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Costa Rica News, Newspaper, Travel, Tourism, Vacation, Entertainment, Real Estate, Sports, World News Find the latest in 7 day news updates in Costa Rica and around the world - the most complete coverage of travel, business, technology, sports, science, politics and education of all newspapers in Costa Rica, including world news.
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Home - Jerusalem Prayer Team The Jerusalem Prayer Team with Dr. Michael D. Evans exists to build Friends of Zion to guard defend and protect the Jewish people and to pray for the peace of Jerusalem. We pray for peace in Jerusalem because the Scriptures tell us to in Psalm 122:6. The Jerusalem Prayer Team was inspired from the 100-year long prayer meeting for the restoration of Israel held in the ten Boom family home in Haarlem, Holland. We are committed to encouraging others to pray for the peace of Jerusalem and God's Chosen People.
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Home Herzlich willkommen in der Strandliebe! Unser Strand-Restaurant mit Café und  Beach-Lounge hockt mitten in den Dünen. Direkt am Rettiner Ostseestrand zwischen Pelzerhaken und Grömitz, lädt es Euch zum Chillen, Genießen und Verweilen ein. Ein selbst gebackenes Stück Kuchen oder ein liebevoll zubereiteter Burger aus 100% Weiderind ist hier genauso lecker, wie die ausgewählten Weine von jungen Winzern und der Handmade Coffee - den Meerblick gibt es gratis dazu serviert. Schaut mal vorbei und überzeugt Euch selbst von unserer einmaligen Lage. Eure Strandliebe-Crew
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This is Swansea Wales News and Events where you are and beyond. Visit. News and events about Swansea and the gower coast and beyond plus the night life district in wind Street. Swansea Bay and the beautiful beaches of the Gower.
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Top Ten Automotive Repair Shop Websites | Home Autoshop Solution's presents their award winning websites from the yearly Top 10 Automotive Repair Shop Website contest held every year by AutoInc.
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Ministry Matters™ | Christian Resources for Church Leaders Ministry Matters™ is a community of resources for church leaders. Whether your church has ten pews or a thousand seats, a praise band or a pipe organ, one-room-Sunday school or a network of small groups, a huge staff or just you. Free subscribers can search and share thousands of articles and resources.
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Home - Jerusalem Prayer Team The Jerusalem Prayer Team with Dr. Michael D. Evans exists to build Friends of Zion to guard defend and protect the Jewish people and to pray for the peace of Jerusalem. We pray for peace in Jerusalem because the Scriptures tell us to in Psalm 122:6. The Jerusalem Prayer Team was inspired from the 100-year long prayer meeting for the restoration of Israel held in the ten Boom family home in Haarlem, Holland. We are committed to encouraging others to pray for the peace of Jerusalem and God's Chosen People.
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Home - Jerusalem Prayer Team The Jerusalem Prayer Team with Dr. Michael D. Evans exists to build Friends of Zion to guard defend and protect the Jewish people and to pray for the peace of Jerusalem. We pray for peace in Jerusalem because the Scriptures tell us to in Psalm 122:6. The Jerusalem Prayer Team was inspired from the 100-year long prayer meeting for the restoration of Israel held in the ten Boom family home in Haarlem, Holland. We are committed to encouraging others to pray for the peace of Jerusalem and God's Chosen People.
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QuestMasters Online Museum Home Page Welcome to QuestMasters - The foundation for the recovery and preservation of World War Two memorabilia for posterity. History of our Quest: The idea behind QuestMasters started during a recovery trip in Europe. After a long truck ride we realized that we were not only recovering and restoring World War Two memorabilia, but also going to the ends of the earth to do it. Hence - this is our Quest. Why we Quest? The Second World War lasted for over 6 years. For the United States, we were completely unprepared. Civilian companies quickly transformed into the American war machine. Small companies like Maytag, the washing machine company, made gun turrets for heavy bombers; Rock-Ola, a pin ball machine company, made rifles; Goodyear, the tire company, made fighter aircraft; Cadillac, the automobile company, made tank destroyers...and on and on. Farmboys, teachers, business men, barbers - men and women alike gave up their everyday jobs to put on a uniform, to fight for their country. They went to far-off lands, some unmapped - to fight and die. There was rationing and recycling. All gave some, and some gave all. Valor was a common virtue. And that is where we find ourselves, the children of a culture, responsible for the history of the sacrifice they made for us. Our goal: Our goal is the preservation of World War Two history. In the not too distant future, the breaths of those who were there making the history will no longer be able to tell the story. History is normally written by the victor, but this was a World War. It affected every country and every person, Allied and Axis. So, our focus is just that, to preserve the story, from both sides. It is our responsibility to tell their story. Webpage Header: WWII World War Two QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted Parts German 1940 10,5cm LFH18 - Light Field Howitzer 18 Germany 10,5cm le FH 18 leichte Feldhaubitze 18 Fried Krupp Essen 1940 Light Field Howitzer 105mm Steven Spielberg HBO mini-series Band Of Brothers Easy Company E Company 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment 506 PIR 101st Airborne Division World War Two Lt Spears D Company 506th PIR Episode 2 Day of Days QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted United States Ford GPW ¼ Ton Truck 52712 - Jeep 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model GPW Manufacturer Ford Motor Company Date of Delivery 12 August 1942 Serial Number 52712 Hood Number 20137713 QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted United States Ford GPW ¼ Ton Truck 69289 - Jeep Type 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model GPW Manufacturer Ford Motor Company Date of Delivery 30 September 1942 Serial Number 69289 Hood Number 20154290 Daimler Benz Gaggenau 1945 QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted United States Ford GPW ¼ Ton Truck 69289 - Jeep - Page 2 Type 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model GPW Manufacturer Ford Motor Company Date of Delivery 30 September 1942 Serial Number 69289 Hood Number 20154290 Daimler Benz Gaggenau 1945 QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted United States Dodge ¾ Ton Truck WC-54 Ambulance 713293 Type 3/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G502 Model WC-54 Ambulance Dodge Model T-214 Manufacturer Dodge Motor Company Date of Delivery November 1942 Serial Number 81560003 Hood Number 713293 WWII World War Two QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted Parts United States Willys MB ¼ Ton Truck 241969 - Jeep Type 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model MB Manufacturer Willys Overland Date of Delivery 1943 Serial Number 241969 Hood Number 20342091 WWII World War Two QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted Parts United States Willys MB ¼ Ton Truck 277074 - Jeep Type 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model MB Manufacturer Willys Overland Date of Delivery 1943 Serial Number: 277074 Hood Number WWII World War Two QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted Parts United States Studebaker T-24 Weasel Serial Number 991 Cargo Carrier Light Government Number G179 Model T-24 Weasel Studebaker Motor Company Date of Delivery 1943 Serial Number 991Registration Number prototype M-29 1942 M-29C BARGE WITH A CHARGE command vehicle HQ27 146th Engineer Combat Battalion ECB 1st Army Special Engineer Task Force Omaha Beach 1st Infantry Division June 6th 1944 H+03 hour United States 1 Ton “Ben Hur” Trailer G-518 Type Trailer 2 Wheel 1 Ton Cargo Government Number G-518 Untied States Checker Cab CC-1B 1 Ton 250 Gallon Water Trailer G-527 Type Trailer 1 Ton 2 Wheel Tank Water 250 Gallon Government Number G-527 Model: CC-1B Manufacturer Checker Cab Company Date of Delivery March 8th 1943 Serial Number 2709 U.S.A. Number Registration Number 0294301 Parts Manual TM 10-1395 Maintenance Manual TM 10-1395 United States Army Infantry Rifleman 29th Infantry Division Omaha Beach Normandy France June 6th 1944 German 2cm FLAK 38 German Germany Type 2cm 20mm FLAK 38 Model Flug Abwehr Kanone 38 Manufacturer 1944 Sonderanhanger 51 German 2cm FLAK 38 German Germany Type 2cm 20mm FLAK 38 Model Flug Abwehr Kanone 38 Manufacturer 1944 Sonderanhanger 51 Ammunition Boxes Crates German 2cm FLAK Ammunition box (left photo). This box is the early war style with metal end handles and painted ordnance tan. The partially obscured marking are "2cm Patr (Tr.)" which is for "2cm Patronen Tropen" (2cm Ammunition Tropical). This ammunition box was specifically packed for use in tropical climates.The 2cm FLAK Ammunition box in the right photo is also packaged for tropical use. Ammunition box label for 2cm High Explosive (Sprenggranat) Ammunition (Patronen) with Yellow (gelb) Tracer (L''spur), left photo.Ammunition box label for 2cm Armor Piercing (Panzergranat) Ammunition (Patronen) with Red (rot) Tracer (L''spur) Tropical (Tp) in steel shell casings (blue vertical stripe), right photo. Ammunition box label for 2cm Armor Piercing (Panzergranat) Ammunition (Patronen) with Red (rot) self destroying (red Z) Tracer (L''spur), in steel shell casings (blue vertical stripe) left photo.Ammunition box label for 2cm High Explosive (Sprenggranat) Ammunition (Patronen) with Red (rot) Tracer (L''spur), in steel shell casings (blue vertical stripe), right photo. Ammunition box label for 2cm Incendiary (Brand) High Explosive Ammunition (Sprenggranatpatronen) with Red (rot) Tracer (L''spur), left photo. Note very late 1945 production date.Ammunition box label for 2cm Incendiary (Br.) High Explosive Ammunition (Sprgr-Patronen) with Red (rot) Tracer (L''spur), in steel shell casings (blue vertical stripe), right photo. External ammunition box stenciling: Luftwaffen-Munition (Air Force Ammunition), left photo. Heeres-Munition (Army Ammunition), right photo. Equipment and ammunition was procured independently via separate contracts within the German Wehrmacht or Armed Forces during World War Two. Equipment and ammunition was specifically marked for the branch of service that it was ordered. It was not uncommon though to find supplies re-routed due to wartime shortages, United States Army Infantry Officer 36th Infantry Italy December 1943 U.S. Army Infantry Officer 36th Infantry Division San Pietro - Liri Valley, Italy December 1943 United States Army Air Force Heavy Bomber Pilot Western Europe 1944 U.S. Army Air Force Heavy Bomber Pilot Western Europe 1944 United States Army Air Force Heavy Bomber Pilot Western Europe 1944 U.S. Army Air Force Heavy Bomber Pilot Western Europe 1944 QuestMasters Aircraft United States Country United States Type: B-24J Heavy Bomber Manufacturer Consolidated Factory San Diego, Ca.Year 1944 Serial Number:B-24J-155-C0 44-40332 Country United States Type SNJ Advanced Trainer (Navy) Manufacturer North American Factory: Unknown Year 1944 Serial Number SNJ-5B 84947 Country United States Type LNE-1 Glider Trainer (Navy) Manufacturer Pratt Read Factory Deep River, Connecticut Year 1943 Serial Number LNE-1 31556 Country: United States Type UC-45F Cargo Aircraft (AAF) Manufacturer Beechcraft Factory Not Available Year 1943 Serial Number UC-45F 43-35764 Country United States / Canada Type PT-26A Primary Trainer (AAF) Cornell II (RCAF) Manufacturer Fleet Factory Ontario, Canada Year 1943 Serial Number: PT-26A 42-71104 Country United States Type CG-15A Glider (AAF) Manufacturer Waco Factory Not Available Year 1944/1945 Serial Number Not Available Country United States Type CG-4A Glider (AAF) Manufacturer Not Available Factory Not Available Year Not Available Serial Number Not Available Country United States Type P-61 Night Fighter (AAF) Manufacturer Not Available Factory Not Available Year Not Available Serial Number Not Available QuestMasters Aircraft Archeology U.S. Army/USMC Curtis A25-A (SB2C-1A "Helldiver")This is quite an unusual find. This rare aircraft started its life as a United States Navy SB2C "Helldiver". During the Second World War the Army ordered 900 "Helldivers" and renamed them A25-A. The U.S. Army later transferred the aircraft to the USMC and renamed the SB2C-1A. The history of this aircraft is unknown. The aircraft is seen (recovered from Barbers Point Naval Air Station, Hawaii) in an overall olive green paint scheme with grey undersides. It is interesting to note that two U.S. insignia are painted on the sides of the aircraft (this is due to war time repainting at different periods - exposure to the elements have uncovered both insignia). U.S. Army B-17F "Flying Fortress" named "LOS LOBOS".This is the starboard side of the nose section. Under "LOS LOBOS" is also painted "ROVER BOY". The history of this aircraft is uknown. U.S. Army B24D-13-CO-41-23938This aircraft is believed to be a Consolidated B-24D Liberator due to the fact that it crashed near several other B-24D Liberators of the same or near serial number. This aircraft was found near Wheeler Army Air Force Base, January 1996, in Hawaii. The photo depicts the forward starboard section of a B-24 Liberator painted in olive drab with the number 938 stenciled in yellow below the navigators window. This section of the B-24 has been recovered for the QuestMasters Museum for preservation. Any further information on this aircraft would be greatly appreciated. U.S. Army B24J-155-CO-44-40332This Consolidated B-24J Liberator was found in February 1993 in Aiea, Hawaii. Built in March 1944, "44-40332" crashed on May 5th, 1944 due to an on-board fuel problem. "332" was on her maiden voyage from California for final assignment to the 5th A.A.F. in Australia. All ten crew members were killed on impact having never seen a day of combat. Upon impact, "332" burst into flames nearly destroying the entire aircraft. "332" did not carry any unit markings, or nose art. Today only "332''s" right and left wing with wheels, four engines, tail turret, and many small parts remain on the impact site. The Nose section, from the cockpit forward, and the Martin 250 upper turret have been recovered for restoration in the QuestMasters Museum. U.S. Army B24J-80-CO-42-10021XThis Consolidated B-24J Liberator was found near Wheeler Army Air Force Base, January 1996, in Hawaii. Very little is known of the history of this B-24. Only part of the tail was found, as seen in this photo. No fire damage was found on the remains at the crash site. This was an early B-24J as noted by the olive-green paint that remained on the vertical stabilizer. Later B-24 Liberators were unpainted to save both materials and total aircraft weight (approximately 1000 pounds). The serial number was found to be partly obscured, so the last digit is represented by an "X". The only unit markings found on the aircraft were four horizontal lines on the vertical stabilizer. Due to extensive corrosion only the serial number section was recovered for preservation at the QuestMasters Museum. U.S. Army B24D-10-CO-41-23901This Consolidated B-24D Liberator was found on the Wailua Sugar Cane Plantation near Waimea Falls, 1994, in Hawaii. This aircraft crashed March 1942 during a routine coastal patrol of the Hawaiian coast. Three of her eight man crew died in the crash. Official Army Air Force reports concluded that the aircraft was on final approach when fuel ran out and the pilot ditched the aircraft in a sugar cane field. The aircraft remains today in a very sorry state. The aircraft was stripped in the late 1980''s for aluminum scrap, but many pieces remain on the crash site. Due to the lack of fuel on-board the aircraft, very little fire damage to the aircraft is present. The aircraft was painted in an overall olive drab paint scheme with "early" wartime U.S. insignia. Several small pieces were recovered for the QuestMasters Museum including the port wing star (seen in photo), an E-6B flight computer, several gun chutes, a mess kit, a match container, multiple .50cal armor piercing rounds and a propeller hub from one of the engines. Curtis P-36A 38-16 and P-36A 38-70This P-36A crashed on the Wailua Sugar Cane plantation, Oahu Hawaii U.S.A., due to a mid-air collision between Lt Ulysses S. O''Hern (P-36A 38-16) and Lt Richard A. Toole (P-36A 38-70) on July 12, 1941 0915 AM. Both aircraft were from the 45th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, 7th Air Force. U.S. Navy TBM-1C "Avenger"This Navy TBM-1C "Avenger" was also found on Barbers Point Naval Air Station, Hawaii. The aircraft was recovered by QuestMasters and is seen prior to disassembly for shipment. This aircraft served with a training squadron on Barbers Point Naval Air Station, Hawaii U.S.A., until a young U.S. Navy Ensign "ground-looped" the ill-fated plane (his third and yes final crash). The Ensign was unhurt but the aircraft was struck from inventory due to extreme damage. This TBM-1C sat for 50 years in the runway bushes of Barbers Point NAS until recovered in the mid-1990''s. QuestMasters Artillery Country Germany Type 10,5cm 105mm LFH 18 Manufacturer Krupp Year 1940 Serial Number 17 Country Germany Type 7,5cm 75mm PAK 40 Maker Not Available Year 1944 Serial Number Not Available Country Germany Type 2cm 20mm FLAK 38 Maker Not Available Year 1944 Serial Number Not Available United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy BomberB-24J-155-CO-44-40332 CREW LISTWayne R. Kimble, 2nd Lt., Pilot - K.I.A.William E. Somsel Jr., 2nd Lt., Co-Pilot - K.I.A.Charles E. Mueller, 2nd Lt., Navigator - K.I.A.Morris Righthand, 2nd Lt., Bombardier - K.I.A.Jack J. Dowd, Staff Sgt., Gunner - K.I.A.Marion F. Norman, Staff Sgt., Gunner - K.I.A.James H. Means, Sgt., Gunner - K.I.A.Manual F. Campos, Cpl., Gunner - K.I.A.Gerald L. Weiss, Cpl., Gunner - K.I.A.Joseph J. Carlucci, Cpl., Gunner - K.I.A. This is a Motor Products hydraulic nose turret that will be used in this restoration project. This specific turret was found in a scrap yard in Macon, GA. The original nose turret for this B-24J was recovered but was destroyed beyond repair. During 1943-1944 the Consolidated San Diego factory ran out of Emerson electric nose turrets for their B-24J’s. A quick modification found the remaining B-24J’s made in San Diego with tail turrets mounted on the front of the aircraft (with the replacement of the nose turret electric systems with hydraulic systems). This production modification was only conducted at the Consolidated San Diego factory. Many earlier B-24s with "Green House" noses were converted using a very similar principal. This is the center fuselage section (frames 5.1 to 7.1) of B-24L-20-FO-44-50022. This B-24, recovered from Canada, was originaly built by the Ford Motor Company in Willow Run, Dearborn Michigan. This aircraft was transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force as Liberator Mk VIII and served briefly with the R.C.A.F. until the end of the war (note production A.A.F. markings over painted with R.C.A.F. markings). After the war this B-24 was scrapped in Canada. This section will be used in the restoration of B-24J-155-CO-44-40332. This is the Martin 250 upper turret. This turret was also recovered from a scrap yard in Macon, GA. for the restoration of this B-24J. The original M-250 upper turret from this aircraft was completely destroyed, but was recovered. The original turret was manufactured by "MAYTAG". After World War Two Maytag produced washing machines. This is the starboard nose section of this B-24J (frames 0.1 to 0.3). This is where 2nd Lt. Charles E. Mueller and 2nd Lt. Morris Righthand lost their lives. The severity of the crash can be clearly seen. The fragment to the extreme left is the front frame (0.1) for entry into the nose turret (missing door). The fragment in the extreme bottom of the photo is the armored plate with B-7 mount for the Norden Bombsight. The C-1 Bombsight Stabilizer was recovered from the crash site, but the Bombsight was missing. On the outside of the aircraft skin is the hand painted Consolidated build number 4268. This is the port nose section of this B-24J (frames 0.1 to 0.2). The extreme right fragment shows the entry frame to the nose turret with door attached. The extreme top fragment is the Astro-Dome for the Astro-Compass. The Astro-Compass was used for nighttime navigation. The following pictures are other B-24 parts that have been recovered for the restoration of this B-24 aircraft.In the center of the left photo is the Nose Landing Gear Wheel.This wheel utilized a 36 Inch S.C. 10 ply tire. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber COCKPIT PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber COCKPIT PARTS Stations (Frames) 1.0 through 3.0 - Pilot and Co-Pilot Pilot control wheel assembly with control wheel attached, left photo.Co-Pilot control wheel assembly, missing wheel and internal parts, right photo. Pilot (left) and Co-Pilot (right) Auxiliary Instrument Panels, left photo. Pilots Instrument Panel: (3) Type E-4 Hydraulic Pressure Gages, (1) AN-G-24 Suction Gage and Pilot vent. Co-Pilot Instrument Panel: (2) AN-5795-6 Carburetor Gages and Co-Pilot Vent.Right photo, Top Row (L to R): Radio Compass Control Indicator with mount (used only on early B-24''s), Turbo Boost Selector, Radio Compass and Mount. Bottom Row (L to R) Engine Switch Panel - Starter and Primer Switches (Co-Pilot side of cockpit), BC-451 Command Radio Control Box (mounted on Pedestal Assembly), Fast Feathering Switch for No. 4 Engine, and switch from Pedestal Mount. Pilot Seat (left photo). Pilot Seat is missing head rest, head rest cushion, back cushion, seat cushion and complete knee pad and support.Co-Pilot Seat (right photo). Complete with floor track attached. Missing head rest cushion, back rest cushion, seat cushion, arm rest upholstery and knee pad upholstery. Pilot left and right Rudder Pedals with cockpit floor, left photo.Co-Pilot right Rudder Pedal with cockpit floor, right photo. Pilot cockpit enclosure vent window, missing plexiglass, left photo. Shown from inside of window.Co-Pilot cockpit enclosure vent window, right photo. Shown from outside of window. Co-Pilot fuse box, left photo. Missing fuses and cover. Mounted on Co-Pilot side of fuselage.BC- 434 Radio Control Box (top), BC-450 Radio Control Box (bottom), right photo. Mounted on the cockpit enclosure center frame. BC-765 Radio Switchbox, left photo. This box was used to destroy the "special radio" equipment on the B-24 so that it would not be captured by the enemy. Located above the instrument panel below the windscreen.Spare Pilot or Co-Pilot cockpit floor, right photo. Note markings for Rudder Pedal settings. Instrument panel support assembly, above photo. The support assembly, was the lower part of the instrument panel and allowed the attachment of the Auxiliary Instrument Panels and Control Wheel Assemblies. The above photo shows the pilot section of the support, with oxygen gages attached and the rear of the co-pilot support assembly. Four Oxygen Regulator Mounts (left photo). Each mount contained one Type A-12 or A-12A Oxygen Regulator,AN 6021-1 Oxygen Pressure Gage and AN 6029-1 Oxygen Flow Indicator. One mount was located on either side of the Pilot and Co-Pilot.Seven BC-366 Radio Jack Boxes (right photo). The BC-366 Jack Box was used to connect the microphone and headset to the radio system. Only two BC-366 Jack Boxes would have been used in the B-24 cockpit. The other five will be used in other areas of the B-24 during this restoration. Six Type Q-1B Heated Flight Suit Rheostat (left photo). Only two Q-1B''s would be used in the cockpit, the other four will be used in other areas of the B-24 during this restoration.Operating Instructions For AN/ARN-7 Radio Plate (right photo). This plate was located next to the BC-450 Radio Control Box mounted on the cockpit enclosure center frame. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber COCKPIT PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber COCKPIT PARTS Stations (Frames) 3.0 through 4.1 - Radio Operator and Top Turret Radio Operator Table with BC-348 Liaison Radio Receiver, AN-3047 Work Table Light Assembly, J-37 Morse Code Key and Radio Operator''s Information File. J-37 Morse Code Key and Monitor Switch, left photo. Note original "RADIO CALL" number 449157 painted below switch. This Radio Table was removed from Ford B-24L-1-FO-44-49157.BC-348 Liaison Radio Receiver with FT-154 Receiver Mount, right photo. BC-306 Antenna Tuning Unit with FT-142 Antenna Tuning Unit Mount, left photo.PE-73 Dynamotor Unit with FT-107 Dynamotor Mount, right photo. Fuel Sight Gage, left photo.Main Fuel Tank Selectors Panel, right photo. Power Panel Switch Box Cover with (4) Type E-1 Amperage Gages, left photo. Missing Power Switch Box GK32E1043and Type B-1 Voltmeter.Trailing Antenna, right photo. FT-470 Mounting (Top), M235 Antenna Wire (Left), RL-42 Antenna Reel (Right) Radio Operator Seat Support Assembly (Above). Bombardier''s seat assembly (left photo). This style of seat was only used on early B-24''s with the "greenhouse" style nose. This seat is very similar to the Radio Operator''s seat assembly, and this seat will be used with the support pictured above. BC-221 Frequency Meter (left photo).TM 11-300AE BC-211 Manual datedAugust 7th 1943(right photo). United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber TAIL PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber TAIL PARTS Stations (Frames) 4.4 through 6.0 - Command Deck BC-357 Radio Receiver with FT-161 Mount and CD-365 Cord, left photoBC-453, BC-454 and BC-455 Radio Receiver with FT-220 Radio Rack, right photo. FT-220 Rack is missing the FT-221 Mount. BC-457 Radio Transmitter with FT-226 Radio Rack. The FT-226 Radio Rack is missing the BC-459 Radio Transmitter andFT-227 Radio Rack Mount. BC-645 Radio Receiver and Transmitter, left photo. The BC-645 is missing the FT-255 Radio Mount.Tag attached to BC-645 states: "THIS EQUIPMENT HAS BEEN ALIGNED WITH DUMMY DESTROYERS INSTALLED IN THE BASE. FREQUENCY ADJUSTMENTS SHOULD ALWAYS BE MADE WITH REAL OR DUMMY DESTROYERS INSTALLED, bottom right photo. BK-22 Relay Station, left photo.PE-101 Dynamotor Unit, right photo. PE-101 Dynamotor is missing the FT-255 Mount. TU-5 Radio Transmitter Tuning Unit, left photo.TU-10 Radio Transmitter Tuning Unit, right photo. TU-26 Radio Transmitter Tuning Unit, left photo. Bomb Hoist with handle. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber NOSE PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber NOSE PARTS Stations (Frames) 0 through 1.1 - Bombardier and Navigator Station Type M-9 Norden Bomb Sight on original shipping mount, left photo. M-9 Bomb Sight nomenclature plate, right photo. This Bomb Sight was made by the Victor Adding Machine Company. Type A-1 Astrograph with storage case, left photo. The Astrograph used translucent maps of the constellations.These maps allowed the Navigator to plot a course at night. Also shown in the photo are spare bulbs and tools that were stored in the Astrograph case. The Type A-1 Astrograph was used with the MK II Astrocompass.Type B-5 Drift Meter, right photo. Type B-3A Bomb Release, left photo.Navigator''s Astrodome Window, right photo. MK II Astrocompass with storage box, left photo.Bombardiers heater assembly, right photo. This heater was made by The Stewart Warner Corporation. Nose Landing Gear Leg and Support Arms, left photo.Nose Landing Gear Doors, above photo.The B-24 Liberator was produced with two styles of Nose Landing Gear Doors, inward opening and outward opening.Port inward opening door, extreme left; and three starboard outward opening doors, right. Nose Landing Gear Hydraulic Leg Operating Assembly, above photo. The B-24 used only one hydraulic assembly per aircraft.- Nose Landing Gear Parts -Left photo, top to bottom, left to right:Support Arm Pivot, Door Bearing (for outward opening door), Port Door Opening Housing (for inward opening doors), Door Opening Arms (for left and right outward opening doors) and two Leg Scissors (only one would be used per aircraft). United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber TAIL PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber TAIL PARTS Stations (Frames) 6.1 through 10Ball Turret, Waist Guns and Tail Turret Type E-13 Gun Mount Adapter for left and right waist guns. The Type E-13 Adapter held the M-2 .50 caliber Machine Gun in the Type K-7 Side Gun Mount with C-19A Mount Adapter. The E-13 Adapter utilized the Type K-13 Compensating Gun Sight. This configuration was used in late B-24 Liberators that were produced with enclosed waist gun positions. Waist or Side Gun Ammunition Box, left and right photo. One ammunition box was provided per gun and contained 600 rounds of .50 caliber ammunition. The white label states: EMERGENCY, TO REMOVE AMMUNITION BOX, PULL HINGE PIN AFT, LIFT EDGE OF BOX AND REMOVE. The ammunition box in the left photo is show with a portion of the feed chute attached. Tail Turret Ammunition Boxes, left and right photo.These boxes were stacked just aft of the waist gun position and fed the tail turret via a long rigid feed chute. Tail Turret Hydraulic System, left photo. Missing from the system is the Hydraulic Turret Pump Motor.Main Entrance Door Installation, right photo. Mounted in Station 7.4 - 7.6. Hanger and Retraction Cylinder Assembly for the Type A-13 Ball Turret, left photo. Spare Parts Box for A-13 Ball Turret, above center photo.Spare Parts Box, inside view, above right photo. The spare parts box held extra fuses and brushes that may be needed for replacement during flight. Type LP-21 ADF "Football" Radio Antenna (left photo).This antenna was originally black, with stenciling "Do Not Paint". Contrary to instruction, this antenna has been painted silver with unit markings applied. It will be restored, when mated to the fuselage, in it''s original war-time flat-black finish.LP-21 Dehydrator, Loop Antenna (right photo). The LP-21 Dehydrator was used to draw moisture away from the LP-21 Antenna. The attachment brackets are also shown. Left photo: Inverter Transmitter Assembly Box, Tail Turret Power Switch Box and Inverter Transmitter Assembly Box.The Inverter Transmitter Assembly Box is located under the Radio Operator''s floor near Station (Frame) 3.1. Only one Inverter Transmitter Assembly Box was used per aircraft.Right photo: Unknown electrical box cover and unknown fuselage access panel, top row.Fuze Box Cover (Station 4.0), Bomb Release Signal Tail Light Shield and Wing Access Plate, center row.Wing Landing Light Relay Box Assembly Cover, bottom row. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber WING PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber WING PARTS B-24 Main Landing Gear Tire with Hub Cap, left photo.The B-24 Liberator used a 56 Inch S.C. 16 ply tire with tube for the Main Landing Gear. This example was made by theRoyal Aircraft Tire Company. B-24 Main Landing Gear Tire with Hub , left photo.This example was made by the BF Goodrich Tire Company. B-24 Main Landing Gear Tire with Hub , left photo.This example was made by the Good Year Tire Company. Fairing Assembly - Wing Streamlined Wheel (left photo). This was mounted on the bottom of the wing, behind the landing gear wheel.Starboard Main Landing Gear Door (right photo). Port side Main Landing Gear Leg (left photo).Starboard side Main Landing Gear Leg(right photo). Main Landing Gear wing attachment parts (left photo). Other wing parts (right photo). Main Landing Gear Wheel Brake Assembly.(left photo).Two brake assemblies were used on each wheel. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber BOMB BAY PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber BOMB BAY PARTS Stations (Frames) 4.0 through 6.0 - Bomb Bay Bomb racks (left and right photo). Two racks were located on each side of the bomb bay. Bomb Bay Doors, inside view (upper left and right photo, and above lower left and right photo). Bomb Bay Door damage, possibly from wartime anti-aircraft United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber ENGINE PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber ENGINE PARTS Cowl Flap (left photo). Cowl Panel (right photo). Engine parts (left photo). Oil tanks (right photo). One oil tank was mounted behind each engine on the B-24. United States Heavy Bomber Carry-On Equipment HEAVY BOMBER CARRY- ON EQUIPMENT Type A-4 Walk Around Oxygen Bottle with AN 6022-1 Regulator (left photo). Close-up of decal on Type A-4 bottle (right photo). This bottle was specifically made for the B-24 Liberator and has a part number of 32F24125. Type E-1 Bombardier''s Case (left photo). Type E-2 Bombardier''s Case (right photo). Type A-4 Navigator''s Dead Reckoning Case (left photo). Type A-6 Celestial Navigation Case (right photo). Type A-10A Sextant (left photo). Type AN 5854-1 Sextant (right photo). Pilot''s Navigation Kit (left photo). B-24 Flight Check List and B-24 Load Adjuster with case (right photo). Type A-1 Aircraft Food Container (left photo). Type FTG-3-1 Food Tray Galley (right photo). Type E-5 Emergency Sustenance Kit (left photo). Oil tanks (right photo). AN-R-2A One-Man Life Raft Parachute Kit (right photo). Type K-20 Aircraft Camera (left photo). Type A-14 Oxygen Mask with Storage Box and Stowage/Carry Bag (right photo). AN 6511-1 Seat Type Parachute Pack (left photo). Shipping boxes for .50 caliber ammunition (right photo). Ammunition for aircraft machine-guns was usually pre-linked when shipped. Ammunition would be removed from the shipping crate, carried onto the aircraft and stowed in the onboard ammunition boxes. AN-CRN-1 Navigation Buoy. The AN-CRN-1 was a low frequency buoy used for homing purposes on pre-set frequencies between 1400-1750KC by aircraft equipped with any production model of Radio Compass SCR-269. This system keyed at a rate of 180 times a minute and interrupted every thirty seconds by a signal code letter which may be either K, M, O, Q, X or Y. The SCR-578-B Gibson Girl radio set was the primary aircraft survival radio set used during World War Two. This system was used for survival communications when an aircrew was forced out of their aircraft. It had a reported range of 50 to 300 miles, dependent upon conditions affecting radio transmission. The nick-name Gibson Girl was given to this radio set due to its'' feminine curvy shape. The BC-778-D, or AN-CRT-3, radio set shown in the left photo is a crystal controlled radio that operates in the 500KC, Kilo Cycle range (known as Kilo Hertz/KHz today) and 8280KC International Maritime Frequency range. The 8280KC range was determined by the Joint Chiefs of Staff as the world-wide Air Sea Rescue Frequency. Oxygen bottle for oxy-acetylene welding set (left photo). This bottle was used by ground personnel for repairing aircraft. The center photo shows property markings: U.S. ARMY and AIR FORCES. The right photo shows bottle type: ICC-3A2260 H170928, W D (War Department) and dated 2 43 (February 1943). United States Heavy Bomber Carry-On Equipment United States Heavy Bomber Carry-On Equipment Type H-1 Emergency Bail Out Oxygen Bottle (left photo). This is one of the few examples of wartime aircraft equipment being marked U.S. AIRFORCE vice U.S. Army Air Force. Aircraft Instrument and Machine Gun Lubricating Oil can (right photo). Type B-2 Jungle Emergency Parachute Back Pad (left photo).This kit contained a Type E-3A Emergency Sustenance Kit, 2 Carlisle First Aid Kits, Folding Machete, Pocket Compass, Waterproof Match Container, Mosquito Lotion, 1 Box of 20 rounds of .45 caliber ammunition plus other items. Survival Food items (right photo).Type C; Ration Biscuits, Type C Ration Can, Wrigley''s Juicy Fruit Gum, Wrigley''s Doublemint Gum, Beech-Nut Gum, Malted Milk Tablets 1oz., Hershey''s Tropical Chocolate 2oz., Hershey''s Tropical Chocolate 1oz.,Nestle''s All-Weather Chocolate 2oz., Type D Ration 2oz., Type D Ration 4oz., Life Raft Ration Container, Cryst-O-Mint Lifesavers and Beech-Nut Rummies Survival Items (left photo).Emergency Fishing Kit container, Emergency Fishing Kit, Type JJ-1 Sea Water Desalting Kit, Type & A Life Boat Ration, Air Crew Lunch box and Emergency Ration. Tobacco Items (right photo).Chesterfield Cigarette Carton (10 packs of cigarettes), Camel Cigarette Carton (10 packs of cigarettes),4 packages of pre-1942 Lucky Strike Cigarettes, & Phillip Morris Cigarette Package and Chelsea Cigarette Page from a Type K Ration. The Lucky Strike Cigarette Package was changed from green to white between 1942 and 1943 to save green dye for other war production items. Signal Drift, Day, AN-MK-1 (top, left photo).Signal Drift AN-MK-IV (bottom left photo).These devices were used as a navigational aid over water for determining drift. These devices could also be used for marking a life raft position temporarily, when a longer burning smoke was not available. Type F-2 Utility Heater (left photo). This heater was used for heating aircraft components during cold weather operations. Type K-2 and Type K-3 (C-3A) Inter-Aircraft Control Lamp Assemblies (right photo).These lamps were used to signal from one aircraft to another. Type A-3 Headlight Flashlight Assembly (left photo). Type 42D4499 Ultra-Violet Headlight Flashlight Assembly (right photo).The Type 42D4499 Assembly was used to illuminate switches and gages during low light or night time flying operations. Type A-5 Inspection Flashlight Lamp Assembly (left photo). Army Air Force 5 gallon gasoline cans (left photo). Two variations of gasoline cans are shown marked: PROPERTY AIR FORCE U.S.A. (United States Army), above top and bottom right photo. Container, Liquid, Heat Insulated, 1 Gallon (left photo).Container, Liquid, Heat Insulated, 2 Gallon (right photo). Kit, First Aid, Jungle (left photo). This first aid kit was used for aircraft flying over jungle areas. United States Army Air Force Cargo Pilot AIR TRANSPORT COMMAND This Type A-2 Flight Jacket belonged to Captain August J. Kieser, USAAF. "Gus", as his friends call him, was born on February 11th, 1921. He entered the service in 1942 from New York. He received his training and went on to fly C-87 "Liberator Express" Cargo Aircraft with theA.T.C. in Tezpur, India from December 1944 to May 1945. During this time frame "Gus" logged over 750 Hours and 75 “Hump” Missions to China. The blue paint on the sleeves of the jacket are from when Gus painted his house after World War Two while wearing this jacket. On the left sleeve of the A-2 Jacket is the C.B.I. patch. This multi-piece patch was hand made in Tezpur, India in 1944. On the right sleeve of the A-2 Jacket is the A.A.F. patch. This multi-piece patch was hand made in Tezpur, India in 1944. On the left chest of the A-2 Jacket is a hand made name tape. The name tape was written in three different languages. This patch was hand made in Tezpur, India in 1944. This Type A-2 Flight Jacket was made by the MONARCH MFG CO. under contract W535A.C-23378. This is a photo of Captain Kieser wearing the A-2 Jacket in India, 1944-1945. Note the unofficial A.T.C. patch on the jacket and the privately purchased, non-regulation boots. "Gus" had these made in Brazil when he was passing through to Africa/Asia. Also note the other A-2 with "Blood Chit" on the chair next to "Gus". This jacket belonged to the gentleman taking the photo. This is the un-official A.T.C. patch. "Gus" removed this patch from his A-2 after the war, so that it could be displayed in his office. This patch was also made in Tezpur, India in 1944. This is the exact patch seen in the photo above. This patch will be re-applied to the A-2. This is one of the other patches that "Gus" had. It is a multi-piece squadron patch made for the India China Wing Air Transport Command. This patch was also made in Tezpur, India in 1944. This is the inside view of the hat that is on display with Captain Kieser''s A-2 Jacket. This hat was made by the "Streamline Company" of Los Angeles California. It is marked "FLIGHT CAP" for specific sale to Army Air Force Officers. This hat was specifically made with the "crushed" look, preferred by Army Air Force pilots. This is not an issue hat, but rather one privately purchased by service members. United States Army Air Force Cargo Pilot AIR TRANSPORT COMMAND August J. Kieser U.S. Army Air Force Cargo PilotAIR TRANSPORT COMMAND - A.T.C. China-Burma-India Theater 1944-1945 The is one of the pictures from Gus'' photo album. The original hand written caption read "50 CHINKS CHENGTU". These are Chinese soldiers that were being transported via C-87. Note the C-87 in the background with tail number 228. Also noteworthy are the civilian trucks unloading cargo from the front and side of the C-87. This photo is a C-47 in Chinese markings. U.S. and Chinese soldiers are in the foreground. Gus could not remember why he circled the man in the door. Here is a photo of Gus sitting on a surf board in Accra, British West Africa. Gus flew C-47s and C-46s for the A.T.C. in Accra from July 3 - Dec 26 1944. The non-regulation flight boots were made in Brazil. Note the issue summer pith helmet with Officers'' insignia. This is one of the pages from Gus'' pilot logbook. Note the various aircraft and tail numbers. In the A.T.C., C.B.I. cargo pilots were not assigned to specific aircraft. On this page Gus flew both C-87s and C-109s. This is another page for Gus'' pilot log. Note the entry on March 30th 1945 "HIT CHINK". During the take-off taxi, a local Chinese civilian ran in front of Gus'' C-87. The propeller blade killed the civilian. Gus recalled that some of the Chinese civilians that worked on the runway believed that running in front of the aircraft would pull the evil spirits away into the propellers. Many Chinese civilians were killed during this practice. United States Cargo GMC Truck 2 1/2 Ton G-508 Type: Truck, Cargo, LWB, 2 1/2 Ton, 6x6Government Number: G-508Model: CCKW 353Manufacturer: Yellow Truck & Coach Mfg Co. (Division of the General Motors Company, Pontiac Michigan) Date of Delivery: September 1942Serial Number: 189590Maintenance Manual: TM 9-801 Truck Details: Weight: Net 11,250 lbs., Payload 5,000 lbs., Gross 15,050 lbs. Ground Clearance: 10 inches Tires: 7.50 x 20 Split ring rim United States Waco CG-15A Glider United States Waco CG-15A Glider A.A.F. Serial Number: Unknown The Waco CG-15A Glider was the late war improvement of the earlier Waco CG-4A Glider. Three of the improvements made in the CG-15A was the use of stronger and thicker tubing for crew protection during landing, the addition of pilot/co-pilot doors in the cockpit for disembarkation after landing and the increased windscreen area which afforded the crew a better field of vision during flight and landing. CG-15A Glider in Europe (note the German aircraft in the background), left photo.CG-15A Glider being loaded/unloaded with a 1/4 Ton Truck, right photo. CG-15A Glider tow and radio connection, left photo. CG-15A Glider data plates, left top and bottom photos. Both plates are mounted above the center inside cockpit window frame. Waco CG-15 Specifications and Production Info: Type: Troop/Cargo Glider Payload: Ferrying/Troop Condition: 16 (Pilot/Co-Pilot plus 14 Troops) Jeep Condition: Pilot/Co-Pilot, 4 Troops plus Jeep Howitzer Condition: Pilot/Co-Pilot, 3 Gun Crew plus 75mm Gun Litter Condition: Pilot/Co-Pilot plus 6 Patients Specifications: Length: 48'' 10"Wingspan: 62'' 2.25"Empty Weight: 4000 lbs. Max Weight: 8035 lbs. Maximum At Takeoff Max Towing Speed: 180 mph Production: 1944/1945Total Aircraft Produced: XCG-15 (1), XCG-15A (2), CG-15A (875)Known Serial Numbers:45-5276 through 45-5660 CG-15A (385)45-12743 through 45-12784 CG-15A (42)45-12785 through 45-13232 CG-15A (448) United States Waco CG-4A Glider United States Waco CG-4A Hadrian Glider A.A.F. Serial Number: Unknown CG-4A Glider Cockpit, above photo. This cockpit has been used as a source of spare tubing for some time. The bottom section of the cockpit has been removed as well as the rear seat area and top tubing. CG-4A Glider Cockpit, above photo. Rear view of the glider cockpit. The Pilot and Co-Pilot seat support area remains intact with the seat belt D Rings still attached. The instrument panel support tubing also remains intact. This cockpit section does not appear to have had a Griswold Nose Crash Protection System United States Clark Airborne Bulldozer CA-1 Type: Airborne Bulldozer (Tractor Crawler) Government Number: G-XXX Model: CA-1Manufacturer: Clark Equipment Company Buchanan, Michigan Date of Delivery: March 25th 1944 Serial Number: 441475Registration Number: 9113429Maintenance Manual: TM 5-3020. Left side of the CA-1. The original side mounted stowage boxes are missing, as well as many small parts. The front blade is held in place with a section of chain due to loss of hydraulic pressure. Rear view of the CA-1, left picture. The original rear mounted winch is missing. Clark Equipment Company nomenclature plate, left picture. This plate is located on the right side of the engine compartment, just behind the blade. The original color of the plate was silver on green. Waukesha Motor Company nomenclature plate, right photo. This plate is located on the left side of the engine, just below the head. Auxiliary Shipping Name Plate, left picture. This plate is mounted under the Clark nomenclature plate. This style of plate was added to vehicles for overseas shipment. Corps of Engineers nomenclature plate. This plate is mounted on the rear of the front blade. The original Army registration number is visible on the right side of the hood. The only numbers still visible are "11342".The registration number "9113429" would have been painted on both sides of the hood. The Clark CA-1 Bulldozer was designed to be delivered by air. The left picture shows a CA-1 loaded for delivery by Glider Borne troops. The right picture shows a CA-1loaded for delivery by a C-47.This specific C-47 is painted in Normandy; air recognition markings for the invasion of France, June 1944.The CA-1 was used in the European and Pacific Theaters. Clark CA-1 Production Info: The following is a partial list of the Contract Numbers, Clark Serial Numbers and Army Registration Numbers for the Clark CA-1. The Clark Serial Number can be broken down to the following: Example: CA-1(Vehicle Type)43(Year of Production)162(Vehicle Number) Contract No. W-145-A eng.-511Tractor Serial No. CA-1431 to No. CA-143162 (162 Vehicles Produced) Army Registration No. 953463 to 953624Contract No. W-1088 eng. (MSP)-2460Tractor Serial No. CA-143193 to No. CA-143228 (135 Vehicles Produced) Army Registration No. 977511 to 977546Contract No. W-1088 eng. 2155Tractor Serial No. CA-143229 to No. CA-1431015 (716 Vehicles Produced) Army Registration No. 963300 to 964086Contract No. W-1088 eng. 2165Tractor Serial No. CA-1431016 to No. CA-1431121 (205 Vehicles Produced) Army Registration No. 963144 to 963249 German Afrika Korps Pioneer (Engineer) North Africa 1941 U.S. Army Engineer Special Brigade - Omaha Beach Normandy France June 6th 1944 U.S. Army Engineer Special Brigade - ESB Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 The Engineer Special Brigade or ESB was organized in England from existing Engineer Combat Groups to support the landings and subsequent supply operations over Omaha Beach during the Normandy landings. The ESB Engineers found themselves helping out the assault troops in the early fighting for Omaha Beach. The uniform set shown to the left is from the 5th or 6th ESB unit that fought in the DOG and CHARLIE sector of Omaha Beach Normandy. The M-1 flex bail helmet has the 5th/6th ESB white arc painted over the ESB insignia. A black rubber M-5 Assault gas mask is suspended from the soldiers neck. This soldier wears a Flannel OD issue shirt under his M-1941 Field Jacket. His M-1928 khaki haversack supports a M-1923 M-1 Garand Cartridge Belt, M-1916 Pistol Holster with M-1911 .45 cal. Pistol, three Mk II Fragmentation Hand Grenades and One CN-DM Gas Hand Grenade. Around the waist of this soldier is the USN made Duel Type Invasion Life Belt. Additionally this soldier carries two spare bandoleers for 8 clips of .30-06 M-1 Rifle ammunition. Reverse view of the ESB uniform showing a white horizontal band on the rear of the M-1 Helmet for NCO’s (Non Commissioned Officers). The reverse of the M-1923 Haversack shows the M-1 Bayonet with M-7 Scabbard on the left side, M-1910 Entrenching Tool with carrier and stowed M-1942 Mess Kit. Suspended from this soldiers M-1923 Cartridge Belt is a M-1910 Canteen and a M-1942 First Aid Kit. On the left side of the ESB uniform is a bag that contains Demolition Chain Blocks of M-1 High Explosive. This is a close-up view of the ESB uniform with the Demolition Bag being show. This bag was made of olive cotton material. Espria, Italy 1943/1944Espria, Italy lies on the western flank of Monte Cassino, between Naples and Rome. This area was the focal point of the French Expeditionary Corps during the Allied drive toward Monte Cassino during late 1943 through early 1944. The F.E.C. was primarily comprised of Moroccan soldiers. These Moroccan soldiers were specifically chosen for operations in Espria for their mountain fighting ability. The Moroccan soldiers fought swiftly and surgically in this campaign. The summit above Espria is home to a Middle-Age Monastery, which is now in ruins. This area was occupied by the German Army and was used as an observation point for the western control of the Winter Line. QuestMaster Jonny Reb& Ray is pointing eastward toward Monte Cassino. This photo illustrates how well this mountain top controlled much of the movement in the Lire Valley. This photo shows QuestMasters conducting archeology work within the ruins. Several U.S. .30-06 caliber fired projectiles were found in the soft-face of the Monastery slopes, as well as a vintage Coca-Cola bottle and one German 5 liter gas can. Additionally, on the road leading to the summit, a German gas mask carrier, a German 5cm 3 round mortar carrier and a World War One German 8cm Trench Art shell casing was found. Untied States SCR-578-B Gibson Girl Radio Set Untied States SCR-578-B Gibson Girl Radio Set BG-155-A Bag and M-390-A Parachute (left photo). The BG-155-A Bag held the entire SCR-578-BRadio Set.BC-778-D, or AN-CRT-3 Radio Set (right photo). T-69F/AMT-2 Radiosonde Transmitter, M-278-A Hydrogen Balloons (2 balloons were used in this set to fly the kite mast), M-308-B Signal Lamp (head mounted) and Flashlight (left photo).M-357-A Kite Assembly (used to fly the antenna), M-315 Hydrogen Generator Inflation Tubes and the Kite and Tube Storage Bag (right photo). M-315 Hydrogen Generator Containers (left photo).The M-315 Hydrogen Generator was used to inflate the M-278 Balloons. Pill Box Glyfada, Greece Herculanium Italy Herculanium Italy Herculanium, Italy lies to the southwest of the Italian volcano, Mount Vesuvius. During the year 79 A.D. Mount Vesuvius erupted, showering the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculanium with molten rock and ash burying the two cities for almost 2000 years. Archeology work is still being conducted to reveal covered portions of the two cities. QuestMasters visited this famous city in 1998. QuestMasters has added this section to the Quest page for this specific photo. The emblem most frequently associated with Nazi Germany is the Swastika. This symbol was actually used several thousand years prior to the reign of the Third Reich. The left photo, taken in Herculanium, is a Greek cross with the ends of arms bent at counterclockwise right angles. This symbol was used as a sign of good luck, and was usually placed in the main doorway of a home or building as done in the left photo. The symbol of Nazi Germany was very similar, but was the exact mirror image with the arms bending clockwise. QuestMasters Home Page Welcome to QuestMasters - The foundation for the recovery and preservation of World War Two memorabilia for posterity. History of our Quest: The idea behind QuestMasters started during a recovery trip in Europe. After a long truck ride we realized that we were not only recovering and restoring World War Two memorabilia, but also going to the ends of the earth to do it. Hence - this is our Quest. Why we Quest? The Second World War lasted for over 6 years. For the United States, we were completely unprepared. Civilian companies quickly transformed into the American war machine. Small companies like Maytag, the washing machine company, made gun turrets for heavy bombers; Rock-Ola, a pin ball machine company, made rifles; Goodyear, the tire company, made fighter aircraft; Cadillac, the automobile company, made tank destroyers...and on and on. Farmboys, teachers, business men, barbers - men and women alike gave up their everyday jobs to put on a uniform, to fight for their country. They went to far-off lands, some unmapped - to fight and die. There was rationing and recycling. All gave some, and some gave all. Valor was a common virtue. And that is where we find ourselves, the children of a culture, responsible for the history of the sacrifice they made for us. Our goal: Our goal is the preservation of World War Two history. In the not too distant future, the breaths of those who were there making the history will no longer be able to tell the story. History is normally written by the victor, but this was a World War. It affected every country and every person, Allied and Axis. So, our focus is just that, to preserve the story, from both sides. It is our responsibility to tell their story. German Infantry Cart 18 German Type: Trailer 2 Wheel, Infantry, Hand Model: Unknown Manufacturer: Unknown Serial Number: Unknown This German trailer was recovered from Germany. The model or type is currently unknown. It is slightly larger than the Infantry Field Kart 8 (IF8 or JF8). The restoration of this cart (kart) was done in Germany. The original tires are present on the cart. The size of the tires is 3.50-19. Both tires are made by the Continental Tire Company. United States Navy Pratt Read LNE-1 Glider Trainer United States Navy Pratt Read LNE-1 Glider Trainer Aircraft LNE-1 Glider Mfg: Pratt Read & Co. Inc., Gould Aero. Div., Deep River ConnecticutMfg’s Model No.: PR-G1 Serial Number: 52U.S. Navy Serial Number: LNE-1 BuNo 31556U.S. Army Serial Number: TG-32-PR-43-39557Date Produced: 23 March 1943Maximum Glide or Dive Speed: 86 Knots; Wingspan: 54’ 6”; Length: 26’ 3”History:In 1943, a contract was ordered for 100 Type LNE-1 Gliders for the U.S. Navy from the Gould Aero Division of the Pratt Read Company. The LNE-1 was a two seat glider trainer. The proposed design was made for the training of Navy/Marine Corps glider pilots to land Marines in the Pacific during World War Two. The Navy glider program was quickly disbanded, as glider landings in the Pacific during WWII was not practical and 73 LNE-1’s were transferred to the United States Army Air Force. These LNE-1''s were re-designated TG-32''s. All 73 TG-32’s were put into storage at Souther Field, Americus Georgia through the end of WWII and sold through the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. By 1944, the LNE-1''s (now turned into U.S.A.A.F. TG-32''s) were selling for $500 (FOB Americus GA). The price could be reduced if the buyer went to Americus, assembled the glider at Souther Field, and flew it away as a complete aircraft. The only thing left behind was the shipping crate. These crates were then sold to local African-American share croppers who would use them for components of their houses. Markings/Paint: The LNE-1 had a fabric covered forward metal frame with wooden wings and tail. The vertical stabilizer. LNE-1 was painted in black on both sides of the rudder. No national insignia has been noted to have been painted on either side of the wings. When the LNE-1 Gliders were transferred to the U.S.A.A.F. the aircraft remained painted in Navy yellow with the addition of A.A.F. serial number painted on the shipping crate. The LNE-1/TG-32''s were not uncrated by the U.S.A.A.F. The instrument panel was painted black. Interior cockpit was painted “interior green” to include the plywood seats. Release knob was painted red. Several LNE-1’s have been noted with black group markings painted forward of “U.S.NAVY” on the tail boom.LNE-1 BuNo 31556 still retains the original nose tire, release knob, control sticks and rudder pedals. The fabric covering, windows and plywood seats have long since rotted away. Known serial number range:XLNE-1 BuNo 31505 - 31506LNE-1 BuNo 31507 - 31585 (Contract cancelled at Serial Number 31580)andBuNo 34115 - 34134 (Not Delivered) Army Air Force Serial Numbers: TG-32-PR 43-39509 - 43-39578 and 43-43329 - 43-43331Known surviving examples:#31506 Factory prototype: Wings of Eagles Discovery Center, Elmira Corning Regional Airport, NY.#31508 (The first TG-32): Under restoration for flight-status at Tehachapi, CA.#31509 Cockpit Only: In private storage in California.#31518: Under restoration: Seattle Museum of Flight in Renton, WA.#31521: THE ONLY AIRWORTHY LNE-1: Scott Airpark in Lovettsville VA.#31523: In storage: National Museum of the United States Air Force Dayton, OH.#31525 Cockpit Only: In private storage in California.#31527: Under restoration for flight status: Sandhill Crane Soaring, Richmond Field Gregory, MI.#31537: On public display: Hoosier Warbird Museum, DeKalb Regional Airport Auburn, IN#31540: In storage: Southern Museum of Flight in Birmingham, AL.#31542 In storage: Silent Wings Museum in Lubbock, TX.#31543: In storage: Tehachapi, CA#31556 Cockpit Only: QuestMasters Collection.#31558 In storage: Silent Wings Museum in Lubbock, TX.#31561: On public display: New England Air Museum Bradley International Airport in CT.#31569: In storage: Sandhill Crane Soaring: Richmond Field near Gregory, MI.#31570 Fuselage Only: In private storage in Tennessee.#31572: On display: Bonanzaville Aviation Museum in Fargo ND.#31577 Cockpit Only: In private storage in MI.#31578: On display: Aviation Museum of Kentucky; Bluegrass Airport in Lexington, KY. United States Airborne 75mm Howitzer M18 Paracaisson Cart United States Airborne 75mm Howitzer M18 Paracaisson Cart The M18 was used by Airborne Artillery units to air drop 75mm ammunition for the M8 Airborne Pack Howitzer. The M18 was air dropped via parachute as a cylindrical container. The container separated into two parts: the cart bottom and the top cover. The top cover was a simplified version of the cart bottom. The top cover was discarded after assembly. When the M18 was deployed, the wheels, tow handle and cables were stored inside of the container. The M18 could carry 18 rounds of ammunition in cardboard storage containers. The ammunition/storage dividers are missing on the inside of this cart. Additionally, the tire shown on this cart is not original. The original 4.00-8 tires were made by Goodyear. The above two pictures are from an original wartime manual. The picture to the left shows six M9A2 paracaissons mounted under a C-47 Cargo Aircraft. The photo to the right is a deployed empty and then fully loaded M9A2 ready for towing. This tire was made by the GOOD YEAR Tire Company. Two of these tires were found on a Cub Cadet 102 tractor. The tread style is exactly the same as the original M9A2 tire, but the size is slightly larger. The size on this tire is 4.80/4.00-8. These tires will be used on the restoration of this M18. This tire, left and above, is mounted on a museum M9A2 Paracaission. The tire is made by BF GOODRICH - SILVERTOWN, size 4.00-8.To view this M9A2 click here: HANDCARTZ M9A2 This tire (above four photos) is made by GOOD YEAR, size 4.00-8.This is one of two tires that will be used to restore the M9A2 owned by Handcartz To view this M9A2 click here: HANDCARTZ M9A2 The original rims have been disassembled for restoration, left photo. The inside of the rim reveals the original color of the M18 as well as the original primer. The M18 was primed in Yellow Zinc Chromate due to being made of aluminum. This M18 will be restored using Olive Drab 33070. Restored rim with Yellow Zinc Chromate Primer, left photo. The outer rim half is stamped with the part number 7131535 The inner rim half is stamped with the part number 7131536 The center hub is stamped with the part number B7119364 History Three types of Airborne Paracaissons were used during World War Two: M9 (Wood),M9A2 (Steel) and the M18 (Aluminum Alloy).The Aluminum Alloy Paracrate Load for the M8 Howitzer was deployed in 9 loads: Paracrate Load M1:Howitzer Trail Assembly, Paracrate M1, Drawbar, Lifting Bar. Paracrate Load M2:Howitzer Rear Trail, Howitzer Axle and Traversing Mechanism, Howitzer Trail Handspike, Bore Brush Staff, Spare Parts and Tool Box, Caster Wheel and Paracrate M2.Paracrate Load M13:Howitzer Bottom Sleigh, Aiming Circle with Case, Lifting Bar and Paracrate M13.Paracrate Load M14:Howitzer Cradle, Howitzer Top Sleigh, Lifting Bar and Paracrate M14.Paracrate Load M15:Howitzer Tube, Lifting bar and Paracrate M15.Paracrate Load M16:Howitzer Breech Assy., Telescope and Mount, Paracrate M16.Paracrate Load M7A1:Howitzer Wheels (2) and Paracrate M7A1.Parachest Load M17:Ammunition (10 rounds in fiber containers) and Parachest M17.Paracaisson Load M18:Ammunition (8 rounds in fiber containers) and Paracaisson M18. Untied States Martin M-250 Top Turret Untied States Martin M-250 CE B-24 Top Turret Untied States Willys Trailer 1/4 Ton MB-T Type: Trailer 2 Wheel 1/4 Ton Government Number: G-605Model: MB-T Manufacturer: Willys Overland Date of Delivery: November 1942Serial Number: 12494Parts Manual: TM 10-1230Maintenance Manual TM 10-1230 This is the original data plate that was found on this MB-T. The two holes in the center of the plate are from a bracket that was added after the war. It should be noted that the two "4''s" in the serial number "12494" are different fonts from different stamping sets. The first "4" has an open top, the second "4" has a closed top. This is a replica plate from Dataplates4u in Holland: http://www.dataplates4u.com New Old Stock Inter-Vehicle cable, left photo. The bakelite connector is made by the Warner Electric Brake MFG Co. Left and Right Tail Light Assy, above photo. The Willys MB-T used Corcoran-Brown tail light assy''s. The face of the light is marked C-B and the housing is marked Corcoran-Brown on the top. Trailer Details: Weight: Net 550 lbs., Payload 500 lbs., Gross 1050 lbs. Loading Height: 22 inches Ground Clearance: 12 1/2 inches Tires: 6.00x16 with two piece combat rims Tail Lights and Reflectors made by: Corcoran-Brown United States Navy Sailor NCDU Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 U.S. Navy Sailor NCDU - Navy Combat Demolition Unit 7 Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 QuestMasters Ordnance QuestMasters Ordnance Back row: Schrapnellmine 35 (S.Mi.35) storage box for three mines, Fuze crimping tool,1 Kilogram Demolition Charge with Z.Z.42 Fuze and 3 Kilogram Demolition Charge.Center row: S-Mine 35 (S.Mi.35) with S.Mi.Z.35 Fuze, Stock-Mine 43 (STo.Mi.43) with Z.Z.35 Fuze, Glasmine 43 (Gl.Mi.43) with Hebelzunder Fuze and Kraftstoff Granate (Gasoline Grenade).Front row: Zeit Zunder 37 (Zt.Z.f. SpBu 37) time fuze, two Z.Z.35 Fuzes, Z.Z.42 Fuze, D.Z.35 Fuze, S.Mi.Z.35 Fuze, Sprengkorper 28 Mine Charge with Z.Z.42 Fuze, Teller Mine Zunder 35 (T.Mi.Z.35)Trip Wire Mine Fuze and Blendkorper 2 H (M2H) Glass Smoke Grenade. 8,8cm Raketenpanzerbuchse (Rocket Launcher)Ordnance tan painted carrying box (top of photo) and natural wood carrying box (bottom of photo).Raketen Munition 4322 (Rocket) in center of photo.The 4322 Rocket could be used with the Raketenpanzerbuchse 43 or 54. The RPzB 43 and 54 were nicknamed Ofenrohr (Stovepipe) and Panzerschrek (Tank Terror) by the Germans. It had an effective range of 150 meters and could penetrate all Allied Armor during World War Two. United States Army Air Force Northrop P-61 Black Widow U.S. Army Air Force Northrop P-61A Black Widow Night Fighter P-61A Black Widow nose section, left photo. The nose section of the P-61 is made of fiberglass for the SCR-720A Radar set. This Radome was found in Hawaii in the mid 1990''s. Some of original black paint and red stenciling remain on the outside of the Radome. Unfortunately the radome is slightly cracked due to 50+ years of unloving exposure. P-61A Black Widow gunners canopy, left photo. The P-61 had two canopies: one for the pilot and one for the gunner (as seen in the above black and white photo). This canopy was recovered from a scrap yard in Ewa, Hawaii U.S.A. Many P-61''s and B-24''s were scrapped at Ewa after the war. This canopy was traded to the Mid-Atlantic Air Museum for the restoration of their P-61 in 1996. P-61A Black Widow engine propeller assembly for the R-2800 engine, left photo. This assembly retains almost all of its original paint and stenciling. This propeller assembly was not recovered by QuestMasters. German 7,5cm PAK 40 Anti-Tank Cannon Country: Germany Type: 7,5cm PAK 40Model: Panzer Abwehr Kanonen 40 Manufacturer: Not Available Date: 1944Serial Number: Not Available Right side of the PAK 40. The wheels on this cannon are the late-war style with holes. The holes were added to save rubber. Two 7,5cm (75mm) Shell Casings. The PAK 40 used the model 6340 shell casing with C/12nA percussion fired primer. The suffix St was applied to the shell casing or primer type if it was made of Stahl or Steel, i.e. 6340 St or C/12nASt. PAK 40 Cleaning Rod, top of photo. PAK 40 Bore Brush, bottom of photo QuestMasters is currently looking for additional shell casings, projectiles, ammunition cans, and a gun sight for the restoration of this PAK 40. German Panther V Road Wheel German Panzerkampfwagen V Panther; Ausf. G tank outer road wheel. The German Panther tank utilized 8 outer road wheels (four on each side). This road wheel was recovered from Bastogne Belgium in 1998. This history of this specific vehicle is unknown. The large shell hole is approximately 75mm''s. This Panther was moving when it was hit, which is clearly indicated by the track teeth indentations on the rubber wheel. Manufacturer markings on the rubber portion of wheel: No 935 jnk, left photo; 860/100-D, right photo. B-24 Nose Turret The Emerson A-15 Electric Nose Turret was used on all late war B-24 Liberators, except those produced at the Consolidated San Diego plant.B-24 Liberators produced at the Consolidated San Diego plant used modified A-6B Hydraulic Tail Turrets mounted in the front of the aircraft (as seen on the B-24 in the black and white picture above).Early B-24 Liberators that were produced with " Green House " noses were also depot modified with A-6 or A-6B Hydraulic Tail Turrets mounted in the nose. A-15 Gunner Seat area, above left and right photo. The control column grip assembly is missing from this turret. AN-M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun left mount, above left photo. Turret Control box, above right photo. Oxygen System Assembly, above left photo. The A-15 Nose Turret used an A-12A Diluter Demand Oxygen Regulator with Oxygen Blinker and Pressure Gauge to regulate the oxygen to the turret gunner during high altitude flight.K-11 Gun Sight Mount and Drive Box, above right photo. K-11 Compensating Gun Sight, left photo.K-11 Compensating Gun Sight Nomenclature Plate, above photo. The K-11 Compensating Gun Sight was a late war innovation that used the aircraft altitude and speed with the direct correlation of where the weapon was pointed to calculate the reticle. The aircraft altitude and speed was programmed on the rear of the sight. The correlation was determined by drive lines that connected the K-11 Sight to the turret. E-3 Generator Type: Generator, 3.0 KW, 1 Phase Government Number: None Model: E-3Manufacturer: O''Keefe & Merritt Co. Date of Delivery: 1944Serial Number: 2188 Model E-3 Generator Set nomenclature plate, left photo. This plate is mounted on the outside of the control panel door. Control panel with door open, right photo. The control panel is located on the end of the generator set. Note that this generator has several different styles of 120 volt receptacles. Engine compartment with doors open, left photo. O''Keefe & Merritt Model E-3 Synchronous 1 Phase Generator nomenclature plate, above photo. Right side of E-3 Generator Set, left photo. Rear of the E-3 Generator Set, right photo. The rear of the E-3 Generator houses the fire extinguisher. The door for the fire extinguisher is marked in raised letters " FIRE EXTINGUISHER INSIDE HERE ". The bracket is the standard style used on most U.S. WWII military vehicles. B-24 Waist Guns Left Waist Gun Assembly, above photo. The late B-24 waist gun comprised of an AN-M2 .50 caliber machine gun attached to a Type E-13 Gun Mount Adapter, Type K-7 Mount with Type C-19A Mount Adapter and a Type K-13 Compensating Gun Sight. On the top cover of theAN-M2 is a Type J-4 Gun Heater. This configuration was only used in late B-24 Liberators that were produced with enclosed waist gun positions. E-13 Gun Mount Adapter, above left photo. This is what the E-13 Adapters looked like when they were originally obtained. The E-13 in the rear of the photo was missing the "duck bill" sight mount, and grips when this photo was taken. This has been corrected.E-13 Gun Mount Adapter Nomenclature Plate, above right photo. AN-M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun, above photo. The AN-M2 was used in all positions on the B-24 Liberator - the Ball Turret, Nose Turret, Top Turret, Tail Turret and both Waist Gun Positions. The two AN-M2s pictured above are compliant with BATFE standards by having a replica 1/2" thick right side plate, prohibiting the fitting of any internal machine gun parts. The AN-M2 pictured above is shown prior to restoration. One of the details that differentiates the AN-M2 .50 Caliber Aircraft Machine Gun from the M-2 Ground Machine Gun is the top cover. The top cover has the added provisions to aid opening while wearing heavy gloves, as seen on the rear side and top of the cover. This photo also shows the thick cuts made during the demilitarization process. This AN-M2 has not been fully restored. K-7 Mount, rear and front, above two photos. The K-7 Mount supported the entire AN-M2 .50 caliber machine gun to the side of the aircraft. Note the large springs housed on the inside of the mount. These springs were added to compensate for the weight of the gun assembly. This afforded the gunner a better ability to handle the weapon and not fight the weight of the weapon when engaged. J-4 Gun Heater, left photo. The Gun Heater was electrically powered and kept the guns warm at high altitudes to avoid freezing when not firing.C-19A Gun Mount Adapter, right photo. This connected the E-13 Gun Mount Adapter to the K-7 Mount. K-13 Compensating Gun Sight, left photo.K-13 Nomenclature Plate, above photo. The K-13 Compensating Gun Sight was a late war innovation that used the aircraft altitude and speed with the direct correlation of where the weapon was pointed to calculate the reticle. The aircraft altitude and speed was programmed on the rear of the sight. The correlation was determined by drive lines that connected the K-13 Sight to the K-7 Mount. U.S. Army 1st Lieutenant 2nd Ranger Battalion Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 This officer illustrates the equipment that was worn by an officer assigned to Force B, Company C, 2nd Ranger Battalion during the invasion of Normandy France June 6th 1944. The responsibility of Force B was to secure the smaller cliffs to the west of Pointe de la Percee. C/2 Rangers landed on the Charlie Sector of Omaha Beach at H+1 (H-Hour plus 1 Minute). After they eliminated the German strong points and gun positions from the right flank of Omaha Beach they were instructed to link up with Force A: D, E and F Company, 2nd Ranger Battalion at Pointe du Hoc. Rear view, left photo. Close-up view of Rangers patch, above photo. This patch was specifically designed for the Invasion of Normandy to replace the earlier Ranger Battalion Scroll patch. Rear view of M-1 Helmet, left photo. This helmet has been painted with the 2nd Ranger Battalion Diamond painted over a white vertical stripe, which was the designation for officers. Inside view of M-1 Helmet Liner, right photo. This liner was made by Westinghouse. The suspension is made from Triple Herringbone Twill (THBT) and is held to the liner with green A washers. Service Boots with M-1938 Leggings, left photo. The M-1938 Leggings shown here were made by Meyers & Son MFG. Co. 2-25-42.Service Boots, right photo. The Service Boots were all leather with ten eyelets and featured a full capped toe. The rubber soles were made by BF Goodrich. These boots are a size 8EE. BC-611-F Handie-Talkie Radio, left photo. M-1 Thompson Submachine-gun, above photo. This M-1 Thompson Submachine-gun has a replica all aluminum BATFE approved dummy receiver from IMA-USA. M-1 Helmet and Camouflage Net with Officer markings on front and rearM-1 Helmet Liner, made by WestinghouseM-1941 Jacket with Rangers Diamond Patch on right sleeveM-1936 Pistol Belt, made by A.M.Co.1943M-1936 SuspendersM-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, made by J.A. Shoe 1943M-1910 Canteen, made by S.M.CO 1944M-1910 Canteen Cup, made by FOLEY MFG. CO. 1944M-1910 First Aid Pouch, made by J.Q.M.D. 1942 and owner marked S1216M-1916 Pistol Holster, made by MILWAUKE SADDLERY CO. 1943M-1923 Pistol Magazine Pouch, made by B.B. INC. 1942Submachine-gun Magazine Pouch, five pocket M-1936 Field Mussett Bag, made by HAMLIN CANVAS GOODS CO. 1942 and owner marked G-8490M-1938 Dispatch Case, made by HOFF -42-M-7 Assault Gas Mask CarrierM-17 Binocular CaseBC-611-F Radio, made by ELECTRICAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES INC.USN Life Preserver, made by EAGLE RUBBER CO. INC. ASHLAND OHIO Service Boots, soles made by BF GoodrichM-1938 Leggings, made by MEYERS & SON MFG CO. 2-25-42M-1 Thompson Submachine-gun, made by - UNKNOWN - original receiver replaced U.S. Army Sergeant 2nd Ranger Battalion Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 This Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) Sergeant illustrates the equipment that was worn by a NCO assigned to Force B, Company C, 2nd Ranger Battalion during the invasion of Normandy France June 6th 1944.The responsibility of Force B was to secure the smaller cliffs to the west of Pointe de la Percee. C/2 Rangers landed on the Charlie Sector of Omaha Beach at H+1 (H-Hour plus 1 Minute). After they eliminated the German strong points and gun positions from the right flank of Omaha Beach they were instructed to link up with Force A: D, E and F Company, 2nd Ranger Battalion at Pointe du Hoc. Rear view, left photo. Rear view of M-1 Helmet, above photo. This helmet has been painted with the 2nd Ranger Battalion Diamond painted above a white horizontal stripe, which was the designation for Non-Commissioned Officers. Inside view of M-1 Helmet Liner, left photo. This liner was made by Mine Safety Apparatus (MSA). The suspension is made from Single Herringbone Twill (SHBT) and is held to the liner with early zinc plated A washers. M-1 Helmet and Camouflage Net with NCO markings on rear M-1 Helmet Liner, made by Mine Safety Apparatus (MSA) Winter Combat Tanker Jacket with Rangers Diamond Patch on left sleeve M-1923 Dismounted Cartridge Belt, made by M.E.CO. 1943 (BRITISH MADE) M-1928 Haversack with M-1928 Pack Carrier, made by M.W.&S. CO. LTD 1944 (BRITISH MADE) M-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, made by BAKER-ATWOOD LTD. CO. 1941 M-1910 Canteen, made by A.G.M.CO. 1918 M-1910 Canteen Cup, made by T.A.U.CO. 1941 M-1923 First Aid Pouch, made by M.W.&S. CO. LTD 1944 (BRITISH MADE) M-1916 Pistol Holster, made by SEARS 1942 M-1910 Entrenching Tool Cover, made by W.L. DUMAS MFG. CO. 1943 M-1910 Entrenching Tool M-7 Assault Gas Mask Carrier USN Life Preserver, made by EAGLE RUBBER CO. INC. ASHLAND OHIO M-1 Bayonet, made by United Cutlery (U.C.) M-1 Fragmentation Grenade M-1 Garand Cloth Bandoleer U.S. Army Medic 2nd Ranger Battalion Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 This Soldier illustrates the equipment that was worn by a Medic assigned to Force B, Company C, 2nd Ranger Battalion during the invasion of Normandy France June 6th 1944.The responsibility of Force B was to secure the smaller cliffs to the west of Pointe de la Percee. C/2 Rangers landed on the Charlie Sector of Omaha Beach at H+1 (H-Hour plus 1 Minute). After they eliminated the German strong points and gun positions from the right flank of Omaha Beach they were instructed to link up with Force A: D, E and F Company, 2nd Ranger Battalion at Pointe du Hoc. Rear view of M-1 Helmet, left photo. This helmet has been painted with the 2nd Ranger Battalion Diamond with Medic red crosses painted on the sides and front. Helmet Liner, right photo. This liner was made by FIRESTONE. The suspension is made from Triple Herringbone Twill (THBT) and is held to the liner with green A washers. Service Boots with M-1938 Leggings, left photo. The M-1938 Leggings shown here were made by Meyers & Son MFG. Co. 2-25-42.Service Boots, right photo. The Service Boots were all leather with ten eyelets and featured a full capped toe. The rubber soles were made by EJ HTS. These boots are a size 7 1/2 E. Medic''s bags with contents, left photo. Four types of Carlisle bandages, right photo. Early copper can with orange paint (made by BAUER & BLACK) top, early copper can with olive paint (made by BAUER & BLACK) left center, early steel can with olive paint (made by BAUER & BLACK) right center and late steel can with olive drab paint (made by HANDY PAD SUPPLY CO) bottom. Reverse of Medic''s Arm Band (left photo).The arm band is marked: PROPERTY OFMEDICAL DEPARTMENT, U.S. ARMYIN CONFORMITY WITHARTICLE 21 INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS CONVENTIONGENEVA 1929IDENTITY CARD NO. _________This arm band has the Medic''s Geneva Convention Number V 37489. M-1 Helmet and Camouflage Net with Medic''s markings M-1 Helmet Liner, made by FIRESTONE M-1941 Field Jacket with Rangers Diamond Patch on left sleeve M-1923 Dismounted Cartridge Belt, made by NERIS 1943 M-1936 Field Musette Bag, made by AIRTRESS MIDLAND 1943 M-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, made by FOLEY MFG CO. 1942 M-1910 Canteen, made by S.M.CO. 1943 M-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, made by H.S.CO. 1942 M-1910 Canteen, made by VOLLRATH 1943 M-1942 First Aid Pouch, made by JQMD 1944 Medical Bag, pair M-7 Assault Gas Mask Carrier USN Life Preserver, made by THE FIRESTONE TIRE & RUBBER CO. AKRON OHIO U.S. Army Private First Class 2nd Ranger Battalion Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 This Soldier illustrates the equipment that was worn by a rifleman assigned to Force B, Company C, 2nd Ranger Battalion during the invasion of Normandy France June 6th 1944.The responsibility of Force B was to secure the smaller cliffs to the west of Pointe de la Percee. C/2 Rangers landed on the Charlie Sector of Omaha Beach at H+1 (H-Hour plus 1 Minute). After they eliminated the German strong points and gun positions from the right flank of Omaha Beach they were instructed to link up with Force A: D, E and F Company, 2nd Ranger Battalion at Pointe du Hoc. Rear view of M-1 Helmet, left photo. This helmet has been painted with the 2nd Ranger Battalion Diamond. Inside view of M-1 Helmet Liner, right photo. This liner was made by Westinghouse. The suspension is made from Single Herringbone Twill (SHBT) and is held to the liner with black brass A washers. M-1 Helmet M-1 Helmet Liner, made by Westinghouse M-1941 Jacket with Rangers Diamond Patch on left sleeve M-1936 Pistol Belt M-1910 Haversack, made by L-D INC. 7-18 M-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, owner marked M. KRPAN K-7540 M-1910 Canteen, made by S.M.CO. 1943 M-1942 First Aid Pouch, made by B.B.S.CO. 1943 M-1 Carbine Magazine Pocket, made by AVERY 1943 M-1 Carbine Magazine Pocket, made by KADY 1943 M-1942 18” Machete, dated 1944 M-7 Assault Gas Mask Carrier USN Life Preserver, made by DURKEE-ATWOOD CO. MPLS. M-1 Carbine Ammunition Bandoleer 1944 B-29 "Super Fortress" 42-24791 "The Big Time Operator"
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Prototype | Prototyping Your Future / HCI IxD Any large organisation, be it public or private, monitors the media for information to keep abreast of developments in their field of interest, and usually also to become aware of positive or negative opinions expressed towards them. At least for the written media, computer programs have become very efficient at helping the human analysts significantly in their monitoring task by gathering media reports, analysing them, detecting trends and – in some cases – even to issue early warnings. We present here trend recognition-related functionality of the Europe Media Monitor (EMM) system, which was developed by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) for public administrations in the European Union (EU) and beyond. EMM performs large-scale media analysis in up to seventy languages and recognises various types of trends, some of them combining information from news articles written in different languages. EMM also lets users explore the huge amount of multilingual media data through interactive maps and graphs, allowing them to examine the data from various view points and according to multiple criteria. A lot of EMM's functionality is accessibly freely over the internet or via apps for hand-held devices. Introduction Automated Content Analysis (ACA) is likely to be more limited than human intelligence for tasks such as evaluating the relevance of information for a certain purpose, or such as drawing high-level conclusions. Computer programs are also error-prone because human language is inherently ambiguous and text often only makes sense when the meaning of words and sentences is combined with the fundamental world knowledge only people have. However, computers have the advantage that they can easily process more data in a day than a person can read in a life time. Computer programs are particular useful in application areas with a time component, such as monitoring the live printed online media, because they can ingest the latest news articles as soon as they get published and they can detect changes and recognise and visualise trends. Due to the amount of textual information they can process, computer programs can be used to gain a wider view based on more empirical evidence. These features make ACA applications powerful tools to complement human intelligence. At least for the written media, the manual paper clipping process of the past – cutting out newspaper articles and combining them into a customised in-house news digest – has to a large extent been replaced by automatic systems. Computers can take over repetitive work such as gathering media reports automatically, categorising them according to multiple categories, grouping related documents, recognising references to persons, organisations and locations in them, etc. Using this filtered and pre-processed data, human analysts can then focus on the more demanding tasks of evaluating the data, selecting the most relevant information and drawing conclusions. The work of analysts will be more efficient if the computer programs can extract more information and the more high-level information they can recognise. Trend recognition is deemed particularly useful as it partially summarises events and it may help users detect hidden developments that can only be seen from a bird's perspective, i.e. by viewing very large amounts of data. Trend visualisations may serve as early warning tools, e.g. when certain keywords are suddenly found frequently or when any combination of other text features suddenly changes, compared to the usual average background. Trend prediction would then be the next logical step: based on regular historical observations specifically co-occurring with certain trends, it should be possible to predict certain trends when the same feature combinations occur again. Such an effort was described by O'Brien (2002) for the challenging domain of conflict and instability. A major challenge for complex subject domains such as societal conflict or war is that the data needed for making a reliable prediction may simply not exist and/or that some specific factors may decide on whether or not a conflict arises, factors that lie outside the realm of statistical analysis (e.g. the sudden sickness or death of a political leader). In any case, features for predictions should probably include data that can only be found outside the document corpus, such as statistical indicators on the economy and on the society (More REFS). The main disciplines contributing to ACA are called computational linguistics, natural language processing, language engineering or text mining. In recent years, this field has made a leap forward due to insights and methods developed in statistics and in machine learning, and of course due to the strong increase of computer power, the availability of large collections of machine-readable documents and the existence of the internet. In Section 2, we will give an overview of EMM, its functionality and its users. We will particularly point out the usefulness of aggregating information derived from the news in many different languages, which has the advantage of reducing any national bias and of benefitting from information complementarity observed in media sources written in different languages. In Section 3, we will then present a variety of trend presentations and data visualisation techniques used in EMM. These include time series graphs using numbers of articles on a certain subject, the usage of automatically extracted information on named entities mentioned in any selection of news, map representations combining geographical and subject domain information, opinion trends, graphs comparing information derived from the social media with that from the online version of printed media, and more. In Section 4, we summarise the benefits of automatic media monitoring, not without pointing out limitations of ACA and the potential dangers of relying on automatically derived information based on large volumes of textual data. Europe Media Monitor (EMM) A brief Overview 2.1 Overview Europe Media Monitor (EMM) stands for a whole family of media gathering and analysis applications, including NewsBrief, NewsExplorer, the Medical Information System MedISys, BlogBrief, NewsDesk and more (Steinberger et al. 2009). EMM was entirely developed at the JRC. While the main users are the EU institutions and the national authorities of the 28 EU member states, EMM was also made accessible to international organisations (e.g. various United Nations sub-organisations, the African Union and the Organisation of American States) and to the national authorities of selected partner countries of the EU. The first version of NewsBrief came online in 2002 while NewsExplorer came in 2004, but both systems processed smaller volumes of news and they had less functionality. EMM currently gathers a daily average of about 220,000 online news articles per day in seventy languages from approximately 4,000 different web sources (status May 2015). The news sources were manually selected with the purpose to represent the major newspapers of all countries in the world and to include European-language news (especially English) from around the world. For reasons of balance, it was decided not to include all easily accessible news sources, but to monitor a comparable number of news sources per country, with a focus on Europe. EMM additionally processes news feeds from over twenty press agencies. It visits news-like websites such as governmental and non-governmental web pages and it monitors social media such as Twitter, FaceBook and selected blog sites. The public versions of EMM do not show commercially acquired documents and usually have less functionality than the EC-internal versions. Separately for each language, the news articles then undergo a series of processing steps, including language recognition, document duplicate detection, Named Entity Recognition (NER) for persons, organisations and locations, quotation extraction, sentiment/tonality analysis, categorisation into one or more of the over 1,000 different subject domain classes. EMM then clusters related articles into groups, which allows users to examine the load of articles in an organised fashion. The different EMM applications provide different functionality, described in the next section. Family of EMM news monitoring applications NewsBrief (Figure 1) is the most widely used system. It provides users with near-real-time information on their field of interest in all seventy languages. Separately for each language, news gathered within a sliding four-hour window (8 hours for some languages) are clustered, but older articles remain linked to the cluster as long as new articles arrive. For each cluster, automatically extracted meta-information such as named entities and quotations are displayed. Continuously updated graphs show the ten currently largest clusters and their development over time. By clicking on any of the clusters, users can see the list of all articles and click on each article to read the entire text on the website where it was originally found. For fourteen languages, an automatically pre-generated translation into English is available. For event types with relevance to health, safety and security, NewsBrief also displays automatically extracted event information (eight languages only), including the event type, location and time of the event, number and type of victims (dead, injured, infected), and – where this was mentioned – the perpetrator (the person or group inflicting the damage). The limitation of the event types is due to the user groups, which are mostly concerned with providing support in case of disasters, epidemics, etc. NewsBrief offers subscriptions for automatic updates per category by email, for institutional users also via SMS. BlogBrief provides the same functionality as NewsBrief, but instead of news, it processes English language blogs by bloggers who have been hand-selected due to their importance or impact (e.g. politicians and journalists). MedISys is rather similar to NewsBrief, except that all its content categories are related to issues that are relevant for Public Health monitoring. Its news categories include all major communicable diseases and other Chemical, Biological, Radiological or Nuclear (CBRN) dangers, symptoms, as well as subjects of scientific or societal value such as vaccinations and genetically modified organisms. NewsExplorer provides a more long-term view of the news (in 21 languages only) and it provides a cross-lingual functionality. Rather than displaying and grouping the current news, NewsExplorer clusters the news of a whole calendar day and displays the clusters ordered by size. For each cluster, hyperlinks lead users to the equivalent news clusters in any of the other twenty languages (where applicable) and to historically related news. NewsExplorer also includes hundreds of thousands of entity pages (persons, organisations and more), where historically gathered information on each entity is aggregated and displayed, including name variants, titles, clusters and quotes where the entity was mentioned, quotes issued by that person, other entities frequently mentioned together with this entity, and more (see Figure 2). NewsDesk is a tool for human moderation. It allows media monitoring professionals to view and select the automatically pre-processed news data and to easily create readily formatted in-house newsletters. EMM Apps for mobile devices such as iOS and Android phones and tablets first became publicly and freely available in 2013 (See Figure 3). Due to the personal nature of such devices, it became first possible to display customised starting pages for each user. For the iOS EMM App alone, about 26,000 downloads were recorded up to May 2015. This customisable version of EMM became very popular so that this functionality was implemented in a new web version of EMM, called MyNews (see below). The EMM App uses a whole new concept and way to interact with EMM Metadata, referred to as Channels. A channel is a stream of EMM articles that all share the same metadata: Channels can be (a) any News Category, (b) the Top 20 Stories in a particular language, (c) a Country/Category combination, (d) an entity recognised by EMM or (e) a search in the full-text index. Users can create such channels for themselves and they can group channels into sets, allowing them to browse freely between channels in any of these sets. When users open a channel, they get access to all the articles that are present in the channel at the time, plus the other metadata that EMM has identified and associated to that channel. Users can of course also browse the attached meta-data, turn them into new channels and pin them to the current set. Crisis management tools and products have been found to be challenging to design and produce due to the complexity of dynamic customisable data-sets defined by each individual user. The main problems in designing such tools are ambiguity, multi-platform support, data representation and other pitfalls commonly seen in mobile technology development. We adhere to a model-based methodology focusing on core functionality and logical interactions with the data-set, user-centric design and data visualisation while supporting other development activities including a requirement analysis for a wide set of devices and operating systems, verification and validation. The result of the development cycle is a layout structure in which a wide scale of EMM crisis management tools has been developed. There are many digital solutions aiming to support humanitarian and emergency response tools by means of open source information gathering and text analysis. A strong trend among those tools is the ability to detect and analyse vast amounts of data, highlighting important developments relevant to each user and use. Many solutions are already operational today, the majority of these solutions requires the user to open a webpage a few times every day to get updated. Other solutions are relying on communicating with external servers, which is expensive and demanding in maintenance. They additionally usually require user authentication, which can compromise privacy and security. Our own solution allows custom notifications based on changes in the specific data set the user has defined. When a logical threshold is activated the system displays a notification directly on the user's mobile device. By merging our notifications with the core system notification system of the mobile device, we alert the user only when it is appropriate. For example, notification will wait silently when the user is asleep and will schedule the notifications to be presented a few minutes after the user has started using the device. This is being done without any user intervention or pre-settings. This novel solution differentiates itself from most notification solutions in the fact that it does not rely on any server side technology. The application itself calculates when and how notifications are presented to the user based on an internal logic crossed with background fetching of the current total data set. MyNews is the first customisable web interface to the news items supplied by the EMM engine designed for desktop browsers. It only became available in 2015. It requires logging in and is only available in-house, i.e. it is not accessible to the wider public. MyNews is highly customisable, since it allows users to define their own specific view by selecting the topics they are most interested in. This is achieved – similarly to the EMM mobile apps – by allowing users to tune news channels focused on very specific topics. They can create as many channels as they like, and they can organise them into sets (see Figure 4). There are many different ways to create new channels, which increases greatly the flexibility of the tool, combining as a union or as an intersection of article selections based on (a) text language, (b) news categories, (c) entities, (d) news from a certain country or (e) news about a certain country, (f) top stories (i.e. the biggest clusters of news talking about the same event) or (g) freely chosen search words. When visualising the contents of any of the channels, the meta-data relating specifically to this selection of news is displayed visually (see Figure 5). The Big Screen App, available since 2014, offers a view of EMM that is visible on large screens in central locations at user organisations. It shows a revolving and continuously updated view of what is happening around the world, targeted to the respective user communities, using text, maps and graphs. Citizens and Science (CAS) is a project that aims to gauge the relative importance of reporting on Science & Technology (S&T) in traditional and social media. It does this by comparing the reporting volume from a number of European Nations and the USA of items that correspond to a number of predefined S&T categories. The sources of these items are taken from the traditional online news media, public posts from FaceBook and tweets from Twitter. CAS allows investigating the relative dominance of certain themes across different media (traditional vs. social), languages and countries and it can help find empirical evidence of biased reporting (see Figure 6; more detail in Section 3.2). Details on ingested news, sources, numbers, geographical distribution Event extraction Multilinguality in EMM Multilinguality is an extremely important feature in this news monitoring application. Covering so many languages is not only important because the European Union consists of 28 Member States with 24 official EU languages. The coverage of news in 70 different languages is also due to the insight that news reporting is complementary across different countries and languages, both regarding the contents and the opinions expressed in the media. By gathering and analysing different languages, EMM reduces any national or regional bias and it increases the coverage of events and of opinions. While major world events such as large-scale disasters, major sports events, wars and meetings of world leaders are usually also reported in English, there is ample evidence that only a minority of the smaller events is reported on in the press outside the country where the event happens. Many EMM users have specialised interests such as the monitoring of events that may have negative effects on Public Health (e.g. disease outbreaks, reports on food poisoning, lack of access to medicines) or on the stability or welfare of a country (e.g. clashes between ethnic groups, accidents, crime). An analysis has shown that the vast majority of such events is not translated or reported abroad (Piskorski et al. 2011 – PROVIDE DETAILED NUMBERS). The links between related clusters across different languages in NewsExplorer show that only some of the news items in each country or language have an equivalent in other languages while the majority of news clusters talk about subjects of national interest. Figure 7, taken from the live EMM news cluster world map, also gives evidence of the uneven distribution of language reporting for locations on the globe: News mentioning locations in Latin America are mostly reported in Spanish and Portuguese; there is little news on Russia and China that is not written in Russian or Chinese, respectively, etc. Only by combining the world news in all different languages do we get a fuller picture of what is happening . Trend observation and distribution statistics in EMM In this section, we want to give some concrete examples of trend monitoring, as well as of bird's views of large amounts of media data giving insights in the relative distribution of news contents. The selection of examples shown here is based on wanting to present different visualisation principles or types, but it is naturally also driven by the interests of EMM users. Since EMM monitors in near-real time (time stamp) large amounts of media reports from around the world and it keeps track of the information (e.g. news provenance, news source, publication language, URL, media type, time of publication, etc.) and it additionally extracts categories and features (e.g. subject domain; number of related articles; names of persons, organisations and locations; sentiment; combinations of features; average values, etc.), it is in principle possible to produce and visualise statistics on any feature or feature combination. This can be done for a specific point in time (most EMM users are interested in now), it can be done for any moment back in time, it is possible to compare current values to average values, and it is possible to perform a time series analysis, i.e. it is possible to show any change over time. Note, however, that, while all such meta-data extracted by EMM can be stored, the original full text of the news has to be deleted after the analysis, for copyright reasons. Users will thus be able to see the meta data and a snippet of the news text (title and the first few words), but if they want to see the full text, they have to follow the hyperlink provided. Whether or not the full text is still accessible then depends on the news source. In the following sub-sections, we will present some types of trend observations and visual presentations of distribution statistics. Bar graphs and pie charts The simplest and probably clearest way of presenting static data is achieved using bar graphs and pie charts. Figure 5 shows three different bar charts to visualise different aspects for the same selection of news documents (provenance of the news, countries mentioned in the articles, and subject domains/entities referred to). These charts give the reader an overview of the whole collection of documents and it thus helps them evaluate and categorise the contents before reading them in detail. Figure 7b shows the language distribution of a multilingual set of European news articles talking on the subject of Science & Technology and comparing it with the language distribution in all articles covering the same time period. It is immediately visible that English and Polish language articles (left) are over-proportionally talking about S&T, while German and French S&T articles are under-represented, compared to the average. Maps visualising geographical distributions Map views are rather popular and intuitive. Figure 5 shows an aggregated map view (number of articles per continent/country/region, depending on the zoom level) while Figure 7 shows all news clusters (or those in a selection of languages). Many types of map data are available, allowing to combine any EMM information with third-party information, as seen in Figure 8 . Any map data in EMM is hyperlinked to the underlying news articles together with the extracted meta-information so that users can verify the contents and read the underlying news sources. Trend graphs Trend graphs show a simple correlation between at least two variables, of which one is time. Typically, they take the shape of line graphs or bar graphs where one axis represents time. Figure 1 shows the size (number of news articles) of the ten largest English language news clusters and their development over the past 12 hours, with a ten-minute resolution (update frequency). The interactive graph clearly shows which stories are most discussed. By hovering with the mouse over any of the points, the most typical news article header of that moment in time is shown so that users can get informed of the development of that story. The system decides on the most typical article header statistically by selecting the medoid, i.e. the document that is closest to the centroid of the vector. By clicking on any of the curves, a new page will open showing the articles that are part of that cluster plus all meta-information available to the system. This graph thus shows ten trend lines in one graph, for the sake of comparison. Similarly, Figure 6 visualises the numbers of news articles and of Social Media postings over time on four science areas. The graph shows longer-term developments. The chosen resolution is one day. For each of the four science areas, two trend curves are displayed to facilitate the visual understanding of the relative long-term development. Such graphs can be rather revealing. For instance, Figure 9 compares Science & Technology reporting in Europe and in the US. For better comparison, the numbers have been normalised: the x-axis shows the percentage of S&T articles compared to all articles, instead of absolute numbers. This graph reveals that the intensity of reporting on S&T in Europe lags behind that observed in US-American media (0.5% of all articles in all languages in the EU vs. 2.8% in the USA report about S&T). Comparing only English language articles in predominantly English-speaking countries (UK and Ireland in Europe; graph not shown here) with the English language articles in the USA, the difference is smaller, but it still notable (1.5% of articles in the UK and in Ireland vs. 3.2% in the USA). To put these numbers into perspective: the reporting on the reference categories Conflict, Ecology, Society and Sports, considering only the English language, was respectively 2.56%, 0.14%, 0.59% and 5.46% for the USA and 1.93%, 0.09%, 0.45% and 6.63% for the EU. This means that the reporting on S&T issues does not fall far behind the reporting on Sports in the USA, but in Europe reporting on Sports is 4 times more than on S&T issues. Note that, in EMM, sports articles are additionally only taken from general news streams because EMM does not scan sports pages of news sites. Looking in detail at a specific topic such as Space, we observe that there is a very strong correlation between the peaks, but the volumes are much smaller in the UK and Ireland, compared to the USA (See Figure 9). Other than a weak correlation between product announcements in the media and on twitter, we have not observed a clear media-driven discussion on the social media, i.e. we have not been able to establish any correlation between media reports and the user-driven content. Such data is a good starting point for the work of social scientists, who can then search for an interpretation and for explanations. Economists and politicians may then think of possible remedies (if needed and wanted). Figure 10 shows the interactive long-term news story timeline produced in EMM-NewsExplorer. The graph shows the number of news articles per day in the daily news clusters about the same event or subject. By hovering over any of the bars, the news cluster title is displayed so that users can explore what happened that day. By clicking on that day, the users are taken to the page with information on that day's news cluster in order to read the articles, see the related meta-information and follow hyperlinks to related reports in other languages. The graph allows exploring developments over longer periods of time and refreshing one's memory on what happened when. Figure 11 shows the development of positive or negative tonality (or sentiment) measured in English and French news articles, using a one-week resolution. Early warning graphs Figure 8 visualises results on the most recent events of a certain type, allowing stakeholders to become aware of the latest developments, to deepen their understanding of what happened (by reading the related news articles) and to take action, if needed. Another type of early warning is achieved with statistical means, as shown at the top of Figure 10, taken from EMM's Medical Information System MedISys. The graph called daily alert statistics shows the currently biggest threats world-wide, with decreasing relevance from left to right (the red threats are the ones with the highest alert levels). MedISys counts the number of articles in the last 24 hours for any country-threat combination (e.g. tuberculosis and Poland) and compares it to the two-week average count for this same combination. This ratio is then normalised by the number of articles for different days of the week (there are less articles on the weekend). The alert statistics graph then shows the results of all calculations, ranked by the value of this ratio . Note that the ratio is entirely independent of the absolute numbers as it rather measures the unexpectedness. Each country-threat combination is shown in two columns: the left one (light blue) shows the observed number of articles while the right one (red, yellow or blue) shows the expected two-week average. An important feature of this graph and of MedISys/EMM as a whole is that this alert is language-independent. The same categories for countries and for threats exist for (almost) all EMM languages, meaning that the articles may be found in one language only (e.g. Polish or Arabic), which often is different from the languages spoken by the MedISys user. The graph is interactive: Users can click on any of the bars to jump to a new page where all relevant articles for this country-threat combination are displayed, together with a heat map and a trend line showing the development over the past 14 days. The Spain-legionellosis threat combination in Figure 10 no longer is a top threat as it had already been reported on for four days. Further graph types used in EMM Figure 11 shows a node graph visualising co-occurrence relations between people. For each person, the 100 most associated entities (persons or organisations) are displayed. The subset of common entities is highlighted in red. The graph is interactive: by clicking on any of the entity nodes, they jump to a page with the news mentioning that entity and displaying all automatically extracted meta-information (e.g. Figure 2), or to the Wikipedia page for that entity. Further entities can be added to the same graph. EMM-NewsExplorer produces the correlation data by counting which entities are mentioned together with which other entities in the same news items. In order to suppress media VIPs such as the US president from the purely frequency-based correlation lists (called 'related entities' in NewsExplorer), a weighting formula is used that brings those entities to the top that are mostly mentioned together with this person and not so much with other persons. The data, referred to in NewsExplorer as 'associated entities', is produced on the basis of mention co-occurrence in the news in 21 different languages, i.e. it is less biased by the reporting language than data produced by a monolingual media monitoring system. EMM recognises direct speech quotations in the news in about twenty different languages and keeps track of who issued the quotation and who is mentioned inside the quotation. Figure 12 shows a quotation network indicating who mentions whom (arrows). Persons most referred to are automatically placed closer to the centre of the graph. During the 2007 presidential elections in France, it was observed that Nicolas Sarkozy, who was the winner of the elections, was consistently more central than his opponent Ségolène Royal. Quotation networks are no longer used in EMM. The same applies to topic maps, which display the most prominent subject matters referred to in a document collection. The topics are grouped into islands of relatedness (using a method known as Kohonen Maps). The more prominent a group of topics is in the collection, the higher the mountains on the island, with peaks being snow-covered. Summary and conclusions, pitfalls Computers have the ability to sieve through large volumes of data in little time and the technologies required for Automated Content Analysis (ACA) have matured to a level where automatically produced results can be useful for the human analyst. We have argued that a man-machine collaboration for the analysis of large volumes of media reports will produce best results because people and computers have complementary strengths. We have presented the main functionality of the European Commission's family of Europe Media Monitor (EMM) applications, which currently gathers an average of 220,000 online news articles per day from about 5,000 online news sources in seventy languages (and also from social media postings about certain themes), categorises the news into about 2,000 different categories, groups related articles, extracts various types of information from them, links related articles over time and across languages and presents the analysis results in a variety of ways to the human end user. Moderation tools support the users in viewing the data, in selecting and amending it and in producing in-house newsletters for the information-seeking decision takers. Monitoring not only English or some widely spoken languages is important in order to avoid bias and also because the news is complementary across languages, both for contents and for the sentiment contained therein. Automatic tools that process and analyse documents turn unstructured information into a structured format that can easily be processed by machines and that also provides useful data for the human user. This results in a data collection, where for each article, we know the news source, the country of origin, the language, the timestamp of the publication, the news categories, the persons, organisations and locations mentioned therein, related articles within the same and across different languages, quotations by and about persons. Additionally, we have data about trends, i.e. whether news related to the same event or subject are increasing or decreasing in numbers over time, and there is some information on sentiment/tonality. This structured collection makes it in principle possible to produce any statistics and to establish any trends related to these types of information. For selected subjects and feature combinations, the JRC regularly publishes its analysis, allowing EMM users to have a deeper insight into the publications on subject areas of their interest. In this article, we presented a range of different types of analyses and visualisations in order to give an overview of distributions and trends observed during large-scale media analysis. Such an extraction and aggregation of data is not usually the final objective, but it normally is the starting point for an intellectual human analysis. Analysts can get inspired by the data, questions may arise, suspicions may get confirmed or contradicted. Used carefully, we believe that the analyses produced by EMM or similar systems can be very useful because they may be used as an inspiration and as empirical evidence for any argument human analysts may want to make. However, we find it extremely important that users be aware of the limitations and of possible pitfalls when using such data, be it from EMM or from other automatic systems: First of all, media monitoring is not reality monitoring. What the media say is not necessarily factually true and media attention towards certain subjects usually differs from the real-life distribution of facts or events, giving media consumers a biased view. Media reporting is heavily influenced by the political or geographical viewpoint of the news source. It is therefore useful to analyse a large, well-balanced set of media sources coming from many different countries world-wide. EMM aims to reach such a balance, but sources are also added on request of users, it is not always known what political standpoints newspapers have, and not all news sources are freely accessible. For this reason, EMM displays the list of media sources so that users can form their own opinion. Any analysis, be it automatic or man-made, is error-prone. This is even true for basic functionalities such as the recognition of person names in documents and the categorisation of texts according to subject domains. Machines might make simple mistakes easily spottable by human analysts, such as categorising an article as being about the outbreak of communicable diseases when category-defining words such as tuberculosis are found in articles discussing a new song produced by a famous music producer, which is easily spottable by a person. On the other hand, machines are better at going through very large document collections and they are very consistent in their categorisation while people suffer from inconsistency and they tend to generalise on the basis of the small document collection they have read. For these reasons, it is crucial that any summaries, trend visualisations or other analyses can be verified by the human analysts. Users should be able to verify the data by drilling down, e.g. viewing the original text data in the case of peaks or unexpected developments, and especially to get an intuitive confidence measure by viewing a number of cases that lead to conclusions. Most of EMM's graphs are interactive and allow viewing the underlying data. It would be useful if system providers additionally offered confidence values regarding the accuracy of their analyses. For EMM, most specialised applications on individual information extraction tools include such tool evaluation results and an error analysis (e.g. XXX-REF). However, the tools can behave very differently depending on the text type and the language, making the availability of drill-down functionality indispensable. End users should be careful with accuracy statistics given by system providers. Especially commercial vendors (but not only) are good at presenting their systems in a very positive light. For instance, our experience has shown that, especially in the field of sentiment analysis (opinion mining, tonality), high accuracy is difficult to achieve even when the statistical accuracy measurement Precision and Recall are high. Overall Precision (accuracy for the system's predictions) may for instance indeed be high when considering predictions for positive, negative and neutral sentiment, but this might simply be because the majority class (e.g. neutral) is very large and the system is good at spotting this. Accuracy statistics may also have been produced on an easy-to-analyse dataset while the data at hand may be harder to analyse. Sentiment, for instance, may be easier to detect on product review pages on vending sites such as Amazon than on the news because journalists tend to want to give the impression of neutrality. Machine learning approaches to text analysis are particularly promising because computers are good at optimising evidence and because machine learning tools are cheap to produce, compared to man-made rules. However, the danger is that the automatically learnt rules are applied to texts that are different from the training data as comparable data rarely exists. Manually produced rules might be easier to tune and to adapt. Again, statistics on the performance of automatic tools should be considered with care. Within EMM, machine learning is used to learn vocabulary and recognition patterns, but these are then usually manually verified and generalised (e.g. Zavarella et al. 2010; Tanev & Magnini 2008). To summarise: we firmly believe that Automated Content Analysis works when it is used with care and when its strengths and limits are known. Computers and people have different strengths which – in combination – can be very powerful as they combine large-scale evidence gathering with the intelligence of human judgement. References Atkinson M, Keim D, Schaefer M, Franz W, Leitner-Fischer F, Zintgraf F. (2010). DYNEVI - DYnamic News Entity VIsualization. In: J.Kohlhammer, D.Keim (eds). Proceedings of the International Symposium on Visual Analytics Science and Technology. Golsar (Germany): The Eurographics Association. pp. 69-74 . 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An Introduction to the Europe Media Monitor Family of Applications. In: Fredric Gey, Noriko Kando & Jussi Karlgren (eds.): Information Access in a Multilingual World - Proceedings of the SIGIR 2009 Workshop (SIGIR-CLIR'2009), pp. 1-8. Boston, USA. 23 July 2009. Steinberger Ralf, Flavio Fuart, Erik van der Goot, Clive Best, Peter von Etter & Roman Yangarber (2008). Text Mining from the Web for Medical Intelligence. In: Fogelman-Soulié Françoise, Domenico Perrotta, Jakub Piskorski & Ralf Steinberger (eds.): Mining Massive Data Sets for Security. pp. 295-310. IOS Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Tanev Hristo & Bernardo Magnini (2008). Weakly supervised approaches for ontology population. In: Paul Buitelaar & Philipp Cimiano (eds.): Ontology learning and population: Bridging the Gap between Text and Knowledge. IOS Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, Volume 167. Tanev Hristo & Josef Steinberger (2013). 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Real-time News Event Extraction for Global Crisis Monitoring. In V. Sugumaran, M. Spiliopoulou, E. Kapetanios (editors) Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems (NLDB 2008 ), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Cool. 5039, 24-27 June, London, UK. Tanev Hristo, Maud Ehrmann, Jakub Piskorski & Vanni Zavarella (2012). Enhancing Event Descriptions through Twitter Mining. In: AAAI Publications, Sixth International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media, pp 587-590. Dublin, June 2012. Tanev Hristo, Vanni Zavarella, Jens Linge, Mijail Kabadjov, Jakub Piskorski, Martin Atkinson & Ralf Steinberger (2009). Exploiting Machine Learning Techniques to Build an Event Extraction System for Portuguese and Spanish. In: linguaMÁTICA Journal:2, pp. 55-66. Available at: . Turchi Marco, Martin Atkinson, Alastair Wilcox, Brett Crawley, Stefano Bucci, Ralf Steinberger & Erik van der Goot (2012). ONTS: "OPTIMA" News Translation System. Proceedings of the 13th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL), pp. 25–30, Avignon, France, April 23 - 27 2012. Van der Goot Erik, Hristo Tanev & Jens Linge (2013). Combining twitter and media reports on public health events in MedISys. Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on World Wide Web companion, pp. 703-718. International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee, 2013. Zavarella Vanni, Hristo Tanev, Jens Linge, Jakub Piskorski, Martin Atkinson & Ralf Steinberger (2010). Exploiting Multilingual Grammars and Machine Learning Techniques to Build an Event Extraction System for Portuguese. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Processing of Portuguese Language (PROPOR'2010), Porto Alegre, Brazil, 27-30 April 2010. Springer Lecture Notes for Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 6001, pp. 21-24. Springer. Observing Trends in Automated Multilingual Media Analysis Authors: Ralf, Aldo, Alexandra, Guillaume, Hristo, Martin, Michele, Yaniv, Erik European Commission – Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra (VA), Italy e-mail: [email protected] ( corresponding author )
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Training Thru Trust - Home Training Thru Trust - Deitingen. The Doug Mills Method. Komunikation schafft Vertrauen. Biete Bodenarbeits Kurse nach der Methode von Doug Mills an. Verladeprobleme können einfach und sicher behoben werden. Dominanzprobleme werden im Roundpen geklärt. Pferdetraining für junge noch nicht angerittene Pferde. Kyle Mills Sieger Trainer Challenge Bern 2009. Doug Mills Ausbildung in Buckeye Arizona. Allfällige Probleme mit Pferden können durch gezieltes Training behoben werden. www.horse-trainer bietet Kurse oder Privatstunden in Bodenarbeit an. Es gibt viele Trainingsmethoden für sogenannte Problempferde, wichtig ist jedoch dass das Vertauen gestärkt wird und die Rangortnung geklärt ist. Mit der Bodenenarbeit beginnen Sie von Anfang an jungen Pferden schwierige Entscheidungen abzunehmen. Somit vertraut ihr Pferd ihnen und sie habeb eine gute Basis um weiterzuarbeiten. Doug Mills ist Amerikaner lebt aber heute mit seiner Frau Lynette und seinen vier Kinder in Kanada. Die Kinder von Doug Mills heissen Keith Kyle Kaylee und Kelcie Der Pferdetrainer hat schon viele Trainer Challenges gewonnen und Doug Mills gilt als einer der besten Trainer. Der Sohn von Doug Mills, Kyle Mills ist regelmässig in der Schweiz um Kurse zu geben. Lizenzierte Trainerin in Kurs 1, 2 und 3 in der Schweiz ist Regina Riedo Ausbildung absolviert in Amerika Ihr Pferd steigt nicht in den Hänger Probleme bei Verladen beheben Stressfrei in den Pferdeanhänger Mit der richtigen Technik lernen Sie Ihr Pferd sicher einfach und schnell zu verladen Anreiten und Begleiten der Pferdebesitzer von jungen Pferden nach der Methode Training Thru Trust von Doug Mills Doug Mills is a horsetrainer and hi lives in canada Doug Mills Leitmotiv ist, dass erfolgreiches Pferdetraining auf Vertrauen zwischen Mensch und Pferd basiert. "There is no magic in what I do, but if you do it right, it can work miracles". Doug Mills Kommunikation und die Klärung der Rangordnung sind Voraussetzung für ein vertrauenvolles Verhältnis zwischen Mensch und Pferd. Kommunizieren mit gezieltem Druckaufbau und die Entlastung zum richtigen Zeitpunkt ist allen Pferden naturgemäss vertraut. Doug ist der Meinung, dass jedermann erlernen kann sich mit Pferden zu verständigen. Mit seiner bewährten Methode, wird die partnerschaftliche Beziehung zu Ihrem Pferd vertieft und allfällige Probleme werden gelöst. Training Thru Trust eignet sich für alle Reitweisen, Pferde- und Ponyrassen, sowohl für Sport- wie auch Freizeitpferde und besonders als Vorbereitung junger Pferde zum Anreiten. Schon mit ganz jungen Jahren hatte ich den Traum mit diesen schönen Tieren zusammen zu sein. Nach vielen Jahren konvetionellem reiten und arbeiten mit Pferden, hatte ich das Glück im 2004 Doug Mills persönlich kennenzulernen. Von diesem Zeitpunkt an war mir klar, dass ich mein damals dreijähriger Friesenhengst nach der Methode TrainingThruTrust ausbilden werde. Also besuchte ich regelmässig bei Doug Mills Kurse. Voll und ganz überzeugt absolvierte ich 2009 in Buckeye AZ das Doug Mills Apprenticeship Camp um dipl. Trainerin zu werden. Mit bestandener Prüfung reiste ich nach Hause und veranstalte nun regelmässig Kurse nach seiner Methode. Im Februar 2010 habe ich in Arizona zusätzlich den zweiten und den dritten Trainerkurs bei Doug Mills mit Erfolg absolviert. Es freut mich riesig, das neu Erlernte an Euch weiterzugeben. Regina Riedo Privatstunden Kurs 1 Liberty Work Arbeiten im Freilauf Klärung der Rangordnung Join up Anhalten Wendung nach Aussen Tempokontrolle mit dem Körper Wendung nach Innen Vertrauen aufbauen, fördern Kurs 2 Halterwork Arbeiten am Halfter Weichen auf leichten Druck am Halfter in jede Richtung Weichen von der Hand und dem Körper "Ground Tie" ohne anzubinden stehen zu bleiben Parallel zum Zaun stehen "Schulterlinie respektieren" einfaches Führen am Strick Vertrauen aufbauen über Plastik gehen, einsprayen usw. Kurs 3 Under Saddle Reiten am Schnurhalfter mit einem Zügel Kopf auf leichten Druck nachgeben Weichen der Hinterhand "One Rein Stop" Ist die Garantie zu jeder Zeit das Pferd unter Kontrolle zu haben Ohne Zügel anhalten aus jeder Gangart Weichen der Schulter Mit einem Zügel geradeaus reiten Ohne Zügel nur mit den Augen reiten Kurs 4 Under Saddle Two Reins Reiten mit Zaum Kann Ihnen gerne Tipps geben, da ich aber für diesen Kurs die Lizenz noch nicht habe, kommen Doug oder Kyle Mills zweimal im Jahr in die Schweiz Anreiten von jungen Pferden Begleiten der Besitzer beim anreiten 3-monatiges Intensiv Programm Verladetraining Probleme bei Verladen beheben Mit der richtigen Technik lernen Sie Ihr Pferd sicher und einfach zu verladen In den meisten Fällen braucht es nur eine oder zwei Trainingseinheiten Hänger steht zur Verfügung Individuelle Problembehandlung beissen, schlagen, überrennen, nicht ins Wasser gehen Sprayflaschen usw. Gerne besuche ich Sie in Ihrem Stall Preise: erste Lektion 90 min. 90.- jede weitere Lektion 45 min. 80.- ab 15km 10.- Wegpauschale Verladetraining nach aufwand Regionen: Ganze Schweiz Frankreich Deutschland Sie möchten in Ihrem Stall ein Bodenarbeitskurs oder eine Vorführung organisieren, verlangen Sie eine unverbindliche Offerte Doug Mills DVD Als ausgebildete Pferdetrainerin helfe ich ihnen ihr Pferd auf eine artgerechte Art ihr Pferd zu trainieren Geboren und aufgewachsen ist Doug in Price (Utah USA) auf einer Rinderfarm wo er die Möglichkeit hatte, Pferde und deren Instinkt in ihrer natürlichen Umgebung zu beobachten und studieren. Das ist der Schlüssel zu Dougs Erfolg Pferde „lesen“ (verstehen) und mit ihnen kommunizieren zu können. Doug Mills hat sich seine Fähigkeiten und das Trainingsprogramm während seines ganzen Lebens als Horseman angeeignet. Doug hat viel durch die Teilnehmer und Trainer gelernt um sein Programm zu entwickeln, doch der einflussreichste Lehrer ist immer noch das Pferd. Mit seiner Frau Lynette und den 4 Kindern (Kyle, Kade, Kaylee und Kelcie) ist er nach British Columbia (Kanada) gezogen. Er war dort Schmid und Trainer, wo er sein Programm „Training Thru Trust“ weiter entwickelte. Doug hat eine Menge Erfolge erzielt, mehr als eine Dekade Pferde und Menschen trainieren in Workshops in Kanada, USA und Europa hat er bereits hinter sich, wie auch viele Championships, Goldmedallien in allen möglichen Disziplinen Englisch wie Western. Dank seinem Programm auf DVD kann er nun den Schülern Schritt für Schritt lernen, was er selbst mühsam über Jahre zusammen fügen durfte... Doug Mills has built his training skills and riding abilities over a lifetime of horsemanship. Being born and raised on a working cattle ranch in Price, Utah, offered Doug a lifestyle that gave him the opportunity to observe horses and their instincts in their natural environment. This is the key to Doug's ability to read and communicate with horses. Doug credits many clinicians and trainers for the success of his program, but the horse is still his most influential teacher. With his wife, Lynette and four children, (Kyle, Kade, Kaylee and Kelcie) he moved to British Columbia, Canada as a farrier and horse trainer in 1989, where he has continued to build his "Training Thru Trust" program. Three of his children, Kyle, Kade and Kaylee, also train horses using the Doug Mills method, while his youngest, Kelcie stays busy helping out at the ranch and traveling to rodeos. Doug has a slew of success stories. After more than a decade of teaching horses and riders in workshops and one on one sessions in Canada, United States and Europe. These include futurity wins, international and national championships also Gold Medals in reining, working cow horse, rodeo, western pleasure, western riding, trail, showmanship, hunter under saddle, jumping, pleasure driving and dressage. Doug is passionate about sharing his knowledge as well as horsemanship, so that horses can overcome their "people problems". His unique ability as a speaker allows him to present an exciting, educational, and inspiring program to audiences. With a calm and easy approach, Doug teaches practical horsemanship skills that EVERYONE can take home and put to immediate use, using his interactions with the horse to emphasize the most fundamental lesson: allowing the horse to make choices. See for yourself why so many people around the world have become so inspired by the simplicity of his program, and the confidence and skills they have developed to become better leaders, confidence builders and good communicators with their equine partners. Erfahre wahre Versammlung mental, emotional, physisch. Ohne Zaum zu reiten total entspannt. Doug Mills ist in der Schweiz mittlerweilen kein Unbekannter mehr. Seit über 10 Jahren vermittelt er in Kursen und Privatstunden sein Wissen an Freizeit- und Turnierreiter und hat auch mit Problempferden in kurzer Zeit grosse Fortschritte erzielt. Doug Mills ist Amerikaner, lebt und arbeitet aber heute als gefragter Pferdetrainer mit seiner Familie in Kanada, wo er auch erfolgreich an Working Cow Shows und Reinings teilnimmt. Doug Mills Leitmotiv ist, dass erfolgreiches Pferdetraining auf Vertrauen basiert („Training Thru Trust“). Geprägt von seiner Kindheit auf einer Working Cow Ranch hat Doug im Laufe seines Lebens durch Erfahrung und beeinflusst von verschiedenen namhaften Kollegen eine systematische Ausbildungs- und Trainingsmethode entwickelt, die dank innovativer Lehrtechniken auch sehr gut vermittelbar ist. Doug ist der Meinung, dass jedermann mit Pferden kommunizieren kann und dass dies unter Anleitung erlernbar ist. Deshalb lässt er in seinen Kursen jeden Teilnehmer selber erfahren wie einfach es ist, das Pferd als vertrauensvollen Partner zu gewinnen. „Was ich tue hat nichts mit Zauberei zu tun, aber korrekt angewendet kann es Wunder bewirken“. Doug Mills hat die Idee des Trainer Challenge in die Schweiz gebracht. In Kanada hat er einen solchen Wettkampf gegen renommierte Konkurrenten drei Mal in Folge gewonnen. Wir freuen uns, ihn für den ersten Europäischen Trainer Challenge bei uns zu haben! Doug Mills trained his first horse when he was eight years old. That horse was for his own use. He turned professional when he was ten. “Professional,” says Doug, “ is when you get paid.” Some of the local ranchers watched what he was doing on the family ranch in Utah. “They liked the deal and started bringing me their horses.” Even at the age of ten Doug had a reputation for knowing how to handle a horse. That reputation has grown through the years. He is recognized as one of the top trainers in North America. His workshops, clinics and retreats are renowned among horse enthusiasts. As well as teaching people and horses how to get along, Doug competes in trainer events. He’s a five time winner of Trainer Challenges: twice in Canada and three times in Europe. These trainer contests are invitation-only events. Just three trainers are chosen to compete. Doug won in Red Deer, in Chilliwack, and in Switzerland. In a typical Trainer Challenge competitors work with unbroken horses, horses never saddled or rode. “ Their feet are trimmed when they’re about a year old. They aren’t shod. They’ve barely had a halter on them. They’ve never even eaten hay! They’re wild horses.” Horses at the Mane Event in Chilliwack are provided by the Douglas Lake Cattle Company, a ranch with a lot of room for wild horses to run. It’s not so easy to find space in Switzerland. Unbroken horses used in competitions there are actually bred in Austria, where it’s easier to keep them as free from being handled as possible. In a typical Trainer Challenge, trainers must get an unbroken horse to stand to be saddled and mounted, and learn to pick up its feet. There’s a lot of working in the round pen. “If we put too much pressure on them in the round pen, we find that, in the big arena, resentment comes out. The trick is to do just enough, not too much.” ,is how Doug sums it up. Horses have to walk, trot and lope on the rail, then do a series of obstacles: a bridge, a rope and a tarp. They have to drag a log behind them, stand while the mounted trainer swings a lariat, and accept being loaded into a trailer. “You have to see how far you can get them. Some horses just aren’t ready to go that far. Judgment is based on who does it with the most finesse.” Project Cowboy, held Oct. 8th, 2010, at the Will Rogers Equestrian Centre in Fort Worth, Texas, was much more than a typical trainer challenge. As well as selecting ‘the great American horse trainer ‘, organizers used it as a pilot for a proposed reality TV show featuring horses and their trainers. The Mills family responded. Doug, his son Kyle, and daughter Kaylee, entered. All have placed first in contests in Europe. This summer Kyle won the Trainer of the North Challenge in Smithers, B.C. Broke horses were allowed in this competition. “Judges want to see how broke your broke horse is.” , says Doug. It took four eight hour days to trailer the four Mills horses from their home at Erin Valley Stables in Kamloops, B.C. to Fort Worth. Because trainers were encouraged to bring their own broke horses, it opened the event to many who wouldn’t have competed in regular challenges. About one hundred and sixty-five riders registered. There were several elimination rounds. In the first round, the trainer had to have the horse lead at a trot, pick up its back feet, be at a lope within twenty or thirty feet, accept being mounted from the wrong side, stop, and back up, then do a riding pattern which required sliding stops, rollbacks, spins and lead changes. There was more. Trainers had to look good on TV. ”You had to be prepared to introduce your own TV show.” Doug explains. “ Each trainer was put against a big backdrop in a room with bright lights, cameras and judges. We were given three minutes to introduce our TV show, answer questions and demonstrate our knowledge of horsemanship.”TV cameras were everywhere. “They were in our faces the whole time. They’d show up any time. They’d go to dinner with you!” Contestants just had to get used to it. The first cut, after that round, reduced the one hundred and sixty-five competitors to the top seventy-five. The next round was a trail course involving such obstacles as a car-wash, plastics, dragons, and a balloon on the end of a rope. Competitors, still on their broke horses, had to trot along a narrow passage over a bridge. ”Fifty percent of your score was your speaking ability as you were going through the obstacles.” Competitors were now eliminated down to the top twenty-five. The next challenge was to be “Good In The Herd”. Five man teams were sent to a herd of cattle. One man at a time would go into the herd. Doug describes the action, “You and your horse had to get one cow from the herd and get it across the line. Then your team could help you get it into the pen. You were scored on both your ability to get the cow and to work as a team member.” The top ten survivors now had their scores erased and had to start again at zero. They were no longer allowed to use their broke horses but had to draw for one of ten unbroken yearlings. The yearlings were not halter broke. They had no shoes. “ The only contact they’d had with people was when they ran ‘em in a chute to vaccinate them.” Doug recalls. “Out of the ten, two horses were really gentle. the rest were really wild. “ Contestants were given twenty-five minutes in the round pen. There was a five minute break after fifteen minutes. “In case too much pressure was being put on the colts, organizers wanted to give them a break. “ Doug doesn’t think it was necessary, and believes it probably won’t happen again. Contestants were judged on their ability to bond with their horses. The next round also involved a draw, for a different horse. This time they were horses from a local drill team. Competitors had to do a hunter/jumper class and demonstrate English riding. They had to do rail work: have the horse walk, trot and canter on the rail in both directions. Then they were required to pull off the saddle and take the horse over a series of obstacles. They had to go over a rail, back through zigzag rails about a foot off the ground, and go over a bridge. “All went good over the jumps. Only a couple got over the bridge. The bridge was the deciding factor.”” Doug reports. The last contest was a freestyle ‘ Ride For Your Life!’, with trainers back on their own broke horses. Sliding stops, spins and circles were obligatory. “We had four minutes to do anything we wanted to impress the judges and the crowd.” A hectic four minutes for the final ten contestants. The Mills family did well. Kyle and Kaylee ended in the top seventy five. Doug was in the top ten. Doug was impressed with the whole concept. “I can see it being the way for the future. Opening it up to the broke horses allows more trainers to play. A lot of people don’t have the ability to start an unbroken horse in three days. Using just unbroken colts eliminates a bunch of people who are really good horse trainers. ““A TV show would be very good for the horse industry. It would show the public how many good trainers are out there and make those trainers more available. A lot of the public gets soured on horses because of bad horses and bad trainers. This would give them more choice.” Horse people from around the world came to Project Cowboy. There were Australians, Brazilians, Canadians, Europeans and, of course, Americans. Some of them probably went home with ideas for horse trainer TV shows. Doug Mills certainly did. He believes it’s possible to put one together in Canada, minus the reality part of it. He’s exploring options, taking the trainer challenge just a bit further.
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The Sufi Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan International Sufi Movement: The Sufi Message is a Message of Unity, of Spiritual Liberty, and of Love, Harmony and Beauty, destined for all humanity.
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Right From the Hip | Observations & Opinions | Politics, Law & Current Events In which our Vagabond Seeks a City in Motion. It is early Saturday evening, the doors are open, the coffee house beckons. I enter into a crowd – young and old, in pairs, groups and singles, are standing in line, checking their phones, reviewing the menu board, sitting astride chairs, leaning on counters, stirring their mugs, contemplating their next move, and conversing with animation and verve. After securing a mug of herbal orange blossom tea and plain pound cake (something different and contemplative), no booths are available. I occupy a seat at a long, central bench and table with the other patrons. Immediately next to me sits a young couple, face to face, wearing various shades of blue denim (she also sports a floppy, soft-brim robin egg blue hat), who have stopped talking to enjoy one of the house's calorie-generous desserts. Their desserts are laden with strawberries, fresh, fragrant, jumbo-sized, strawberries, tumbling generously, abundantly, off the dessert cakes which shyly peek out underneath. These are six-dollar desserts, suitable for serious courtship. The whipped cream had disappeared already. Their strawberries are not shy - they flaunt their bright deep red strawberry color, their inviting texture, they flirt their white edges. These strawberries profligately cast about their unmistakable ripe fragrance. Indeed, the fragrance demands attention. For an unmeasured moment, these strawberries own the bench and my perceptions – my other senses have quietly stepped down and wait for the strawberry fragrance to master the stage, to take its bows, to aromatically speak for strawberries everywhere. Each strawberry is joined with all strawberries - connected in a web of genetic code, agricultural pedigree, sense perception and idea. The smell, the fragrance and appearance of these strawberries, and for a distinct slice of time, the connected picture, the taste, the idea of many strawberries, all strawberries, as an adjective as well as a noun, occupy my thoughts. If there had been no name for strawberries ever given, I would have conjured a name for them, then and there. Strawberries are versatile. We can give Latin names to their various genus, Fragaria. We may note that each apparent achene, or seed, on the outside is actually one of the ovaries of the flower, with a seed inside it, perhaps explaining why the couple beside me ordered them for dessert. Philosophers might debate whether or not there exists a non-physical essence of strawberry, an ideal Platonic form of strawberry, or be skeptical that we could ever be sure that what we perceive as strawberry was reliable. Mischievous children have picked them to throw at each other. We can observe them on wild vines, clip, transplant and cultivate them in our gardens, study what combination of sun and water gives them the greatest growth and sweetest flavor, pick them gingerly to set at our breakfast table, eat them singly or in groups in little morning fruit bowls. We have financed agri-businesses to grow them in vast number, might someday sell strawberry futures on a commodities exchange, have hired agricultural workers to pick them in mass quantity. Graduate students in economics might measure the economic impact of establishing a minimum wage for strawberry pickers, while employers make certain their immigration papers are in order. We can contest the right of strawberry pickers to go on strike, and use courtrooms to enjoin secondary strikes by other fruit pickers. Independent truck drivers can transport them in refrigerated, insured freight carriers at free-on-board rates. District managers of supermarket chains can offer them for retail sale in little green baskets at trendy supergrocers which have memorable advertising logos and trained-to-be-friendly checkout people, and serve them in coffee houses at upscale prices. In laboratories we can measure their molecular carbon chains, forensically identify them with gas and mass chromatography, and fit them into biochemical schema of study. We can mash them into lipstick or cream for purposes of skin and beauty enhancement, advertised by slender, photogenic models. We can handwash our dirty dishes in our neglected kitchen sinks, or shampoo our thinning hair with liquid soaps flavored with them. No small series of achievements, for an aggregate accessory fruit. But we have strawberries as descriptors also, as concepts and additions to the language in which we think and speak and describe, in which we write poetry and love sonnets. They act as triggers or stimulants, to remind us of things, things we may want to remember. I bend my head over my tea and soak a piece of my cake into my orange-blossom tea. But these strawberries are not yet done their work. The fragrances of my coffee-house neighbors' strawberries trigger vivid memories. A series of pictures is summoned up, interior miniatures composing a sequenced event in my life, a road trip of an altogether different sort. Gently unfaded, affectionately insistent, parading in silence one at a time yet making a whole, a set of gliding images from the past paints over my vision. ____________________ My wife, Erma, and I were dating, and engaged. I was just 32. At the time, she was just 23 years of age, not quite 5'2" unless she stood on her tiptoes (she was generous in describing her height on various health and application forms), slender, lithe, with quick, athletic reflexes, light brown hair never allowed to grow long, a bright upturned face full of energy, green-grey eyes that were never quite the same shade from day to day, and a stand-your-ground manner suitable for the youngest child who had five older brothers. Erma had been a Christian since her experiences as a teenager in church youth group, and had been well taught by a beloved senior pastor, Reverend Pusey. She could field a ground ball or steal third base, tell every player on the Philadelphia Flyers in 1977 (she still had a Bobby Clark doll) or quote scripture by memory, intelligently and to the point under discussion. She was a secretary at DuPont, a job she had held since the day after she graduated from high school. There was emotional trauma in her childhood, including a miserable relationship with her father (the misery shared by her brothers and sister), and a tragic gun accident which took the life of one of her brothers, after her father irresponsibly brought home a rifle and gave it to his children without supervision or safety instruction. The collapse of the family unit brought economic difficulties. Erma bubbled over with hope and energy – she was ready to wrestle wildcats, hid her fears, counted her pennies, and laughed loudly and easily. Erma pooled shock, grief, loss and anger in reservoirs of her soul. She introduced herself to a pair of young men attending a Christian singles conference in Sandy Cove, Maryland, one of whom was me, because she recognized the church my friend Dave had announced at the beginning of the conference, and that was enough of a conversational opening for her. We took a trip to North Carolina, to visit her brother Noel, the only one of her family to graduate from college. Noel was a marketing manager for a large agricultural chemicals company, and he was moved about the country every few years. For several years he had lived near Research Triangle Park outside Raleigh. Our trip was a happy one; we packed up Erma's silver Honda Civic, years old but running like a Swiss watch, and toodled down the highway one Monday in the early summer. Life was opening up. My disorderly life, spread across two coasts, was moving in a good direction. Erma, deeply emotionally cautious, was hoping that the world held good things as well. After staying the first night with friends in Virginia, we arrived after a day of easy driving at Noel's, still single. As always, he was a gracious host, owner of a sensible but well-maintained home. His practice of buying and selling homes as he was transferred around the company proved to be economically rewarding. I don't know whether he liked his job in its own right, but years later when he was offered a retirement package at the age of 50, he took it, and to my knowledge, has never worked 9-5 job since. Noel was working 9-5 when we arrived though, so during the day we were left to our own devices around Raleigh, Chapel Hill, Durham and the surrounding areas. Open to guidebook suggestions, we went to the North Carolina Botanical Gardens in Chapel HiIl. We walked the displays of native plants, violet-purple iris, milkweed, wood anemone, maidenhair ferns, wild indigo, water-plaintains, bluestars. The Gardens have a display of carnivorous plants, pitcher plants, Venus fly traps, along with their orchids and lilies. I found a very tiny spider among the carnivorous plant displays, picked him up with a leaf, and deposited him into a Venus fly-trap, which promptly, as advertised, closed its tender petals. The wispy trigger hairs of the plant quite quickly formed a bars-of-a-jail cell effect as the plant's leaves closed reflexively – I could see the tiny spider, looking out, as forlorn and puzzled as any prisoner would be. At the time, I had nothing to say to him, and regretted somewhat causing his fate. With the advantages of hindsight and advancing years, today, I might encourage him with words of sympathy – "you and me both, brother," a final salute, issued nunc pro tunc. Erma and I went to see a movie in the evening. Mr. Hulot's Holiday. Monsier Hulot, the French actor Jacques Tati, "decides to vacation at a beautiful seaside, resort. Rest and relaxation don't last long, given the gangly gent's penchant for ridiculous antics." Released in 1954, you have to be in the right mood to see this slapstick farce. Erma and I were nearly alone in the theater, it was a Tuesday evening. We were in the mood – I laughed hard. Erma laughed uproariously, full volume. I never heard anyone laugh so hard – her cackles filled the theater – no nook or cranny escaped the piercing volume of her laughter. Many times. How can you not fall in love with a girl like that? If anyone else was in the theater at all (maybe one other couple), they certainly knew they weren't alone. The next day, we visited Duke University in Durham. The lawns and grounds were green, immaculate, carefully maintained; the buildings, the Chapel, all were elite-college campus beautiful. I daresay visiting parents longed to expend vast sums of money to send their children there. After walking around for several hours, near the end of the day, we found a small restaurant/coffee-shop. Because of the day and hour we were again nearly alone. The shop featured a strawberry desert, loaded with whipped cream. They were the freshest, sweetest, most flagrantly-and-fragrantly-delicious strawberries imaginable. It was a lifetime trophy desert. The taste, the aroma of the strawberries filled our noses, our palates, our tongues – our sweet, ripe taste buds went off like bells. Erma was just swooning with joy. It seemed as if we just sat and ate for hours (which could not possibly be true), as if the strawberry dessert stopped local time to go on forever. These strawberries had royal, domestic, South American and continental antecedents. According to Wikipedia, the garden strawberry was first grown or bred in Brittany, France in the 1750s by crossing Fragaria Virginia from eastern North America with Fragaria Chiloenses, brought from Chile. The French began harvesting wild strawberries in the 14th century. Strawberries were added to cream in the Court of King Henry VIII. What can I add to that? World production of strawberries is in excess of nine million tons, and not a strawberry too many. After we had spent a few days at Noel's, we drove east to go to the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The Outer Banks are a resort area, but wilder, less cultivated than the homogenized resort areas one sometimes visits. We rented two separate hotel rooms to stay in the area around Kitty Hawk. I had sexual relationships prior to becoming a Christian. Erma had many dating relationships, but had learned her sexual ethics as a teenager at a conservative, evangelical church and drew a line she believed in. We did not sleep together on that trip. It helped to make our dating relationship simple, clean, pure, uncomplicated. (Our physical relationship began on our honeymoon - when Erma exited the bathroom and entered our bedroom the evening of our 11 a.m. wedding in Bear, Delaware. We had driven to a bed and breakfast in Milford, New Jersey, Linda and Rob Castagna's Chestnut Hill on the Delaware River. Looking at the teddy-bear decorated bed and room in the honeymoon suite and at me, Erma asked, "do you think we should pray?" I answered, "I already have.") But that wedding ceremony day was still in our distance, like a beckoning city on a hill. The next day on our excursion to North Carolina, we traipsed about on the Kitty Hawk beach. It was not yet warm enough for swimming; the beaches were nearly empty. I discovered that small fish, mullets or small kingfish, filled some of the deeper surf pools and beach ponds left by retreating waves. There is a picture of me taken by Erma, bending over at the waist, looking down, with my pants rolled up as I stood in the middle of one of these surf pools, wearing a plaid shirt with the sleeves rolled up, trying to catch little silver fish with my bared, cupped hands. Trying to catch small fish by hand was a predictably unsuccessful effort, but loads of fun to try. I looked perfectly ridiculous, and we were perfectly happy. On our trip back in the silver Honda Civic from North Carolina, driving north to Wilmington and Phoenixville, we sang hymns on the road. Neither Erma or I have any musical talent at all - neither of us can carry a melody. But there was no music critic in the car, no one to be distressed. We sang "Fairest Lord Jesus," in toneless acapella - it fit our mood and excursion well. _______________________ I was interrupted in my coffee-house reveries by a young man, of Asian background, whose face I recognized, but whose name I didn't know. He had been listening to me a previous week, when I was proclaiming out loud verses from the Book of Revelation, the lake of fire verses, the judgment verses, on a previous morning when the coffee house was much emptier than it was that Saturday evening. His interruption lead into quite an extended discussion, carried out over three locations in the coffee house. "Hello," he said. I responded with my own 'hello.' "I saw you here the other week. You were reading out loud. I was standing over there" – he indicated where he had been standing when I had my brief confrontation with the coffee house manager, Jen, over reading Bible verses out loud. I nodded 'yes' and offered my hand and introduced myself. "My name is Qi," he introduced himself with a small but perceptible bob of the head. His English was good, with a slight British accent. Qi looked to be in his early twenties, fifty years younger than I. His hair was black parted on one side, his chin and cheeks clean-shaven, his eyes brown, his lashes somewhat long, his build slim, probably 5' 10" in height and weighing 140 or 150 pounds, wearing blue jeans and a neat maroon pullover jersey. His facial expression was respectful, intelligent and friendly. "I wanted to ask you. Why were you reading out loud? And why did you choose those verses?" I had to think to recreate my thoughts and mood the previous week. "I can't answer that easily. God moves inside me without giving me explanations. Why those verses? I felt like I wanted to get somewhere - we ought to get somewhere. I saw those verses on the path." "I heard what you said to the manager. The owner doesn't mind?" His expression suggested that people reading out loud in a coffee house crossed a line in the culture he came from. "No," I told him, "the owner doesn't mind." We paused our conversation for a moment, so Qi could find a way around the bench and people to squeeze in opposite me. He was sitting right next to the strawberry-eating couple, also seated across each other on the bench, as I was. "Do you work, or are you a student?" I asked. Qi explained his background to me, responding to my questions. He was 23 years old, a graduate student seeking a Master's degree in statistics from the graduate department of a nearby university. He was an exchange student, a resident of China, whose family came from near Beijing. Much of his life was not spent in China however. His father was an investment banker, and they spent a number of years in different countries and cities, including London, where he learned as a teenager to speak English well, and learned his slight but discernible British accent. He was one of three children, and had two sisters, one older, who was married and living near Shanghai, and one considerably younger sister, who was living at home near Beijing, where his parents had returned. I asked him about China's one-child policy and he explained that his father had sufficient resources to obtain relief from the rule. Since the first child in the family was a daughter, apparently this exception was not difficult to obtain with respect to Qi. Having official sanction for having a third child was more difficult, but by then his father had political and economic connections. By this time the strawberry dessert-eating couple had left. Their seats were taken by others so it wasn't always easy to conduct our conversation. The coffee house was noisy, there was music in the background and people were sliding behind us at times to reach seats further down the long benches on which Qi and I were seated. When I paused my deposition-like questions, I asked if he attended any local church. He did, he explained, and had been for about a year. "What did you think when I read those verses out loud?" I asked. "How did you react?" "I like hearing the Book of Revelation read aloud. It doesn't often get read out loud. When you hear a sermon, somebody tells you what to think about it. There's always a doctrine or a system. Everything has to be explained." He thought for a few moments. "There's more in the words, than there is in the explanations." He said, and I quietly nodded in agreement. "Well, if you just listen to the words, read by somebody else, you wouldn't have a system," I offered. "You might have a language, though. A set of mutual symbols. Even if we didn't agree on what they meant." He listened to what I said and we talked about language, and symbols. His criticisms of symbolic language were well-thought out; a person whose native tongue is Chinese understands well the strengths and weaknesses of symbols to communicate. I suggested that symbols and graphic pictures cut through many language systems. The phrase "a woman clothed with the sun," eludes precise rational understanding, but it's an accessible image everywhere. We had the mutual and considerable pleasure of two people speaking thoughtfully to each other. "You don't agree with any systems about it?" I asked, meaning the Book of Revelation. "I don't know. My church teaches a system." "Which one is that? Dispensationalism? Premillennialism?" "Yes." "The Rapture, any minute. The Jews left to face the anti-Christ." "Yes. Yes." "You're not defending it very hard," I suggested. His facial expression indicated that I had discerned his feelings accurately. "Is that what you believe?" Qi asked me. "No. I'm a Postmillennialist. I believe in the Great Commission. Christ gave us an order. Go into the far reaches of the world. Convert the nations. So we will succeed. It's the prayer he taught us. 'Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be done.'" "How does reading about the burning lake of fire out loud, help that?" Qi queried. "I'm not sure. Does the Spirit have to explain everything to me? I respond as I'm called. But I think everybody wants good news. Ask them, and they'll tell you the world is a mess. But then they want good news - warm and reassuring. God's judgment in a burning lake of fire is a very unpopular topic. But it wakes people up. It made you ask me questions." "Do you think bad news is more likely to win converts?" Qi was looking at me with a certain amount of respectful skepticism. "I think telling people the truth helps people see the truth." "But you, too. You didn't recite the burning lake of fire verses with a big smile on your face." "Perhaps so. Me too," I admitted. "Maybe there's enough bad news already," Qi suggested. "Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. That's true too. You're right. But why are all those burning lake of fire verses there? Fierce warnings, aren't they?" I asked rhetorically. "Maybe it's the bad news that already exists. Maybe the world loves judging. Maybe the world needs judging. There's a lot of judging inside of us already." As he said this, I thought I detected some personal history in Qi – perhaps his father was a judgmental person. "I think it's a warning - a guide and a look to the future. But I'll be careful about trying to interpret it, with you around. I'll let the words be the words. Burning lake of fire and all." I raised my hands slightly to indicate surrender – the acknowledgment of my limitations. "Don't some people believe the whole book was just meant for the 1st century Christians? They think it all relates to the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem by the Roman armies. That's it – nothing else." Qi's knowledge suggested some study; his tone suggested questions, perhaps questions deeper than interpreting the Book of Revelation. "Are you a preterist?" I asked him. I wasn't sure whether his question was a narrow, specialized question over eschatology, or rather a deeper question that any young person might have, about whether the whole structure of religion is connected to anything real at all. "I'm not sure what that means," he admitted. "About what you said. Preterists believe most of the Book of Revelation has already been fulfilled. It was a warning for the 1st century, for the early church. A tract for the times. Now it's done – it has no future significance," I explained. "If that's what you're asking." "No, I haven't thought about it much, but don't think I think that. How about you?" Qi asked. There were questions in this young man, but I didn't know quite what they were. "I think it's prophecy. The Word of God to us. It's no more fulfilled and done than the Sermon on the Mount is fulfilled and done. Does that answer your question?" I returned. "I guess we'll never know, this side of Final Judgment," he offered. "Maybe we just wait for the Rapture?" "It makes a difference now. It changes how we act, because of what we expect. If all you're doing is sitting around here, waiting for the Rapture, that's one kind of answer. But I'll buy you a cup of coffee, and we can wait together." As I was about to get up to buy coffee, a young woman, talking to her friend following behind her, was trying to make her way behind the bench to a seat. She was holding a sandwich on a plate and a glass. Someone moved on the crowded bench, not knowing anyone was behind him, and bumped directly into her. Her sandwich spilled and tumbled across the back of an unshaven but pleasant-looking blonde young man and onto the floor. There, visible for the world, near Qi's feet, were the ingredients for her sandwich, two slices of multi-grain bread, two chunks of avocado, two generous slices of tomato, and a large stack of bean sprouts, scattered across the floor along with a slice of dill pickle. She moved back apologetically, waving the now-empty sandwich plate in her hand, obviously embarrassed. The young man stood up, rather mildly and saw who had spilled sandwich fixings on him. He didn't seem angry - he was apologetic and rather embarrassed himself. No one quite knew what to do. For a few moments the two of them milled about each other in rather disorganized fashion. The coffee house manager was nearby. She saw what had happened and signaled for a staff person to assist. Qi and I both stood up to move out of the way and sidestepped our way to leave the benches and table. As we were moving, I made brief eye contact with the manager and we mutually and quickly nodded. I didn't want her to think I had been a problem again, but she saw I was an innocent bystander, not an repeat instigator of disturbances. While the clean-up was being accomplished, Qi, seeing our mutual nod, asked if I knew the coffee house manager. "Yes, her name is Jen Geddes. She's a Christian. She's nice – a calm person." We watched the cleanup. I thought I would share a bit more, thinking still about what Qi's questions might be. "Years ago, she was in the newspaper, picture and all. She had a bit of a temper. I think she came from a very fundamental background. She was in a church, and for whatever reason, something was going with a visiting pastor she definitely didn't agree with. She expressed her theological disagreement by shouting out loud, picking up a stool, and heaving it at this visiting pastor. She actually hit him with it and there were disturbances in the church. The police had to be called. As a sentence I think she got what is called ARD, a non-trial diversion. It usually means she had to do some community service and get some counseling. I was practicing as a lawyer at the time, so I paid attention. Some years later, she got the job here. I recognized her when she started. Very calm - very welcoming to everybody these days. I never talked with her about it. I always wanted to ask her what it was about. Part of it was reported in the newspaper – apparently, whatever it was the visiting pastor was saying, her response was along the lines of "are you really going to say that, in my ear?" The cleanup was over, but Qi and I found a different place to sit and resumed our conversation. He wanted to know more about the type of law I had practiced, which was a general community practice. We started talking about the law and about the U.S. Constitution and some well-known constitutional principles, which were not, as Qi described, the rule or norm in China. He described a culture and circumstance in China which might be characterized as intense and ubiquitous favoritism. "We have those problems here - in a big way," I acknowledged. "You have laws about it, though. In China, there is no law to appeal to, to correct such things. The party is the law, and the party officials who operate without needing any approval." "We do have laws," I acknowledged. I narrated for Qi a United States Supreme Court case, which is a staple of the Constitutional Law curriculum in law school. "In San Francisco, around 1880, most of the laundry workers were Chinese. Laundries used heat in wooden buildings. There was a statute that said you couldn't operate a laundry without a permit. The statute itself wasn't crazy - there was a genuine fire risk with boiling water used in the laundries – not a joke in San Francisco. But Yick Wo had been operating his laundry for years, when he was told he couldn't operate his laundry anymore without a permit. Unfortunately, if you were Chinese, you didn't get a permit. If you weren't Chinese, then you got one. Yick Wo was fined for operating without the permit, and he couldn't or wouldn't pay the fine, so he was put in jail. The Supreme Court ruled that the administration of that permit law was unconstitutional – even if the laundry owners weren't citizens. Even if the law itself made sense considered in isolation. The Chinese laundry owners still had a right under equal protection, under the equal protection laws of the 14th Amendment." "You would not find such laws in China," Qi lamented. "Well, it took us years to take the legal principle serious," I told him. "Taking your principles seriously takes time." Our conversation continued. We talked about Chinese coolies and how they worked. We talked about Christianity in China. We talked about the beginning of the movie Crazy Rich Asians where they're having a Bible study. We talked about missionaries and Hudson Taylor and the Chinese Inland Mission, and when Qi's family had become Christians. We talked about wars in Asia – in the Pacific against Japan. Qi had a very distinct opinion about the treatment of the Chinese by the Japanese in WWII, which flowed over to his opinion over disputed islands in the South China sea. We talked about the wars in Korea and Vietnam. We talked about Mao, and Communism and the treatment of Christians in China during the cultural revolution. Qi's family had suffered and practiced their faith in secret, but had emerged. We talked about the Three-Self Church in China. "Sanzi Jiaohui" Qi explained, trying to help me to pronounce it correctly. "But my family has spent so much time overseas, it was not critical to us. We didn't argue about religion, we argued about how many hours my father worked." He looked not as happy making this last statement. I decided to change gears altogether. "You'll be married someday. You'll have a wife and probably children. Do you have a girlfriend?" I asked. "Yes. But she is in graduate school in Michigan now. So I only get to see her on vacations. Sometimes we meet in Chicago. We are making some plans, but they have to wait. We text. She likes it, but she thinks it's cold there." We talked about the weather in China, and in the U.S. We moved our location one more time, when a booth opened up. Time passed, but the Rapture still lay in the future. In the meandering talk and silence of our time together, we made friends. The Holy Spirit, as known to coffee houses as He is to great cathedrals, entered somewhere. Eventually Qi said it was time for him to get back home, and we parted company with the idea that he would be back in the coffee house, and we would have a chance to talk again. Perhaps further, on the Book of Revelation, he suggested. ___________________ And in the Spirit he carried me away to a great, high mountain, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God. Revelation 21:10. Those trained in theology and ministry should present the bulk of the inspired message of Rom. Ch. 12-15. But there is an element of those passages I want to address. I have a law degree, was valedictorian at law school, have practiced law for many years, and have held elected office. I serve as a volunteer on various boards with legal and executive authority over substantial matters. The business of law and government is something with which I am familiar. Although words like "law and government" don't sound San Francisco hippy-ish, don't seem to blend into a coffee-house or a road trip to the last chapters of Revelation, that is my direction now. Rom. 13:1-10 is my topic. Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. Rom13:1a. The passage is central. It does not stand for, nor should it be understood, to be a command to political authoritarianism. It is an invitation to law, to legitimacy, to ascertaining the will of the people in a democracy, enacting that will within the confines of a constitutional system, and then respecting the laws that flow therefrom. Within the world at large, we may be subject to, or may become the governing authorities – but we are always Christians. The Apostle Paul had multiple purposes in so writing – he had a concern with the relationship of Christians to the outside world and to the political authority of the Roman empire. Paul was also concerned about how Christians relate among ourselves. Christian religious/political conflict among ourselves has been a challenge for Christian theology. Theological disagreement may be the reason or the excuse for the ecclesiastical, political or social separation of Christians. Once reasons develop, theological disagreement, leading to differing communions and groupings, becomes the vehicle for separation. As the Reformation commenced and continued through the 16th and 17th centuries, it appeared the immovable object had met the irresistible force. When Christian conscience met Christian government in vehement disagreement, the results were tragically unacceptable in individual cases. Theologically, the issues have never been resolved. One person wishes to pray to the saints, another does not, one expects an early Rapture with no warning, another does not, one thinks the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, another does not. There are innumerable such differences. The continuing disagreements demonstrate that we have no recognized method of either resolving the dispute, or even a recognized method of staying in communication with each other. The argument continues unresolved. The fallback position for various Christian disputants is spiritual distance and intentional distancing, and attrition over time. Politically, we have addressed the most negative consequences of those 16th and 17th century conflicts by privatizing religious conscience. The results of privatizing Christian conscience are only partially satisfactory, as the 21st century is demonstrating. Organizing a better society is problematic, if each Christian has no greater loyalty than to his or her conscience. Conscience slides into self-will. Beyond denominational or theological boundaries, no one is able to present, to debate, to respond, to adjudicate, to give, or to obey an order issued by a recognized body of Christians, on any issue – not just very large important issues. All issues are 'off the table,' as it were, beyond joint resolution. No one could today post 95 theses on the door of a church and have an audience. We are stalled on Christian conscience-autonomy. No one says 'my conscience is God' but that is the net result. Each spider sits on her own web. The Old Testament analogue is the Book of Judges. The civil and political theory and authority that God has established pertinent to us, and to all, has been two thousand years in the making. The development of this theory is an argument for and an example of common grace, extended by God to all, who makes his sun to shine on the good and on the evil, and sends his rain on the just and on the unjust. "All peaceful beginnings of government have been laid in the consent of the people," John Locke, the British philosopher wrote in his Second Treatise on Government, Sect. 112. His work was instrumental in the framing of American constitutional ideas. Within the United States, we are both the governed, and the governing authorities. Perhaps odd, perhaps obvious to say, but if we as Christians want to reach the heavenly city of God, we have to be capable of governing and being governed by each other. This does not suggest extinguishing the ordinary and necessary debate and contentions that accompany civil and religious life. But at some point, a methodology of decision-making has to be established. Decisions are to be made, and they have to be respected. These 'decisions' are Christian decisions, critical to the communications and communal life of all Christians. That is not intended as a challenge to fundamental theological positions. When our government formed, Maryland did not become Pennsylvania – each state assigned certain powers to a federal government, and retained the rest. Lawful is not lawless, even where there is hard questioning and debate over what is really or ought to be 'lawful.' There are many different ways to connect with each other in the exercise of our Christian faith. Our movement toward the Jerusalem from above is obstructed, if we are situated like a collection of hermit crabs, each communion barricaded in its own shell of theological position, ecclesiastical organization and personal conscience. The authorities that exist have been established by God. Rom. 13:1 b. God created and enables all things, in providing the motive power for all events, outside of whose permissive will nothing ever can happen or could happen. Such establishment includes "the authorities that exist." As Jesus said to Pilate, "You would have no power over me if it were not given you from above." God is the source of lawful authority. The present state of world and national affairs, including our legal and political structures, is not accidental. It may be temporary, or cause us to pray "How long, O Lord, will the wicked by jubilant?" But if we cannot obey our own lawful authority, exercising decisions derived from faith, there is no possibility of building a genuinely lawful structure. If we cannot debate our Christian statements, decrees, findings or laws, enable and enact our Christian decrees, respect or obey our Christian laws, because they come from the authority already announced and ordained by our God and Savior, we're not going to move. We are stranded in the valley of stasis. I am postmillennial, a believer in the Kingdom of God that comes into this world. The extension of Rom. 13:1 b is necessary. This verse sends us forward, makes us look to the future. The current set of authorities have been established by God. The next set of authorities will be established by God - and the next set, after that. We want this set of authorities, each set of authorities, to be better, more Christ-like. When we say more 'Christ-like,' it is not reasonable to expect that denominational and theological differences are going to evaporate. We want to be Christ-like as we assume, or obey, or exchange, this developing authority which expresses itself in constitutional forms among us - not because it results in theocracy or theonomy (or any other system of being ruled by the laws of the Old Testament). Rather, we remember that the "authorities that exist" may be us, or may not be; and if we're not holding office at the moment, we may retain our theological positions or political differences. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you, has special significance when we are talking about different groups of Christians contending over beliefs, ideas, or courses of conduct which may be supported and advanced by force of decree, statement or law. If we are going to move toward a more complete Christian community, theological convictions count, inspiration counts, but also, impartiality counts. We want the debate (and the penalties for losing the debate on whatever topic is at hand) to be just and impartial. The rules, the conduct, the doctrine, whatsoever it is under discussion, and the statement or law that issues from them, or us, are to be impartial. The means and procedure of discussing, debating, challenging or appealing the decision regarding the resolution of Christian issues, have to be impartial. Due Process is a legal term but it paves a spiritual road. It means notice of the issue at hand, before the time and place of decision, and the opportunity to be heard on the point by the decision-makers. We hope valued impartiality flows into our political and national lives. But whether it does or does not flow nationally, we have to communicate these exchanges and accord this due process among ourselves in an impartial manner – and then voluntarily respect the outcome. The amorality of the present state of our national political life is not ultimately acceptable, but neither it is acceptable to go back to the political situation, rife with religious persecutions, that characterized Great Britain (and here in New England) in the 17th century. We do not criminalize people with whom we disagree. We will not move toward a golden, millennial age until we capture solutions to both sets of problems – spiritual unity which enables voluntary association and cooperation, and spiritual dissent. Our risen Lord Jesus has set us a mid-term examination. God has graciously provided us guidance. As explained by Locke in his Second Treatise, sect. 131: And so whoever has the legislative or supreme power of any commonwealth, is bound to govern by established standing laws, promulgated and known to the people, and not by extemporary decrees; by indifferent [impartial] and upright judges, who are to decide controversies by those law; and to employ the force of the community at home, only in the execution of such laws; or abroad to prevent or redress foreign injuries, and secure the community from inroads and invasion. And all this to be directed to no other end but the peace, safety, and public good of the people. The peace that Jesus confers - "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you" (John 14:27), connects to this Lockean peace, safety and the public good. The kingdom of God ("Thy kingdom come," Jesus taught us to pray, Mat. 6:10, "on earth as it is in heaven.") and "the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations," Rev. 22:2, converge on this peace. They are intended for this-world Christian implementation, and this implementation and obedience to God's will is not beyond us. John Locke described the "peace, safety and public good of the people" in terms that were attainable. He presented his solution at the time of intense religious persecution that frequently was the excuse, rather than the reason, for political persecution. The experience of the Amish community in self-regulation provides some useful guidance. The Nashville Statement, signed initially by more than 150 evangelical leaders, affirming what is set forth or implied in Scripture about sexuality, particularly Romans ch. 1, is a productive step toward our self-regulation and our movement toward a Holy City. The Nashville Statement engendered disagreement and resentment. Nor do I endorse all views, on all issues, of those Christians who developed the Nashville Statement. The point is to cooperate as actively and as far as we can, but no further. Theological statements and decisions are presented to address conflicting positions. The resentment within large elements of our national society, of the Christian position on the sexual issues addressed in the Nashville Statement, is intense – but that is acceptable. Disregard of God's Word engenders its own consequences. We want to be frog-marched off the Titanic of modern secular culture and nominal Christianity - thrown unceremoniously into a little lifeboat named Jesus and the Bible. We expect to be marginalized with the world's imprecations following, as the Titanic leaves us behind. We may bob in the ocean of broad societal disapproval for a short season. It's not hard to see the iceberg coming. After the iceberg has done its work, we, the Christian community, build a better world. We may communicate our own internal understandings and direction without surrendering those theological positions which are essentially non-negotiable. John Locke calls out the following elements in the above-recited passage: legislative power, established law, impartial judges, a judicious use of 'force' to execute such laws, directed to peace, safety and public good – and we would add, for the community of our faith. The challenge is to connect that political peace, of which we are clearly capable, with Jesus' spiritual peace. The alternative, the Valley of Christian Stasis, is incapable of being characterized as good faith. That is not how the Book of Revelation ends. To disconnect the two kinds of peace, to say that the peace that Jesus provides is always and forever not of this world, is to take a position on eschatology. That is to take the position that the Kingdom of God is not coming (despite praying "thy Kingdom come") in this world except by the visible return of Christ but in no other way. It is to take the position that the Great Commission does not fully succeed (apparently, then, a command to partial failure?). It is to take the position that the ending of Romans ch. 16 ("so that all nations might believe and obey him") doesn't count. If the Kingdom of God is coming in this world, then those good ends that John Locke asserted - peace, safety, the public good - have to be realized in the context of a multitude of Christian expressions (the 'Seven Churches' of Revelation), giving rise to our City in Motion. The political events of the last two thousand years include what has politically taken place in this country in the last 250 years. We may begin with the Deist-influenced proclamation of the Declaration of Independence (which, despite its Deist influences, repeatedly and insistently invokes God, the Creator, the Supreme Judge, and Divine Providence), which is also directly of God. The Declaration of Independence, like all other expressions of common grace, is directed by and under the authority of our risen Lord, Jesus. Pilate's authority derived from Roman military and civil power gets the benefit of God's imprimatur, as spoken by Jesus. Then surely also so does the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, and the Federalist Papers. We have political tools. We need to use them. We don't want to supplant the state, we want to create a miniature of a Constitutional and legislative system, for ourselves, entered into by three gates: by Christian faith, by subscription to the doctrine of Scriptural inerrancy, and by a commitment to a forward-looking eschatology. Beyond that, once through those gates 'of the outer courtyard,' we acknowledge a diversity of views, a gathering of seven churches, a lively exchange of ideas. We will make and find our city and move toward peace, joy, and the enjoyment of the presence of God, characterized by our love for God, and our love for each other. There, we will be in a position to lead useful and interesting lives and have enjoyable and interesting discourse. We do not resurrect the past, look to the past, long for the days of ancient Israel, look for theocratical forms of government, or long for the days when our particular theology will be adopted by everyone. Christianity is just beginning. "By calling this covenant new, he has made the first one obsolete. And what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear." Heb. 8:13. The orchestra is just tuning up - we're barely getting started. I have no use at all for nostalgia. To quote a modern theologian, Greg Bahnsen: Postmillennialists believe, therefore, that the kingdom of God will gradually grow on earth, visibly, publicly, and externally. . . It will grow through the gradual conversion of the nations – through the preaching of the Word of God. . . . This salvation of many people must have visible expression and influence and be seen in an outward culture in society. (Victory in Jesus, Bahnsen, CMP 1999, p. 27). (See also, Postmillennialism, an Eschatology of Hope, Keith A. Mattison, P&R Publishing, 1999; The Victory of Christ's Kingdom, John Jefferson Davis, Canon Press, 1996; Prophecy and the Church, Oswald Allis, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 1978 (critique of dispensationalism); He Shall Have Dominion, Kenneth Gentry, Apologetics Group Media, 2009 (thorough defense of postmillennialism); and An Eschatology of Victory, J. Marcellus Kik, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 1971) ("the Holy City is situated in time and history . . . " p. 245). (Noting also with all these authors, that their theology is learned, their eschatology is inspiring, their legal and political theory needs better direction.) Consequently, he who rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves." Rom:13:2. Paul instructed Christians in the Roman Empire, where we began as a tiny minority. Stay out of trouble, direct your energy away from rebellion, stay away from political revolt or disobedience. Move in our spiritual life and the witness to the growing faith. Paul was concerned about building the church locally and across geographical distances and cultural groups. It was the Holy Spirit saying, "it's okay to obey the Roman authorities – in fact, you should, this is part of your obedience to me, unless (as is clear from the Book of Revelation), you are being asked to deny Christ or otherwise blaspheme." Christ warned his disciples to stay clear of the military and political disaster coming because of the Jewish rebellion brewing against Roman authority in his pointed discourse at the Mount of Olives. In whatever direction we decide to move, it must meet the fundamental standards enunciated by Paul. For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and he will commend you. For he is God's servant to do you good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword for nothing. He is God's servant, an agent of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment, but also because of conscience. That is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God's servants, who give their full time to governing. Give to everyone what you owe him; if you owe taxes, pay taxes, if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor. Rom. 13:3-7. Christian, don't do the crime, if you can't do the time. The bearing of the sword is intended for punishment. The state has a monopoly on the use of force, for a good reason. Generally, Christian conscience acts in conjunction with the state (but not always, see, e.g., Martin Luther King's Letter from a Birmingham Jail). In his Letter to the Romans, Paul meant a number of different things by 'the Law,' understood by context: the Ten Commandments, the Law of Moses implying a special revelation of God's will to the Jews, natural law available to and applicable to all people, spiritual law to be followed by Christians out of obedience to the gospel, the law of love, Roman civil or criminal law to be obeyed at the risk of punishment, the law of conscience, including accusations or defenses of conscience, the law of interior struggle with sin, sin and death itself, and the new life of the Spirit - all are referenced in Paul's letter, all characterized in his writing as or associated with the Law. The Law shows us our sins by holding up a mirror to our conduct in the light of God's Law, sending us to call on Christ's atoning mercy. The Law protects the weak from wrongdoing at the hands of those stronger and is essential to a civil society. The Law in all its forms and expressions is surely the great chain, wielded by an angel, which binds Satan in Rev. 20:1 and 2. As the Holy City comes down out of heaven as described in the 21st Chapter of Revelation, it is not described as the City of Law. By implication, the City may be protected by Law. Law may reinforce its walls and its gate. Spiritual law may flow from and through the Church to separate those who may enter the City of God from those who may not. But the Holy City's light, foundations, jewels, gates, streets, river, fountains, or its Tree of Life are not described in terms of Law. In the Sacred City of divine and human joy, where Christ reigns by acclamation, by love and by power, the purposes of the Law have been fulfilled. Lawlessness has no place in the City as it can never enter in. The Abyss may be escaped, only to give rise to further battle and fire, but the Holy City is prepared as a bride. The description of the Millennial City calls us to something higher, further and more perfect than Law as a goal and end of human society. The Law has a purpose and an end, and it reaches fulfillment in Christ's work on the Cross. In a more perfect society, where equity is done everywhere, there is no need to petition a court of equity for relief. Where love and trust are more perfect among people, no judge is needed to assert jurisdiction, hear argument or rule for one party or the other. In a meeting with our beloved, we who love fold our papers, close our law books and put our contracts aside. Their purpose has been served. Love keeps no record of wrong, so we may leave the courtroom. We go to meet for a wedding ceremony and a feast. The beauty of the meeting calls us to travel the road. Questions arise about doing right, what obedience means, in a Constitutional democracy where we are asked to play a part. The part we play nationally, whatever it is, to which we are also called and from which we refuse to be disenfranchised, is not the same as the spiritual movement we pursue among ourselves. We are called to something higher than the surrounding political confrontation and factionalism (not an easy problem to solve; see Federalist No. 10 – Madison thought the danger of factionalism would be solved by the new Constitution, and clearly that has not been the case). John Locke thought the solution was self-evident. "[F]or nobody has an absolute arbitrary power over himself, or over any other, to destroy his own life, or take away the life or property of another. . . Thus the law of nature stands as an eternal rule to all men, legislators as well as others. The rules that they make . . . must be conformable to the law of nature, i.e., to the will of God . . ." 2nd Treatise, sect. 135. To say something must be conformable to the will of God, or the law of nature or an eternal rule, has proved to be guidance not so obvious, beyond the first application, of not destroying life. Many Christians are united on this point at least. Given the number of abortions being performed annually in the United States and western world generally, even Locke's standard of 'not taking away life' appears to have given way to a notion of personal rights that is practically unlimited in its scope or application. In the case of abortion on demand, the notion is tragic on a massive scale, leads to infanticide (and the purposeful abortion of Downs' syndrome babies), is contrary to God's will, is destructive of our national political fabric, and presents an irresistible temptation to federal courts to exceed their Constitutional jurisdiction and intended scope of authority. Next to the Dred Scott decision, Roe v. Wade is the worst decision ever made by the U.S. Supreme Court, and its consequences have been destructive. The decision raises political problems regardless of religious faith – there is no serious legal question of any type that cannot be formulated into a query about individual rights and then answered in such a way as to make individual rights (defined to assure the preferred outcome) preempt and supersede any other type of right. In the case of abortion, all that is necessary is to deny the definition of human life to children in the womb. The definitions decide the outcome. When we now use the term 'civil rights' the meaning is – rights of the individual. In current judicial reasoning, advancing individual rights is always expansive of the good, as long as the individuals are out of the womb. In current judicial reasoning, the rights of the group are nearly always oppressive, subtracting from the net benefit of civil society. My civil rights cannot be added to the civil rights of my fellow citizens, in such a way as to develop a society promoting religiously-based ethical views. One hundred thousand people may not be lead in prayer at a government-sponsored or funded event, if one objects. If it is necessary to justify protecting children in the womb from destruction by making a religious argument, because the definition of the beginning of life implies theological and ethical reasoning, then the destructive consequences of advancing individual rights above other rights are wrongly justified as compelled by the implied language of the Constitution. An intellectual shell game has been played by our federal judiciary, of which Roe v. Wade is the most notorious example – get the definitions right, set up the conflict as the individual vs. the group (included in 'the group' is any assembly of state legislators) – and the desired judicial result will pop out like candy from a dispenser. From this Christian's viewpoint, and I am also a citizen of this nation, this is unacceptable. As an individual, my name is not "Congress," as in the 1st Amendment ("Congress shall make no law"). The idea that ethical decisions, which result in law, may not have religious foundations, is to be rejected. The idea that I may not join with others to vote for or to pass laws which at some point in their chain of reasoning, rely on religious belief or revelation, is to be rejected. A method of judicial reasoning which relies on carefully-crafted initial definitions and nomenclature to avoid the obvious, observable acts of medically terminating life, with the resulting infant body parts available for marketing, is to be rejected. Political acts which have ethical foundations, which themselves have religious foundations, are ordinary acts of Constitutional self-rule, not the establishment of a theocracy. We will do better, because God will compel a better result. The City of God is a promise to seven churches, standing for a society of communities engaged in the voluntary worship of God and obedience to Christ. Discovering the will of God, in our own relations with other Christians, raises harder questions than challenging bad national law or opposing abortion on demand. Discovering God's will mean moving forward to our own better self-governing society, even if we construct a model first on a 'table-top,' as it were. I quote a passage from Locke which will have a familiar sound to any reader familiar with the Declaration of Independence: Great mistakes in the ruling part, many wrong and inconvenient laws, and all the slips of human frailty, will be born by the people without mutiny or murmur. But if a long train of abuses, prevarications, and artifices, all tending the same way, make the design visible to the people, and they cannot but feel what they lie under, and see whither they are going; it is not to be wondered, that they should then rouse themselves, and endeavor to put the rule into such hands which may secure to them the ends for which government was at first erected . . . 2nd Treatise, sect. 225. Locke observed that the people may "rouse themselves." Indeed, 'rousing ourselves' is essential. But in what way did the Apostle Paul view 'rousing ourselves?' The difficulty with Paul's passage in Romans ch. 13:3-7, is its static nature. Those admonitions made sense then, for a small religious minority in a vast pagan empire. The Roman authorities were there, and the Roman Christians submitted to them, and were grateful to God for the opportunity to worship him in peace. There was no political development implied; it was intentional separation from Roman interference, by giving no cause for offence, for purposes of Christian religious practice. A difficulty with the passage of Locke cited above is that it takes the matter one, but only one, drastic step forward. If the authorities are inflicting a "long train of abuses . . . all tending the same way" then the people ought to put "the rule into such hands as may secure to them the ends for which government was at first erected." Locke's concepts are binary, but they also will become static – either the people accept the "great mistakes and wrong laws without mutiny or murmer" – or, as the American people did in 177 6, they "rouse themselves" to "put the rule into such hands, etc.," in other words, to put governmental rule into American hands in the legislatures of the American states. Continuing, aspirational movement was not contemplated by John Locke either. The wasn't the problem he was facing 320 years ago, but it is a problem we are facing now. There is much the Book of Revelation does not do. There is one thing it does do, beyond its powerful encouragement in the face of persecution – it says, 'look, there's a goal here, a destination, and we want to get to it.' The Book has an end, and the end is a City. The Great Commission is equally dynamic – Jesus telling us "Go, make disciples." There's a goal here, a command, something we are supposed to be doing – and disciples, discipling and discipline has to extend to more than personal conscience, to the exclusion of Christian community. The argument against amillennialism is parallel to the argument against premillennialism (whether in its dispensational presentation or classical presentation) – those doctrines don't go anywhere. When it comes to Revelation ch. 21 and 22, these doctrines 'sit on their hands.' Rather, our doctrine of eschatology is postmillennial (Christ comes after ("post") the millennium) by our voluntary choice, by Revelation's destination, by inspiration of the Holy Spirit to reach a millennium in this world. Jesus is awaited at the end of the golden, millennial period, however long and wonderful that period may be, a thousand years or a ten times a thousand years – and we have acted in obedience to him in making or moving to such a society and such a world. (For the Kingdom of God will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted to them his property - one to receive five talents, one to receive two, another, to receive one). Our goal is forward. Neither John Lock or the Apostle Paul, or Jesus, say: "let's go back to an Old Testament theocracy as soon as we have a chance." Hence, my profound disagreement with all forms of political theocracy, theonomy, etc. We move to the future here, in terms of our political understanding – our Lord Jesus has not been asleep for the last 2000 years. For that matter, if you need open-heart CABG surgery as I did, you will not seek out a doctor who applies the methods of healthcare available in the days of Moses – there are no instructions in the Old Testament for a triple-bypass procedure. Common grace has done something with respect to medical care, as it has done something with respect to political theory which the churches may apply. After the passage quoted above about obeying the authorities, the Apostle Paul moved directly, with no further transition, to a society characterized by love that has already internalized the Law. The movement is sudden between Rom. 13:7, extolling obedience to external Roman authority, sharing neither political power or a faith with us, to Rom. 13:8. Here is our endpoint: Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for he who loves his fellow man has fulfilled the law. The commandments, "Do not commit adultery," Do not murder," "Do not steal," "Do not covet," and whatever other commandment there may be, are summed up in this one rule: "Love your neighbor as yourself." Love does no harm to its neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law. If we wish to go On the Road now (and we find ourselves On the Road whether we wish it or not) – static conceptions will not do. We construct with the law in the manner of a homebuilder, using our tools to lay on progressively wiser and more effective structural elements, until we reach the fulfillment of home-building, a home where we may love. That is the postmillennial vision – a millennial world, a golden age of faith, love and peace, before Christ returns. The thousand years of the millennium in Ch. 20 is both a reality and a symbol for that vision. The reality of God's ordaining will is a driving movement. Growth through the Holy Spirit is neither limited to or circumscribed by the symbol of a thousand year time period. We travel to an end and a society good beyond words. Our driving force and our destination comes from God. Golden ages are hard to come by, but not only can we get there, we will. Christ has called us to this, and his sobriety and his power in doing so is beyond question. ____________________________________
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CCM/E meetings The proposed time table is in line with the agreement reached by CCM/E members in 2004 and reaffirmed in 2005 at the extra-ordinary meeting of 18/08/05 for the Regular meetings to be held every month. The frequency of the meeting was revised to be held every two months as decided by the CCM/E at its 50th Regular Meeting held on 30 October 2008. The date, last Thursday of every two months, remained the same unless otherwise stated due to unforeseen circumstances/ situations. Agenda of the meeting will be circulated at least ten days ahead of the schedule and all will be informed of any change three to five days ahead of the date of the scheduled meeting. The current proposed/suggested timetable is for 2018/every two months, a total of six regular meetings are expected, subject to review and will be updated and/or adjusted accordingly.
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NSB Nationaal Socialistische Beweging Mussert - NSB bezetting40-45! Nederlandse historie m.b.t. Civiele en Militaire Collaboratie Tweede Wereldoorlog Geschiedkundige studie Collectie militaria-auctionNationaal Socialistische Beweging NSB WA SS Jeugdstorm NSVO Staatspolitie Landwacht Landstorm " Hij gaf in gods vertrouwen alles voor ''t vaderland " Nationaal Socialistische Beweging Vlaanderen N.S.B.V. verzameling verzamelaarinkoop en verkoop van NSB jeugdstorm SS Nederlandse vrijwilligers legioen Pet uniform jas pet helm Mussert Geelkerken Zondervan Rauter Feldmeyer Gerardus Mooyman Mooijman Ernst Voorhoeve collaboratie Nederland Peter Ton Hendrik Koot Jacob Janse Arbeidsdienst NAD ADM NSKK Verdinaso Persoonsbewijs Germaansche Landdienst Germanische jugend Weersport kampen Hitler Jugend Nederland Volk en Vaderland VoVa Fotonieuws Echo Zwartesoldaat Stormmeeuw Stormvlag Storm SS5th SS Panzer Division Wiking Germania regiment Höhere SS- und Polizeiführer Nordwest SS DUTCH FRONT NEWSPAPER!! STORM SS Dutch volunteers of the SS-Regiment Westland Dutch Legion Card AXIS FOREIGN LEGION MILITARIA NSNAP NSDAP occupation of the Netherlands Visor Cap SS-Freiwilligen Legion Niederlande Wolfshook visor-cap badge SSBrigade dutch ss uniform Dutch made shield Dutch SS belt germaansche Germanische buckle Dutch SS volunteer helmet real Nazi SS Helmet Dutch Volunteer Germanic Helmet SS decals dutch Dutch volunteer SS-Hauptscharführer algemene allgemeine ss poster affiche landwacht landstorm staatspolitie schalkhaarpolite collaboration museum NSB Legioenstandaard van het 1e Bataljon van het Vrijwilligerslegioen Nederland Standaard van Generaal H.A.Seyffardt, commandant van het Vrijwilligerslegioen Nederland SS-Freiwilligen Legion Niederlande nederlands Digitaal museum NSB Waffen SS Kraagspiegels met wolfsangel recruiting poster for the Netherlands Dutch Recruitment Collaborate collaboration Poster Dutch SS-BL Supporter’s NSB SS Party members SS DUTCH collaborating SPORTS BADGE Waffen-SS Dutch Volunteer Sleeve Shield Dutch National Socialist Dr. Seyss Inquart, Reichskommissar Holland, Anton Mussert, Mouwband Lijfwacht – ‘Lijfwacht Mussert Lijfwacht van den Leider Befehlsstelle ausweis NSNAP originele kraagspiegel met pijlenbundel gevat in een hand (“fasces”), wat de standaard van Mussert aanduidde Mouwband Lijfwacht Hou en Trou De lijfwachten droegen een zwart uniform, met op de linker onderarm een mouwband de tekst ‘Hou en Trou’. Deze tekst werd nog tot twee keer toe gewijzigd, eerst in ‘Lijfwacht van de Leider’ en later in Lijfwacht Mussert Het 10-jarenteeken oorkonde Internering meidagen 1940 Interneringspenning Penning Lotsverbondenheid 10-14 mei 1940 – Gedenkpenning der N.S.B. Leistungsrune – Germaanse sportinsigne W.A. sportmedaille Distinctieven der W.A. De uniform van de W.A. Leader N.S.B Henk Feldmeijer Hagespraak DUTCH NSB YOUTH BADGE DUTCH NSB OFFICER''S W.A. Strijdersteken" model, Strijders ALLES VOOR HET VADERLAND 1932 – 1935 SLEEVE INSIGNIA DUTCH NSB OFFICER''S SLEEVE INSIGNIA Dutch NSB WA Tunic De Zwarte Soldaat Sleeve Patch extremely rare Dutch WWII period youth organisation War II mouw armbanden German Germany Nazi dagger badge pin visor cap tunic waffenrock NSB kraagspiegels schouderstukken epauletten distinctieven runentekens rune P.O.-vendels Keurvendels der W.A.insignia Nazi Eagle Swastika Armschildje SS Cufftitle ss tabs SS shoulder boards SS Vendel Peter TonStickpins Cloth collection WSS 12 SS Hitlerjugend Badge of Honour of Vendel Hendrik Kootthe Jeugdstorm Leader’s Bodyguard Lijfwacht v. d. Leider hou en trou Vendel Hans PelzerW.A. Old Fighters Medal W.A. Sports Badge Combat Sacrifice Badge of Vendel Jacob JanseBEGRAFENIS VAN W.A. WACHTMEESTER JANSE Vendel Overste Mussert Vendel Paul KrugerHonour Plaque Mussert Cross - Ribbon bar Jeugdstorm Sports Badge N.S.B. Almanak 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 Vendel Hendrik Bannink GEDENKTEEKEN VOOR WA-MAN H.BANNINK Hoofdkwartier der W.A. Commandant der W.A. Mr. A.J. Zondervan Begunstigers der W.A. Begunstigd lid der W.A.Females Males Dutch Labour Service Combat Sacrifice Badge of Honour NSB Draaginsignes der W.A.Five Years Service Badge NSB Ten Years Service Badge The honour badge Foto onder: Stropdasspeld Label maker producent Cornelis Begeer Juwelier – Utrecht Draagtekens der Beweging ‘Strijd en Offer” speld Strijd en Offer plaquette Eretekenen strijdersteeken ALLES VOOR HET VADERLAND 1932 – 1935 Oorkonde behorende Draagbewijs W.A. Strijdersteken of Loyalty Badge for the Dutch NSKK Plaque for Next-of-Kin of Fallen N.S.B. Members Mussert Geelkerken W.A.-mannen Vijfmanschap konstabel Wacht onder een wachtmeester Schaar Vaandrig Groep kompaan Vendel hopman Ban banleider Heerban heerbanleider Brigade brigadeleider niederländische Propaganda Postkarte W.A. Uniformpet Weermannen W.A. Kwartiermuts Manschappen W.A. Uniformpet Lager Kader midden Kader Weerman Konstabel Wachtmeester Opperwachtmeerster Vaandrig Kompaan Opperkompaan Hopman Opperhopman Onderbanleider Commandant Afd. XVI Intendance W.A. Mouwembleem W.A. Adjudanten nestel Schouderbedekking W.A. Muziekkorps Dienstonderscheidingsteken W.A. Muziekcorps Dienstonderscheidingsteken Motor W.A. Dienstonderscheidingsteken Bereden W.A. Dienstonderscheidingsteken Luchtvaartafdeling WA LUWA Dienstonderscheidingsteken Artsen W.A. NSB Sportembleem NSB Uniformjas penning medaille speldje pin embleem schouderstukken Kwartiermuts DE NATIONAAL-SOCIALISTISCHE ARBEIDERSPARTIJ (NSNAP)-KRUYT NSNAP-Van Rappard Netherlands: (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland = NSB) Brown painted and silvered black bakelite, unmarked, illustrating a downward-pointing sword and a broom, with various insignias at the base, inscribed "GOUDSBERG" above "VRIJHEID EN RECHT" at the upper left, dated "1940" at the far left and marked "NSB" at the far right, inscribed "ONGERECHTIGHEID" at the bottom, 27.5 mm x 41.5 mm, vertical pinback, scratches evident on the reverse, scattered brown paint and silvering wear, residue present in the recessed areas, very fine. Dutch National Youth Storm (Nationale Jeugdstorm = NJS) Membership Stickpin Dutch 1935 Nijmegen NSDAP Party Day 1940 National Socialist Movement NSB Goudsberg Meeting Badge A 1935 NSDAP Nijmegen Partijdag badge (28.7.35); In die stamped bronze gilt, horizontal pin; unmarked; measuring 39 mm x 26 mm; very fine condition Silver gilt with black, white, blue and orange enamels, unmarked, 18.8 mm, on a 24.2 mm severed pin, blue enamels missing inside the "R" on "STORM", small chip in the orange outer ring, contact marks, near very fine. Footnote: The National Youth Storm (Nationale Jeugdstorm = NJS) was a Dutch youth movement which existed from 1934 to 1945, organized along the lines of the German Hitler Youth and the Nazi equivalent of the Boy Scouts. The organization was formally separate from, but in practice had very close ties with the Dutch National Socialist Movement (NSB). The leader (Head Stormer) of the NSB was Cornelis van Geelkerken. On May 1, 1934, Geelkerken was dismissed as a civil servant, as NSB membership was considered incompatible with employment in government. On the same day, he founded the Youth Storm. Less than two years later, on February 1, 1936, the association was ruled "illegal" by the Supreme Court and subsequently abolished. It was re-established under a "democratic" structure and given a small name change (Association National Youth Storm, VNJ). However, very shortly after the German invasion, the old name was adopted again. Almost all members of the Youth Storm were children of NSB members. Prior to the occupation, the Youth Storm had about 2,000 members, a number which increased during the Second World War to more than 12,000. A c.1938 Dutch National-Socialist Women''s Federation Enameled Badge Badge in gilded bronze, 28.5mm, in extremely fine condition, scarce A Scarce Dutch Jeugdstorm Sports Badge; Girls Version A Scarce Dutch Jeugdstorm Sports Badge; Boys Version Large size badge for boys, in stamped bronze, 38.5x55.6mm, numbered 1113; in extremely fine condition and very scarce A Rare Dutch Breast Badge of the “Nederlandse Arbeidsdienst (N.A.D.)” A 1939 Dutch NSB Commemorative Hagespraak Meeting Badge A Dutch NSB Storm Troopers Medal 1932-1935 A 1942 Dutch W.A. Spring March Badge A Dutch Made German Army Funeral Sash & Liberation Flag A Second War Dutch NSB Award A Second War Dutch NSB Award A Dutch 1941 NSB Kerstmarch Medal A Second War Dutch Jeugdstorm Officer’s Side Cap Insignia A National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands Black Shirts Sleeve Patch A Dutch “De Nationale Jeugdstorm (NJS)” Cap Badge A South Holland-Utrecht March Badge Netherlands: Silvered zinc, unmarked, illustrating the South Holland coat-of-arms with a ribbon banner inscribed "ZUID-HOLLAND" above, the City of Utrecht coat-of-arms with a ribbon banner inscribed "UTRECHT" below, a large "WA" at the left and "MARSCH" at the lower right, 35 mm, horizontal pinback, scattered surface wear evident on the reverse, near extremely fine. Aide cap badge, in silvered metal, die stamped, 43mm x 56mm, with two prongs on reverse, in extremely fine condition; this type of badge was worn on cap by the members of the "Nationale Jeugdstorm". Very scarce badge. Footnote: The Dutch "Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging" (National Socialist Movement) was founded by Anton Mussert in December of 1931; one of the sections mirrored German HJ, hence, Mussert established a youth branch, called "Nationale Jeugdstorm," in May 1934. A Dutch Netherlandish Militia Black Brigade Label "Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland". Fine quality BeVo embroidery in red, white, blue, orange, yellow and black threading, 70 mm x 73 mm, curling along the bottom edge, extremely fine. A large badge, embroidered in silvery and gilded wires, on blue wool cloth backing, 60mm x 85mm (2 ¼ x 3 ½ inches), salty, in worn condition. Rare. A 1941 Dutch Mussert Cross A Netherlands German County Force Badge A Rare Dutch Youth Movement (Nationale Jugenstorm) Officer''s Belt Buckle, Rare A Second War Dutch NSB Medal A die-struck bronze Dutch NSB Medal, measuring 40mm in diameter; this medal was instituted by Mussert to be given to members of the NSB who had been interned by the Dutch authorities prior to the German Invasion; medal was also awarded to Germans who had made contributions towards the better relationship between the NSB and the NSDAP. A fine example with with crisp details, in excellent conduit In die stamped silvered zinc, two piece construction, measuring 47.5 mm, worn, otherwise near very fine. The Nationale Jeugdstorm (NJS) was a Dutch youth organization established in 1930s and active during the Second World War. This movement was inspired by the German Hitler Youth, and played a similar political/social role, but on a much smaller scale. Footnote: From the collection of approximately 900 German buckles accumulated by John R. Angolia, who start collecting buckles, belts and brocades from 1944 until around 1990; most of the buckles were obtained from the American and German veterans; most of these buckles present a core of Angolia’s book “Belt Buckles & Brocades of the Third Reich”, published in 2001. Zinc, semi-hollow struck, measuring 40mm, with replacement pin assembly, worn condition A 1941 Dutch Mussert Cross - In gilded bronze, enameled, 37.3x41.4mm, only minor enamel contact, near very fine.A Dutch 1941 NSB Kerstmarch Medal - Medal in zinc, 40mm, with original ribbon as worn, in very fine condition, rare. A Second War Dutch NSB Award - In zinc alloy, 42.5 mm, maker marked BLOENBOLLEN MARSCH on reverse and dated 1943, original ribbon, near very fine condition, very scarce. A Second War Dutch NSB Award - In zinc alloy, 42.5 mm, maker marked BLOENBOLLEN MARSCH on reverse and dated 1943, original ribbon, very fine condition, very scarce Both items were brought back to Canada after the Second World War by a Canadian veteran and as such as sold as a single group; Funeral Sash (locally Dutch-made, fabricated from light red nylon, featuring two hand cut black cloth swastikas sewn upon a white nylon circle at either end, inscribed in screen-printed black ink "In Treuer Kameradschaft Stabsbatterie A. R. 227" above the swastika at one end and "Unserem Kameraden Ernest PORPS" above the swastika at the other end, 153 mm x 2,170 mm, exhibiting edge wear and creasing); and Netherlands Flag (flag itself composed of four horizontal panels, the outer red and blue panels in a thin, airy cotton, the central panel composed of two white cotton panels, hoist sleeve sewn on the left side, its underlying base in white cotton with the airy blue cotton sewn to it as a covering, four blue cloth ties sewn to the hoist sleeve, stitching in white thread throughout, 855 mm x 1,980 mm, exhibiting holes in the red and blue panels, along with soiling evident on the white central panel. Very fine A 1942 Dutch W.A. Spring March Badge - In zinc, 28.7mm(width) x 39.3,mm(height), in very fine condition. Given to participants of the 25 KM march held on July 12, 1942, in Assen; scarce badge A Dutch N.S.N.A.P. March of 1938 Medal - Bronze medal, 35mm, maker marked on reverse, in very fine condition, scarce. A WWII Dutch Landwacht Armband A Second War Dutch NSB EM Sleeve Insignia A Dutch “De Nationale Jeugdstorm (NJS)” Arm Badge A 1940 National Socialist Movement NSB Goudsberg Meeting Badge A 1943 Occupied Holland Amsterdam to Weesp March Badge An Amsterdam-Weesp March Badge 1943 Netherlands: Silvered zinc, unmarked, illustrating the City of Amsterdam''s coat-of-arms, surrounded by the inscription "MARSCH AMSTERDAM-WEESP / 20-3-''43", 30.2 mm, horizontal pinback, scattered silvering wear, light contact, near extremely fine. Netherlands. Silvered zinc, unmarked, illustrating the City of Amsterdam''s coat-of-arms, surrounded by the inscription "MARSCH AMSTERDAM-WEESP / 20-3-''43", 30.2 mm, horizontal pinback, scattered silvering wear, light contact, near extremely fine. Netherlands: (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland = NSB) Brown painted and silvered black bakelite, unmarked, illustrating a downward-pointing sword and a broom, with various insignias at the base, inscribed "GOUDSBERG" above "VRIJHEID EN RECHT" at the upper left, dated "1940" at the far left and marked "NSB" at the far right, inscribed "ONGERECHTIGHEID" at the bottom Arm badge in machine embroidered blue, white orange and black threads, 70mm (2 ¾ inches) in diameter, in very fine condition; this type of badge was worn on sleeve by the Dutch Stormers (Storm Troopers). Very scarce badge. Footnote: The Dutch "Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging" (National Socialist Movement) was founded by Anton Mussert in December of 1931; one of the sections mirrored German HJ, hence, Mussert established a youth branch, called "Nationale Jeugdstorm" in May 1934. Similar to German counterpart, this branch was further divided into male and female sections, based on the age of the participants. Male section (aged 14-17) was the designated as Stormers (Storm Troopers A Dutch NSB Storm Troopers Medal 1932-1935 - "Nationaal-Socialistische Bewweging in Nederland". Bronze, obverse illustrating the "wolf hook" insignia of the Weerbaarheidsafdeling (WA) inside an open ended wreath of oak leaves, reverse inscribed "ALLES VOOR HET VADERLAND 1932-1935" (All for the Fatherland), 36 mm, lightly soiled original ribbon with pinback, light contact, near extremely fine. Footnote: Between 1931 and 1935, the National Socialist Movement party had its own paramilitary organization, the black uniformed Weerbaarheidsafdeling (WA), similar to the Sturmabteilung of the Nazi Party. The WA or Storm Troopers was formed in 1932, but disbanded in 1935 under a government decree prohibiting all Para military, political militias. The WA was reactivated after the start of the occupation in 1940. In November 1942, the tenth anniversary of its formation, the founder, Anton Mussert, instituted a “Strjdersteken der WA” literally “Fighters Badge”, but “Old Fighters” or “Veterans” Medal is closer to the sense of the original. Anyone who had served in the WA or in the militias of the NSNAP or “Dinaso”, now absorbed into the WA, was eligible, as were members of the “Mussert – Garde”. The first awards were made in January 1943. A Wartime Signed Daybook Page of NSB Leader Anton Mussert Offered is 1 of 15 pages from a wartime period daybook containing a signature collection. Each page contains a newspaper clipping image as well as a period signature. This particular pages contains the picture and signature of leader of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (NSB), Anton Mussert. The page itself measures 14.8x19.9 cm newspaper clipping measuring 5.5x7.3cm; The picture is a newspaper cut-out. The page carries Mussert’s signature in black ink, as well as his position, written in Dutch. Below this there is another newspaper cut-out of a headline, stating: NSB. New forces in the Netherlands. ; Thierack’s signature is strong and in black ink. Anton Adriaan Mussert (1894–1946) was one of the founders and the leader of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (NSB). During the war he worked with the Nazis to suppress Dutch resistance to the occupation. A Mint NSB Medal of German Citizens Interned by the Dutch Government in its Original Case of Issue This is a medal of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland (NSB); in cast bronze; measuring 40.09 mm in diameter; mint condition. In original case of issue; constructed of paper carton with a cotton base; top of the lid embossed in black with “10-14.May.1940”; measuring 48 mm x 48 mm; mint condition This medal was given by the NSB members and German citizens supporting the National Socialist cause in the Netherlands, who were interned by the Dutch Government during the German invasion from May 10 - May 14, 1940. The medal features a NSB Wolfsengel and a swastika to emphasize the bond between the NSB and the Third Reich A 1936 Allgemeine SS NCO Dienstmütze; SS-RZM Tagged This is a textbook example of an extremely well preserved Allgemeine SS Visor Cap/Dienstmütze of the Type 1936. It is a traditionally early saddle-shaped cap, constructed of fine pre-war quality black gabardine wool, featuring its traditional high peak and low “crushed” sides. The crown is ordained with fine white cotton piping, as well as on the top and bottom edges of the cap band. The fabric spanning around the crown is tight, and without signs of mothing, and without significant signs of wear or age. The cap band is equally crafted of fine black gabardine wool and is decorated with a beautifully detailed silvered tombac eagle insignia on the peak of the cap, with approximately 90% of the original silvering intact. Directly below the white piping, in the centre of the cap, is a second pattern SS (1914-1945) visor skull in cupal. The visor is crafted of glossy black lacquered Vulkanfiber, with a raised molded ridge running along the outer brim. The underside of the visor is lightly textured in a chequered pattern, is painted in a rusty brown colour, and features a stamp in black ink with the SS runes surrounded by the letters “RZM” (Reichszeugmeisterei) on the right side. The two-piece black leather chin strap rests directly on the visor, featuring adjustment buckles on either side of the cap, with an additional central loop below the skull. It is slotted and wrapped around black finished magnetic metal buttons on either side of the cap. On the interior, this cap features a 45 mm wide butterscotch colour sweatband that is perforated along the front edge with five tiny rows of forty ventilation holes per row. It is sewn together at the back of the cap and then attached to the interior of the via light brown cotton twill. The sidewalls of the cap are lined in rusty-brown colored cotton/rayon blended fabric, featuring a SS-RZM (Schutzstaffel-Reichszeugmeisterei) oilcloth tag. Although it is not marked by the manufacturer, it is marked “Tuchmütze für SS” (Cloth Cap for SS), “Hersteller” (Manufacturer), “Gesetz vom 20.12.1934 / Uniformteile müssen sichtbar das Schutzzeichen der RZM der NSDAP tragen - Bekanntmachung vom 16.1.1935” (Law from 20.12.1934 / Uniforms must be visible with the protection mark of the RZM of the NSDAP - Order of 16.1.1935), and is numbered “121967” in black ink. The dome is lined in matching rust-coloured synthetic moisture-resistant fabric, sporting a diamond-shaped celluloid moisture shield, stamped on the lining in gold-coloured ink with large SS runes inside a circle, as well as “56” for sizing. The crown of the cap measures approximately 248 mm x 234 mm, with a 185 mm interior diameter. Overall, this cap has stood the test of time, and is exceptionally preserved, with only minor signs of gentle wear, in near mint condition. A National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands Membership Stick Pin A Dutch NSB/NSKK Volunteer’s Eastern Front Honour Badge A Scarce BeVo EM/NCO''s "Nederland" Cufftitle This cufftitle appears unissued, unworn, measures approximately 42cm (or 16 ¾ inches), a textbook BeVo style example, in near mint condition A National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands Black Shirts Sleeve Patch A textbook example of a NSB (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland/National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands” Black shirts sleeve patch; fine quality BeVo style embroidery in red, orange, and black threading; measuring 73 mm x 60 mm; better than extremely fine condition. A Dutch NSB Officer’s Tunic Sleeve Patch A NSB National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands Black Shirts Sleeve Patch An example of a Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland (NSB) black shirts sleeve patch; in fine BeVo style machine embroidery in red, white, orange, gold, and blue embroidery; measuring 75 mm x 63mm; and unissued example, but with a manufacturing error in the embroidery on the left side of the shield; in near extremely fine condition. A 1935 Dutch NSB Regional Celebration Badge A 1935 NSB (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland) regional celebration badge; in bronze; horizontal pinback; unmarked; measuring 41 mm x 28 mm; very fine condition A NSB (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland) Officer’s tunic sleeve patch; constructed of red and black wool with a Wolfsangel in the centre constructed of golden-yellow machine embroidery, and with a matching twisted piping on all three edges of the patch; the reverse with a cotton liner with three button-clasps; measuring 95 mm x 83 mm; better than extremely fine condition A Dutch NSB (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland) NSKK Volunteer''s Eastern Honour Badge; in copper wash zink; missing vertical pinback; measuring 51.64 mm x 47.30 mm; in ground A Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland (NSB) membership stick pin; in gilded bronze and blue enamels; unmarked; 42 mm knurled pin; measuring 18 mm in diameter; near extremely fine condition An Iron Cross 1939 Second Class by Arbeitsgemeinschaft of Hanau An “Eisernes Kreuz 1939 2. Klasse”; white metal cross pattée of multi-piece construction with a blackened iron core (magnetic) within a white metal ribbed border; on loop for suspension - clearly marked “25” for “Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Graveur Gold und Silverschiede Innungen, Hanau”; with its period original ribbon - sewn together at the ends; the obverse with a raised central mobile swastika with A Second War Dutch NSB Mussert Cross A textbook example of a Dutch NSB (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland) Mussert Cross; in fire gilded bronze, and white, black, and pebbled red enamels; a Maltese Cross with crossed swords in-between the arms, and an enameled medallion in the centre depicting a gilded mobile swastika and a wolfsangel, with oak leaves on the bottom; the reverse with a similar enameled medallion, inscribed “Mussert 1941” in the centre, circumscribed with “Hou En Trou” and with oak leaves; on a loop for suspension, and with its period-original ribbon, and medal ribbon bar with swords; measuring 37.86 mm x 37.92 mm; better than very fine condition
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Amyklai | Kann ick. Will ick aba nich. Einige Historiker (nicht alle) kennen den Begriff Leyenda negra – historischen Laien hingegen sagt er in der Regel nichts. Das ist bedauerlich, wird mit Schwarzer Legende doch seit der Wende vom 19. zum 20. Jahrhundert eine der langandauerndsten und wohl auch erfolgreichsten Propagandakampagnen der europäischen Geschichte bezeichnet. Es geht in und mit ihr um die dauerhafte Zerstörung des Rufes und des Ruhmes Spaniens durch seine äußeren Feinde – zunächst durch die Holländer, dann durch die Engländer und die US-Amerikaner. Die Schwarze Legende unterschlägt die einzigartige kulturelle, militärische, politische und religiöse Blüte Spaniens in seinem Goldenen Zeitalter, dem 16. und frühen 17. Jahrhundert, und unternimmt es erfolgreich (jedenfalls außerhalb Spaniens), die Erinnerung daran auszulöschen. Spanien wird als Hort der klerikalen Reaktion, des Obskurantismus, der Grausamkeit, der Hinterwelterei, Debilität und Verschlagenheit diffamiert. Geradezu rostfreie Sargnägel für das Image Spaniens sind dabei bis heute der Herzog von Alba (tatsächlich einer der bedeutendsten Feldherren der europäischen Kriegsgeschichte) und natürlich und vor allen Dingen die Spanische Inquisition. Der Schweizer Essayist, katholische Satiriker und Hörfunkautor (Wie soll man ihn bezeichnen? Er ist eben ein Unikum.) Hans Conrad Zander versucht sich in seiner Kurzgefassten Verteidigung der Heiligen Inquisition an einer Ehrenrettung der Spanischen Inquisition und der anderen Inquisitionen, nämlich der päpstlichen Inquisition des Hohen Mittelalters und der römischen Inquisition. Letztere gibt es unter dem Namen Kongregation für die Glaubenslehre bekanntlich bis heute – wenn auch mit gegenüber der Frühen Neuzeit erheblich veränderten Arbeitsprinzipien und Kompetenzen. Zander wählt für seine Verteidigung diese Erzählperspektive: Es spricht der Großinquisitor, der insgesamt fünf Vorträge hält. Zeitlich und geographisch präzisiert wird seine Herkunft nicht. Das ist natürlich eine Anlehnung an den Großinquisitor in Dostojewskis Brüder Karamasow – freilich mit der umgekehrten Stoßrichtung. Gelegentlich unterbrochen wird der Zandersche Großinquisitor durch die Unmutsäußerungen und Zwischenrufe des linksliberal oder auch liberal deutsch-katholisch zu denkenden Publikums. Es handelt sich um folgende Vorträge, also Kapitel des Buches: Die Heilige Inquisition war jung und fortschrittlich. S. 6-42. – Es geht um die Begründung der Päpstlichen Inquisition im Zeichen der Ausbreitung des Katharertums in Südfrankreich und um die Betrauung des Dominikaner-Ordens mit der Inquisition. Die Heilige Inquisition war frauenfreundlich. S. 43-72. – Es geht um das energische und erfolgreiche Einschreiten der Spanischen Inquisition gegen den aus Deutschland stammenden, via Frankreich über die Pyrenäen nach Spanien vordringende Hexenwahn. Die Heilige Inquisition war effizient. S. 73-116. Es geht vor allem um die für ihre Zeit sehr modernen und humanen Untersuchungsmethoden der Inquisition und die außerordentlich niedrige Zahl ihrer Opfer. Vermutlich siebenhundert Todesurteile in dreieinhalbhundert Jahren Geschichte der Spanischen Inquisition – China allein schafft heute in einem Jahr mehr, wie Zander irgendwo feststellt. Die Heilige Inquisition hatte recht. S. 117-153. Es geht um die Causa Galilei. Die Heilige Inquisition war heilig. S. 154-192. Es geht um Pius V. alias Michele Ghislieri (1504, 1566-1572), den "Großinquisitor auf dem Papstthron". Um es ganz deutlich zu sagen: Für jemandem, der sich auch nur halbwegs ernsthaft mit der Geschichte der Inquisitionen befaßt hat, sind die von Zander namhaft gemachten Fakten nichts Neues. Es kommt aber Zander das Verdienst zu, sie in lesbarer, oft ironischer und auch überspitzter Form (eben in der einzigartigen Zander-Schreibe) auf den Punkt gebracht zu haben. In diesem Sinne scheint mir das zweite Kapitel, das über die Hexen, das wichtigste. Bis heute finden sich – leider nicht nur im Internet, sondern auch in den Vorstellungen des Volkes bis weit in die Höheren Stände hinein – diese jeder historischen Grundlage entbehrenden, halbpornographischen Spukgespenster von "von der Spanischen Inquisition" gefolterten "Hexen". Komischerweise sind auf ihren bildlichen Darstellungen ihnen grundsätzlich junge, barbusige Frauen zu sehen – protestantische Spießerphantasien von leider bis heute außerordentlicher historischer Wirkungsmächtigkeit. Es sei wiederholt: Die Spanische Inquisition hat den Hexenwahn mit allen ihr zu Gebote stehenden Mitteln bekämpft. Und in Italien, also im Machtbereich der Römischen Inquisition, wurde nachweislich keine einzige "Hexe" verbrannt – zehntausende von Frauen und Männern verdanken in diesem Sinne der Inquisition ihr Leben. Trotzdem ist es eine historische Tatsache, dass mit dem Hexenwahn aus Deutschland, als er sich über Frankreich verbreitete, an den Pyrenäen Schluss war. Am spanischen Charakter lag das nicht. Am Zufall noch viel weniger. Eine ganz präzise Massnahme hat Spanien den deutschen Hexenwahn erspart: Die Inquisition war an den Pyrenäen eingeschritten und hatte dem wahnsinnigen Import beizeiten ein drastisches Ende bereitet. Die wahre Inquisition. Die echte Inquisition. Ich spreche ihren Namen mit Ehrfurcht aus: Die Heilige Spanische Inquisition. S. 59 Ziemlich vierschrötig fällt das Kapitel über Galileo Galilei aus. Rücksichtlos (freilich auch nicht zu Unrecht) hackt Zander ein Bild von Galilei als borniertem Rechthaber, Scharlatan und Hochstapler hin. "Der Großinquisitor" bedauert, daß die "Softies" vom Jesuitenorden mit dem Fall betraut wurden, und läßt keinen Zweifel daran, daß er selbst Galilei hätte verbrennen lassen. Das Publikum tobt vor Wut. Überhaupt sind die empörten Zwischenrufe des liberalen Publikums eines der amüsantesten Stilmittel Zanders, dessen er sich ruhig noch häufiger hätte bedienen sollen. Luzide gut gesehen ist zum Beispiel dies hier: Der Großinquisitor bezeichnet sich mehrmals als Bewunderer Karl Poppers. Aus dem Publikum kommt jeweils der Zwischenruf: "Sir Karl Popper!" Prächtig wird mithin die kaum versteckte Obrigkeitshörigkeit des deutschen Linksliberalismus aufgezeigt. Genau so funktionieren Linksliberale: Ihr Lebensprinzip ist das Treten nach unten und das Katzbuckeln nach oben. Etwas weniger amüsant hätte hingegen der Schutzumschlag des Bandes ausfallen dürfen: Gut, es ist ein witziges Buch und soll eines sein – aber das Umschlagbild ist einfach nur albern; es ist viel zu kraß und wird dem Buch nicht gerecht. Hin- und mitreißend das fünfte Kapitel über Pius V. Aus einfachsten bäuerlichen Verhältnissen in der Lombardei stammend, steigt Michele Ghislieri im Dominikaner-Orden zum Großinquisitor auf. Als Papst (schon als todkranker Mann) mistet er (im übertragenen und im wörtlichen Sinne) in Rom aus, wird ferner zum eigentlichen Architekten der gegen die Osmanen gerichteten Heiligen Liga (Spanien, Venedig, einige kleinere italienische Seestädte), deren kurze Existenz in dem gewaltigen Sieg über die Türken in der Seeschlacht bei Lepanto am 7. Oktober 1571 kulminiert. Pius V. schmiedet die Allianz, der strahlende Held Don Juan de Austria - illegitimer Sohn des großen Kaisers Karls V., der als Karl I. König von Spanien war, mit einer Regensburger Handwerkertochter – führt sie in die siegreiche Schlacht. Wußten Sie übrigens, daß die Kongregation für die Glaubenslehre einen Betriebsfeiertag hat? Es ist dies der 30. April, der Gedenktag Pius' V. (Übrigens ist der 30. April auch der Camerone-Tag der Fremdenlegion, der Tag vor der Walpurgisnacht und der Jahrestag der Einnahme Saigons durch den Vietkong. War viel los da – aber das gehört eigentlich nicht hierher.) Wer dieses Büchlein in sein Herze schließen will, so wie wir es getan haben, muß sich mit der kuriosen Schweizer Rechtschreibung arrangieren: Gute Witze und kluge Bemerkungen – auch einige Tritte gegen die "Bischöfin" Margot Käsemann, das Merkel-Wesen, den Dalai Lama und weitere Lieblinge der BRD-Bien-Pensants – findet man in dem Buch zuhauf, ein ß hingegen sucht man vergebens. Hans Conrad Zander: Kurzgefasste Verteidigung der Heiligen Inquisition. Es spricht der Großinquisitor, Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2007, 191 S.
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The Canery spanking and caning stories | 18+ ADULTS ONLY – Where adult males receive consensual spankings and canings for pleasure and discipline 18+ ADULTS ONLY - Where adult males receive consensual spankings and canings for pleasure and discipline
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LAaLALand Alert!! | How to Live Large for Less LAaLALanders, This weekend's events include: Fiesta Hermosa, Long Beach Comic Con, Leimert Park Fest, Grand Park: Big LA Portrait Gallery; Screenings: "Goodfellas", "Jaws", "Dirty Dancing", and so much more! Have a great time. EnJOY… LAaLA Instagram: @LAaLALandAlert Twitter:  Facebook:   ALL EVENTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE. PLEASE CHECK WITH THE EVENT ORGANIZERS FOR FURTHER DETAILS.   {{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 1st, 2017}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}   DANCE DTLA & DJ NIGHTS Back for the 13th year, The Music Center's Dance DTLA is an evening of dancing under the stars Friday nights in the summer months, from June-September, 2017. Hosted this year entirely in Grand Park, the series features Dance Downtown (7:00 p.m. - 11:00 p.m.), every other Friday night, where participants can learn new dance moves with a different dance genre at each event. Held on alternating Friday nights and curated by influential artists and tastemakers who give voice to Los Angeles' dynamic and vibrant culture through music, dancing, arts and aesthetics, DJ Nights (9:00 p.m. - midnight) offers Angelenos the opportunity to dance the night away in Grand Park. The series includes: September 1 - Dance Downtown: Salsa / Grand Park DANCE DTLA June 23 - September 1, 2017 Dance Downtown Alternate Fridays beginning on June 23 7:00 - 11:00 p.m. DJ Nights Alternate Fridays beginning on June 30 9:00 p.m. - 12:00 a.m. ALL IN GRAND PARK Grand Park 200 N Grand Ave Los Angeles 90012 www.grandparkla.org   JAZZ AT LACMA Part of the Jazz at LACMA series check out different artists weekly. Free 6pm LACMA | BP Grand Entrance Fairfax & Wilshire DTLA //www.lacma.org/programs/music   PEACHY KEEN COMEDY SHOW They've packed this show with a cavalcade of Peachy Keen Comedy All-Stars! Everyone's best jokes in rapid-fire. This one will be crazy! Drinks and dancing follow immediately after the laughter. Free Seats at 8pm, show at 8:30pm Bar Lubitsch 7702 Santa Monica Blvd West Hollywood 90046   SAUCE COMEDY SHOW! Every Friday night at 8 pm, join Barbara Gray, Jeff Wattenhofer, Erin Lampart and Eric Dadourian as they host some of the best comedians in the country in one of the best pizza spots in Los Angeles! This show is EVERY FRIDAY from 8 to 10 pm so come out and have some pizza, drinks, and laughs to get your weekend started! DeSano Pizza Bakery Los Angeles is just west of Santa Monica and Vermont. There's a criminally large and free parking lot, artisan pizzas, gelato, primo comedy, $5 beers, friends, memories... Free Doors at 8pm, Show at 8:20pm DeSano Pizza Bakery 4959 Santa Monica Blvd Los Angeles 90029     {{{{{{{{{{{SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2nd, 2017}}}}}}}}}}}   EAT|SEE|HEAR PRESENTS "GOODFELLAS" A Summer-long Celebration of Movies, Food & Music at rotating venues from May 6 - Sept 16 at some of the most unforgettable Los Angeles locations! Voted "Best Outdoor Movies Series" by Los Angeles Magazine, Eat|See|Hear kicks off its 6th Anniversary Season featuring the largest outdoor screen on the west coast with a 52-foot wide image! Showtime Networks presents Eat|See|Hear beginning May 6th thru September 16th. Offering a quintessential LA outdoor experience for the whole family to enjoy with a picnic and live music, this is also a very dog-friendly movie-viewing environment, welcoming every dog with a free biscuit at the door. Locals and visitors alike will watch classic comedies and contemporary movie favorites on the largest outdoor movie screen on the West Coast, dine on gourmet food truck fare and listen to emerging bands from the local Los Angeles music scene. Eat|See|Hear won't be found in just any park or venue; in fact, LA's premier outdoor movie event series can be found at a variety of show-stopping locations including the Centennial Square at Pasadena City Hall, North Hollywood Recreation Center, Santa Monica High School Greek Amphitheater, The Autry Museum, LA State Historic Park, La Cienega Park in Beverly Hills and for one night only, the Rose Bowl Stadium. Every Saturday night May 6 - September 16* (+exclusive Friday screening) 5:30 p.m. - Doors open (May - Aug) / 5pm (Sept) 7:00 p.m. - Band performs  (May - Aug) / 6pm (Sept) 8:30 p.m. - Movie begins  (May - Aug) / 8pm (Sept) Every Eat|See|Hear event is dog friendly, with free biscuits at the door for all our four-legged friends. GOODFELLAS The Autry Museum in Griffith Park 4700 Western Heritage Way Los Angeles 90027 $14 General Admission $21 "Air New Zealand's Fashionably Late Tickets" (online only premium reserved area of the venue) $8 Kids under 12 Kids under 5 Free PARKING: Varies from venue to venue, some locations free others pay parking lots in the area.  Check the website for specific info prior to the event. www.eatseehear.com   STREET FOOD CINEMA PRESENTS "JAWS" AND "DIRTY DANCING" It's more than just a movie. Street Food Cinema is LA's largest outdoor movie series featuring cool movies, tasty food trucks, live music, interactive games and more! Always on the grass, Street Food Cinema is three events in one: an outdoor picnic that evolves into a live music performance and an outdoor movie with lots of fun in between. The Street Food Cinema experience starts with the most delicious food trucks in town lined up to serve fresh, hot food that you take right to your picnic blanket. Then listen to live music from emerging Los Angeles music artists. And finally, kick back with old friends and new ones to watch the best outdoor movies on the big screen! It's all in one awesome summer night. Share the experience! ADVANCED TICKET INFO: Reserved Seating - $18 General - $13 Children Reserved 6-12 - $11 Children General 6-12 - $6 Children 5 & Under - Free LIMITED TICKETS AVAILABLE AT THE DOOR starting at 6pm. Please Note: Door may be held at any time to allow for advance ticket holders to enter. If an event is sold out, we will announce on Facebook and Twitter. www.streetfoodcinema.com   INTERNATIONAL PRINTING MUSEUM For twenty-five years, the International Printing Museum in Carson, California, has been devoted to bringing the history of books, printing and the book arts to life for diverse audiences. The staff and volunteers make it their mission to take one of the world's most significant collections of antique printing machinery and interpret it for today's audiences through working demonstrations and theater presentations. Over 400,000 people have experienced the International Printing Museum while learning about the history of books and printing, great inventions and inventors that helped make our world. The Museum has been recognized worldwide for the size, variety and importance of its collection and for the successful and creative approach to interpreting the collection for the community at large. Hours
10 am to 4 pm Saturday
By appointment Tuesday to Friday
Closed Sunday & Monday $10 general admission
$8 students & seniors
$10 Book Arts Tour
cash, check or credit cards accepted 315 W. Torrance Blvd. Carson 90745     {{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 3rd, 2017}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}   626 NIGHT MARKET 626 Night Market is back! Presenting LET'S PLAY Summer 2017, our 6th season kicks off in Arcadia with hundreds of food, merchandise, arts, crafts, and entertainment options for one of the biggest food festivals of the year. Welcome back old favorites and a lineup of new vendors to satisfy your palate, browse our merchandise, art and crafts vendors, and enjoy live entertainment with friends and family. We also produce OC Night Market at OC Fair & Event Center in Costa Mesa. $3 Fridays & Sundays. $5 Saturdays. Tickets available at the gates. Children ages 6 and under free. Free parking. Admission and most vendors are cash only. Sept 1 - 3 2017 (Labor Day Weekend) - Fri & Sat 4pm-1am, Sun 4pm-11pm Santa Anita Park 285 W Huntington Dr Arcadia 91007   SMORGASBURG LA This popular New York event is now in LA. Mario Batali called it "the single greatest thing I've ever seen gastronomically in New York City." Smorgasburg is now open every Sunday, 10am-5pm, on the five-acre site of the weekday Alameda Produce Market in Downtown Los Angeles. Find dozens of exciting food vendors each Sunday at Smorgasburg, plus sophisticated shopping from the realms of design, craft, style, vintage, wellness, and more. Cultural events, pop-ups, and other surprise experiences will also be part of the market mix, transforming the vast site into a new node in Downtown LA's burgeoning scene, and a unique destination for the region. A new parking garage for more than 4,000 cars was just completed at the Alameda Produce Market (enter at Alameda & Bay) and market goers can park there free for 2 hours. Sorry, no dogs allowed. Free 10am-6pm ROW LA 777 S. Alameda St. Los Angeles   MELROSE TRADING POST There are 200 eclectic vendors selling everything from records, to furniture, arts and crafts, food vendors and live entertainment. #melrosetradingpost $2, $1/students and seniors 9am-5pm Fairfax High School Parking Lot Fairfax & Melrose Los Angeles     {{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ALL WEEKEND/ONGOING}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}   9TH ANNUAL LEIMERT PARK FESTIVAL Enjoy Labor Day Weekend at this Afrocentric festival in the heart of Leimert Park. Free Friday-Monday, 10am-7pm 4300 Degnan Blvd Los Angeles 90008   GRAND PARK: BIG LA PORTRAIT GALLERY In celebration of Grand Park's fifth anniversary, the park will give thanks to the most important element its success: Angelenos themselves who have embraced the park and made it their own. The park will project nightly between August 19th and September 4th, the Big LA Portrait Gallery onto the south wall of the mid-century L.A. County Hall of Records. This photographic exhibition will contain 100 images of Angelenos of all kinds, photographed by ten L.A. photographers. The images range from parishioners of the Trinity Baptist Church in South L.A. to the cowboys and girls of Sunset ranch, giving us a glimpse into a few unique and beautiful L.A. worlds. The images will be projected 150ft high and 100 ft wide. And the exhibit will run from sundown to midnight (for sundown times please check local listings). All are welcome to the Big L.A. Portrait Gallery Launch Party, where music and activities will open the nightly series. Free Friday-Sunday, 8pm-12am Grand Park 200 N Grand Ave Los Angeles 90012 www.grandparkla.org   FIESTA HERMOSA Fiesta Hermosa takes place Saturday, Sunday and Monday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. each day Memorial Day & Labor Day weekend. The annual festival is located in downtown Hermosa Beach on Pier Plaza, Hermosa Avenue and lower Pier Avenue. The Hermosa Beach Chamber of Commerce and Visitors Bureau hosts the 45th annual Fiesta Hermosa - Southern California's largest arts and crafts festival with more than 300 vendors and 100,000 regional residents. Free 10am-6pm Hermosa Beach Chamber of Commerce and Visitors Bureau 1007 Hermosa Ave, Hermosa Beach 90254 www.fiestahermosa.net   LONG BEACH COMIC CON Long Beach Comic Con is an annual event held at the Long Beach Convention Center each fall. It's a celebration of comic books and pop culture that showcases the exceptional works of talented writers, artists, illustrators and creators of all types of pop culture. At Long Beach Comic Con, you'll find exhibitors promoting and selling all types of related products, as well as entertaining and educational programs for all ages, guest signings and meet & greet sessions with celebrities. For more specific information about the show, please check out the FAQ section of the website. Long Beach Comic Con is a MAD Event Management, LLC production. Saturday & Sunday, 10am-5pm Long Beach Comic Con 300 E Ocean Blvd Long Beach 90802   FREE LA TOURS Free daily tours of Downtown, Hollywood and City Lights. Cost:  You must register for this tour. There's no upfront cost. If you enjoy it, a $15 contribution made at the end of the tour enables them to keep offering it. It's a great deal!     {{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{EXHIBITS}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}   FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT'S FAMED HOLLYHOCK HOUSE This iconic architectural masterpiece is in the heart of the vibrant, artistic, cultural, and recreational Barnsdall Art Park. Check out this amazing historical architecture. #WrightAtNight hashtag. Free Barnsdall Park 4800 Hollywood Blvd Los Angeles 90027 www.barnsdall.org   FREE LACMA The Los Angeles County Museum of Art #LACMA is free for LA residents with IDs on the first Tuesday of the month from noon-8pm, Mondays-Thursdays from 5-8pm and Fridays from 5-9pm. Free Los Angeles County Museum of Art 5905 Wilshire Blvd Los Angeles www.lacma.org   NOAH'S ARK @ THE SKIRBALL On view permanently, this popular children's and family destination is inspired by the ancient flood story, which has parallels in diverse cultures around the world. The interactive, one-of-a-kind exhibition invites visitors of all generations to have fun---and to connect with one another, learn the value of community, and help build a better world---all while aboard a floor-to-ceiling wooden ark filled to the rafters with whimsically handcrafted animals. $10 General, $7 Seniors and Full-Time Students, $5 Children 2-12, Free to Skirball Members and Children under 2, Includes admission to all other exhibitions Tuesday-Friday, 12-5pm; Saturday-Sunday, 10am-5pm; Closed Mondays Skirball Cultural Center 2701 N. Sepulveda Blvd. Los Angeles 90049   ALL EVENTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE. PLEASE CHECK WITH THE EVENT ORGANIZERS FOR FURTHER DETAILS.  
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Home The Hull and District Veterans Football League is an amateur Sunday football league for players over the age of 36. Since it''s inception in 2001 it has enabled the older football players of the Hull district the opportunity to continue playing competitively. Bryan Watson, who is the current Chairman of the Hull and District Veterans League, had the idea of forming a Veterans League in this area. He held a meeting, which he had advertised at sports centres in the area, at Hull YPI in 1999 and although nothing formal came from it, a series of friendly matches started taking place between a few interested teams. In the summer of 2001 a meeting involving six committed teams took place and a few months later the inaugural season started.Over the next ten years those six sides have now grown to our present 30 + teams. The Veterans League introduced Cup Competitions in its inaugral season and whilst the fist few years saw just the one all in competition, it changed into a Divisional competition in 2006/07 and became three separate Cups in 2008/09. The Cup Finals day has become the focal point of the Veterans League season and attracts much interest.
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Studium Generale | No Other Future but the Commons (and Art) Lecture series at the Royal Academy of Art in the Hague, free for all to visit.
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Emilia Seniorenresidenz - Startseite Die Emilia Seniorenresidenz betreibt mitten in Darmstadt zwei Einrichtungen: Das Alten- und Pflegeheim Emilstraße und den Pflege- und Wohnbereich Lilienpalais
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Mr Sweeper | Natick MA Vacuum Cleaner Sales and Repair Mr Sweeper located on Rt 27 in the center of Natick offers sales and repair for a huge selection of new and used vacuums. Authorized Miele Vacuum Dealer
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Pdfonline.de - Ihr Pdf Shop Nuance Nuance Power PDF Adv 3.0, HELD MÖBEL Küchenzeile Visby, OPTIFIT Winkelküche »Kalmar«, mit E-Geräten, Stellbreite 300 x 175 cm, blau, ???????? ??????????. ?? ?????? ? ?????? (eBook, PDF), Ashampoo PDF Pro 2 ( Für 3 PC) ESD Download,
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Evolution - salon motocyklowy, wypożyczalnia motocykli Gdansk, wynajem motocykli Trojmiasto, rent a motorbike, rent a motorcycle, sklep motocyklowy, komis motocykli, odzież motocyklowa, akcesoria motocyklowe, części motocyklowe, części harley davidson, motocykle, serwis motocyklowy, quady, skutery, kawasaki, kymco, piaggio, gutmann, custom chrome, tarbor, adrenaline, held, nitro, ozonee Evolution - Salon motocyklowy i wypożyczalnia motocykli zostały założony w 1999 roku przez pasjonata i miłośnika motocykli. Jest obsługiwany i prowadzony przez wytrawnych motocyklistów, a także wykwalifikowanych mechaników. Ten największy salon na Pomorzu posiada w sumie kilkaset metrów kwadratowych powierzchni magazynowej i 600m2 powierzchni wystawowej. Dysponujemy także własnym torem do testowania quadów i crossów. Firma Evolution prowadzi też inną rozszeżoną działalność jak realizacja zamówień publicznych, pasywacja metali czy obrót nieruchomościami.
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Opening VR sex – Virtual sex really does it better than usual XXX, Virtual reality sex surely sends a point Virtual sex really does it better than usual XXX, Virtual reality sex surely sends a point
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Franklin American Mortgage Music City Bowl - College Football, Nashville, TN The Franklin American Mortgage Music City Bowl is held annually in downtown Nashville, featuring college football teams from the SEC vs. the ACC or Big Ten.
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Frimerker og brev, mynter og gamle postkort på auksjon i Oslo. Gamle frimerker, brev og postkort til frimerkeauksjon i Oslo.
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Real Estate Finance Association of Connecticut: About Us In 2001, the REFA chapters in Hartford and Fairfield/Westchester formed the Real Estate Finance Association of Connecticut (REFA-CT).
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WSPPN | Environmental assistance and training for businesses and inspectors EPA Pacific Southwest Environmental Awards There is still time to get your nominations in for the EPA Region 9 Environmental Awards for 2013! This year, nominations are not limited to a specific set of categories, so nominators can focus on the areas of recognition they choose. A total of six to eight winners will be selected in the fall of 2013; nominations must be submitted by May 31, 2013. This is a great opportunity to bring public attention to individuals and groups outside of EPA who are working to protect public health and the environment through innovative approaches, development and implementation of successful programs, and inspirational leadership. For more details or to submit a nomination, visit: EPA's website. "More than Honey" Buzzes Across the USA Oscar-nominated director Filmmaker, Markus Imhoof, is getting international attention with his award winning film. "More Than Honey" covers the concern worldwide over declining bee health. Over the past 15 years, bee populations have mysteriously decreased at an alarming rate; a trend which could devastate the world food supply. Several contributing factors are suspected including parasites, disease, poor nutrition, exposure to pesticides, new viruses, and travel stress. Already Imhoof has received dozens of awards internationally. Check out the trailer: Here Call for 2012 and 2013 P2 Results Data It's time to collect data for the P2 Results Measurement System. The National Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NPPR) / Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx) P2 Results Task Force requests that your program submits P2 results data to the P2 Results System for calendar years 2012 and 2013. Data providers can submit information through March 31, 2015. Use this link to submit your data. ( assistance entering data or for login credentials, contact your regional P2Rx center measurement person at: ( We have included "Guidance on Submitting Data to the P2 Results Data System" with this Call for Data that we urge you to review when you are gathering and submitting your results. Webinar: Managing Electronic Waste (E-Waste) Date/Time: Wednesday, June 5 - 11:00 AM PDT The e-waste recovery infrastructure fostered by the CEW recycling program has resulted in approximately 1.2 billion pounds of obsolete TVs and monitors collected and dismantled in California over the past seven years. However, traditional markets for used CRT glass have diminished, creating challenges for recyclers looking for outlets for this material, even as an increasing amount of non-CRT video displays are joining the e-waste stream. CalRecycle and DTSC have been working on revised regulations to address this. Speakers Jeff Hunts from CalRecycle and Kevin Sanchez from DTSC will present an update on regulations and also provide a review of the e-waste claims and reporting processes. Webinar Link: Click Here Webinar: Colony Collapse Disorder and What's Being Done to Protect our Pollinators Date/Time: Tuesday, June 11 - 11:00 AM PDT The decline of bees is getting global attention as we risk losing the ecosystem services these important pollinators provide. On April 29, it was announced that the European Union will enforce the world's first near continent-wide ban on widely used insecticides found to present an unacceptable risk to bees when properly applying the precautionary principle. Walter Haefeker, a beekeeper in Bavaria serving as the President of the European Professional Bee Keepers Association helped lead the European beekeeping community's efforts to support the EU Commission's proposal to restrict the use of 3 neonicotinoids (clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiametoxam) for seed treatment, soil application (granulate) and foliar treatment on bee attractive plants and cereals. During this Webinar, Walter will speak about critical issues facing bees today including diseases, pesticides, genetically modified crops and intensive agricultural practices. He will share his experience working in coordination with environ- mental NGOs and family farmers organizations towards more bee-friendly friendly production of food, textiles and energy. He will discuss the successful "Fair Milk" campaign where Walter worked together with independent German dairy farmers to use bee friendly methods of feed production and land management. He will also provide insights into a new cooperation with the German Biogas Producers organization to replace corn with flowering plants to produce renewable energy and honey while promoting biodiversity and regenerating soil. Finally, Walter will introduce a new international label developed and owned by the beekeeping community, which is designed to mobilize consumer demand for certified bee-friendly production. Register for Webinar: Click Here The Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference (GC&E), held June 18-20 at the Bethesda North Marriott Hotel and Conference Center in the Washington D.C. area, is an opportunity to propel your understanding of green chemistry and engineering forward, build valuable connections, and share research and insights with others. Sponsored by the American Chemical Society Green Chemistry Institute, GC&E offers 3 days of programming including world-renowned keynote speakers, 2 poster sessions and more than 25 technical sessions on subjects such as designing safer chemicals and products, bio-based chemical feedstocks, green chemistry education, and new business through green chemistry innovations. Visit the conference site for more information: Sign Up Now for P2 Certificate Program The Western Sustainability and Pollution Prevention Network (WSPPN) announces its 2013 P2 Certificate Program where participants can receive non-accredited education hours for attending webinars, seminars and other pollution prevention trainings in Region 9 and throughout the nation. For details and contest rules: REGISTER NOW See WINNERS of the 2012 P2 Week Video Contest The Western Sustainability and Pollution Prevention Network (WSPPN) and the California Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) display the winners of the 2012 P2 Week Video Contest.
See the winners of the P2 Week Video Contest for 2013 P2-101 Training Videos WSPPN responded to its state technical assistance providers by designing a P2-101 basic training module to address the turnover of P2 professionals at manufacturing facilities. Ten 5 to 20 minute videos were produced and other P2 training links were added to the WSPPN website. See .
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FAQ Yang Tai Chi Ausbildung, Traditionelles, Klassisches Authentisches Tai Chi Meister Yang Chengfu Center Yang Chengfu Center Germany Yang Family. The nature of Yang-Styles needs to be revised - common beliefs long held by teachers and students are questionable. As research progresses there is less and less "unique" left for Yang-Style-core-principles like "internal Energy", "Ten principles" and even the "ambassadors of Yang-Family". Especially Japanese Martial Arts like Jujutsu and Aikido and their Chinese origins could shed light on secret transmissions in the past (see Yang Family Tai Chi). Associations, Centers Schools and teachers as well are well advised to readjust their former claims, guidelines and messages -
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ANTIQUE + GALERIE Klaus Rheinberger Antiquitäten Antik Galerie Höxter Porzellan Meissen Marcolini Kändler, Frankenthal Fürstenberg Rosenthal Hutschenreuther, Ens, KPM Berlin, KPM Neuosier weiss, Jugendstil ArtDeco Kristallgläser, chinesisches Porzellan, Bance-de-Chine, Julius van de Sande Bakhuizen, Max Bernuth, Benno Breyer, Hubert Diedrich, Oskar Dolhart, Max Gebert, Max Eduard Giese, Ludwig Gschosmann, Max Goll, Georg Hambüchen, Lissewege, Werner Hantelmann, Conrad Wilhelm Hase, Wolfgang Heinrich, Karl Arthur Held, Siegfried Hendel, Albert Hennig, Hölter, Karl Kämpf, Fritz Klemm, Martin Mooser, B.M. Moser, Rüdiger Pethge, Plate, Wilhelm Reuter, Tom Roche, August Schlüter, Portofino Dal Mar, Lauritz Sørensen, J.H. Thomas, Klaus Tolxdorff, Gräfin Aloysia Jenny von Westphalen, Otto Wiedemann, Otto Winkelsträter, Gisela Aulfes-Daeschler, Reinhold Bach, Yannick Ballif, Werner Brand, Francoise Deberdt, Otto Dill, Erika Fuest, Heinrich Heintschel, Michael Höher, Brigitte Hoeppe, Julius Hütter, Karl Leiberich, Peter Jellinek, Hans Christian Jenssen, Eric Levesque, Karl Lindegreen, Christian Kruck, LeRoy, Emmi von Lilljeström, Alfred Mollner, Herbert Paas, Jacob Pins, Harald Plochberger, Dieter Portugall, Eberhard Schlotter, Kurt Steinel, Heinz Günther Varell, Josef Maria Vieten, Paul Weber, Berlin Design, Bing Groendahl, Carstens, Creidlitz, Dresden, Horst Kerstan, Köppelsdorf, KPM, Lindner Küps, Plaue, Potschappel, Royal Kopenhagen, Schwarzenbach, Seltmann, Sitzendorf, Villeroy Boch, Volkstedt, Wallendorf, Wechsler, Wedgwood, Moser Karlsbad, Murano, Walther, WMF
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Conceptual Marketing Corporation -  PETROFILM.COM NEWS ANALYSIS INFORMATIONS WITH EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE   同情尊重尊嚴 分析 ,信息與歐洲的視角  創造可持續對話和共同點的人道主義方法 АНАЛИЗ, ИНФОРМАЦИЯ С ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ ИЗ ЕВРОПЫcочувствие, уважение к достоинствуГуманистический подход к созданию устойчивого диалога и общей позиции ANÁLISIS, INFORMACIONES CON PERSPECTIVA DE EUROPAEMPATIA, RESPETA, DIGNIDADEl enfoque humanista para crear undiálogo sostenible y un terreno comúnWELCOME!Herzlich willkommen! Hoşgeldiniz! Bienvenido!   歡迎  добро пожаловать!U.S. Navy - The best Navy in The World"Every one of our ships is sovereign U.S. territory. Every one of our Sailors, Marines, Coast Guardsmen, is a diplomat contributing to not only the military element of power but also the diplomatic element of power. A quick scan of our history would show that so many of our most important treaties, conferences, summits have been held on Navy warships." 美國海軍 - 世界上最好的海軍 “我們的每艘船都是美國的主權領土。我們的每一位水手,海軍陸戰隊員,海岸警衛隊員都是外交官,不僅有助於軍事力量,還有權力的外交因素。我們的歷史快速掃描將顯示我們這麼多最重要的條約,會議,峰會都是在海軍戰艦上舉行過的。“  ВМС США - лучший флот в мире «Каждый из наших кораблей является суверенной территорией США. Каждый из наших моряков, морских пехотинцев, береговых гвардейцев является дипломатом, способствующим не только военному элементу власти, но и дипломатическому элементу власти. Быстрый просмотр нашей истории покажет что так много наших самых важных договоров, конференций, встреч на высшем уровне было проведено на военных кораблях ВМС ".Admiral John M. Richardson John Michael Richardson is a four-star admiral in the United States Navy who currently serves as the 31st Chief of Naval Operations. He previously served as the Director of the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program from November 2, 2012 to August 14, 2015.EMPATHY RESPECT DIGNITY The humanistic approach to create a sustainable dialogue and common ground By Harald Dahle Editor-in-Chief  Watch out: The Empire will strike back! Dear readers. The pre-Iranian Sasanian Empire was at its height around 620 and extended from Western India to the Eastern part of the Mediterranean. That was 1167 years before the American Constitution in 1787. The people of present days Iran are the ancestors of the Sasanians and later the Aryans. The United States has unilaterally stamped the Iranian Revolutionary Guard as a “Terrorist Organization”, thus eradicating the entire history of the present-day Iranian people.  Just because people have a longer history than the United States, and have had strong Empires, does not justify classifying them as “terrorists”. In the eyes of the United States, the Vietcong was also “Terrorist”. And we now where that propaganda ended, with a gigantic defeat for the United States and its people.  This scenario can happen again and serves as a warning. The Sasanian Empire is lurking in the background. Editor-in-Chief Harald Dahle worked six years from 1998 till 2003 in Iran and has twenty years research on the Iranian subject.The pre-Iranian Sasanian Empire was on its peak around 620 帝國將反擊 親愛的讀者們 伊朗前的薩珊帝國位於620左右,從印度西部延伸到地中海東部。那是1787年美國憲法之前的1167年。現今的伊朗人民是薩珊人和後來的雅利安人的祖先。美國單方面將伊朗革命衛隊標記為“恐怖組織”,從而根除了現今伊朗人民的整個歷史。僅僅因為人們擁有比美國更長的歷史,並擁有強大的帝國,並不能將他們歸類為“恐怖分子”。在美國的眼中,越共也是“恐怖分子”。而我們現在宣傳的結束,美國及其人民遭受了巨大的失敗。這種情況可能會再次發生,並作為警告。 Sasanian帝國潛伏在背景中 主編Harald Dahle從1998年到2003年在伊恩工作了六年,並在伊朗問題上進行了二十年的研究。Империя нанесет ответный удар Уважаемые читатели! Доиранская Сасанидская империя находилась на высоте около 620 года и простиралась от Западной Индии до восточной части Средиземного моря. Это было за 1167 лет до принятия американской конституции 1787 года. Население нынешнего Ирана - предки сасанцев, а затем арийцев. Соединенные Штаты в одностороннем порядке поставили штамп иранской Революционной гвардии как «террористическую организацию», уничтожив тем самым всю историю современного иранского народа. То, что люди имеют более длинную историю, чем Соединенные Штаты, и имеют сильные империи, не оправдывает их классификацию как «террористов». В глазах Соединенных Штатов Вьетконг также был «террористом». И мы теперь, где эта пропаганда закончилась гигантским поражением Соединенных Штатов и их народа. Этот сценарий может повториться и служит предупреждением. Сасанидская империя скрывается на заднем плане. Главный редактор Харальд Дале работал шесть лет с 1998 по 2003 год в Яне и двадцать лет занимался исследованиями по иранской тематике.L''empire va riposter  Chers lecteurs L''empire sasanien pré-iranien était à son apogée vers 620 et s''étendait de l''Inde occidentale à la partie orientale de la Méditerranée. C''était en 1167, 1167 ans avant la Constitution américaine. Les Iraniens actuels sont les ancêtres des Sasaniens et, plus tard, des Aryens. Les États-Unis ont unilatéralement qualifié les Gardiens de la révolution iraniens d ''"organisation terroriste", éliminant ainsi toute l''histoire du peuple iranien actuel. Ce n’est pas parce que les gens ont une histoire plus longue que les États-Unis et qu’ils ont eu de puissants empires que nous pouvons les qualifier de «terroristes».  Aux yeux des États-Unis, le Vietcong était aussi «terroriste». Et nous avons maintenant terminé cette propagande, avec une gigantesque défaite pour les États-Unis et leur peuple. Ce scénario peut se reproduire et sert d''avertissement. L''empire sasanien se cache à l''arrière-plan. Le rédacteur en chef Harald Dahle a travaillé pendant six ans chez Ian, de 1998 à 2003, et a consacré vingt années de recherche au sujet iranien. El imperio contraatacará.  Queridos lectores El Imperio Sasanian pre-iraní estaba en su punto máximo alrededor de 620 y se extendió desde la India occidental hasta la parte oriental del Mediterráneo. Eso fue 1167 años antes de la Constitución estadounidense en 1787. La gente de los días actuales de Irán son los antepasados ​​de los sasanios y más tarde los arios. Estados Unidos ha estampado unilateralmente a la Guardia Revolucionaria Iraní como una "Organización Terrorista", erradicando así toda la historia del pueblo iraní actual. Solo porque las personas tienen una historia más larga que los Estados Unidos y han tenido imperios fuertes, no justifica clasificarlos como "terroristas".A los ojos de los Estados Unidos, el Vietcong también era "terrorista". Y ahora, donde terminó esa propaganda, con una derrota gigantesca para los Estados Unidos y su gente. Este escenario puede volver a ocurrir y sirve de advertencia. El Imperio de Sasanian está al acecho en el fondo. El jefe de redacción Harald Dahle trabajó seis años desde 1998 hasta 2003 en Ian y lleva veinte años investigando sobre el tema iraní. It has happened once, and it can happen again!To forget is guilt. Only by remembering can we avoid a similar situation. "Terrorist" Minh was a freedom fighter. McNamara admitted he was wrong.  The Assange/Snowdon saga Hacking in to Government Computersn''est pas accepté!  Julian Assange has broken the thrust of the intelligence community and society at large. Journalist or no journalist. It is not all right to hack in to government computers and reveal information of strategic importance, valuable to foes and terrorists alike. By revealing such secrets, Julian Assange must face trial. An illegal entry is a crime. If what you find on the other side of the door is of great importance to you, it does not free you from guilt. We have rules, and those rules are there for a reason, not treason!  Julian Assange worked his way, targeting classified information from the outside to the center of the intelligence community. While Edward Snowdon worked from the center of the intelligence community towards the masses. Both, however, are on the same scale of treason as FBI agent Robert Hanssen was in his time. The United States of America will not tolerate such mockery of “We the People”, the Constitution and any threats to the Western Alliance.Julian Assange: Master hacker par excellence!  朱利安·阿桑奇已經打破了情報界和整個社會的主旨。記者或沒有記者。攻擊政府計算機並揭示具有戰略意義的信息,對敵人和恐怖分子都有價值,這是不對的。通過揭露這些秘密,朱利安阿桑奇必鬚麵臨審判。非法入境是犯罪行為。如果您在門的另一側發現的東西對您來說非常重要,那麼它並不能讓您免於內疚。我們有規則,這些規則是有原因的,而不是叛國!Julian Assange按照他的方式工作,將機密信息從外部傳播到情報界的中心。愛德華斯諾登從情報界的中心向群眾工作。然而,兩者都與聯邦調查局特工羅伯特·漢森在他那個時代的叛國程度相同。美利堅合眾國不會容忍對“我們人民”,憲法和對西方聯盟的任何威脅的嘲弄。   Джулиан Ассанж сломал тягу разведывательного сообщества и общества в целом. Журналист или нет журналист. Неправильно взламывать правительственные компьютеры и раскрывать информацию, имеющую стратегическое значение, ценную как для врагов, так и для террористов. Раскрыв такие секреты, Джулиан Ассанж должен предстать перед судом. Незаконный въезд является преступлением. Если то, что вы найдете на другой стороне двери, имеет для вас большое значение, это не освобождает вас от вины. У нас есть правила, и эти правила существуют по причине, а не по измене! Джулиан Ассанж работал, направляя секретную информацию извне в центр разведывательного сообщества. В то время как Эдвард Сноудон работал от центра разведывательного сообщества к массам. Оба, однако, находятся в той же шкале измены, что и агент ФБР Роберт Ханссен в свое время. Соединенные Штаты Америки не потерпят такого издевательства над «Мы, народ», Конституции и любых угроз Западному альянсу.    Julian Assange a brisé le dynamisme de la communauté du renseignement et de la société en général. Journaliste ou pas de journaliste. Il n’est pas normal de pirater les ordinateurs du gouvernement et de révéler des informations d’importance stratégique, utiles aussi bien aux ennemis qu’aux terroristes. En révélant de tels secrets, Julian Assange doit être jugé. Une entrée illégale est un crime. Si ce que vous trouvez de l''autre côté de la porte est d''une grande importance pour vous, cela ne vous libère pas de la culpabilité. Nous avons des règles, et ces règles sont là pour une raison, pas une trahison! Julian Assange a fait tout son possible pour cibler des informations classifiées de l’extérieur au centre de la communauté du renseignement. Tandis qu''Edward Snowdon travaillait depuis le centre de la communauté du renseignement vers les masses. Les deux sont cependant sur le même plan de trahison que l''agent Robert Hanssen du FBI à son époque. Les États-Unis d’Amérique ne toléreront pas une telle dérision contre «Nous le peuple», la Constitution et toute menace à l’Alliance occidentale.   Julian Assange ha roto el empuje de la comunidad de inteligencia y la sociedad en general. Periodista o no periodista. No está bien hackear las computadoras del gobierno y revelar información de importancia estratégica, valiosa para enemigos y terroristas por igual. Al revelar tales secretos, Julian Assange debe enfrentar el juicio. Una entrada ilegal es un delito. Si lo que encuentra al otro lado de la puerta es de gran importancia para usted, no lo libera de la culpa. Tenemos reglas, y esas reglas están ahí por una razón, ¡no por traición! Julian Assange se abrió camino, dirigiendo información clasificada desde el exterior hacia el centro de la comunidad de inteligencia. Mientras Edward Snowdon trabajaba desde el centro de la comunidad de inteligencia hacia las masas. Ambos, sin embargo, están en la misma escala de traición que el agente del FBI Robert Hanssen en su época. Los Estados Unidos de América no tolerarán la burla de "Nosotros, el pueblo", la Constitución y cualquier amenaza a la Alianza Occidental. CLICK ON HEADLINE BELOW TO WATCH VIDEO  THE 1987 INF TREATYThe mutual blame-gaming of who is responsible for the collapse of the INF Treaty proves again that the human mind is not capable of solving the problems it creates. Man’s ambitions do not match his intellectual and spiritual capacity. We have had two great wars in Europe the past hundred years, now we are heading for the third and final. It is stupidity at its very best, arrogance at its worst and political diplomacy as a text book for disaster. If this is the best we can come up with the future is bleak, and Germany will be the first to go. Totally eradicated. “美國畢竟從來沒有在自己的領土上經歷過重大的國際衝突,現在正打賭它的未來,下一場戰爭將在歐洲的存在的灰燼中再次發生戰爭,並再次失敗。” H.Dahle «Соединенные Штаты, которые в конце концов никогда не сталкивались с крупным международным конфликтом на своей собственной территории, теперь делают ставку на то, что следующая война будет вестись и снова проиграна - в пепле самого существования Европы». H.Dahle    THE UNITED STATES PULLS OUT OF THE     1987 INTERMEDIATE-RANGE NUCLEAR FORCES TREATYValery Gerasimov, head of Russia''s General Staff, said that Moscow would increase the capabilities of its ground-based strategic nuclear arms. "One of the main destructive factors complicating the international situation is how the US is acting as it attempts to retain its dominant role in the world," he said in comments released by the defense ministry. "It is for these purposes that Washington and its allies are taking comprehensive, concerted measures to contain Russia and discredit its role in international affairs." Those were days of responsible men of good character.                  Mikhail Gorbachev                                         Ronald ReaganOn 8 December 1987, at 1:45 p.m Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev solemnly signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty at the White House. The leaders of the world’s super-powers hailed the transition from an era of “mounting risk of nuclear war” to one marked by the “demilitarization of human life.”   DIALOGUE NOW!"We Must Lower the Tone With Russia    and Create Bridges, Now!" By simply copying the defense doctrine of the United States and shying away from dialogue, Norway has painted itself into a corner that it cannot get out of. The people of Norway will not be able to absorb the massive, Russian retaliation which will follow instantly after  NATO member Norway has used United Sates B61-12 thermonuclear gravity bombs over Russia. It should  therefore be in the interest of both sides to create dialogue and common ground.  Click on picture and play short video From the meeting between Hussein Adeli PhD and Editor-in-Chief Harald Dahle THE NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY NIOCDeputy Minister of Petroleum and President of the National Iranian Oil Company NIOC, his excelleny Mehdi Mirmoezi, right and Editor-in-Chief Harald Dahle in Mirmoezi''s office in the Headquarter of NIOC during a more than one hour filmed interview on May 19 2002. Photo:Petrofilm (C)2002 The Persian Carpet 2000 The worlds largest 2D seismic survey covering all of Iranian waters from North of the Persian Gulf  to the Oman Sea on the Iranian side and lasted five years from January 1998 till May 2003. We documented the entire project from start to finnish. The Editor-in-Chief interviews TOTAL  on TOTAL''s South Pars supply Base Kish Island IranAs the tide went out, we had six hours to shoot seismic lines; this is line 4471. Here we are on the mudflats at Hendijan with belt driven vehicles carrying floaters on each side, from China National Petroleum Company CNPC and the Bureau of Geophysical Prospecting BGP. Behind on the right side, two kilo of dynamite is pushed down to ten meters and then detonated. Geophones are then picking up the seismic seignals.Bellow we can see the deputy Foreign Minister for Economic Affairs, Governor of the Central Bank, Ambassador to Ottawa and Tokyo, His Excellence Hussein Adeli PhD and myself in the Foreign Department in Tehran. As former Chancellor of Germany Helmut Kohl once pointed out, "Peace must be more than the absence of war."The Stealthy Civil War of The United StatesPolarisation of the American society has become more evident under president Donald J Trump.Dear friends and readers. The outcome of the first American civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 decided who should be included in the winners club and steer the new nation into the future. The second American civil war, which is fought in our own time by stealth, is deciding who shall not be included in the winners club. It is against these two contradictory scenarios that many of the violent political deaths that has occurred in the United States speak more clearly to us, stand out in a way we have not realized before and warn us. We have become aware of the violent culture underpinning American politics of today, even though such incidents are usually not acknowledged or reported, but often repressed and denied. We shall stay together and fight terrorism in all its evil; report suspicious incidents to the authorities. Have a blessed day. Cheers!Helmut KOHLCHANCELLOR OF GERMANY''S UNITY AND THE EUROHelmut Kohl, the Chancellor who created dialogue and common ground and united Germany together with Mikhail Gorbachev. Helmut Josef Michael Kohl was a German statesman who served as Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998 and as the chairman of the Christian Democratic Union from 1973 to 1998. From 1969 to 1976, Kohl was minister president of the state Rhineland-Palatinate. Kohl chaired the Group of Seven in 1985 and 1992.    Click and Play
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Yes2Chess - Tampa Chess Centre, Chess Lessons, Chess Club & Tournaments The Tampa Chess Centre is your headquarters for chess lessons, chess club, and chess tournaments in the Tampa, Florida area. Our highly-trained and enthusiastic staff is available for live or online private lessons, game analysis, chess training classes, after school programs, summer camps, chess tournaments, and simultaneous exhibitions. We specialize in tournament preparation with sharp opening analysis, particularly in the Ruy Lopez, King''s Indian Attack, and King''s Indian Defense. We have contributed to the careers of several State and National Champions since 1994. Coach Mike Hoffer was the 1989 TCC North American Champion, and has an undefeated correspondence record with 61 wins and 9 draws, winning clear first place in all ten events in which he participated. We coach all ages, from 4 to adults! Our chess club meets every Tuesday night from 6:45pm to 8:30 pm at 5035 E. Busch Boulevard, Suite 10, Tampa, Florida. Two rated chess tournaments are held every month.
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Wisconsin Souvenir Milkcaps | Play with the best! [smartslider3 slider=2] Welcome to Wisconsin Souvenir Milkcaps! Learn everything you've ever wanted to know about Wisconsin Souvenir Milkcaps and Milkcaps in general, from their origins to their use today. Have fun, browse through our site. Don't see what you're looking for, email or call us 24/7. phone: 414-217-1731 Our Exclusive Milkcap/Pulltabs are Sold via our Independent Distributor Network throughout Wisconsin. Direct distributor of Technik Mfg. pulltab vending machines. $$$ Updating Often $$$ NEW TICKETS THE NEW EMPLOYEE INCENTIVE PROGRAM Click here to view our current employee incentive program! Be on the lookout for our newest ticket! It is the Governor's Blue Ribbon Livestock Auction ticket and it will be at locations near you in July! Facts About Milkcaps Milkcaps have been around for much longer than you might have believed, and the various uses for them are equally as interesting. If you've ever wondered, "What's a Milkcap?", then you've come to the right place. The facts about Milkcaps can be broken into various categories. The History of Milkcap, The Collectible Value of the Milkcap, and The Game played using them. Look below, and explore the area that interests you most. [bg_faq_start] History of the Milkcap Milkcaps are round paperboard bottle-tops that many dairies used to include as the closure atop bottles of milk – some classic dairies still do! They were made of two layers of stiff board, with a flip-up pulltab, secured with a staple. It fit snugly in a groove on the inside of the bottle neck. The older waxed milkcaps are HIGHLY collectible. Long before their use in dairies, the Japanese played a game called Menkos over 600 years ago. They used round playing pieces the same size as milkcaps, but they were made of clay, ceramic or wood, and had colorful images of classical Japanese icons such as Sumo wrestlers, Samurai warriors, and more. The early 20th century Japanese immigrants who came to Hawaii brought this game with them, and from the early 1900s until the about the 1960s, bottled milk in the islands, and elsewhere, had a waxed top insert which kids used to basically to play the same game as Menkos. In the 1980s, the Haleakala Dairy on the island of Maui introduced a new fruit drink called Passion Orange Guava juice, and advertised it on their milkcap inserts as POG. This led to the phenomenal popularity of the POG game in the mid-1980s and into the 1990s. There is even a published book that documents a Hawaiian teacher that would use milkcaps as flashcards to teach children mathematics. Although the game is not played as often as it once was, the milkcaps (or pogs) themselves can be used in the game and hold collectible value for the more desired ones. Wisconsin Souvenir Milkcaps has brought back milkcaps for all to use or collect once again. Be a part of history and start your own collection today. The Collectible Value of the Milkcap The collectible value of milkcaps has been an interesting issue for well over a hundred years, however, some people erroneously equate the collectible value of milkcaps with the actual cost of manufacturing them. Therefore, a milkcap that cost ten cents to make is often seen as cheap, and cannot hold any collectible value. Holding that same logic, would it mean that Leonardo da Vinci's painting, the Mona Lisa, is only worth the cost of the canvas and paint used? Of course not – it clearly holds much more value. This holds true for all items that are deemed collectible. Although not quite as famous of the Mona Lisa, there was a milkcap produced which clearly held a much greater value than the ten cents it took to manufacture it. This milkcap was called the Lexus Cap. It was produced during Hawaii's milkcap frenzy and was a limited edition product. In order to acquire this Lexus Cap, one also had to purchase a Lexus Car – roughly valued at $60,000. Shortly after, the Lexus Cap appeared on the market with a selling price of $50 – $250, being 500 to 2500 times the cost to manufacture it. Yet even with this high price tag, people still traded the milkcap, due to the prestige associated with it – much like any collectible worth value. Collectible value is dependant on many factors, but most importantly, a milkcap and its perceived value should be based on the enjoyment it gives you in owning it. This enjoyment could be from the art or image on it, or it could stand for something important to you – be it the history, prestige, sentiment, attitude, or art appreciation. When it comes to collectible items, the whole can be much more than the sum of its parts. So when you find something you really like, save it, and someday – it could be well worth your while. Start Collecting your own Milkcaps! The Game - Official Rules The object of the game is to win as many caps as you can! 1 – The Milkcap Game is played with two or more players. Everyone should review the rules to see if you're playing for fun, or for keeps!2 – Ante Up! Each player contributes equal amounts of caps to the stack. All caps should be stacked "art side up" into one straight column.3 – Determine who goes first. Players then take turns one after the other.4 – Each player uses what is called a Kini, slammer, or Hitter. A player's turn is a throw of the Kini onto the top of the stack of caps. This throw is an attempt to flip as many caps over as possible. 5 – All caps that land blank side up (art side down) is that player's winnings. 6 – All caps remaining art side up are restacked into a straight and even column once again. 7 – The next player's turn then goes through steps 4-6. 8 – Players continue until the very last cap is won. [bg_faq_end]
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The View Restaurant Wien Restaurant The View mit schöner Aussicht auf die Donau. Donau-Spezialitäten von unserem Küchenchef Michael Held werden von Österreichischen Top-Weinen begleitet.
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North Carolina Police Combat Pistol League The North Carolina Police Combat Pistol League (NCPCPL) is a group of Law Enforcement Officers who shoot ten competitive shooting matches a year, beginning in January and ending in October, with a championship held in October. Although the league is primarily for Law Enforcement Officers, civilians are welcome to participate.
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Larkbio Larkbio is a privately held bioinformatics company with offices in Austria and Hungary. We have partnered with a number of prestigious institutions and companies throughout Europe in the last ten years to participate in collaborative research.
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Key West Fly Fishing guide, Florida Keys Fly Fishing guide Capt. Dexter Simmons fly fishing and light tackle flats fishing charters fishing for bonefish, tarpon, permit. Capt. Dexter Simmons Key West Fly Fishing, Key West tarpon fly fishing, fly fishing Key West, Key West flats fishing for tarpon, bonefish, permit.
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Industrial Electronic Supply Specializing in industrial automation, controls, drives, power distribution, and instrumentation, Industrial Electronic Supply, Inc. (IES) has been serving industry since 1963. That''s 55 years delivering premier products, supported by superior service! IES is a privately held, wholesale distributor of high-tech industrial products and solutions headquartered in Shreveport, LA. And, after more than five decades of organic expansion, we now operate ten stocking branch locations across five states in the southern United States, including Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Texas.
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Gateway | Experience the difference Prayers Never Die By Julie Hopper Her name was Bessie, and the year was 1925. She was saved in a revival being held by Bishop Spurlock who had come to the small town of Bedford, Kentucky. He powerfully ministered at their church and first exposed the Jesus Name message to the dedicated congregation ready for new revelation and a deeper walk with Almighty God. Bessie was the mother of Virgie, Margaret, Mary, Raymond, Elliott, Paul and Ray Perry. Bessie prayed that her three youngest sons would be preachers. Bessie believed I John 5:14 "And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us." She would never see the fulfillment of those prayers because she died of tuberculosis when her youngest son, Ray, was merely eighteen months old. But her prayers never died. At first it seemed the prayers were in vain because her husband took the family to Louisville, Kentucky, and raised them on skid row. They begged for food, lived in foster homes, and were abused. Later, Mr. Perry remarried, and the children continued to suffer abuse by enduring the harsh treatment of a stepmother while their father tended bar. The Perry family moved back to the country when Ray was about ten years old, and the abuse worsened. Ray didn't know what prayer was or how to pray, but he went to a hill and looked up to God and said, "If you get me out of here, I'll serve you the rest of my days." A couple days later Ray's sister, Virgie, and her husband, Lester, came through on their way back from vacation, They stopped at the farm and announced, "We're taking Ray with us!" They took him back to Louisville where they were attending a Jesus Name church. It was while attending this mission hall church that Ray was baptized in the beautiful name of Jesus Christ by the Pastor. Ray was so desperate to receive the Holy Ghost that he even told God he would give Him his bicycle. Ray received the Holy Ghost shortly after that prayer. Because of Bessie's prayers, her son, Paul, started a church in Campbellsburg, Kentucky. Another son, Elliot, evangelized and then pastored in Bedford, Indiana. Bessie's baby son, Ray, along with wife, Karen Anderson Perry, pastored Christ Apostolic Church in Louisville, Kentucky. Upon retiring from pastoring Ray and Karen have continued to minister as evangelists and have witnessed more than 10,000 people receive the precious gift of the Holy Ghost (Acts 2:38-39). And the Promise lives on. Paul, Elliott, and Ray's children are all pastoring churches today. All of this because Bessie's prayers never died... Psalm 37:4-5 says, "Delight thyself also in the Lord: and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart. Commit thy way unto the Lord; trust also in him; and he shall bring it to pass." If we pray and believe for our children, God will bring it pass. Prayers never die! Note: Julie Hopper along with her husband, Mark, pastor The Potter's House Church in Battle Creek, Michigan. Julie is the daughter of H. Ray Perry, Bessie's youngest son.
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AKTUELL | pretv.at Dokumentationen, Imagefilme, Team- und Personalvermietung, Nachbearbeitungskapazitäten, Postproduktion, Videonachbearbeitung
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Held & Partner GmbH | Sanitäre Reparaturen | Umbauten | Haushaltapparate Wir sind Experten für Sanitäre Reparaturen / Umbauten / Haushaltapparate; Wir sind ein KMU-Betrieb mitten im Herzen von Zürich
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Home - Chagrin Valley Athletic Club The Chagrin Valley Athletic Club in Chagrin Falls, Ohio. It is easily accessible to most of Cleveland''s east side suburbs. CVAC activities span the seasons. The Club provides over 100,000 square-feet of indoor facilities on its 30-acre site. These include a state-of-the-art fitness center with banked track, an aerobics studio, 25-meter pool and nine tennis courts. Supervised childcare offers a safe, welcoming place for little ones. Elegant dining and banquet rooms, casual members'' grill, tennis lounge, and fireplaces complement the gracious atmosphere. Outdoors you will find ten tennis courts with picturesque cabanas, platform tennis, sand volley ball courts, and a 2 acre beach lined swim lake -- the focal point for charming verandas, the gazebo and landscaped gardens. CVAC is for people who are active, appreciate quality and enjoy a friendly, vital environment. Holiday parties for the entire family, Sunday breakfast, tennis parties, Santa brunches, summer beach bashes, Easter brunch, and Club team celebrations are among the best events held in the area. This is a family club. Programs geared to children''s growth and enjoyment include summer camps, swim teams, tennis leagues, playgrounds, snack bar and a children''s menu in the dining rooms. At CVAC you can entertain, exercise, dine or simply unwind in complete comfort. The management team and staff members are united in their commitment to provide the finest facilities and excellent service. There is value in a membership at The Chagrin Valley Athletic Club. CVAC is the club of a lifetime
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 Jim Hutchinsons Two Tomorrows: The Happy Fox & Lady Belinda Queen Orders Foreign Doomsday Machines For Lake District, Somerset and Suffolk, Chernobyl 2017,, Prince Harry A Queens Pawn, Obama And 9/11, Victorian Values, Nuclear Scam, White Paper 10, 1, 2008, Endtimers, The Rapture, Nuclear Power Total Waste of Taxpayers Money
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Shelli Douglas I was born and raised in Naples, Florida, and for those who aren’t familiar with the area, the Florida Everglades is right at our back door. As a child, my family owned boats, swamp buggies, and airboats. We’d camp on Bear Island, spend long weekends at the airboat camp in the Miccosukee Indian Reservation and frequently fish the Ten Thousand Islands. I’ve been blessed to witness a vast array of sunsets, broad scopes of wildlife and widths of the Everglades not open to the general public. Thus creating a capacious appreciation for the outdoors. A few years ago, I relocated to Knoxville, Tennessee. I knew that Tennessee was a beautiful state but had no idea of the gems she held in her back yard - The Smokey Mountains, Cades Cove, various caverns, bluffs, waterfalls, rivers, streams, all four seasons, abundant whitetail deer and a flourishing elk population as well. Photography had always been a keen interest, and at the age of twenty-one, upon the passing of my grandmother, I ventured down the Fakahatchee Strand and realized that photography was my artistic outlet. Photography began as a hobby, became my passion, and has since turned into a minor obsession. I firmly believe that the camera is the next best communication tool to deliver messages and express feelings without using words. It’s a way to inspire others and allow them to see the beauty you see in your life. I also believe what differentiates one photographer to the next is their artistic ability to create dimension and emotion within a one-dimensional product. We all view the world in different ways, find beauty in different shapes and sizes, thus making no two photographs (or photographers) created equal. For me, the enjoyment is in sharing the gift I’ve been given to capture what God has given us to enjoy. In a world of constant change and progress, pictures hold our life’s experiences. With every experience, you can learn something, so learn something new with every picture you take. Upon entering my gallery, you’ll find a wide range of subjects from landscapes to wildlife, posed portraits to sassy candid’s and just about anything else you can imagine - and there is an infinity of other subjects that I look forward to photographing. Photography is an extension of who I am and whom I would like to be in the future. I hope you enjoy the photos as much as I’ve enjoyed capturing these precious moments in time. Thank you for your time.
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Notes From Beringia | Natural history, travel, Alaska, birds, biology, food, humor How many PhDs does it take to change a light bulb? Two, at our house. I like a three-bulb fixture above me for good lighting over my desk. Three 60-watt bulbs have always seemed easier to work under to me than the more common two-bulb fixtures. So that's what I put in when we finished this part of the house off. Last weekend a bulb blew while I worked on a manuscript in the morning. After lunch, I nonchalantly grabbed a new bulb and went back up to carry on. My office is separately insulated from the rest of the house, and it has its own separate heating zone. (This is a happy accident of the original builders not finishing this "bonus room" and our doing it years later.) As a consequence, the room is remarkably well sound proofed from the rest of the house when the door is closed. And as usual, I tipped the door almost closed when I entered. It is easy for me to reach a ceiling fixture, so I just reached up and unscrewed the glass to expose the bulbs. Except that the glass didn't come off—the whole fixture did. And suddenly there I am standing awkwardly with a whole fixture in my hands, held very high so I don't put a strain on the electrical wires attaching it to the junction box in the ceiling. The first thing I do is try to put it back on. Blindly. That's a bust. And I can't get the glass to unscrew from the fixture while holding the whole thing. It is much too heavy to let dangle from its wires. So I hook a leg around a nearby chair and climb up on that so my arms aren't stretched so far. Ahh, I can see—the fixture twists onto two screws projecting down from the junction box. And of course it's poorly designed to screw off in the same direction you would unscrew the glass. If you could get the glass unscrewed. I can't. It's a heavy, transluscent bowl, and at arm's length the whole fixture is kind of heavy. I repeatedly try to aim the fixture's small holes onto those two screws, but I completely fail. Again and again I try. If I could only get the glass off so I could see from the bottom, I might have a chance. But no matter how I try, I just can't unscrew it while holding the fixture at the same time, no matter how I wiggle my thumbs and fingers in various ways trying. I'm probably ten minutes into this now, and my arms are getting tired of holding all this crap up over my head. I realize another pair of hands are going to be needed to get this resolved. So I yell loudly for Rose, who is just downstairs. No response. This is where closing the door was not a good idea. So I yell louder. And more. And louder still. Nothing. More minutes go by, and I have yelled myself hoarse. My arms and upper shoulders are cramping with protests. In desperation, I hook a trash can to me with one leg, and, using my incredibly long monkey arms for one last gambit, balance the fixture on one hand and s-t-r-e-t-c-h the other out to snag the trash can. Which I then hurl as hard as I can against the closed door while yelling one last time. Rose is there in a flash. And with her usual superhuman aplomb, she fixes the whole thing and we live happily ever after. Well, for us mortals, let me give a slow-motion replay. She grabbed another chair and held the fixture while I let my arms rest for a minute. They were very unhappy. I thought that with four hands we'd be able to get the glass off. Nope. We couldn't get it unscrewed; it was very tightly stuck. Rose said "You're going to have to take it down." With her holding the fixture, I undid the three wire nuts and disconnected it from the ceiling. I was wishing I'd done that almost half an hour ago. We dropped the miserable piece of junk in the garage and left it sitting in the corner for much of a week to see if it would repent. A few days later, when my arms felt up to it again, I was finally able to wrestle the glass free—with the fixture upside down on the floor, standing on the fixture rim, and applying two palm-wide grips on the glass with two rubber jar-opening pads to help. Even then, I was barely strong enough to get it free. I have no idea how it could ever have gotten on there so tightly. While it sat in the corner, I decided that if I could get the glass off, maybe I'd give it a second chance and replace all three bulbs with long-life LEDs so I wouldn't have to take it off again for a decade or more. When I finally did get the glass off, I told Rose my strategy, and as she looked at the fixture's construction, she said "Why don't you put a wire on it so it can't fall?" The "idiot's catch," a simple wire hanger that holds the fixture up so it doesn't fall. It stays put when the fixture is attached to the ceiling, for the next time I need it. Brilliant. Rose invented it. I put it together and got to name it. And being the egotist that I am, I named it after myself. I had the new "idiot's catch" implemented quickly and hung the fixture from it while I rewired it to the junction box in the ceiling. A short time later I had the screw heads projecting through their small holes, the fixture rotated back into place, new bulbs in place, and the glass—loosely—screwed back in. And here I am on a dark winter's night, well lit and back at it. After sitting in a corner for a week, it repented.
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Die Schneemänner der Schneemannsammlung Cornelius Grätz Schneemänner sind ein außergewöhnliches Sammelobjekte. Cornelius Grätz hat weltweit eine der größten und schönsten Schneemannsammlung zusammengetragen
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Wilfried Held | Restaurierung und Holzwurmbekämpfung Haben Sie Probleme mit Holzwürmern, Schädlingsbefall oder Insekten? Wir wenden seit vielen Jahren die giftfreie und thermische Schädlingsbekämpfung an..