I wanted to give it a try. I'm really glad that I did and now wouldn't be without the acupuncture sessions." Helen, whose hay fever is worst in late spring and early summer, has two acupuncture sessions every April and four more during May. "It has been a revelation. The sessions themselves are relaxing and soothing in a wonderfully comfortable room at the clinic equipped with low lighting and soothing music. "The acupuncture has really helped to enable me to participate in sports again during these months. It stops my runny and blocked nose and the general feeling of debilitation associated with taking tablets. "I am now confident to go out on long walks in the countryside with my 12-year-old cocker spaniel Amos and he is delighted. "This is all thanks to my newfound freedom from sniffles, horrendous sneezes and streaming eyes. I can't thank Jackie enough for what she has given me." Acupuncture has had mixed results in clinical trials, but research published in 2007 in the Medical Journal of Australia, has shown that it can help relieve the symptoms of chronic hay fever. Charlie Xue, a professor of Chinese medicine at RMIT University in Melbourne, found that two months of acupuncture reduced the symptoms of persistent sneezing, itchy and blocked nose for at least three months. And Daniel Maxwell, of the British Acupuncture Council, said: "It is great for hay fever because of the significant effect it has on modulating the immune system." Jackie Brown said: "Acupuncture is often effective treatment for hay fever. The effect of acupuncture can be immediate. "Although the effect can be instantaneous, it is common for the effect to wear off and the symptoms to return after a while. When this happens another treatment is needed. "Consecutive acupuncture treatment prolongs the desirable effects or, in other words, acupuncture has an accumulative effect. "As each person is different and lifestyles vary it is difficult to say how many treatments will be needed to bring about a positive effect. "I recommend two treatments in the first week and weekly treatments after that for about six weeks. It is best to start before the hay fever season begins for maximum effect as this will strengthen the immune system and your body is ready to deal with the pollen when it comes." 'I'd had enough of the tablets and nasal sprays and wanted something, more natural as a treatment' Contact The Natural Health Centre 086-1550442 for more information. Credit www.walesonline.co.uk
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The Hormone Diva | PMS Coach + Holistic Nutritionist DISCLAIMER: Within this blog post, I mention a few nutritional products. I mention these products because of their extreme efficacy, and the results they've helped myself and my clients get on their PCOS fertility journeys. I will never suggest a product or supplement I don't wholeheartedly believe in. Becoming fertile when you have PCOS can seem like a minefield. I was told over and over again that becoming pregnant with PCOS would be next to impossible without invasive and incredibly expensive fertility treatments (& that even those weren't a sure thing). Then, on October 16, 2018 - a day that will live in my memory forever - I took a pregnancy test and it was positive. I had fallen pregnant 100% naturally - no drugs, no doctor interventions. My little miracle boy is due in June 2019 and I couldn't be more excited. I know that you are likely struggling to get your own fertility under control, and you've probably heard the same negative stories I did from your own doctors. The truth is (& science proves it) that as little as 4 months of diet and lifestyle intervention can improve pregnancy outcomes in women with PCOS at a much higher rate than using either Metformin, Clomid or a combination of the two. Incredible stuff! If you want to learn more about this, be sure to grab my free PCOS Fertility Guide. In order to help support natural fertility, I've developed a Latte recipe that's both incredibly delicious (& comforting) and effective at supporting your body to improve fertility with PCOS. This Latte recipe is featured in my free PCOS Fertility Guide, so if you don't have it already - be sure to grab this crucial resource! Let me explain why the ingredients in this Latte are so essential in the PCOS Cyster's fertility journey. Matcha Green Tea If you know me, you know I love me some matcha. The aroma, the taste, the colour - everything about it gets me jazzed up. Matcha also has some incredible benefits of hormonal health and fertility, so let's dive in: Matcha green tea has the potential to support a more robust metabolism, which may assist moderate weight loss along with a healthy diet and regular exercise. It's no surprise that having a healthy weight is helpful for fertility and conception, so adding matcha to your healthy lifestyle routine may provide a welcome support. Matcha green tea is FULL of antioxidants, which can help with inflammation in the body. Many women with PCOS have low-grade, chronic inflammation which impairs insulin sensitivity and ovarian function - two important aspects of fertile menstrual cycles. Matcha contains L-theanine, a calming amino acid which boosts feel-good brain chemicals like GABA and lowers excitatory brain chemicals which may leave you feeling stressed and anxious. Many people who enjoy matcha report feeling a calm alertness. This is critical as a strongly reactive nervous system and resulting stress hormone imbalances can "steal" fertility hormones like progesterone, making cycles irregular, anovulatory and possibly preventing pregnancy. Ovasitol Basically my fav PCOS supplement ever - Ovasitol is incredibly easy to use (no flavour, colour, texture) AND it packs a major PCOS-fighting punch. Ovasitol helps to: Support insulin sensitivity, Normalize hormone levels, Regulate cycles and Improve egg quality. All from a B vitamin! So cool. I've teamed up with Ovasitol creator Theralogix to offer a special discount for any Cyster using my special PRC Code (L1MONT). Here's how to purchase: Go to www.theralogix.com Click "Login" Click "Create an account" (if you don't have one) Create your account + make sure you're logged in Add Ovasitol to your cart (any variation of the product) Go to checkout At checkout, enter all relevant delivery information Add PRC code where prompted: L1MONT Turmeric Like matcha, turmeric is highly anti inflammatory - good news for the chronic, low grade inflammation that's often part of PCOS. Lowered inflammation means better insulin sensitivity, weight control and ovarian function - all critical contributors to fertility. Turmeric also supports healthy liver function - enhancing the liver's ability to flush toxins and excess hormones out of the body. Lastly, turmeric has been shown to help with depression, and as we know from the matcha discussion, having a relaxed nervous system and adequate feel-good brain chemicals like GABA go a long way in helping your body produce (& keep) pro-fertility hormones like progesterone in balance. Collagen Powder Collagen is my favourite form of protein powder. It's incredibly easy to digest, rather than some whey or plant-based protein powders that may leave us feeling bloated and gross. Collagen helps to repair and support a healthy digestive system, which is crucial for absorbing pro-fertility nutrients, reducing inflammation and removing excess un-needed hormones from the body. Protein itself is essential for fertility because it is used in creating many hormones and chemicals in the body, and helps the body to build and retain lean muscle mass - making weight management easier and boosting metabolism. My favourite brands of collagen include Organika, Great Lakes and Vital Proteins - although there are many others on the market. Omega PowerCreamer Like protein, healthy fats are critical for fertility. In fact - a low fat diet may decrease fertility. Why? Because all of our steroid hormones (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, cortisol, etc) are made from fat. Without enough of the right types of fats, our hormones become imbalances and our fertility decreases. It can sometimes be difficult to get enough healthy sources of fats in our diets when we're trying to conceive, and I'm in love with the fact that products like Omega PowerCreamer exist to help us get enough. The combination of ghee (clarified butter), coconut oil and MCT oil in PowerCreamer provide the variety of fats women's bodies need to balance hormones and improve fertility. The organic ghee is extremely rich in fat soluble vitamins like A, D and E. These vitamins are vital for hormone production (many hormonally-imbalanced women are deficient in all three), mood stability, insulin sensitivity and more. Because the ghee in Omega Power Creamer is also grass-fed, it's going to have something called CLA or conjugated linoleic acid, a fat that's known to help lower body fat and cholesterol. The fats in coconut oil (medium-chain triglycerides) and MCT oil have been shown to assist weight loss in comparison with olive oil. They also help us feel fuller longer, and coconut oil provides a small amount of saturated fat needed to create hormones. I use the vanilla flavour in this latte, but the original/unflavoured works just as well. Like Ovasitol, the wonderful people over at PowerCreamer have been kind enough to offer a special discount for my community. Simply pop over to their website, add products to your cart and use code DIVA10 to save 10% off your order. Use a tbsp or two a day in addition to your regular healthy, pro-fertility diet to support healthy hormone production. Phew! That was a lot. Let's get to the simple PCOS Fertility Latte recipe now.
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The Hormone Diva | PMS Coach + Holistic Nutritionist DISCLAIMER: Within this blog post, I mention a few nutritional products. I mention these products because of their extreme efficacy, and the results they've helped myself and my clients get on their PCOS fertility journeys. I will never suggest a product or supplement I don't wholeheartedly believe in. Becoming fertile when you have PCOS can seem like a minefield. I was told over and over again that becoming pregnant with PCOS would be next to impossible without invasive and incredibly expensive fertility treatments (& that even those weren't a sure thing). Then, on October 16, 2018 - a day that will live in my memory forever - I took a pregnancy test and it was positive. I had fallen pregnant 100% naturally - no drugs, no doctor interventions. My little miracle boy is due in June 2019 and I couldn't be more excited. I know that you are likely struggling to get your own fertility under control, and you've probably heard the same negative stories I did from your own doctors. The truth is (& science proves it) that as little as 4 months of diet and lifestyle intervention can improve pregnancy outcomes in women with PCOS at a much higher rate than using either Metformin, Clomid or a combination of the two. Incredible stuff! If you want to learn more about this, be sure to grab my free PCOS Fertility Guide. In order to help support natural fertility, I've developed a Latte recipe that's both incredibly delicious (& comforting) and effective at supporting your body to improve fertility with PCOS. This Latte recipe is featured in my free PCOS Fertility Guide, so if you don't have it already - be sure to grab this crucial resource! Let me explain why the ingredients in this Latte are so essential in the PCOS Cyster's fertility journey. Matcha Green Tea If you know me, you know I love me some matcha. The aroma, the taste, the colour - everything about it gets me jazzed up. Matcha also has some incredible benefits of hormonal health and fertility, so let's dive in: Matcha green tea has the potential to support a more robust metabolism, which may assist moderate weight loss along with a healthy diet and regular exercise. It's no surprise that having a healthy weight is helpful for fertility and conception, so adding matcha to your healthy lifestyle routine may provide a welcome support. Matcha green tea is FULL of antioxidants, which can help with inflammation in the body. Many women with PCOS have low-grade, chronic inflammation which impairs insulin sensitivity and ovarian function - two important aspects of fertile menstrual cycles. Matcha contains L-theanine, a calming amino acid which boosts feel-good brain chemicals like GABA and lowers excitatory brain chemicals which may leave you feeling stressed and anxious. Many people who enjoy matcha report feeling a calm alertness. This is critical as a strongly reactive nervous system and resulting stress hormone imbalances can "steal" fertility hormones like progesterone, making cycles irregular, anovulatory and possibly preventing pregnancy. Ovasitol Basically my fav PCOS supplement ever - Ovasitol is incredibly easy to use (no flavour, colour, texture) AND it packs a major PCOS-fighting punch. Ovasitol helps to: Support insulin sensitivity, Normalize hormone levels, Regulate cycles and Improve egg quality. All from a B vitamin! So cool. I've teamed up with Ovasitol creator Theralogix to offer a special discount for any Cyster using my special PRC Code (L1MONT). Here's how to purchase: Go to www.theralogix.com Click "Login" Click "Create an account" (if you don't have one) Create your account + make sure you're logged in Add Ovasitol to your cart (any variation of the product) Go to checkout At checkout, enter all relevant delivery information Add PRC code where prompted: L1MONT Turmeric Like matcha, turmeric is highly anti inflammatory - good news for the chronic, low grade inflammation that's often part of PCOS. Lowered inflammation means better insulin sensitivity, weight control and ovarian function - all critical contributors to fertility. Turmeric also supports healthy liver function - enhancing the liver's ability to flush toxins and excess hormones out of the body. Lastly, turmeric has been shown to help with depression, and as we know from the matcha discussion, having a relaxed nervous system and adequate feel-good brain chemicals like GABA go a long way in helping your body produce (& keep) pro-fertility hormones like progesterone in balance. Collagen Powder Collagen is my favourite form of protein powder. It's incredibly easy to digest, rather than some whey or plant-based protein powders that may leave us feeling bloated and gross. Collagen helps to repair and support a healthy digestive system, which is crucial for absorbing pro-fertility nutrients, reducing inflammation and removing excess un-needed hormones from the body. Protein itself is essential for fertility because it is used in creating many hormones and chemicals in the body, and helps the body to build and retain lean muscle mass - making weight management easier and boosting metabolism. My favourite brands of collagen include Organika, Great Lakes and Vital Proteins - although there are many others on the market. Omega PowerCreamer Like protein, healthy fats are critical for fertility. In fact - a low fat diet may decrease fertility. Why? Because all of our steroid hormones (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, cortisol, etc) are made from fat. Without enough of the right types of fats, our hormones become imbalances and our fertility decreases. It can sometimes be difficult to get enough healthy sources of fats in our diets when we're trying to conceive, and I'm in love with the fact that products like Omega PowerCreamer exist to help us get enough. The combination of ghee (clarified butter), coconut oil and MCT oil in PowerCreamer provide the variety of fats women's bodies need to balance hormones and improve fertility. The organic ghee is extremely rich in fat soluble vitamins like A, D and E. These vitamins are vital for hormone production (many hormonally-imbalanced women are deficient in all three), mood stability, insulin sensitivity and more. Because the ghee in Omega Power Creamer is also grass-fed, it's going to have something called CLA or conjugated linoleic acid, a fat that's known to help lower body fat and cholesterol. The fats in coconut oil (medium-chain triglycerides) and MCT oil have been shown to assist weight loss in comparison with olive oil. They also help us feel fuller longer, and coconut oil provides a small amount of saturated fat needed to create hormones. I use the vanilla flavour in this latte, but the original/unflavoured works just as well. Like Ovasitol, the wonderful people over at PowerCreamer have been kind enough to offer a special discount for my community. Simply pop over to their website, add products to your cart and use code DIVA10 to save 10% off your order. Use a tbsp or two a day in addition to your regular healthy, pro-fertility diet to support healthy hormone production. Phew! That was a lot. Let's get to the simple PCOS Fertility Latte recipe now.
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Ron Pauline's Chiropractic Care Blog | Do you experience leg pain when you're walking, running, or swimming for long period of hours? Can't you engage in too many sports because your leg and ankle always ache? You shouldn't ignore signs of leg and ankle pain as they might be telling you something about your overall health condition. Here are the top reasons why you may be experiencing leg pain. Muscle cramps Also known as "charley horse", muscle cramps are characterized by sudden tightening of the muscles in the lower leg that produces intense pain and discomfort. Leg cramps usually happen when you are tired, stressed, or dehydrated, and can attack anytime of the day – whether you are actively having fun or sleeping. Cure: When muscle cramps attack, it would help if you gradually stretch the leg that is experiencing pain and gently massage your tensed muscles. Prevention: To avoid muscle cramps, make sure that you drink plenty of water regularly, do some stretching before exercise, and prevent pushing yourself when you are already tired. Shin splints Shin splits are normally on the front of the calf, and is characterized by inflamed muscles and flesh located along the edge of the shin bone. When you have this pain, walking, running, and jumping will be painful. Shin splits happen when you keep doing an activity over and over on hard surfaces, like the ground or the floor. Flat feet and outward feet also cause shin splits. Cure: When you start to feel shin splits, immediately rest your legs. Ice can help relieve the pain, too, so you may want to perform ice therapy on the affected area. Additionally, anti-inflammatory medicines like naproxen, aspirin, and ibuprofen can assist in eliminating the pain and inflammation. Prevention: To avoid shin splits, do not stress or overwork your legs. Do regular stretching and make sure to wear supportive, comfortable shoes. Avoid running on hard surfaces, too. Tendinitis Tendinitis, or inflamed Achilles tendon, is pain characterized by discomfort felt in the lower calf and near the back of the heel. Other symptoms include swollen, stretched, or torn tendon. Tendinitis tends to last for longer periods of time, and is due to overworking the calf muscles and too much climbing up and down the stairs. Cure: To relieve tendinitis, apply ice therapy on the affected area or take in anti-inflammatory medicines. If the pain is too severe, such that you are not able to point your toe downward, you may need to undergo medical treatment such as medicine injection on the inflamed area or surgery to repair the damaged tendon. Prevention: To avoid tendinitis, walk in moderate pace and do not overwork your feet. When walking or climbing the stairs get tiring, stop and rest for a while. Do regular feet and leg stretches, too. Varicose veins These are dark, twisted veins visible on the surface of the skin along the leg area. Pain brought by varicose veins are usually dull, but signifies weak valves and thin vein walls due to frequent and continuous standing. Cure: Use support stockings to relieve the pain. If it becomes severely painful, you need to consult with your doctor about other types of treatment. Prevention: Avoid standing for too long. Throughout the day, make sure that you switch between standing and sitting. Moreover, eat foods that strengthen your veins and prevent this type of disease, including fiber-rich foods and foods that contain rutin. Sciatica Primarily characterized by narrowed spinal canal, sciatica is caused by arthritis of the spine or herniated disc, both putting pressure on the nerve roots. You know you are suffering from sciatica if you feel the following symptoms: cramping leg pain, numbness, fatigue, tingling, and weakness. Usually, pain begins at the back and the hips, moving downwards to the legs. Cure: While rest is the initial treatment for sciatica, pain-relief and anti-inflammatory medications should be taken alongside. Application of cold and heat therapy can also help relieve some of the symptoms. Chiropractic treatment, physical therapy, and stretching exercises can be useful for treating sciatica. For severe cases, your doctor may recommend surgery or other medical treatments. Prevention: To prevent sciatica, you have to exercise regularly, observe proper posture, and maintain good body mechanics. Is your leg pain due to any of the above reasons? Remember, if pain is no longer tolerable and home remedies are not working well to relieve discomfort, consult with your doctor or chiropractor immediately.
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Iemmc | There are a lot of reasons to see a dentist Bacchus Marsh. The benefits of going to the dentist are significant. Everyone should see one on a regular basis; every 6 months is best. This will help your mouth be healthy and keep you from getting bad breath. If you see your dentist at every six months, it can prevent a lot of issues. Seeing him on a regular basis can help you live a longer and healthier life. He will use different tools to look at your teeth and will probably x-ray them too. He will also do a cancer screen at least one time a year to check for oral cancer. If the dentist's office is one of your least favorite places, you are not the only one. Many adults and children do not want to go to the dentist. Some avoid the dentist for fear, others for shame and embarrassment. In the avoidance of the dentist and the omission of crucial dental treatment, the health of his mouth is jeopardized. Dealing with anxiety or shame and going to the dentist has many advantages. These include: Improve your smile. Regardless of how rigorous your home care plan is for the mouth, If you do not see a dentist, chances are you increase the risk of cavities and gum disease, because a toothbrush and dental floss can only reach as much as on and around the teeth and gums. A professional tooth cleaning and examination remove hardened plaque, whitens your smile, provides better home care for teeth and gums and informs you about possible oral health problems. Increase your self-confidence. A smile marked by yellow teeth, missing, contorted, chipped is not attractive. Patients with such smiles hide their awkward and flawed smile. Hiding his smile, his attitude and self-confidence decreases. The smile is linked to happiness and well-being. People who laugh are also considered more self-assured. Hiding your smile can have a negative impact on your life by keeping others away, preventing you from getting a job or promotion and reducing your happiness and self-confidence. If you see the dentist, you can make sure your smile is healthy and looks great using Invisalign Bacchus Marsh. Prevent more serious dental problems. You may or may not know that you have a dental health problem. In addition to the pain, discomfort or abnormal appearance of your teeth and gums, you easily miss the underlying oral health issues. On the other hand, a dentist is trained to look for hidden underlying problems and symptoms. During your visit to the dentist, your mouth is examined by a professional who can quickly identify potential problems and provide a quick, effective and timely treatment to stop, reverse and prevent possible damage and problems. Improve your overall health. Believe it or not, your oral health closely linked. Serious health problems such as diabetes and high blood pressure can cause oral health problems. Dental health problems such as gum disease may indicate that there is something wrong with your overall health. Everyone wants good health. After all, going to the doctor can be just as unpleasant as a visit to the dentist. Good health enables you to feel good, be beautiful and enjoy life. The doctor and the dentist are qualified professionals and can detect the symptoms of health problems of doctors and dentists who easily forget or ignore patients. Save money and time. Dental procedures and duration are, especially for more complex procedures and that are not covered by insurance. The longer you postpone to the dentist and/or treat your dental problem, the more the problem worsens, hence the need for more sophisticated and complicated treatment. Some dental procedures, especially those that require surgery, crowns, and prostheses, take time. Multiple visits to the dentist may be necessary and/or longer recovery time. If you have a busy schedule, as you probably do, you do not have much time for avoidable dental procedures. The routine seeing of the dentist can help you avoid these potentially costly and tedious dental procedures; such as porcelain veneers Melton. Save your life. Mouth cancer is, like any other form of cancer, a severe health problem that should not be taken lightly. Oral cancer often shows no noticeable symptoms until the last stage, when it falls outside the treatment. Unfortunately, patients will only see their dentist at this stage. The mouth cancer is a danger to death, but it is easy to prevent if it is detected in the beginning and is treated effectively. A dentist will perform oral cancer screening as part of each six-month health check. Local Melton Dentists will be able to quickly detect the warning signs of oral cancer, which can prevent expensive treatments and save the life of a patient.
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Pest Control Fort Worth | Sniper Termite & Pest Control Fort Worth Fort Worth Pest Control Services are covered with Sniper, a local family business dedicated to excellent service w 5 Star ratings. Call (817) 230-4005 for Fort Worth, Arlington, and surrounding areas.
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R2 Wellness - Primary Care, Chiropractic Care, Laser Therapy | R2 Wellness Medical Group | Euless, Texas Our services include: hormone therapy, primary care, chiropractic, weight loss, aesthetics, automobile injuries, massage, laser therapy, and more!
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The Personal LED – Dermatec Skincare Premium LED light therapy in the palm of your hands. Enjoy regular LED light therapy sessions at-home in between regular salon treatments to keep your skin in tip-top condition. Keep your glowing complexion whilst travelling with the compact Personal LED too, it will be your favourite skincare companion yet.
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The Personal LED – Dermatec Skincare Premium LED light therapy in the palm of your hands. Enjoy regular LED light therapy sessions at-home in between regular salon treatments to keep your skin in tip-top condition. Keep your glowing complexion whilst travelling with the compact Personal LED too, it will be your favourite skincare companion yet.
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Iemmc | There are a lot of reasons to see a dentist Bacchus Marsh. The benefits of going to the dentist are significant. Everyone should see one on a regular basis; every 6 months is best. This will help your mouth be healthy and keep you from getting bad breath. If you see your dentist at every six months, it can prevent a lot of issues. Seeing him on a regular basis can help you live a longer and healthier life. He will use different tools to look at your teeth and will probably x-ray them too. He will also do a cancer screen at least one time a year to check for oral cancer. If the dentist's office is one of your least favorite places, you are not the only one. Many adults and children do not want to go to the dentist. Some avoid the dentist for fear, others for shame and embarrassment. In the avoidance of the dentist and the omission of crucial dental treatment, the health of his mouth is jeopardized. Dealing with anxiety or shame and going to the dentist has many advantages. These include: Improve your smile. Regardless of how rigorous your home care plan is for the mouth, If you do not see a dentist, chances are you increase the risk of cavities and gum disease, because a toothbrush and dental floss can only reach as much as on and around the teeth and gums. A professional tooth cleaning and examination remove hardened plaque, whitens your smile, provides better home care for teeth and gums and informs you about possible oral health problems. Increase your self-confidence. A smile marked by yellow teeth, missing, contorted, chipped is not attractive. Patients with such smiles hide their awkward and flawed smile. Hiding his smile, his attitude and self-confidence decreases. The smile is linked to happiness and well-being. People who laugh are also considered more self-assured. Hiding your smile can have a negative impact on your life by keeping others away, preventing you from getting a job or promotion and reducing your happiness and self-confidence. If you see the dentist, you can make sure your smile is healthy and looks great using Invisalign Bacchus Marsh. Prevent more serious dental problems. You may or may not know that you have a dental health problem. In addition to the pain, discomfort or abnormal appearance of your teeth and gums, you easily miss the underlying oral health issues. On the other hand, a dentist is trained to look for hidden underlying problems and symptoms. During your visit to the dentist, your mouth is examined by a professional who can quickly identify potential problems and provide a quick, effective and timely treatment to stop, reverse and prevent possible damage and problems. Improve your overall health. Believe it or not, your oral health closely linked. Serious health problems such as diabetes and high blood pressure can cause oral health problems. Dental health problems such as gum disease may indicate that there is something wrong with your overall health. Everyone wants good health. After all, going to the doctor can be just as unpleasant as a visit to the dentist. Good health enables you to feel good, be beautiful and enjoy life. The doctor and the dentist are qualified professionals and can detect the symptoms of health problems of doctors and dentists who easily forget or ignore patients. Save money and time. Dental procedures and duration are, especially for more complex procedures and that are not covered by insurance. The longer you postpone to the dentist and/or treat your dental problem, the more the problem worsens, hence the need for more sophisticated and complicated treatment. Some dental procedures, especially those that require surgery, crowns, and prostheses, take time. Multiple visits to the dentist may be necessary and/or longer recovery time. If you have a busy schedule, as you probably do, you do not have much time for avoidable dental procedures. The routine seeing of the dentist can help you avoid these potentially costly and tedious dental procedures; such as porcelain veneers Melton. Save your life. Mouth cancer is, like any other form of cancer, a severe health problem that should not be taken lightly. Oral cancer often shows no noticeable symptoms until the last stage, when it falls outside the treatment. Unfortunately, patients will only see their dentist at this stage. The mouth cancer is a danger to death, but it is easy to prevent if it is detected in the beginning and is treated effectively. A dentist will perform oral cancer screening as part of each six-month health check. Local Melton Dentists will be able to quickly detect the warning signs of oral cancer, which can prevent expensive treatments and save the life of a patient.
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Philomathia Foundation | Promoting Human Values and Science through Education and Research The second phase of the interdisciplinary Philomathia Social Sciences Research Programme, a collaboration between the Philomathia Foundation and the University, has been launched to enable further pioneering work in addressing some of the major issues facing humanity today. SUMMARY OF PHASE 1 (2013-2018) Faculty of History (2013/14) Historicising the Measurement of Inequality PI - Dr Pedro Ramos Pinto In my current work I am interested in understanding how contemporary inequalities are shaped by the past, bringing a more long-term view to explain how and why societies distribute resources, opportunities and capabilities. As part of this, I direct a research network on the topic of Inequality and History, which was started by an AHRC grant. Most recently I worked with Dr Poornima Paidipaty on the history of the measurement of inequality, supported by a grant from the Philomathia Trust. During 2018-2019 I will be a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the International Inequalities Institute at the London School of Economics. I am also interested in the history and political economy of welfare. One aspect of this concerns the creation, evolution and implications of authoritarian welfare regimes in Southern Europe and Latin America. This has evolved from earlier work which explored the interaction between the Portuguese Dictatorship and its citizens to explain the emergence of social movements of the urban poor during the Carnation Revolution (1974-1976), a theme which is explored in my book Lisbon Rising (2013).In addition, I continue to have an interest on the study of social movements and protest, both in historical and in contemporary perspective. Fellow- Dr Poornima Paidipaty I hold a PhD in Anthropology from Columbia University as well as an MA from Jawaharlal Nehru University and a BA from Yale University. My academic work focuses on the intersections of decolonization, governance, and modern social science. As part of the Philomathia funded project, 'The Measure of Inequality', I am currently researching the history and legacy of statistics and planning in postcolonial India. Alongside this work, I am completing a book, Tribal Nation, which explores the history of anthropology in the Indian subcontinent and charts the relationship between military science, political culture, and citizenship in India's tribal borderlands. Prior to coming to Cambridge, I was a member of the Society of Fellows at the University of Chicago. In addition to the generous sponsorship through Philomathia, my work has been supported by the Isaac Newton Trust, the British Academy, the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the School for Advanced Research, and the American Institute for Indian Studies. The widening gap between India's rich and poor is captured by the National Sample Survey (NSS), an organization founded in 1950, which gathers data from roughly 14,000 Indian villages and localities to provide a snapshot of how the population at large is faring. The NSS and its pioneering role in the measurement of poverty and inequality are some of the important subjects to explore how different modern societies have gauged social and economic disparity. As a nation, India is undergoing a profound transformation, but rapid growth has come hand in hand with rising inequality as well as growing disparity between rural and urban areas. NSS data remains one of the best resources for understanding and tracking these changes. As more of this information circulates in the public domain, it becomes all the more crucial to appreciate how such data is produced. Paidipaty's work on the history of the NSS offers a fascinating glimpse into one of the most significant and early mid-century precursors to contemporary developments in big data. Summary of project In July 2017, we held an international research conference at Cambridge University entitled Measuring Matters, which brought together leading scholars in economics, international history, sociology, anthropology and gender studies to examine the history and politics of measuring inequality. In addition to generous funds from the Philomathia Foundation, we were able to raise more than £7,000 for this event from CRASSH, the Economic History Society and the History Faculty's Ellen McArthur Trust. Our keynote speakers were Alice O'Conner (UCSB) and Sanjay Reddy (New School University). On the final evening of our conference we held a public event that featured Sanjay Reddy in conversation with Ha-Joon Chang (Cambridge) and Omar Khan (Runnymede Trust). The History of Political Economy has accepted our proposal to collect and publish the conference papers as a special issue of their journal. 9 essays from this event have been submitted for peer review (including an article by Dr. Paidipaty). The issue is scheduled for publication in May 2020. It will include an introductory essay by Dr. Ramos Pinto and Dr. Paidipaty, as well as an afterword by Dr. Sanjay Reddy. Dr. Ramos Pinto and Dr. Paidipaty are finalizing plans for a book on the history of inequality, tentatively titled Inequality: A Global History. This work will incorporate many of the insights gleaned from the Measuring Inequality conferences and MPhil course at Cambridge. We are in conversation with both CUP and Princeton about publishing this work, and expect to deliver the finished manuscript by December 2021. Department of Sociology (2013/14) (In)fertility, Education and Reproductive Health PIs – Prof Jacqueline Scott and Prof Sarah Franklin Professor Jacqueline Scott trained at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor where she received her PhD in 1987. She has held a variety of survey related positions before joining the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (now HSPS) in 1994. Jackie was the Director of the Detroit Area Study, from 1989-1990; and Director of the ESRC Centre on Micro-Social Change, at the University of Essex from 1990-1994, where she was responsible for the initial design and implementation of the British Household Panel Study (now Understanding Society). Jackie was a Guest Professor, Zentrum für Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen (ZUMA). Mannheim, Germany (1993, 2005). From 2004-2010 she was the Director of the ESRC Research Priority Network on Gender Inequalities in Production and Reproduction. This was the largest research multi-disciplinary network of its kind in the UK. Jackie co-ordinated projects across eight British universities that investigated different aspects of the way women and men's roles and lifestyles have changed. The common goal of the Network was to understand why gender inequalities remains one of the most pressing social issues of our time and to identify ways that greater equality may be achieved. Professor Sarah Franklin moved from the London School of Economics to take up the Chair of Sociology at Cambridge in October 2011. In 2012 she received awards from the Wellcome Trust, ESRC, and British Academy to establish the Reproductive Sociology Research Group (ReproSoc) which has since gone on to become one of the leading research centres in the rapidly expanding field of reproductive studies. Fellow – Dr Nitzan Peri-Rotem I hold an undergraduate degree in Sociology and Communication (2005) and a Master's degree in Demography and Anthropology (2009) from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 2015, I completed a DPhil in Sociology at Nuffield College, University of Oxford. Before moving to the UK, I gained experience working as Head of Branch for Social Statistical Analyses at the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics. In 2014, I was appointed as Philomathia Research Associate at the University of Cambridge until June 2017, when I took the position of a Lecturer in Social Policy at the University of Exeter. I continue to collaborate with Professor Franklin and the Reproductive Sociology Research Group in Cambridge on various projects, including the new interdisciplinary research project 'Changing (In)Fertilities', which is funded by the Wellcome Trust and is aimed at exploring how assisted reproductive technologies are changing the ways in which fertility and infertility are perceived and practiced. Summary of project The research project '(In)Fertility, Education and Reproductive Health' explored recent trends in reproductive behaviour in the UK and the rest of Europe amid global demographic, societal and technological developments of the past decades. In particular, the increase in women's education, has been one of the major driving forces of changing fertility patterns, including the ongoing rise in age at first birth. These trends have important implications for population ageing in Europe, as well as for individuals' ability to fulfil their own fertility aspirations. As part of this project, we analysed data from the British Household Panel Survey and the UK Household Longitudinal Study to examine changes in union formation and fertility patterns among men and women in Britain from 1991 to 2012. We found that marriage rates are declining more steeply among individuals with secondary or lower level of education compared to highly educated people, and that childbearing outside a stable union continues to be disproportionately higher among low educated women in Britain. These patterns both reflect and preserve social inequalities, since children growing up in non-intact families tend to have poorer life prospects compared to those living in more stable settings. The findings from this study were presented by Dr Peri-Rotem in several international academic conferences, including the European Sociological Association, Vienna Institute of Demography and the British Society for Population Studies. Apart from the research work on education and fertility, in May 2016, we hosted an international forum in Cambridge on 'Changing Fertility: Social, Demographic and Ethical Consequences of Assisted Reproductive Technologies'. This forum has brought together academic scholars, health professionals and members of non-governmental organizations to discuss the consequences of ART use on fertility patterns in post-industrialized societies. The forum has also formed the basis for a position paper, describing the spread of IVF use across Europe and its potential implications for fertility and public health, as well as recommended policies to address infertility. This paper was presented by Dr Peri-Rotem at the 3rd Annual Philomathia Symposium, as part of an organized session on 'Reproduction in an Era of Bio-Tech Revolution' which was chaired by Professor Sarah Franklin. Department of Politics and International Studies (POLIS) (2014/15) The consequences of the politics of austerity in the EU PI - Helen Thompson I am a Professor of Political Economy. I have been at Cambridge since 1994 and am at present Deputy Head of the School of the Humanities and Social Sciences. I'm a regular panellist on Talking Politics. My present work is focused on the historical origins of the post-2008 economic and political world and the crises it is generating for western countries. More particularly my recent work covers the political economy of oil, Brexit and the euro zone crisis. Fellow – Juan Munoz-Portillo In 2013, I received my PhD in Politics and International Relations from Dublin City University. Prior to moving to Cambridge I was a Post-doctoral Fellow at Dublin City University. Between 2014 and 2017 I worked with Prof Andrew Gamble, Dr Helen Thompson and Dr Pieter van Houten on the project "The consequences of the politics of austerity in the European Union". This project consisted of two parts. The first stage documented and analysed the specific ways in which states in the EU have implemented fiscal austerity programs. The second stage analysed various social and political consequences of the politics of austerity. My research interests lie in comparative political economy and international political economy, in particular, but not solely, electoral systems and the behaviour of legislators, the influence of political institutions on public spending, and politics and sovereign debt. After leaving the University of Cambridge in September 2017, I returned to Costa Rica, where I worked during one year as an adjunct staff member of the School of Political Science of the University of Costa Rica. During that time I also worked as a consultant for the Latin American Faculty of the Social Sciences (FLACSO) and the Latin American Office of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. I have been recently appointed, in January 2019, lecturer of International Politics at the School of Political Science of the University of Costa Rica. I expect to continue my research on fiscal austerity policies in the European Union. I also aim to apply my understanding of fiscal austerity policies developed during the course of the Philomathia project to the Latin American context, using the methodology myself and my principal supervisor in Cambridge applied. Summary of project The project 'The consequences of the politics of austerity in the European Union' officially terminated on 30 September 2017. During this time two papers were prepared and two international conferences were attended. At the time of writing, Pieter van Houten, one of the principal investigators, is engaged in leading collaborative papers arising from the project. We expect to get them published in the near future. In our Report of activities 2015 – 2016 we reported that we decided to adopt a narrative approach for our analysis of austerity policies in EU member states. A narrative method consists of the study of official records and sometimes news, based on theoretically defined criteria, seeking to identify policy decisions that are motivated by the intentions of authorities to reduce deficits and public debt, and not by other confounding factors. In other words, it is a way of isolating the effect of fiscal consolidation decisions from other variables that might simultaneously be having an influence on changes in public revenues and expenditures. They presented this paper at the 7th Annual Conference of the European Political Science Association, held in Milan on 22–24 June 2017. Juan and Pieter, with the support of the Philomathia Programme, organised the panel 'Comparative Approaches to the Study of Causes and Consequences of Fiscal Austerity Policies in the European Union' that was presented at the Council of European Studies' 24th International Conference of Europeanists, held in Glasgow on 12-14 July 2017. Prof Klaus Armingeon of the University of Bern and Prof Stefano Sacchi of the University of Milan, presented the paper 'Austerity. Where and Why Politics Still Matters' at this panel. Dr Michael Breen (Dublin City University) gave the paper 'Daily Judgement: Political News and Financial Markets'. Also in this panel Juan and Pieter presented their work 'Explaining the Magnitude and Composition of Fiscal Austerity Episodes in the European Union.' Each of these papers was discussed by Prof Sebastian Dellepiane-Avellaneda of the University of Glasgow. All of the presenters and the discussant have published their research on austerity policies in Europe in important political science journals (Armingeon 2012; McMenamin, Breen, and Muñoz-Portillo 2015; Dellepiane-Avellaneda and Hardiman 2014) Faculty of Law (2015/16) The Law of Energy Transitions PI – Prof Jorge Vinuales I hold the Harold Samuel Chair of Law and Environmental Policy at the University of Cambridge and is the founder and former Director of the Cambridge Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance (C-EENRG). I'm also the Chairman of the Compliance Committee of the UN-ECE/WHO-Europe Protocol on Water and Health, a member of the Panel of Arbitrators of the Shanghai International Arbitration Centre and the Director-General of the Latin American Society of International Law. Prior to joining Cambridge, I was the Pictet Chair of International Environmental Law at the Graduate Institute, Geneva, where I keep a limited affiliation as Adjunct Professor of Public International Law. I have a wide experience as a practitioner, both in an advisory and a litigation context. I was associate, counsel and of counsel with two major law firms specialised in international law for a decade. In addition to this work for the UNECE/WHO, I have served as arbitrator, counsel, expert and, earlier in my career, as secretary of arbitration tribunals in inter-State, investment and commercial disputes. I regularly advise governments, companies, international organisations or major NGOs on different matters of environmental law, investment law, human rights, maritime delimitation and public international law at large. Fellow – Dr Leslie-Anne Duvic-Paoli I am a Lecturer at The Dickson Poon School of Law. Before joining King's College London in August 2017, I was Philomathia Post-doctoral Research Associate in the Department of Land Economy at the University of Cambridge. I am a public international lawyer, with expertise in international environmental law and climate and energy law. I am particularly interested in understanding the nature and content of its principles: her monograph, entitled The Prevention Principle in International Environmental Law, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2018. A recording of the book launch event held at King's in October 2018 is available here. My research also looks at the energy transition to a low-carbon economy from an international and comparative law perspective. I work on the global legal implications of energy democratisation and the importance of participatory mechanisms in the design of inclusive energy systems. In addition, I'm starting a new research agenda on the 'water-energy-food' nexus in global governance: it investigates the gap between, on the one hand, its increasing relevance as a theoretical concept describing the interconnections between complex systems and presented as a solution to foster sustainable development; and, on the other hand, the limited interactions between specialized international legal regimes. I hold Master's degrees in international relations / political science from Sciences Po Paris and in public law from the University of Panthéon-Sorbonne, and a PhD (summa cum laude) in international law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. Summary of project The PI brought a visiting Postdoctoral Research Associate (PDRA), Dr Tibisay Morgandi, supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation, whose research was closely aligned with the subject of the Project and was further supported with a small grant from the Philomathia Foundation to build a database. Dr Morgandi was also able to secure a permanent position (a Lectureship) in the University of London (Queen Mary) starting in September 2018, largely due to her involvement in the activities on global energy governance emerging from the project. This is another indication of the success of the Project in launching the career of aspiring academics. The PI secured a small grant from the Cambridge Humanities Research Grants Scheme to hire a part-time PDRA, Dr Maria Augusta Paim, to complete some of the data collection work initially envisioned for the third year of the Project. This work is still ongoing. In addition to launching the career of aspiring academics, the Project resulted (1) in a stream of important publications on energy governance, (2) in the organization of several events, including two high-profile ones, and (3) in some enduring extensions in the form of a Platform and Research Network, a Database on bilateral energy agreements, and subsequent research projects. Department of Land Economy (2015/16) Realising Genomic Medicine PI – Dr Kathy Liddell I undertook my doctorate in law at the University of Oxford focussing on the regulation of controversial genetic technologies in morally pluralist societies. In addition to substantial experience in academia, I worked in private legal practice and in public sector legal services for a health department. This work history has provided me with a solid knowledge of commercial realities and needs, as well as experience in legal policymaking. I have degrees in law and science from the University of Melbourne and bioethics from Monash University, and is a strong advocate of interdisciplinary research. My research focuses on health, medicine and society, with the aim of understanding and improving the legal frameworks that govern and support innovation in this field. A key theme in my research is to examine ways in which intellectual property rights help and hinder the translation of medical discoveries into effective, affordable clinical treatments and diagnoses, and how such frameworks could be modified to be more effective and just. Currently, I'm involved with an international collaboration which aims to investigate intellectual property law in five areas of bioinnovation: (i) repurposing pharmaceuticals; (ii) antibiotics; (iii) biologics; (iv) rare diseases; and (v) machine-learning based precision medicine. Fellow – Dr John Liddicoat I was the Philomathia Research Associate in Law at the University of Cambridge. I was working on a research project analysing intellectual property issues that interface with the realisation of genomic medicine. My research was funded by the Wellcome Trust, Cambridge University and the Philomathia Foundation. I adopt a variety of research methodologies including doctrinal legal research and established empirical methods, as well as developing new, science-inspired quantitative methods. The Philomathia project was very beneficial for my career and the development of the Centre for Law, Medicine and Life Sciences (LML). The Centre was established just prior to the commencement of the Philomathia project, and is now collaborating with an elite group of research centres on a range of topics. At the conclusion of the Philomathia Fellowship, I began a new position on 30 November 2018 as a Senior Research Associate with the Law Faculty at the University of Cambridge. This is a more senior role and is part of a large international research collaboration between Cambridge University, Harvard University, Copenhagen University and Michigan University. The collaboration is led by Professor Timo Minssen at the University of Copenhagen, who was inspired to work with LML after seeing its work on the Philomathia project. Furthermore, many of the lines of enquiry which commenced with the Philomathia project continue to be pursued in the international collaboration. Alongside the collaborative research, I also continued some independent research. Notably I published several articles based on my PhD thesis, and co-authored work with colleagues around the world. I have had the opportunity to travel to Hong Kong during my tenure as Philomathia Fellow. Together with colleagues from the LML, I was the guest of Professor Terry Kaan at the Centre for Medical Ethics and Law, HKU, Dr Anthony Ng (WYNG Foundation) and Dr Ron Zimmern (Hatton Trust). This was a terrific trip, and a good opportunity for our Philomathia research team to present its research results in Hong Kong. Summary of project Genomic medicine is an emerging discipline that involves using genetic information about a patient as part of their clinical care. Since the sequencing of the human genome, a key goal has been to make genomic medicine an everyday reality. However, scientific research that recognises a correlation between genetic make-up and a future health outcome is not enough. Considerably more research is necessary to understand how genes, drugs and other environmental factors work together, and how they work in particular individuals. This research involves complex and high-powered data analysis, and resource-intensive translation into effective molecular test and drug-test combinations. It is a multi-faceted challenge with scientific, regulatory, legal, ethical and financial aspects. In this project we were investigating two topics in which intellectual property (IP) laws support, and potentially hinder, the realisation of clinically-useful genomic developments. Overall, the project has been successful beyond our expectations. We have published (or have in review) nine peer-reviewed articles, three in Nature Biotechnology, and several more to be submitted for publication shortly. We've also organised six symposia or workshops, advised government on several issues tied to our project, and obtained seven grants (totalling around £66,000). In summary, the Philomathia Fellowship provided an inspiring and productive three years for our research, collaboration, centre development, and engagement in broader society. We are most grateful to the Philomathia Foundation for making it all possible. Phase 2 (2018-23) Department of Geography (2018-21) PI – Dr Bhaskar Vira My research interests centre on the changing political economy of environment and development, especially in South Asia; with a particular interest in the political ecology of forests, water, food, wildlife and landuse change and the social and political context for biodiversity conservation. I am concerned, in particular, with the often-hidden costs of environmental and developmental processes, and the need for scholarship to draw attention to the distributional consequences of public policy choices. My work focuses on the ways in which large-scale economic, societal and environmental transformations are governed, the values that frame how human societies engage with each other and with nature, and the networks of formal and informal institutions that are intertwined in everyday decision making across a variety of spatial and temporal scales. I apply a critical political economy perspective to contemporary debates in relation to ecosystem services and natural capital, and the values of nature for human wellbeing. I have led large scale intellectual and policy-oriented projects that involve interdisciplinary conversations across the natural and social sciences. Trained as an economist, but with a portfolio of research that now engages across the critical social sciences and their interface with the biological and environmental natural sciences, I inhabit the interdisciplinary intellectual 'borderlands' of a number of disciplines (Human Geography, Development Studies, Institutional Economics, Environmental Studies and Conservation), while being firmly rooted in the political economy tradition. Fellow – Dr Katarzyna Cieslik I am a postdoctoral research associate at the Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, specializing in Development Studies. My research focuses on the interactions among society, policy and environment, and their implications for sustainable development in the Global South. In particular, I'm interested in agency, entrepreneurship and civic potency of individuals in addressing the pressing development challenges related to sustainable livelihoods. I have recently completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Wageningen University and hold a PhD in Development Economics and Management from the Université libre de Bruxelles. I have conducted research in Ethiopia, Nepal, Kyrgyzstan, Peru, Colombia and Burundi. I've published on topics ranging from microfinance and entrepreneurship to social economy and development policy in World Development, Oxford Development Studies Journal and European Journal for Development Research. My research is highly practice-oriented; I have cooperated with UNICEF Burundi Innovation Lab agencies as well as a number of local NGOs in South America (CONDESAN, AGAPE) and Asia (Practical Action, Mountain Societies Research Institute). Summary of project Dr. Cieslik's work at Cambridge, together with Professor Bhaskar Vira and Dame Barbara Stocking, focuses on youth and livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a particular focus on public policy challenges for employment creation. The persistent rise in youth populations Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue until at least 2100. Developing locally and nationally appropriate employment policies and interventions is a key public policy challenge across the continent. Department of Social Anthropology (2018-21) PI – Dr Perveez Mody I have conducted ethnographic fieldwork in Delhi, and specifically in a District court, where I looked at the legal and informal processes whereby couples legitimate their love through marriage. I am interested in anthropological theories about the constitution of castes and "communities" in India, the history of civil marriage law from the colonial into the post-colonial period, the politics of religious nationalism, changes in South Asian kinship, marriage and urban sexuality (sexual relations, conjugality, gender and the family), law and human rights and the ways in which the modern state transforms and bears witness to intimate relations such as those expressed in a love-marriage. My current work concerns an ethnography of South Asian marriage and kinship amongst two ethno-religious groups in East London. Fellow – Dr Maria Ignacia Arteaga Perez I graduated from Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile with a BA (Hons.) in Sociology and came to the UK to pursue postgraduate studies in Social Anthropology. I hold an MSc. in Medical Anthropology (2014) and a PhD in Anthropology (2018) from University College London. My main research interest is in caregiving — its practices, possibilities and limits in different institutions and political economies. I explore this theme ethnographically. In the last seven years, I have looked at experiences of ageing, youth, disability and life-threatening medical conditions cross-culturally. My PhD thesis examined the everyday lives of colorectal cancer treatments in London (UK) through an analysis of the caregiving practices that both structure the treatment pathway and afford research participants the possibility of 'getting on with life'. I am currently a teaching associate and affiliated lecturer in the Department of Social Anthropology at the University of Cambridge. Alongside my teaching role, I am preparing research outputs in the form of peer-reviewed papers, a special issue, and a book manuscript based on my doctoral research, also co-organising a multidisciplinary workshop on practices of disease stratification. Summary of project From July 2019, I will be working with Dr Maryon McDonald and Dr Perveez Mody on a project related to the early detection of cancer in the UK, undertaking ethnographic research within a broad field that concerns the development of diagnostic technologies through to their clinical use and social effects.
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Home - The Treatment Room By Luminosity Alongside advice and coaching I offer a selection of massage and complementary treatments including Reiki, Crystal healing, Aura cleansing and Chakra balancing. Enjoyed as a regular part of anyone's health and well-being plan, these treatments are guaranteed to reap you many rewards.
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Apricot Dental Apricot Dental is a family focused, full service general dentist practice offering a wide variety of dental services for all age groups int eh community of Rockwall TX. Our dental services cover a wide range of patient needs - from teeth whitening, regular cleanings, fillings, root canals, dental crowns, bridges, wisdom tooth removal, cracked teeth, gum disease, tooth stain, tooth scaling, tooth bleaching, porcelain veneers, tooth pulp treatment, gum treatments, gum grafting,new dentures, teeth sensitivity to full mouth restoration and advanced cosmetic treatments, sedation dentistry and dental procedures for very reasonable dental care cost. We provide several dental care discounts and promotions through out the year for general services like annual dental checkup, teeth cleaning for adults and kids to help you manage your dental care budget. We take pride in providing a very relaxed environment for our anxious patients including kids.
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Pregnant Exercises | Helping You Maintain an Exercise Routine Throughout Your Pregnancy The first trimester signifies the beginning weeks of pregnancy once the body starts to experience important transforms and transformations. Understanding which to expect helps in dealing with symptoms and emotions which may be complicated and overwhelming. For quite a few females, weeks 1-12 are filled using morning sickness and mood swings. Most blessed moms-to-be, do not knowledge this and sail through these weeks without incident. No matter which category you fall into, there can almost certainly be serious elation, wonderment, and anticipation supplying the first trimester. Initial Trimester – Early morning Illness Morning sickness is probably the most typical earlier sign linked with the initial trimester and is generally inspired by the elevated level of bodily hormones for your body. Contrary to its name, early morning illness can arise at any time and can include queasiness and/or vomiting. It normally starts around 7 days 6, though some women possess noted queasiness as beginning as 3 months. It commonly ceases close to week 12, but at times lingers through the pregnancy. International students have many so-called cures for morning sickness, though none are 100% reliable. Naturally, as long as it is protected for you and the child and physician approved, it is worth a try. Initial Trimester – Morning Sickness Treatments Steer clear of an wreck tummy and try to eat several small diets each day rather than 3 vast ones. Eat ample fruits and vegetables which have a elevated h2o content which includes grapes, watermelon, tomato vegetables, and lettuce. Try eating bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast. These are most of the time recognised by relieve nausea. Drink balmy tea with lemon. Be detailed once choosing herbal tea and guarantee the substances are secure for the unborn infant. Use ginger. This comes in a lot of types and is generally a powerful remedy. Look at ginger ale, ginger snaps, ginger tea, ginger candy, ginger capsules…whatever works!! Eat crackers initially factor in the mornings earlier than beginning the day. Drink liquids about 30 mins before and immediately after consuming foods. Cut open a lemon and sniff it. Most of the time the citrus odor helps. Try not to get too hot. If the doctor agrees, try B6 or B12 nutritional vitamins. First Trimester – Disposition Swings Raging the body's hormones strike again!! A lot of the time first trimester mood swings can be attributed to the increased hormone ranges with your body type. It is normal to feel mental and irritable through the being pregnant. Do not be alarmed if you sense sadness, pleasure, aggravation, and elation all in the matter of a few mins. During this time you might have bouts of crying, even if you've in no way been mental. There are possibly various issues at master here also. Self-esteem and body type picture concerns can impact your emotions as well as transforms with your sleeping patterns and stress. First Trimester – Coping with Emotions Don't be important of yourself. Get plenty of rest. Physical exercise by walking, performing yoga, swimming, and so forth. Assemble using friends and family and plan a fun activity. Try to hold smiling. Do anything that constantly makes you happy. Permit on your own to cry and don't keep it all inside. Talk with your medical care provider. Initial Trimester – Weight gain Because you are supporting a expanding lifestyle interior you it is essential and crucial to increase their weight through pregnancy. In the first trimester it is possible to anticipate to gain 3-8 pounds, although these figures do vary according to your stats and pre-pregnancy extra pounds. Many medical care providers indicate which you add an extra 150-200 calories to your diet throughout the first trimester. Although building these calories apply healthy consuming habits. Do not look to unhealthy foods and "empty" high calorie meals. As an alternative, make an effort to make healthy and balanced choices. Initial Trimester – What to Eat Eat plenty of fresh, nourishing foods. Concentrate on super food quality. Eat minimum 3 servings of lean complete protein large foods per day. Focus on total grains, dairy, many fruits, vegetable, and healthy and balanced fat. Eat ample foods rich in iron and folic acids. If suffering from morning illness, try light foods like fruit smoothies and yogurt. Hold the body well hydrated. Get rid of bad foods and refined foods and extra glucose and trans-fats. First Trimester – Take The Vitamins Once you first see the health care provider he/she can most likely indicate some breed of pre-natal vitamin, recommended or at the time of the counter. These consist of crucial vitamins and minerals which includes iron, limescale, and folic acid. Along with a healthy diet prenatal vitamins assist to promise that the body type is receiving what it must facilitate your developing infant. Occasionally these nutritional vitamins deliver on nausea for moms-to-be. If doing so is the case for you talk to the medical professional. Students have several sorts of nutritional vitamins and health supplements on the web it very likely you are able discover one that can do the job devoid of the illness. First Trimester – Breasts Tenderness and Inflammation Progesterone and estrogen bodily hormones are the culprits of quite a few unpleasant being pregnant signs or symptoms, breast tenderness and swelling becoming among them. Throughout the initially trimester your body starts to prep for breastfeeding by making up fat and increasing bloodstream movement to the breasts. This regular act may be really uncomfortable for moms-to-be. Usually right after the first trimester the discomfort and discomfort lessens. Initial Trimester – Breast Tenderness and Inflammation Treatments Gear up with a good supportive maternity bra. If you are unpleasant throughout the night, take into account wearing a sports bra to bed. Be careful in a masses and when hugging people. Tell your partner about the signs and symptoms so that he might be extra soft with you in which area. Initial Trimester – Urges and Aversions A lot experts think which cravings are a result of being pregnant prophylactic. Over 75% of pregnant women knowledge odd hungers for food these folks possess certainly not favored prior to. The most commonly yearnings incorporate salty, sugary, or fatty foods. Some females possess reported that these folks possess an aversion to quite a bit of their favorite foods though with child. Do not be amazed if a significant amount of the favorite meals look your tummy, in particular in the first trimester. First Trimester – Dealing with Urges and Aversions Keep it wholesome. If you are desire healthy and balanced vegetables and fruits, consider yourself lucky and go for it!! If the hankerings slide into the unhealthy foods category, be detailed and try to take into account a healthier substitute. Get your mind off of it. If you find yourself obsessing over specific harmful meals try to adjust gears and do a thing else. Pay attention to your aversions. If you cannot tolerate a worthwhile amount of the nutritious things that your body (and infant) must, find a substitute. Many moms-to-be cannot deliver on their own to drink whole milk but can get pleasure from a cup of yogurt. First Trimester – Swelling Inflammation is very typical and over 75% of expecting moms can anticipate to knowledge this indicator through the first trimester. Because there is an rise in body fluids moms-to-be may have swelling in their hands, thighs and legs, feet, and face. Doing so tends to be more apparent in hot weather and at the end of the day. First Trimester – Swelling Cures Do not stand or sit in one place for long period of time of time. Introduce your ft once possible. Sleep on the remaining side. Grow proper blood circulation by confidently exercising. Don assist stockings. Drink a lot of drinking water. Limit your sodium consumption. First Trimester – Repeated Urination Recurrent urination is a consequence of the increasing uterus putting pressure on your bladder and hormones. Doing so is most commonly seen in the initial and third trimesters, but may be a challenge in the course of any time. First Trimester – Recurrent Urination Help Get rid of the caffeine. Do not "hold it". Empty your bladder entirely when urinating. As a precautionary measure it is a good notion to suit up with panty liners. First Trimester – Customizing There are various various indications which you may or may not skills along the way. Keep in mind which each and every woman is distinct and should anticipate to experience a in fact unique being pregnant. Often, most of the changes which occur in the initially 12 weeks are not as much visible as physical. Let by yourself time to get utilized to the notion and accept it. Pregnancy is not easy but is one of the most gratifying knowledge in a girl's lifestyle. So get ready for this extraordinary roller coaster of a take and make an ideal of doing so adjustment interval known as the first trimester.
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good wood by topher A[edit] Applied carving - background which is worked separately and then applied, rather than being worked in place. Architrave - ornamental mouldings around a door or window frame, covering the joint between the frame and plaster. B[edit] Bead - a semicircular piece of moulding. Bench dog or Bench stop - a peg standing proud of the bench surface. Blind - joinery with mating surfaces not protruding through the face or end grain of the pieces being joined. Example - blind mortise and tenon joint Billet - 1. a short piece of log particularly used for fuel; 2. a split out piece of a bolt of wood. Bolster (pillow, cross head) - 1. shoulder; 2. a timber between a post and a beam to increase the bearing or shorten the span. Bolt - a piece of log cut to specific length, usually a short length from which products such as shingles are split or cut. Sometimes also called a billet or round. Brace - a hand tool used to drill holes, having a knobbed handle on the top to which pressure is applied, and a U-shaped grip in the middle which is used to rotate the drill bit. Burl - a knotty growth from a tree with a convoluted, complex grain. C[edit] Cannel, channel - the concavity of a gouge blade. Card scraper - a flat blade with a burred edge used for smoothing. Caul - A strip or block of wood used to distribute or direct clamping force Chatoyance - the effect seen in dramatic wood grain direction changes as seen in flame figured maple. Chip carving - incised surface decoration, usually geometric. Chops - a type of vise. Climb cut - On a table saw or router, cutting against the normal feed direction at the end of the cut to prevent tearout. Close grain - woods with very fine fibers of cells (wood grain) that are not visibly porous. Conversion - reduction of a whole log into pieces suitable for working. Conversion can be done in three basic ways, sawn, hewn, or split. Crook - longitudinal bending to one side, caused by uneven seasoning or grain. (See Wood warping) Crotch - the section of a tree where a branch divides from the trunk, or the trunk divides in two; typically an area of convoluted grain. Crossgrain - working perpendicular to the grain. Crosscut - a cut made perpendicular to the grain. Crown of thorns - a system of self-supporting and interlocking pieces. Cruck - a pair of crooked, structural timbers in a timber frame building. Crucks act as both posts and rafters like an A-frame. Cup - transverse bending, convex or concave, usually predictable, considering grain orientation. (see Wood warping) D[edit] Dado - a slot made across the grain. Typically, the slot is made by milling, chiseled, or sawed. Dovetail joint - a joint technique most commonly used in woodworking joinery. Noted for its resistance to being pulled apart (tensile strength), the dovetail joint is commonly used to join the sides of a drawer to the front. Drill - (verb) the process of making holes in a material or (noun) a tool for drilling holes. F[edit] Face - when a board has one side that is wider than the other, the wider side is referred to as the face (as opposed to the edge). May also refer to the face that is to be visible in the finished item. Fence - a flat and straight length of some material, usually wood, steel or aluminium, which provides a reference for tools to work against, or which prevents the work from sliding. Fiber/fibre - the fine tube-like structure of wood which is hollow and determines the grain direction. Figure - naturally occurring decorative patterns in wood, caused by either growth increments or tissue orientation. Firmer - a strong chisel for general work or mortising, may have square sides or bevels on both sides. Fishtail chisel or gouge - a chisel or gouge with a splayed end. Flat gouge - a gouge with minimal curvature, used for finishing and smoothing. Flitch - a board in which the round of the trunk is still visible, a rough-cut board. Flute - a deep channel cut in wood* occasionally denotes the cannel of a gouge. Foxing - a yellow-brown discoloration of wood due to fungal infection. French cleat - a molding used to hang cabinets Fret saw - a saw with a very fine toothed blade used for delicate cuts in thin material. Frosting - regular indented patterns created with a special-purpose punch called a froster. G[edit] Grain - the longitudinal fibers in wood. Gouge - a chisel-like tool with a curved cutting edge. Green wood - unseasoned wood; freshly harvested timber, usually with a high moisture content. Grit - the grade of particles in sandpaper or sharpening stones which determines the aggressiveness of the cut. Groove - a slot or channel made with the grain, usually on the end-grain in preparation for a tongue and groove joint. Grooving- a rectangular sinking in the surface of any material. H[edit] Hand plane - see Plane. Hardwood - wood from an angiosperm tree, i.e. a tree in the division Magnoliophyta. Despite the name, not necessarily very hard or dense wood (e.g. balsa is a hardwood), although generally harder than softwoods. Heart shake - a shake (i.e. crack or split) radiating out from the heartwood. Heel - the corner of a chisel, knife, or gouge bevel which meets the back of the blade and polishes the cut. Hold down or hold fast - a hold-down iron, fitting into a hole in a bench, tightened or loosened by hammer taps. Hollow grinding - a concave bevel on a chisel, gouge, or knife. I[edit] Incannel - the concave surface of a gouge; a gouge sharpened on the concave surface. Interlocked grain - wood grain which has multiple longitudinal directions in alternating layers, typical of many tropical hardwoods, and very difficult to work and to produce smooth surfaces. J[edit] Jig saw - a tool that can form circular cuts by moving the work piece past a blade rapidly moving up and down. Joiner - a woodworker who does finer work than a framing carpenter. Jointer - 1. a power plane used to straighten boards and square edges, sometimes called a joiner; 2. an intermediate length hand plane, a jointer plane. K[edit] Kerf - the gap left when material is removed by a saw. The width of the kerf is equal to the set of the saw. Knot - A circular pattern in timber, caused by a dead branch that was not fully integrated into the tree before it was cut down. A loose knot is one that cannot be relied upon to remain in place in the piece. A tight knot, on the other hand, is fixed by growth or position in the wood structure so that it firmly retains its place in the surrounding wood. L[edit] Lead - the tendency for wood that is being cut to direct the saw parallel to its grain. LathArt - a type of folk art that uses lath from old plaster and lath walls M[edit] Molding - a strip of material with various profiles used to cover transitions between surfaces or for decoration. Mortise or Mortice - a cavity or hole (generally rectangular) in a piece of wood, meant to receive a tenon or a hinge Mitre (UK, Cda) or Miter (US) - a joint made by fastening together pieces with the ends cut at an angle. Mitre box (UK, Cda) or Miter box (US) - a box used for making mitre joints by having slots to guide a saw at the desired angle for the joint. O[edit] Off fall - Scrap created by making a cut. Abbreviated as fall. Outcannel - the convex surface of a gouge; a gouge sharpened on the convex surface. P[edit] Plane (tool) - (verb) the process of removing material in thin shavings in order to make it flat, or (noun) a tool for planing. Plane iron - cutting part of a hand plane. Planer - or thicknesser. a machine which reduces the thickness of boards. Q[edit] Quarter-sawn - a plank with growth rings perpendicular to the wider face. (See Wood grain) R[edit] Rabbet - A ''groove'' cut parallel to, and at the edge of, a board. Rail - Horizontal member of a frame on a door, window or panel. Rasp - a long and flat steel tool with raised teeth for shaping wood. Reed - a series of beads in a row. Relief cut - short straight cuts made at right angles to a curved layout so sharper than normal curves can be cut with a jig saw or band saw. Riffler - a paddle-shaped rasp. Rift sawn - rip sawing of lumber (timber) perpendicular to the grain, often confused with quarter sawn. Ring shake - a natural type of split (shake) occurring between the annual rings. Rip - a cut made parallel to the grain. Route - to cut a channel or groove. See router (woodworking). S[edit] S2S - lumber, usually furniture grade hardwood, with two sides planed. (S4S - four sides) Saw rasp - a rasp with saw teeth. Scorp - a drawknife with a curved, sometimes completely circular blade, often used for hollowing out objects such as bowls. Scratch awl - a sharp-pointed hand tool used to mark wood for cutting, usually used in joinery or when a more precise mark is need beyond that provided by a pencil or other method of marking out the cut. Scribe - the woodworking technique of shaping the end of a moulding or frame component to neatly fit the contours of an abutting member. Scroll saw - a motorized fretsaw. Seasoning - reducing the moisture content of wood before working to prevent cracking, splitting, and other damage due to drying. Shake - 1. a crack or split in wood, caused by damage or drying; 2. a split (as opposed to sawn) shingle. Shoot - planing an edge straight or square. See Shooting board. Slab - 1. a partially round cut from a log; 2. In Australian English a slab is a plank. Slab-cut - a plank with growth rings roughly parallel to the wider face. Slick - a giant chisel used in framing and traditional building construction. Slip - a shaped stone used for sharpening non-flat blades such as gouges. Snib - a wooden toggle used to hold the work on a table. Softwood - wood from a gymnosperm tree, i.e. trees in the divisions Pinophyta and Ginkgophyta Despite the name, not necessarily very soft or light wood (e.g. douglas-fir is a softwood). Spalting - a change in the texture, strength and color of wood caused by colonies of fungus growing within the dead wood. Where colonies of fungus meet, fine black lines - often considered a desirable feature, can be seen. Split - to longitudinally separate wood along grain layers. Spokeshave - a tool used to shape and smooth wooden rods and shafts - often for use as wheel spokes and chair legs. Square - 1. a tool such as a steel square, try square, combination square; 2. a right angle; 3. an area of 100 sq. ft. Stickers - a small block of wood used to separate boards that are in the process of drying. Sticking - a moulding that is part of a larger piece of wood such as a frame (as opposed to being applied). Stile (or sometimes style) - vertical member of a frame on a door, window or panel. Stringer - in stairs, a is a timber (usually 2"x12") that supports the treads and rises in a staircase. Sweep - 1. the curvature of a gouge, ranging from flat (little curvature, but not actually flat else it would be a chisel) to deep or quick; a warping defect in a piece of wood. T[edit] Tear out - broken or torn fibres resulting from damage as the blade of a tool exits the cut. Tenon - is a projection on the end of a piece of wood for insertion into a mortise. Tread - in stairs the part that is stepped on. True - something which is accurately placed, shaped, or sized. To true up two pieces of wood is to make them align. The correct size or shape. Twist - longitudinal twisting of wood due to uneven seasoning or grain. (See Wood warping) U[edit] Undercutting - cutting away from an edge to increase the sense of relief or thinness. V[edit] Veiner - a small deep gouge. Veneer (wood) - very thin slices of wood used for inlay or to cover surfaces. Veneer saw - specialty tool for trimming veneer. W[edit] Wane - an edge of a sawn board where the bark or surface of the trunk remains. Warp - distorted lumber, such as a twist, cup or a bow. (See Wood warping) Wasting - quickly removing wood during carving, usually with an adze, knife, or rasp. Waste - wood that will be removed in the finished work, often retained during working as a handle. Wood - an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibers (which are strong in tension) embedded in a matrix of lignin which resists compression. External links[edit] Woodworking glossary [hide] v t e Woodworking Overviews History Glossary Wood (lumber) Wood art Forms Boat building Bow and arrow Bush carpentry Cabinetry Caning Carpentry Chainsaw carving Chip carving Clogs Ébéniste Fretwork Intarsia Japanese carpentry Log building Marquetry Millwork Parquetry Pyrography Relief carving Root carving Sawdust Segmented turning Shingle weaving Shipbuilding Spindle turning Timber framing Whittling Wood carving Woodturning Wood flour Woods Soft Cedar (Calocedrus, Cedrus) Cypress Douglas fir Fir Juniper Larch Pine Spruce Yew Hard Ash Alder Aspen Balsa Beech Birch Cherry Chestnut Cocobolo Ebony Elm Hazel Lignum vitae Linden (lime, basswood) Mahogany Maple Oak Padauk Plum Poplar Teak Totara Walnut Willow Tools Abrasives Axe Adze Chisel Clamp Drawknife Drill Float Mallet Milling machine Mitre box Moulding plane Plane Rasp Router Sandpaper Spokeshave Timber-framing Vise Winding sticks Wood scribe Workbench Saws Backsaw Bandsaw Bow Bucksaw Chainsaw Circular Compass Coping Crosscut Frame Fretsaw Jigsaw Keyhole Miter Rip Scroll Veneer Whipsaw Geometry Joints Birdsmouth Bridle Butt Butterfly Coping Crown of thorns Dados Dovetail Finger Groove Halved Hammer-headed tenon Knee Lap Mason''s mitre Miter Mortise and tenon Rabbet/Rebate Scarf Splice Tongue and groove Profiles Bead Bevel Chamfer Molding Ogee Ogive Treatments French polish Heat bending Paint Paint stripper Steam bending Thermal Varnish Wood drying Wood preservation Wood stain Organizations American Association of Woodturners Architectural Woodwork Institute British Woodworking Federation Building and Wood Workers'' International Caricature Carvers of America International Federation of Building and Wood Workers National Wood Carvers Association Society of Wood Engravers Timber Framers Guild Conversion Chainsaw mill Hewing Sawmill Whipsaw Wood splitting Techniques Frame and panel Frameless construction Category Category WikiProject WikiProject Commons page Commons Categories: Glossaries of crafts Woodworking Art terminology bottle stopper stoppers cutting boards handmade charlotte nc north carolina custom live edge live-edge
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