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ISRAEL BIBLE CENTER - Dr Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg The Certificate in Jewish Context and Culture program consists of 24 mini-courses. It covers topics including: Hebrew Language, and much more!
NSM : National Socialist Movement Party Headquarters National Socialist Movement Party Headquarters is your source for National Socialist News, Events, Grassroots Information and More! The National Socialist Movement (NSM) is America''s Premier White Civil Rights Organization - Fighting for White Civil Rights Putting Family, Race and Nation First, to Secure American Jobs, Manufacturing and Innovation.
Home Canadian Energy by Canadians for International Markets Pieridae Energy is a publicly traded Canadian corporation with a fully integrated Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) infrastructure based in Calgary, Alberta with offices in Quebec City and Halifax. About Goldboro Latest News & Highlights 07/06/2019 - CEO ALFRED SORENSEN SPEAKS WITH THE MEDIA ABOUT WORLD LNG MARKETS & THE GOLDBORO PROJECT Pieridae''s CEO Alfred Sorensen was featured on Danielle Smith''s QR77 live radio show this morning where he talked about the prospects for LNG development in Canada, with a focus on Pieridae''s US$10 billion Goldboro LNG Project. Goldboro is Canada''s best bet for LNG development off the East Coast, where stranded Alberta gas would be shipped to an export facility in Nova Scotia, liquefied and sold to global markets, creating thousands of jobs in Alberta and Nova Scotia. See more 30/05/2019 - PIERIDAE ANNOUNCES FIRST QUARTER RESULTS “I was pleased we started the year off by signing a benefits agreement with the Nova Scotia Mi’kmaq, building on the respectful relationship we have worked to build with them for a number of years,” said Pieridae Energy CEO Alfred Sorensen. “The milestones this quarter dovetailed into work that continues to finalize an agreement with a contractor to build the Goldboro LNG facility, and also our ongoing efforts to secure the natural gas supply needed to supply the first facility or train at Goldboro.” Download file See more 30/05/2019 - PIERIDAE RAMPS UP LNG PROJECT ON EAST COAST Our President and CEO Alfred Sorensen had the opportunity to engage with long-time business reporter Mario Toneguzzi to talk about Pieridae Energy, its key Goldboro LNG project, and how development of the LNG export facility continues to move forward. Download file See more 30/05/2019 - EYE IN THE SKY: A DRONE''S VIEW OF THE GOLDBORO LNG SITE Take a fly-over of Pieridae Energy's site in Nova Scotia where it will build a US$8 billion liquefied natural gas export facility. The project will be located 250 kilometers northeast of Halifax near the tiny community of Goldboro. It would be the province's largest-ever mega-project, putting 3,500 men and women to work during construction, and creating 200 permanent jobs once the facility is up and running.   Download file See more 10/05/2019 - PIERIDAE COMMENTS ON RECENT TRADING CALGARY, ALBERTA – May 9, 2019 - Pieridae Energy Limited (Pieridae or the Corporation) (TSXV: PEA) In light of the recent share price decline, Pieridae would like to confirm that there have been no material adverse changes in its business. As Pieridae’s management does not believe the current trading price of the Corporation’s shares properly reflects the inherent value of the Corporation’s investments, management reiterates that key project milestones achieved for its flagship Goldboro LNG Project are still firmly in place. Download file See more 10/04/2019 - Goldboro LNG - Newsletter - Spring 2019 The newest edition of the Goldboro LNG newsletter is now posted on the website. It contains information on the benefits agreement with the MI'KMAQ, the Ikkuma acquisition, as well as general updates on the project and the team. Download file See more 01/04/2019 - PIERIDAE ACHIEVES MAJOR STEP FORWARD - ENGAGES EPC CONTRACTOR KBR CALGARY, ALBERTA - April 1, 2019 - Pieridae Energy Limited (Pieridae) (TSXV: PEA) is pleased to announce that the respected global engineering firm of Kellogg Brown & Root Limited (KBR) has been engaged to perform a review of an amended version of the previously prepared front-end engineering and design (FEED) study for the proposed Goldboro LNG facility. KBR will also conduct an open-book estimate necessary for entering into a lump sum turnkey engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract. Pieridae anticipates signing that contract in the coming months. The company expects to start construction activities in 2019 and ship first gas overseas to meet the expected global LNG shortfall in 2023/2024. Download file See more From Discovery to Delivery: A Fully Integrated LNG Infrastructure Founded in 2011, Pieridae Energy is developing a fully integrated LNG infrastructure business covering the entire LNG value chain, from exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas to the development and operation of a complete LNG terminal. The Goldboro LNG terminal project consists of an LNG processing facility, storage tanks and marine works located in Nova Scotia (Canada). With its acquisition of resources in New Brunswick to its merger with Pétrolia, Pieridae is building a long-term portfolio of natural gas to supply the Goldboro LNG Project. The target markets for the LNG produced at the Goldboro LNG project are Europe, South America and Asia. Read more about the company Pieridae: Doing Business The Right Way Pieridae conducts its every operation in a socially, environmentally and fiscally responsible manner. The company and its employees are committed to giving back to the communities in which it lives and work. It also committed to adopting and implementing environmental stewardship strategies that minimize its ecological footprint, thus ensuring the best possible future for all Canadians. Pieridae’s every action are guided by a fair and strict code of business ethics focusing on honesty, ethics and accountability in all our dealing with our business partners, investors, government entities and the general public. Read more about our commitments Latest Press Releases 2019/05/29 – PIERIDAE ANNOUNCES FIRST QUARTER RESULTS CALGARY, ALBERTA – May 29, 2019 - Pieridae Energy Limited (“Pieridae” or the “Company”) (PEA - TSXV) has filed its first quarter (“Q1”) unaudited condensed interim financial statements and related management’s discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) for the first three months of 2019. Pieridae's unaudited condensed interim financial statements and MD&A are available on our website at and are filed on SEDAR at Download file 2019/05/09 – PIERIDAE COMMENTS ON RECENT TRADING - KEY MILESTONES ACHIEVED STILL IN PLACE CALGARY, ALBERTA – May 9, 2019 - Pieridae Energy Limited (Pieridae or the Corporation) (TSXV: PEA) In light of the recent share price decline, Pieridae would like to confirm that there have been no material adverse changes in its business. As Pieridae’s management does not believe the current trading price of the Corporation’s shares properly reflects the inherent value of the Corporation’s investments, management reiterates that key project milestones achieved for its flagship Goldboro LNG Project are still firmly in place. Download file 2019/04/24 – Pieridae Energy - Years End Results - 2018 CALGARY, ALBERTA – April 24, 2019 - Pieridae Energy Limited (“Pieridae” or the “Corporation”) (PEA - TSXV) released its 2018 financial and operating results today, highlighting the fact it took some key steps forward last year in advancing its Goldboro liquefied natural gas (“LNG”) Project. In 2018, the company was issued a permit to construct the facility, received US$1.5 billion in additional conditional loan support from the German Government, closed its purchase of Ikkuma Resources Corp. (“Ikkuma”) to obtain a portion of the supply of natural gas for Goldboro’s first LNG facility (Train 1), and signed a sale and purchase agreement to supply Europe with additional LNG from Goldboro’s second facility (Train 2).   Download file View all news
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1690 Derby Mesa Loop, Burns, CO 80426 - 1690 Derby Mesa Loop The Nottingham Ranch - Colorado's Premier Legacy Ranch! Indescribably beautiful mountain vistas! A 30 square mile working cattle ranch approximately 1.25 hours from Vail and 45 minutes from the Vail/Eagle Airport. The offering includes 19,493 deeded acres; over 175 cubic feet per second (cfs) of very senior water rights; extraordinary elk and deer hunting; Bureau of Land management (BLM) and U.S. Forest Service grazing permits on over 24,000 acres. The property is located near Burns, Colorado and spans from Burns, bisected by the Colorado River from the west side of Castle Peak towards the Flat Tops Wilderness Area to the west and sprawls along both sides of Derby Mesa Loop and Sunnyside Road into Routt County.  The Flat Tops Wilderness Area is the third largest U.S. Wilderness Area in Colorado. It consists of 235,214 acres in Routt National Forest and in  White River National Forest stretching from Dotsero to Meeker, CO. It was designated a wilderness area in 1975. The ranch is a self-sustaining ranch inclusive of 1,200 pair of cattle and calves; over 24,000 acres of leases for grazing permits; 2,000 acres of flood irrigation plus 1,200 acres irrigated by pivot irrigation systems (which is rare in the mountains) and produces 3,500 tons of hay annually. The price includes livestock and equipment as well as seven residences and additional cabins. The land value is extraordinary as most of the ranch is surrounded by the National Forest, Flat Tops Wilderness or BLM property. One of the largest elk herds of Colorado is located in this area and a very successful private hunting outfitter has been based on the ranch for 23 years. This is a remarkable trophy property unlike any other in Colorado. The ranch is a part of Colorado’s rich history with hunting, fishing and ranching and so close to the ski resorts of Vail and Steamboat Springs. The Nottingham Ranch truly is Colorado’s premier legacy ranch.   Nottingham Ranch - Interactive MapRight Map
Hotel Sara Official Site | Hotels in Pristina Hotel Sara is located in the old city center and also just five minutes walk from the square Mother Teresa. The hotel consists of 33 standard rooms, jacuzzi rooms, apartments and suites. All rooms are equipped according to the standard rules. It also has a breakfast room with a SUEDE table and a conference room. Each room is equipped with cable television, telephone connections and free Wi-Fi. The hotel also offers central heating and air conditioning. There is a free parking which is monitored by a security system 24/7. It is worth noting that the prices are very affordable starting from 20.00€. And last but not least the hotel has 80-year tradition and our duty and commitment is to be always close to and under the customer service, providing a more comfortable and pleasant stay. ---------------------------------------------------------- Hoteli gjendet në qendrën e vjetër të qytetit. Hoteli përbëhet nga 33 dhoma standarde, dhoma me xhakuzi, apartmane si dhe Suitë. Të gjitha dhomat janë të pajisura sipas rregullave standarde. Gjithashtu posedon sallën e mëngjesit me tavolinë SUEDEZE dhe sallën për konferenca. Cdo dhomë është e pajisur me televizor kabllor, lidhje Telefonike si dhe Wi-Fi falas. Hoteli gjithashtu ofron nxemje qëndrore , klimatizim dhe parking falas e cila monitorohet nga një sistem i sigurisë 24/7.  Vlen të ceket se cmimet janë shumë të volitshme duke filluar nga 20.00€. Hoteli ka traditë 80-vjeçare dhe obligimi, detyra dhe angazhimi ynë është të jemi gjithmon afër dhe nën shërbim të klientit, duke iu ofruar një qëndrim sa më të rehatshëm dhe të këndshëm. 
The Shamrock House - Sunset, SC - Mountain Cabin Rental This famous mountain cabin is located in the heavily wooded mountains of South Carolina at the base of Sassafras Mountain, the highest point in the state. The property consists of three rental cabins which can accommodate up to 24 people. The grounds cover just under 10 acres of both woods and meadows.
FILMCASTLive! FILMCASTLive! is the video blog dedicated to the craft of cinematography and motion picture camera operation
ISRAEL BIBLE CENTER - Dr Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg The Certificate in Jewish Context and Culture program consists of 24 mini-courses. It covers topics including: Hebrew Language, and much more!
Hope Township | Road Projects 2005-2017 Thank you for taking the time to visit the Hope Township website. In the event that this is your first visit to our site, we would like to take a few moments to familiarize you with our township. Hope Township is a community of twenty four (24) square miles centrally located in the northern part of Midland County. Hope Township, northwest of the City of Midland, is served by M-30 which runs along the western border of the Township. Hope Township is a Zoned community and experiencing moderate growth. The township primarily consists of rural residential and agricultural areas but also has some lake front property along the south side of Wixom lake. There is also a small amount of commercial and industrial property on the western side of the township along M-30. Please take a few moments to scan through all the information we have provided about our township. The Township of hope is continuously growing and changing, much the same as our website, so please visit us as often as you can to keep up on all the latest. ENJOY YOUR TOUR OF OUR TOWNSHIP
W.A Akins & Sons - Fort Payne & Scottsboro, AL E.F. Akins and his son W.A. Akins came to "Dogtown" in the early 1920's. They purchased land and the building which still stands today, and they opened a general merchandise store. After World War II, Mr. and Mrs. W.A. Akins began selling used furniture from the living room of their house next door. Eventually a furniture room was added to the general merchandise store. Since then, there have been many additions to the store, and it now consists of over 150,000 square feet. The Akins family now spans four generations and over eighty years of furniture experience in the "Dogtown" community.
ADI - ALEX DEBO INSTALLATIONS, LLC. ADI – Alex Debo Installations, LLC. is a fully insured metal panel installation company. Alex Debo, President of ADI, LLC., is proficient in this field, having a total of twenty-four (24) years of experience with N.O.W Specialties, 07 Specialties, and ADI, LLC. Alex Debo is a well-known figure in this field, and is very reputable for his outstanding leadership, great work ethic, and high-quality production. While working with N.O.W Specialties and 07 Specialties, LLC., Alex has had partnerships with companies such as Austin Commercial, Rogers O''Brien Construction, Balfour Beatty, Hansel Phelps, DRP construction, Adolfson & Peterson Construction, White Construction Company, Vaughn Construction, Paradigm Construction, Timberlake Construction, and Turner Construction. With this amount of experience, Alex holds various skills in his tool belt such as working with wet, dry and gutter systems, and installing louvers, flush metal panels, foam metal panels, corrugated panels, standing seam metal roof panels, GKD Screens, perforated panels, aluminum composite panels, multi-rib panels, and terra-cotta panels. ADI consists of a strong workforce that prides itself on three factors: safety, quality, and customer satisfaction. We are driven to maintain high standards in each category, strive to find the best solution to difficult situations, and go beyond customers’ expectations.
All Wheels Forward | The blog about transportation and random ranting New Taipei Metro's Danhai LRT line opened on December 24, 2018. The initial segment has 11 stations, an additional 3 stations including one connecting to the Lovers Bridge area in Tamsui will open by the end of 2019 or early 2020. The first phase of the Danhai light rail transit Green Mountain Line (淡海輕軌綠山線) runs at 15 minute headways between 06:30am and 22:00pm. It takes about 25-30 minutes to get from Hongshulin station V01 (Hongshulin Taipei MRT staton) to Kanding station V11 (Danhai New Town area). Currently the line is 4.5 miles long (7.3km), but once completed it will be 9 miles (14km). There are no plans for underground segments and stations. The track runs on both elevated and surface levels. The Green Mountain Line within a few years will be connected to the Blue Line, currently under construction. Most of the light rail line uses overhead wires to power the trams, however between the Binhai Shalin and Danhai New Town stations the trams are able to run catenary free, which means the LRVs don't have to draw power from overhead wires as they turn at the intersection between the two stations. The Danhai Light Rail fleet consists of 15 Warrior trams built by Taiwan Rolling Stock Company (TRSC). These are the first modern light rail vehicles to be built in Taiwan. TRSC partnered with Voith Engineering Services on designing the light rail vehicles. The Danhai light rail transit (Green Mountain Line) is part of a master plan to connect the whole Taipei metropolitan area with transportation links. With the Taoyuan MRT, which opened in 2017, along with the Taipei MRT and new LRT lines it will allow residents and visitors a like to travel without reliance of an automobile with access to alternative transportation options instead. It certainly will be interesting to see what developments sprawl up along these new lines. TOD (transit oriented development) has come with lots of benefits, but also some problems as well. I think its good to have a well connected region, which in return helps improve the quality of life. The southern city of Kaohsiung was the first city that started a light rail system in Taiwan (2014).
★gays into the iris★ ★ 24 | she/her | Finland ★ Greetings. I'm EmBBu and I'm that loud dork who both looks and sounds sleep-deprived. This blog mostly consists of my art, personal posts and fandoms I'm into. Check the...
Jason''s Five Star Landscape & Design, L.L.C. - Tree Service - Watertown, WI Jason’s Five Star Landscape & Design, L.L.C., in Watertown, Wisconsin, is your premier landscape and tree service contractor. With more than 23 years of experience in the industry, our owner Jason Wuestenberg carries Horticulture degrees in landscape design, landscape construction and landscape maintenance. Our full service landscape division offers design, build and maintenance. We will accommodate any given budget from a small renovation to a large new construction project. Once your project is complete we can also maintain it 365 days a year with lawn or landscape maintenance as well as snow removal services. Our tree service division consists of, but is not limited to tree removal, tree trimming and storm damage cleanup. No job is too small and with our 32’, 60', and 100' bucket trucks, and no job is too big. Our clients appreciate our low/competitive rates, commitment to quality work, complete cleanup on every job and 24 HOUR EMERGENCY SERVICE. Think of your landscape as an investment, don’t settle for anything less than...Jason's Five Star Landscape & Design, L.L.C. For 24 Hour Availability, Call 920-988-9415
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Worthing Court Apartment Hotel Worthing Court Apartment Hotel consists of two three story blocks totaling 24 self catering units divided into standard studios, superior studios and one-bedroom suites. Located across the street from Worthing Beach and in the heart of the Worthing area, our hotel is a mere stroll away from restaurants, shops, supermarkets, bars, night clubs, banks and sporting facilities.
NSM : National Socialist Movement Party Headquarters National Socialist Movement Party Headquarters is your source for National Socialist News, Events, Grassroots Information and More! The National Socialist Movement (NSM) is America''s Premier White Civil Rights Organization - Fighting for White Civil Rights Putting Family, Race and Nation First, to Secure American Jobs, Manufacturing and Innovation.
Prototype | Prototyping Your Future / HCI IxD Any large organisation, be it public or private, monitors the media for information to keep abreast of developments in their field of interest, and usually also to become aware of positive or negative opinions expressed towards them. At least for the written media, computer programs have become very efficient at helping the human analysts significantly in their monitoring task by gathering media reports, analysing them, detecting trends and – in some cases – even to issue early warnings. We present here trend recognition-related functionality of the Europe Media Monitor (EMM) system, which was developed by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) for public administrations in the European Union (EU) and beyond. EMM performs large-scale media analysis in up to seventy languages and recognises various types of trends, some of them combining information from news articles written in different languages. EMM also lets users explore the huge amount of multilingual media data through interactive maps and graphs, allowing them to examine the data from various view points and according to multiple criteria. A lot of EMM's functionality is accessibly freely over the internet or via apps for hand-held devices. Introduction Automated Content Analysis (ACA) is likely to be more limited than human intelligence for tasks such as evaluating the relevance of information for a certain purpose, or such as drawing high-level conclusions. Computer programs are also error-prone because human language is inherently ambiguous and text often only makes sense when the meaning of words and sentences is combined with the fundamental world knowledge only people have. However, computers have the advantage that they can easily process more data in a day than a person can read in a life time. Computer programs are particular useful in application areas with a time component, such as monitoring the live printed online media, because they can ingest the latest news articles as soon as they get published and they can detect changes and recognise and visualise trends. Due to the amount of textual information they can process, computer programs can be used to gain a wider view based on more empirical evidence. These features make ACA applications powerful tools to complement human intelligence. At least for the written media, the manual paper clipping process of the past – cutting out newspaper articles and combining them into a customised in-house news digest – has to a large extent been replaced by automatic systems. Computers can take over repetitive work such as gathering media reports automatically, categorising them according to multiple categories, grouping related documents, recognising references to persons, organisations and locations in them, etc. Using this filtered and pre-processed data, human analysts can then focus on the more demanding tasks of evaluating the data, selecting the most relevant information and drawing conclusions. The work of analysts will be more efficient if the computer programs can extract more information and the more high-level information they can recognise. Trend recognition is deemed particularly useful as it partially summarises events and it may help users detect hidden developments that can only be seen from a bird's perspective, i.e. by viewing very large amounts of data. Trend visualisations may serve as early warning tools, e.g. when certain keywords are suddenly found frequently or when any combination of other text features suddenly changes, compared to the usual average background. Trend prediction would then be the next logical step: based on regular historical observations specifically co-occurring with certain trends, it should be possible to predict certain trends when the same feature combinations occur again. Such an effort was described by O'Brien (2002) for the challenging domain of conflict and instability. A major challenge for complex subject domains such as societal conflict or war is that the data needed for making a reliable prediction may simply not exist and/or that some specific factors may decide on whether or not a conflict arises, factors that lie outside the realm of statistical analysis (e.g. the sudden sickness or death of a political leader). In any case, features for predictions should probably include data that can only be found outside the document corpus, such as statistical indicators on the economy and on the society (More REFS). The main disciplines contributing to ACA are called computational linguistics, natural language processing, language engineering or text mining. In recent years, this field has made a leap forward due to insights and methods developed in statistics and in machine learning, and of course due to the strong increase of computer power, the availability of large collections of machine-readable documents and the existence of the internet. In Section 2, we will give an overview of EMM, its functionality and its users. We will particularly point out the usefulness of aggregating information derived from the news in many different languages, which has the advantage of reducing any national bias and of benefitting from information complementarity observed in media sources written in different languages. In Section 3, we will then present a variety of trend presentations and data visualisation techniques used in EMM. These include time series graphs using numbers of articles on a certain subject, the usage of automatically extracted information on named entities mentioned in any selection of news, map representations combining geographical and subject domain information, opinion trends, graphs comparing information derived from the social media with that from the online version of printed media, and more. In Section 4, we summarise the benefits of automatic media monitoring, not without pointing out limitations of ACA and the potential dangers of relying on automatically derived information based on large volumes of textual data. Europe Media Monitor (EMM) A brief Overview 2.1 Overview Europe Media Monitor (EMM) stands for a whole family of media gathering and analysis applications, including NewsBrief, NewsExplorer, the Medical Information System MedISys, BlogBrief, NewsDesk and more (Steinberger et al. 2009). EMM was entirely developed at the JRC. While the main users are the EU institutions and the national authorities of the 28 EU member states, EMM was also made accessible to international organisations (e.g. various United Nations sub-organisations, the African Union and the Organisation of American States) and to the national authorities of selected partner countries of the EU. The first version of NewsBrief came online in 2002 while NewsExplorer came in 2004, but both systems processed smaller volumes of news and they had less functionality. EMM currently gathers a daily average of about 220,000 online news articles per day in seventy languages from approximately 4,000 different web sources (status May 2015). The news sources were manually selected with the purpose to represent the major newspapers of all countries in the world and to include European-language news (especially English) from around the world. For reasons of balance, it was decided not to include all easily accessible news sources, but to monitor a comparable number of news sources per country, with a focus on Europe. EMM additionally processes news feeds from over twenty press agencies. It visits news-like websites such as governmental and non-governmental web pages and it monitors social media such as Twitter, FaceBook and selected blog sites. The public versions of EMM do not show commercially acquired documents and usually have less functionality than the EC-internal versions. Separately for each language, the news articles then undergo a series of processing steps, including language recognition, document duplicate detection, Named Entity Recognition (NER) for persons, organisations and locations, quotation extraction, sentiment/tonality analysis, categorisation into one or more of the over 1,000 different subject domain classes. EMM then clusters related articles into groups, which allows users to examine the load of articles in an organised fashion. The different EMM applications provide different functionality, described in the next section. Family of EMM news monitoring applications NewsBrief (Figure 1) is the most widely used system. It provides users with near-real-time information on their field of interest in all seventy languages. Separately for each language, news gathered within a sliding four-hour window (8 hours for some languages) are clustered, but older articles remain linked to the cluster as long as new articles arrive. For each cluster, automatically extracted meta-information such as named entities and quotations are displayed. Continuously updated graphs show the ten currently largest clusters and their development over time. By clicking on any of the clusters, users can see the list of all articles and click on each article to read the entire text on the website where it was originally found. For fourteen languages, an automatically pre-generated translation into English is available. For event types with relevance to health, safety and security, NewsBrief also displays automatically extracted event information (eight languages only), including the event type, location and time of the event, number and type of victims (dead, injured, infected), and – where this was mentioned – the perpetrator (the person or group inflicting the damage). The limitation of the event types is due to the user groups, which are mostly concerned with providing support in case of disasters, epidemics, etc. NewsBrief offers subscriptions for automatic updates per category by email, for institutional users also via SMS. BlogBrief provides the same functionality as NewsBrief, but instead of news, it processes English language blogs by bloggers who have been hand-selected due to their importance or impact (e.g. politicians and journalists). MedISys is rather similar to NewsBrief, except that all its content categories are related to issues that are relevant for Public Health monitoring. Its news categories include all major communicable diseases and other Chemical, Biological, Radiological or Nuclear (CBRN) dangers, symptoms, as well as subjects of scientific or societal value such as vaccinations and genetically modified organisms. NewsExplorer provides a more long-term view of the news (in 21 languages only) and it provides a cross-lingual functionality. Rather than displaying and grouping the current news, NewsExplorer clusters the news of a whole calendar day and displays the clusters ordered by size. For each cluster, hyperlinks lead users to the equivalent news clusters in any of the other twenty languages (where applicable) and to historically related news. NewsExplorer also includes hundreds of thousands of entity pages (persons, organisations and more), where historically gathered information on each entity is aggregated and displayed, including name variants, titles, clusters and quotes where the entity was mentioned, quotes issued by that person, other entities frequently mentioned together with this entity, and more (see Figure 2). NewsDesk is a tool for human moderation. It allows media monitoring professionals to view and select the automatically pre-processed news data and to easily create readily formatted in-house newsletters. EMM Apps for mobile devices such as iOS and Android phones and tablets first became publicly and freely available in 2013 (See Figure 3). Due to the personal nature of such devices, it became first possible to display customised starting pages for each user. For the iOS EMM App alone, about 26,000 downloads were recorded up to May 2015. This customisable version of EMM became very popular so that this functionality was implemented in a new web version of EMM, called MyNews (see below). The EMM App uses a whole new concept and way to interact with EMM Metadata, referred to as Channels. A channel is a stream of EMM articles that all share the same metadata: Channels can be (a) any News Category, (b) the Top 20 Stories in a particular language, (c) a Country/Category combination, (d) an entity recognised by EMM or (e) a search in the full-text index. Users can create such channels for themselves and they can group channels into sets, allowing them to browse freely between channels in any of these sets. When users open a channel, they get access to all the articles that are present in the channel at the time, plus the other metadata that EMM has identified and associated to that channel. Users can of course also browse the attached meta-data, turn them into new channels and pin them to the current set. Crisis management tools and products have been found to be challenging to design and produce due to the complexity of dynamic customisable data-sets defined by each individual user. The main problems in designing such tools are ambiguity, multi-platform support, data representation and other pitfalls commonly seen in mobile technology development. We adhere to a model-based methodology focusing on core functionality and logical interactions with the data-set, user-centric design and data visualisation while supporting other development activities including a requirement analysis for a wide set of devices and operating systems, verification and validation. The result of the development cycle is a layout structure in which a wide scale of EMM crisis management tools has been developed. There are many digital solutions aiming to support humanitarian and emergency response tools by means of open source information gathering and text analysis. A strong trend among those tools is the ability to detect and analyse vast amounts of data, highlighting important developments relevant to each user and use. Many solutions are already operational today, the majority of these solutions requires the user to open a webpage a few times every day to get updated. Other solutions are relying on communicating with external servers, which is expensive and demanding in maintenance. They additionally usually require user authentication, which can compromise privacy and security. Our own solution allows custom notifications based on changes in the specific data set the user has defined. When a logical threshold is activated the system displays a notification directly on the user's mobile device. By merging our notifications with the core system notification system of the mobile device, we alert the user only when it is appropriate. For example, notification will wait silently when the user is asleep and will schedule the notifications to be presented a few minutes after the user has started using the device. This is being done without any user intervention or pre-settings. This novel solution differentiates itself from most notification solutions in the fact that it does not rely on any server side technology. The application itself calculates when and how notifications are presented to the user based on an internal logic crossed with background fetching of the current total data set. MyNews is the first customisable web interface to the news items supplied by the EMM engine designed for desktop browsers. It only became available in 2015. It requires logging in and is only available in-house, i.e. it is not accessible to the wider public. MyNews is highly customisable, since it allows users to define their own specific view by selecting the topics they are most interested in. This is achieved – similarly to the EMM mobile apps – by allowing users to tune news channels focused on very specific topics. They can create as many channels as they like, and they can organise them into sets (see Figure 4). There are many different ways to create new channels, which increases greatly the flexibility of the tool, combining as a union or as an intersection of article selections based on (a) text language, (b) news categories, (c) entities, (d) news from a certain country or (e) news about a certain country, (f) top stories (i.e. the biggest clusters of news talking about the same event) or (g) freely chosen search words. When visualising the contents of any of the channels, the meta-data relating specifically to this selection of news is displayed visually (see Figure 5). The Big Screen App, available since 2014, offers a view of EMM that is visible on large screens in central locations at user organisations. It shows a revolving and continuously updated view of what is happening around the world, targeted to the respective user communities, using text, maps and graphs. Citizens and Science (CAS) is a project that aims to gauge the relative importance of reporting on Science & Technology (S&T) in traditional and social media. It does this by comparing the reporting volume from a number of European Nations and the USA of items that correspond to a number of predefined S&T categories. The sources of these items are taken from the traditional online news media, public posts from FaceBook and tweets from Twitter. CAS allows investigating the relative dominance of certain themes across different media (traditional vs. social), languages and countries and it can help find empirical evidence of biased reporting (see Figure 6; more detail in Section 3.2). Details on ingested news, sources, numbers, geographical distribution Event extraction Multilinguality in EMM Multilinguality is an extremely important feature in this news monitoring application. Covering so many languages is not only important because the European Union consists of 28 Member States with 24 official EU languages. The coverage of news in 70 different languages is also due to the insight that news reporting is complementary across different countries and languages, both regarding the contents and the opinions expressed in the media. By gathering and analysing different languages, EMM reduces any national or regional bias and it increases the coverage of events and of opinions. While major world events such as large-scale disasters, major sports events, wars and meetings of world leaders are usually also reported in English, there is ample evidence that only a minority of the smaller events is reported on in the press outside the country where the event happens. Many EMM users have specialised interests such as the monitoring of events that may have negative effects on Public Health (e.g. disease outbreaks, reports on food poisoning, lack of access to medicines) or on the stability or welfare of a country (e.g. clashes between ethnic groups, accidents, crime). An analysis has shown that the vast majority of such events is not translated or reported abroad (Piskorski et al. 2011 – PROVIDE DETAILED NUMBERS). The links between related clusters across different languages in NewsExplorer show that only some of the news items in each country or language have an equivalent in other languages while the majority of news clusters talk about subjects of national interest. Figure 7, taken from the live EMM news cluster world map, also gives evidence of the uneven distribution of language reporting for locations on the globe: News mentioning locations in Latin America are mostly reported in Spanish and Portuguese; there is little news on Russia and China that is not written in Russian or Chinese, respectively, etc. Only by combining the world news in all different languages do we get a fuller picture of what is happening . Trend observation and distribution statistics in EMM In this section, we want to give some concrete examples of trend monitoring, as well as of bird's views of large amounts of media data giving insights in the relative distribution of news contents. The selection of examples shown here is based on wanting to present different visualisation principles or types, but it is naturally also driven by the interests of EMM users. Since EMM monitors in near-real time (time stamp) large amounts of media reports from around the world and it keeps track of the information (e.g. news provenance, news source, publication language, URL, media type, time of publication, etc.) and it additionally extracts categories and features (e.g. subject domain; number of related articles; names of persons, organisations and locations; sentiment; combinations of features; average values, etc.), it is in principle possible to produce and visualise statistics on any feature or feature combination. This can be done for a specific point in time (most EMM users are interested in now), it can be done for any moment back in time, it is possible to compare current values to average values, and it is possible to perform a time series analysis, i.e. it is possible to show any change over time. Note, however, that, while all such meta-data extracted by EMM can be stored, the original full text of the news has to be deleted after the analysis, for copyright reasons. Users will thus be able to see the meta data and a snippet of the news text (title and the first few words), but if they want to see the full text, they have to follow the hyperlink provided. Whether or not the full text is still accessible then depends on the news source. In the following sub-sections, we will present some types of trend observations and visual presentations of distribution statistics. Bar graphs and pie charts The simplest and probably clearest way of presenting static data is achieved using bar graphs and pie charts. Figure 5 shows three different bar charts to visualise different aspects for the same selection of news documents (provenance of the news, countries mentioned in the articles, and subject domains/entities referred to). These charts give the reader an overview of the whole collection of documents and it thus helps them evaluate and categorise the contents before reading them in detail. Figure 7b shows the language distribution of a multilingual set of European news articles talking on the subject of Science & Technology and comparing it with the language distribution in all articles covering the same time period. It is immediately visible that English and Polish language articles (left) are over-proportionally talking about S&T, while German and French S&T articles are under-represented, compared to the average. Maps visualising geographical distributions Map views are rather popular and intuitive. Figure 5 shows an aggregated map view (number of articles per continent/country/region, depending on the zoom level) while Figure 7 shows all news clusters (or those in a selection of languages). Many types of map data are available, allowing to combine any EMM information with third-party information, as seen in Figure 8 . Any map data in EMM is hyperlinked to the underlying news articles together with the extracted meta-information so that users can verify the contents and read the underlying news sources. Trend graphs Trend graphs show a simple correlation between at least two variables, of which one is time. Typically, they take the shape of line graphs or bar graphs where one axis represents time. Figure 1 shows the size (number of news articles) of the ten largest English language news clusters and their development over the past 12 hours, with a ten-minute resolution (update frequency). The interactive graph clearly shows which stories are most discussed. By hovering with the mouse over any of the points, the most typical news article header of that moment in time is shown so that users can get informed of the development of that story. The system decides on the most typical article header statistically by selecting the medoid, i.e. the document that is closest to the centroid of the vector. By clicking on any of the curves, a new page will open showing the articles that are part of that cluster plus all meta-information available to the system. This graph thus shows ten trend lines in one graph, for the sake of comparison. Similarly, Figure 6 visualises the numbers of news articles and of Social Media postings over time on four science areas. The graph shows longer-term developments. The chosen resolution is one day. For each of the four science areas, two trend curves are displayed to facilitate the visual understanding of the relative long-term development. Such graphs can be rather revealing. For instance, Figure 9 compares Science & Technology reporting in Europe and in the US. For better comparison, the numbers have been normalised: the x-axis shows the percentage of S&T articles compared to all articles, instead of absolute numbers. This graph reveals that the intensity of reporting on S&T in Europe lags behind that observed in US-American media (0.5% of all articles in all languages in the EU vs. 2.8% in the USA report about S&T). Comparing only English language articles in predominantly English-speaking countries (UK and Ireland in Europe; graph not shown here) with the English language articles in the USA, the difference is smaller, but it still notable (1.5% of articles in the UK and in Ireland vs. 3.2% in the USA). To put these numbers into perspective: the reporting on the reference categories Conflict, Ecology, Society and Sports, considering only the English language, was respectively 2.56%, 0.14%, 0.59% and 5.46% for the USA and 1.93%, 0.09%, 0.45% and 6.63% for the EU. This means that the reporting on S&T issues does not fall far behind the reporting on Sports in the USA, but in Europe reporting on Sports is 4 times more than on S&T issues. Note that, in EMM, sports articles are additionally only taken from general news streams because EMM does not scan sports pages of news sites. Looking in detail at a specific topic such as Space, we observe that there is a very strong correlation between the peaks, but the volumes are much smaller in the UK and Ireland, compared to the USA (See Figure 9). Other than a weak correlation between product announcements in the media and on twitter, we have not observed a clear media-driven discussion on the social media, i.e. we have not been able to establish any correlation between media reports and the user-driven content. Such data is a good starting point for the work of social scientists, who can then search for an interpretation and for explanations. Economists and politicians may then think of possible remedies (if needed and wanted). Figure 10 shows the interactive long-term news story timeline produced in EMM-NewsExplorer. The graph shows the number of news articles per day in the daily news clusters about the same event or subject. By hovering over any of the bars, the news cluster title is displayed so that users can explore what happened that day. By clicking on that day, the users are taken to the page with information on that day's news cluster in order to read the articles, see the related meta-information and follow hyperlinks to related reports in other languages. The graph allows exploring developments over longer periods of time and refreshing one's memory on what happened when. Figure 11 shows the development of positive or negative tonality (or sentiment) measured in English and French news articles, using a one-week resolution. Early warning graphs Figure 8 visualises results on the most recent events of a certain type, allowing stakeholders to become aware of the latest developments, to deepen their understanding of what happened (by reading the related news articles) and to take action, if needed. Another type of early warning is achieved with statistical means, as shown at the top of Figure 10, taken from EMM's Medical Information System MedISys. The graph called daily alert statistics shows the currently biggest threats world-wide, with decreasing relevance from left to right (the red threats are the ones with the highest alert levels). MedISys counts the number of articles in the last 24 hours for any country-threat combination (e.g. tuberculosis and Poland) and compares it to the two-week average count for this same combination. This ratio is then normalised by the number of articles for different days of the week (there are less articles on the weekend). The alert statistics graph then shows the results of all calculations, ranked by the value of this ratio . Note that the ratio is entirely independent of the absolute numbers as it rather measures the unexpectedness. Each country-threat combination is shown in two columns: the left one (light blue) shows the observed number of articles while the right one (red, yellow or blue) shows the expected two-week average. An important feature of this graph and of MedISys/EMM as a whole is that this alert is language-independent. The same categories for countries and for threats exist for (almost) all EMM languages, meaning that the articles may be found in one language only (e.g. Polish or Arabic), which often is different from the languages spoken by the MedISys user. The graph is interactive: Users can click on any of the bars to jump to a new page where all relevant articles for this country-threat combination are displayed, together with a heat map and a trend line showing the development over the past 14 days. The Spain-legionellosis threat combination in Figure 10 no longer is a top threat as it had already been reported on for four days. Further graph types used in EMM Figure 11 shows a node graph visualising co-occurrence relations between people. For each person, the 100 most associated entities (persons or organisations) are displayed. The subset of common entities is highlighted in red. The graph is interactive: by clicking on any of the entity nodes, they jump to a page with the news mentioning that entity and displaying all automatically extracted meta-information (e.g. Figure 2), or to the Wikipedia page for that entity. Further entities can be added to the same graph. EMM-NewsExplorer produces the correlation data by counting which entities are mentioned together with which other entities in the same news items. In order to suppress media VIPs such as the US president from the purely frequency-based correlation lists (called 'related entities' in NewsExplorer), a weighting formula is used that brings those entities to the top that are mostly mentioned together with this person and not so much with other persons. The data, referred to in NewsExplorer as 'associated entities', is produced on the basis of mention co-occurrence in the news in 21 different languages, i.e. it is less biased by the reporting language than data produced by a monolingual media monitoring system. EMM recognises direct speech quotations in the news in about twenty different languages and keeps track of who issued the quotation and who is mentioned inside the quotation. Figure 12 shows a quotation network indicating who mentions whom (arrows). Persons most referred to are automatically placed closer to the centre of the graph. During the 2007 presidential elections in France, it was observed that Nicolas Sarkozy, who was the winner of the elections, was consistently more central than his opponent Ségolène Royal. Quotation networks are no longer used in EMM. The same applies to topic maps, which display the most prominent subject matters referred to in a document collection. The topics are grouped into islands of relatedness (using a method known as Kohonen Maps). The more prominent a group of topics is in the collection, the higher the mountains on the island, with peaks being snow-covered. Summary and conclusions, pitfalls Computers have the ability to sieve through large volumes of data in little time and the technologies required for Automated Content Analysis (ACA) have matured to a level where automatically produced results can be useful for the human analyst. We have argued that a man-machine collaboration for the analysis of large volumes of media reports will produce best results because people and computers have complementary strengths. We have presented the main functionality of the European Commission's family of Europe Media Monitor (EMM) applications, which currently gathers an average of 220,000 online news articles per day from about 5,000 online news sources in seventy languages (and also from social media postings about certain themes), categorises the news into about 2,000 different categories, groups related articles, extracts various types of information from them, links related articles over time and across languages and presents the analysis results in a variety of ways to the human end user. Moderation tools support the users in viewing the data, in selecting and amending it and in producing in-house newsletters for the information-seeking decision takers. Monitoring not only English or some widely spoken languages is important in order to avoid bias and also because the news is complementary across languages, both for contents and for the sentiment contained therein. Automatic tools that process and analyse documents turn unstructured information into a structured format that can easily be processed by machines and that also provides useful data for the human user. This results in a data collection, where for each article, we know the news source, the country of origin, the language, the timestamp of the publication, the news categories, the persons, organisations and locations mentioned therein, related articles within the same and across different languages, quotations by and about persons. Additionally, we have data about trends, i.e. whether news related to the same event or subject are increasing or decreasing in numbers over time, and there is some information on sentiment/tonality. This structured collection makes it in principle possible to produce any statistics and to establish any trends related to these types of information. For selected subjects and feature combinations, the JRC regularly publishes its analysis, allowing EMM users to have a deeper insight into the publications on subject areas of their interest. In this article, we presented a range of different types of analyses and visualisations in order to give an overview of distributions and trends observed during large-scale media analysis. Such an extraction and aggregation of data is not usually the final objective, but it normally is the starting point for an intellectual human analysis. Analysts can get inspired by the data, questions may arise, suspicions may get confirmed or contradicted. Used carefully, we believe that the analyses produced by EMM or similar systems can be very useful because they may be used as an inspiration and as empirical evidence for any argument human analysts may want to make. However, we find it extremely important that users be aware of the limitations and of possible pitfalls when using such data, be it from EMM or from other automatic systems: First of all, media monitoring is not reality monitoring. What the media say is not necessarily factually true and media attention towards certain subjects usually differs from the real-life distribution of facts or events, giving media consumers a biased view. Media reporting is heavily influenced by the political or geographical viewpoint of the news source. It is therefore useful to analyse a large, well-balanced set of media sources coming from many different countries world-wide. EMM aims to reach such a balance, but sources are also added on request of users, it is not always known what political standpoints newspapers have, and not all news sources are freely accessible. For this reason, EMM displays the list of media sources so that users can form their own opinion. Any analysis, be it automatic or man-made, is error-prone. This is even true for basic functionalities such as the recognition of person names in documents and the categorisation of texts according to subject domains. Machines might make simple mistakes easily spottable by human analysts, such as categorising an article as being about the outbreak of communicable diseases when category-defining words such as tuberculosis are found in articles discussing a new song produced by a famous music producer, which is easily spottable by a person. On the other hand, machines are better at going through very large document collections and they are very consistent in their categorisation while people suffer from inconsistency and they tend to generalise on the basis of the small document collection they have read. For these reasons, it is crucial that any summaries, trend visualisations or other analyses can be verified by the human analysts. Users should be able to verify the data by drilling down, e.g. viewing the original text data in the case of peaks or unexpected developments, and especially to get an intuitive confidence measure by viewing a number of cases that lead to conclusions. Most of EMM's graphs are interactive and allow viewing the underlying data. It would be useful if system providers additionally offered confidence values regarding the accuracy of their analyses. For EMM, most specialised applications on individual information extraction tools include such tool evaluation results and an error analysis (e.g. XXX-REF). However, the tools can behave very differently depending on the text type and the language, making the availability of drill-down functionality indispensable. End users should be careful with accuracy statistics given by system providers. Especially commercial vendors (but not only) are good at presenting their systems in a very positive light. For instance, our experience has shown that, especially in the field of sentiment analysis (opinion mining, tonality), high accuracy is difficult to achieve even when the statistical accuracy measurement Precision and Recall are high. Overall Precision (accuracy for the system's predictions) may for instance indeed be high when considering predictions for positive, negative and neutral sentiment, but this might simply be because the majority class (e.g. neutral) is very large and the system is good at spotting this. Accuracy statistics may also have been produced on an easy-to-analyse dataset while the data at hand may be harder to analyse. Sentiment, for instance, may be easier to detect on product review pages on vending sites such as Amazon than on the news because journalists tend to want to give the impression of neutrality. Machine learning approaches to text analysis are particularly promising because computers are good at optimising evidence and because machine learning tools are cheap to produce, compared to man-made rules. However, the danger is that the automatically learnt rules are applied to texts that are different from the training data as comparable data rarely exists. Manually produced rules might be easier to tune and to adapt. Again, statistics on the performance of automatic tools should be considered with care. Within EMM, machine learning is used to learn vocabulary and recognition patterns, but these are then usually manually verified and generalised (e.g. Zavarella et al. 2010; Tanev & Magnini 2008). To summarise: we firmly believe that Automated Content Analysis works when it is used with care and when its strengths and limits are known. Computers and people have different strengths which – in combination – can be very powerful as they combine large-scale evidence gathering with the intelligence of human judgement. References Atkinson M, Keim D, Schaefer M, Franz W, Leitner-Fischer F, Zintgraf F. (2010). DYNEVI - DYnamic News Entity VIsualization. In: J.Kohlhammer, D.Keim (eds). Proceedings of the International Symposium on Visual Analytics Science and Technology. Golsar (Germany): The Eurographics Association. pp. 69-74 . 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Observing Trends in Automated Multilingual Media Analysis Authors: Ralf, Aldo, Alexandra, Guillaume, Hristo, Martin, Michele, Yaniv, Erik European Commission – Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra (VA), Italy e-mail: [email protected] ( corresponding author )
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A. three rules and three action groupsB. one rule and one action groupC. three rules and one action groupD. one rule and three action groups Answer: C NEW QUESTION 199You plan to automate the deployment of a virtual machine scale set that uses the Windows Server 2016 DataCenter image. You need to ensure that when the scale set virtual machines are provisioned, they have web server components installed. Which two actions should you perform? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.) A. Upload a configuration script.B. Create an automation account.C. Create a new virtual machine scale set in the Azure portal.D. Create an Azure policy.E. Modify the extensionProfile section of the Azure Resource Manager template. Answer: CEExplanation: NEW QUESTION 200An app uses a virtual network with two subnets. One subnet is used for the application server. The other subnet is used for a database server. A network virtual appliance (NVA) is used as a firewall. Traffic destined for one specific address prefix is routed to the NVA and then to an on-premises database server that stores sensitive data. A Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) route is used for the traffic to the on-premises database server. You need to recommend a method for creating the user-defined route. Which two options should you recommend? (Each correct answer presents a complete solution. Choose two.) A. For the virtual network configuration, use a VPN.B. For the next hop type, use virtual network peering.C. For the virtual network configuration, use Azure ExpressRoute.D. For the next hop type, use a virtual network gateway. Answer: ACExplanation: NEW QUESTION 201You manage a solution in Azure that consists of a single application which runs on a virtual machine (VM). Traffic to the application has increased dramatically. The application must not experience any downtime and scaling must be dynamically defined. You need to define an auto-scale strategy to ensure that the VM can handle the workload. Which three options should you recommend? (Each correct answer presents a complete solution. Choose three.) A. Deploy application automatic vertical scaling.B. Create a VM availability set.C. Create a VM scale set.D. Deploy application automatic horizontal scaling.E. Deploy a custom auto-scale implementation. Answer: CDE NEW QUESTION 202You are implementing authentication for applications in your company. You plan to implement self-service password reset (SSPR) and multifactor authentication (MFA) in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). You need to select authentication mechanisms that can be used for both MFA and SSPR. Which two authentication methods should you use? (Each correct answer presents a complete solution. Choose two.) A. Short Message Service (SMS) messagesB. Azure AD passwordsC. Email addressesD. Security questionsE. App passwords Answer: ABExplanation: NEW QUESTION 203You have an Azure subscription named Subscription1. Subscription1 contains a resource group named RG1. RG1 contains resources that were deployed by using templates. You need to view the date and time when the resources were created in RG1.Solution: From the RG1 blade, you click Deployments.Does this meet the goal? A. YesB. No Answer: A NEW QUESTION 204You plan to use the Azure Import/Export service to copy files to a storage account. Which two files should you create before you prepare the drives for the import job? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.) A. a dataset CSV fileB. an XML manifest fileC. a driveset CSV fileD. a PowerShell PS1 fileE. a JSON configuration file Answer: ACExplanation:A: Modify the dataset.csv file in the root folder where the tool resides. Depending on whether you want to import a file or folder or both, add entries in the dataset.csv file.C: Modify the driveset.csv file in the root folder where the tool resides. NEW QUESTION 205You create an Azure Storage account named contosostorage. You plan to create a file share named data. Users need to map a drive to the data file share from home computers that run Windows 10. Which outbound port should you open between the home computers and the data file share? A. 80B. 443C. 445D. 3389 Answer: CExplanation:Ensure port 445 is open: The SMB protocol requires TCP port 445 to be open; connections will fail if port 445 is blocked. NEW QUESTION 206SIMULATIONClick to expand each objective. To connect to the Azure portal, type in the browser address bar.......Your on-premises network uses an IP address range of to You need to ensure that only devices from the on-premises network can connect to the rg1lod8322490n1 storage account. What should you do from the Azure portal? Answer:Step 1: Navigate to the rg1lod8322490n1 storage account.Step 2: Click on the settings menu called Firewalls and virtual networks.Step 3: Ensure that you have elected to allow access from 'Selected networks'.Step 4: To grant access to an internet IP range, enter the address range of to (in CIDR format) under Firewall, Address Ranges.Explanation: NEW QUESTION 207You have an Azure tenant that contains two subscriptions named Subscription1 and Subscription2. In Subscription1, you deploy a virtual machine named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2016. Server1 uses managed disks. You need to move Server1 to Subscription2. The solution must minimize administration effort. What should you do first? A. Create a new virtual machine in Subscription2.B. In Subscription2, create a copy of the virtual disk.C. Create a snapshot of the virtual disk.D. From Azure PowerShell, run the Move-AzureRmResource cmdlet. Answer: DExplanation:To move existing resources to another resource group or subscription, use the Move-AzureRmResource cmdlet. NEW QUESTION 208You have an Azure subscription that contains a resource group named RG1. RG1 contains 100 virtual machines. Your company has three cost centers named Manufacturing, Sales, and Finance. You need to associate each virtual machine to a specific cost center. What should you do? A. Add an extension to the virtual machines.B. Modify the inventory settings of the virtual machine.C. Assign tags to the virtual machines.D. Configure locks for the virtual machine. Answer: CExplanation:// NEW QUESTION 209You have an Azure subscription that contains two storage accounts named storagecontoso1 and storagecontoso2. Each storage account contains a queue service, a table service, and a blob service. You develop two apps named App1 and App2. You need to configure the apps to store different types of data to all the storage services on both the storage accounts. How many endpoints should you configure for each app? A. 2B. 3C. 6D. 12 Answer: AExplanation:Each app needs a service endpoint in each Storage Account. NEW QUESTION 210SIMULATIONClick to expand each objective. To connect to the Azure portal, type in the browser address bar.......You need to deploy two Azure virtual machines named VM1003a and VM1003b based on an Ubuntu Server image. The deployment must meet the following requirements:- Provide a Service Level Agreement (SLA) of 99.95 percent availability- Use managed disksWhat should you do from the Azure portal? Answer:Step 1: Open the Azure portal.Step 2: On the left menu, select All resources. You can sort the resources by Type to easily find your images.Step 3: Select the image you want to use from the list. The image Overview page opens.Step 4: Select Create VM from the menu.Step 5: Enter the virtual machine information. Select VM1003a as the name for the first Virtual machine. The user name and password entered here will be used to log in to the virtual machine. When complete, select OK. You can create the new VM in an existing resource group, or choose Create new to create a new resource group to store the VM.Step 6: Select a size for the VM. To see more sizes, select View all or change the Supported disk type filter.Step 7: Under Settings, make changes as necessary and select OK.Step 8: On the summary page, you should see your image name listed as a Private image. Select Ok to start the virtual machine deployment.Repeat the procedure for the second VM and name it VM1003b.Explanation: NEW QUESTION 211You have an Azure subscription that contains a policy-based virtual network gateway named GW1 and a virtual network named VNet1. You need to ensure that you can configure a point-to-site connection from VNet1 to an on-premises computer. Which two actions should you perform? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.) A. Add a service endpoint to VNet1.B. Add a public IP address space to VNet1.C. Create a route-based virtual network gateway.D. Reset GW1.E. Delete GW1.F. Add a connection to GW1. Answer: CE NEW QUESTION 212A company hosts virtual machines (VMs) in an on-premises datacenter and in Azure. The on-premises and Azure-based VMs communicate using ExpressRoute. The company wants to be able to continue regular operations if the ExpressRoute connection fails. Failover connections must use the Internet and must not require Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) support. You need to recommend a solution that provides continued operations. What should you recommend? A. Set up a second ExpressRoute connection.B. Increase the bandwidth of the existing ExpressRoute connection.C. Increase the bandwidth for the on-premises internet connection.D. Set up a VPN connection. Answer: DExplanation: NEW QUESTION 213You have an Azure subscription that contains an Azure Service Fabric cluster and a Service Fabric application named FabricApp. You develop and package a Service Fabric application named AppPackage. AppPackage is saved in a compressed folder named You upload to an external store. You need to register AppPackage in the Azure subscription. What should you do first? A. Run the New-ServiceFabricApplication cmdlet.B. Repackage the application in a file named App.sfpkg.C. Create a new Service Fabric cluster.D. Copy to a blob storage account. Answer: BExplanation: NEW QUESTION 214HotspotYour company runs several Windows and Linux virtual machines (VMs). You must design a solution that implements data privacy, compliance, and data sovereignty for all storage uses in Azure. You plan to secure all Azure storage accounts by using Role-Based Access Controls (RBAC) and Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). You need to secure the data used by the VMs. Which solution should you use? (To answer, select the appropriate solutions in the answer area.) Answer:Explanation: NEW QUESTION 215You have an Azure subscription named Subscription1. You have 5 TB of data that you need to transfer to Subscription1. You plan to use an Azure Import/Export job. What can you use as the destination of the imported data? A. An Azure Cosmos DB databaseB. Azure SQL DatabaseC. Azure File StorageD. Azure Data Lake Store Answer: CExplanation:Azure Import/Export service is used to securely import large amounts of data to Azure Blob storage and Azure Files by shipping disk drives to an Azure datacenter. NEW QUESTION 216You plan to back up an Azure virtual machine named VM1. You discover that the Backup Pre-Check status displays a status of Warning. What is a possible cause of the Warning status? A. VM1 does not have the latest version of WaAppAgent.exe installed.B. A Recovery Services vault is unavailable.C. VM1 has an unmanaged disk.D. VM1 is stopped. Answer: AExplanation:The Warning state indicates one or more issues in VM's configuration that might lead to backup failures and provides recommended steps to ensure successful backups. Not having the latest VM Agent installed, for example, can cause backups to fail intermittently and falls in this class of issues. NEW QUESTION 217Drag and DropYou are developing Azure WebJobs. You need to recommend a WebJob type for each scenario. Which WebJob type should you recommend? (To answer, drag the appropriate WebJob types to the correct scenarios. Each WebJob type may be used once, more than once, or not at all. You may need to drag the split bar between panes or scroll to view content.) Answer:Explanation: NEW QUESTION 218You have an Azure virtual machine named VM1 that you use for testing. VM1 is protected by Azure Backup. You delete VM1. You need to remove the backup data stored for VM1. What should you do first? A. Delete the storage account.B. Stop the backup.C. Modify the backup policy.D. Delete the Recovery Services vault. Answer: CExplanation:Azure Backup provides backup for virtual machines -- created through both the classic deployment model and the Azure Resource Manager deployment model -- by using custom-defined backup policies in a Recovery Services vault. With the release of backup policy management, customers can manage backup policies and model them to meet their changing requirements from a single window. Customers can edit a policy, associate more virtual machines to a policy, and delete unnecessary policies to meet their compliance requirements.Incorrect:Not D: You can't delete a Recovery Services vault if it is registered to a server and holds backup data. If you try to delete a vault, but can't, the vault is still configured to receive backup data. NEW QUESTION 219You have an Azure subscription named Subscription1. You deploy a Linux virtual machine named VM1 to Subscription1. You need to monitor the metrics and the logs of VM1. What should you use? A. The AzurePerformanceDiagnostics extensionB. Linux Diagnostic Extension (LAD) 3.0C. Azure Analysis ServicesD. Azure HDInsight Answer: AExplanation:You can use extensions to configure diagnostics on your VMs to collect additional metric data. The basic host metrics are available, but to see more granular and VM-specific metrics, you need to install the Azure diagnostics extension on the VM. The Azure diagnostics extension allows additional monitoring and diagnostics data to be retrieved from the VM. NEW QUESTION 220You have two Azure virtual machines named VM1 and VM2. You have two Recovery Services vaults named RSV1 and RSV2. VM2 is protected by RSV1. You need to use RSV2 to protect VM2. What should you do first? A. From the RSV2 blade, click Backup.From the Backup blade, select the backup for the virtual machine, and then click Backup.B. From the RSV1 blade, click Backup items and stop the VM2 backup.C. From the VM2 blade, click Disaster recovery, click Replication settings, and then select RSV2 as the Recovery Services vault.D. From the RSV1 blade, click Backup Jobs and export the VM2 job. Answer: CExplanation: NEW QUESTION 221You have a resource group named RG1. RG1 contains an Azure Storage account named Storageaccount1 and a virtual machine named VM1 that runs Windows Server 2016. Storageaccount1 contains the disk files for VM1. You apply a ReadOnly lock to RG1. What can you do from the Azure portal? A. Start VM1.B. Upload a blob to Storageaccount1.C. View the keys of Storageaccount1.D. generate an automation script for RG1. Answer: CExplanation:ReadOnly allows authorized users to read a resource, but they can't delete or update the resource. Applying this lock is similar to restricting all authorized users to the permissions granted by the Reader role. NEW QUESTION 222A company is migrating an existing on-premises third-party website to Azure. The website is stateless. The company does not have access to the source code for the website. They do not have the original installer. The number of visitors at the website varies throughout the year. The on-premises infrastructure was resized to accommodate peaks but the extra capacity was not used. You need to implement a virtual machine scale set instance. What should you do? A. Use an autoscale setting to scale instances vertically.B. Create 100 autoscale settings per resource.C. Scale out by one instance when the average CPU usage of one of the instances is over 80 percent.D. Use Azure Monitor to create autoscale settings using custom metrics.E. Use an autoscale setting with unlimited maximum number of instances. Answer: DExplanation: NEW QUESTION 223You are responsible for mobile app development for a company. The company develops apps on Windows Mobile, iOS, and Android. You plan to integrate push notifications into every app. You need to be able to send users alerts from a backend server. Which two options can you use to achieve this goal? (Each correct answer presents a complete solution. Choose two.) A. Azure Web AppB. Azure Mobile App ServiceC. Azure SQL DatabaseD. Azure Notification HubsE. A Virtual Machine Answer: BDExplanation:The Mobile Apps client enables you to register for push notifications with Azure Notification Hubs. The following platforms are supported:- Xamarin Android releases for API 19 through 24 (KitKat through Nougat)- Xamarin iOS releases for iOS versions 8.0 and later- Universal Windows Platform- Windows Phone 8.1- Windows Phone 8.0 except for Silverlight applications Case Study 6 - Humongous InsuranceHumongous Insurance is an insurance company that has three offices in Miami, Tokyo and Bangkok. Each office has 5.000 users....... NEW QUESTION 224You need to resolve the licensing issue before you attempt to assign the license again. What should you do? A. From the Directory role blade, modify the directory role.B. From the Groups blade, invite the user accounts to a new group.C. From the Profile blade, modify the usage location. Answer: CExplanation:License cannot be assigned to a user without a usage location specified. NEW QUESTION 225...... Case Study 7 - Contoso, Ltd.Contoso, Ltd. is a consulting company that has a main office in Montreal and two branch offices in Seattle and New York. The Montreal office has 2,000 employees. The Seattle office has 1,000 employees. The New York office has 200 employees. All the resources used by Contoso are hosted on-premises. Contoso creates a new Azure subscription. The Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant uses a domain named The tenant uses the P1 pricing tier....... NEW QUESTION 230You need to meet the technical requirement for VM4. What should you create and configure? A. an Azure Logic AppB. an Azure Service BusC. an Azure Notification HubD. an Azure Event Hub Answer: DExplanation: NEW QUESTION 231...... Case Study 8 - ADatum CorporationADatum Corporation is a financial company that has two main offices in New York and Los Angeles. ADatum has a subsidiary named Fabrikam, Inc. that shares the Los Angeles office. ADatum is conducting an initial deployment of Azure services to host new line-of-business applications and is preparing to migrate its existing on-premises workloads to Azure. ADatum uses Microsoft Exchange Online for email....... NEW QUESTION 237You need to configure AG1. What should you create? A. a multi-site listenerB. a basic routing ruleC. a URL path-based routing ruleD. a basic listener Answer: CExplanation: NEW QUESTION 238...... Case Study 9 - Best For You Organics CompanyBest For You Organics Company is a global restaurant franchise that has multiple locations. The company wants to enhance user experiences and vendor integrations. The company plans to implement automated mobile ordering and delivery services....... NEW QUESTION 245You need to meet the security requirements. What should you use? A. HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS)B. Direct Line APIC. Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)D. Bot Framework PortalE. Bot Framework Authentication Answer: E NEW QUESTION 246...... Download the newest PassLeader AZ-300 dumps from now! 100% Pass Guarantee! AZ-300 PDF dumps & AZ-300 VCE dumps: (250 Q&As) (New Questions Are 100% Available and Wrong Answers Have Been Corrected! Free VCE simulator!) P.S. New AZ-300 dumps PDF: P.S. New AZ-301 dumps PDF: P.S. New AZ-302 dumps PDF:
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Philomathia Foundation | Promoting Human Values and Science through Education and Research The second phase of the interdisciplinary Philomathia Social Sciences Research Programme, a collaboration between the Philomathia Foundation and the University, has been launched to enable further pioneering work in addressing some of the major issues facing humanity today. SUMMARY OF PHASE 1 (2013-2018) Faculty of History (2013/14) Historicising the Measurement of Inequality PI - Dr Pedro Ramos Pinto In my current work I am interested in understanding how contemporary inequalities are shaped by the past, bringing a more long-term view to explain how and why societies distribute resources, opportunities and capabilities. As part of this, I direct a research network on the topic of Inequality and History, which was started by an AHRC grant. Most recently I worked with Dr Poornima Paidipaty on the history of the measurement of inequality, supported by a grant from the Philomathia Trust. During 2018-2019 I will be a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the International Inequalities Institute at the London School of Economics. I am also interested in the history and political economy of welfare. One aspect of this concerns the creation, evolution and implications of authoritarian welfare regimes in Southern Europe and Latin America. This has evolved from earlier work which explored the interaction between the Portuguese Dictatorship and its citizens to explain the emergence of social movements of the urban poor during the Carnation Revolution (1974-1976), a theme which is explored in my book Lisbon Rising (2013).In addition, I continue to have an interest on the study of social movements and protest, both in historical and in contemporary perspective. Fellow- Dr Poornima Paidipaty I hold a PhD in Anthropology from Columbia University as well as an MA from Jawaharlal Nehru University and a BA from Yale University. My academic work focuses on the intersections of decolonization, governance, and modern social science. As part of the Philomathia funded project, 'The Measure of Inequality', I am currently researching the history and legacy of statistics and planning in postcolonial India. Alongside this work, I am completing a book, Tribal Nation, which explores the history of anthropology in the Indian subcontinent and charts the relationship between military science, political culture, and citizenship in India's tribal borderlands. Prior to coming to Cambridge, I was a member of the Society of Fellows at the University of Chicago. In addition to the generous sponsorship through Philomathia, my work has been supported by the Isaac Newton Trust, the British Academy, the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the School for Advanced Research, and the American Institute for Indian Studies. The widening gap between India's rich and poor is captured by the National Sample Survey (NSS), an organization founded in 1950, which gathers data from roughly 14,000 Indian villages and localities to provide a snapshot of how the population at large is faring. The NSS and its pioneering role in the measurement of poverty and inequality are some of the important subjects to explore how different modern societies have gauged social and economic disparity. As a nation, India is undergoing a profound transformation, but rapid growth has come hand in hand with rising inequality as well as growing disparity between rural and urban areas. NSS data remains one of the best resources for understanding and tracking these changes. As more of this information circulates in the public domain, it becomes all the more crucial to appreciate how such data is produced. Paidipaty's work on the history of the NSS offers a fascinating glimpse into one of the most significant and early mid-century precursors to contemporary developments in big data. Summary of project In July 2017, we held an international research conference at Cambridge University entitled Measuring Matters, which brought together leading scholars in economics, international history, sociology, anthropology and gender studies to examine the history and politics of measuring inequality. In addition to generous funds from the Philomathia Foundation, we were able to raise more than £7,000 for this event from CRASSH, the Economic History Society and the History Faculty's Ellen McArthur Trust. Our keynote speakers were Alice O'Conner (UCSB) and Sanjay Reddy (New School University). On the final evening of our conference we held a public event that featured Sanjay Reddy in conversation with Ha-Joon Chang (Cambridge) and Omar Khan (Runnymede Trust). The History of Political Economy has accepted our proposal to collect and publish the conference papers as a special issue of their journal. 9 essays from this event have been submitted for peer review (including an article by Dr. Paidipaty). The issue is scheduled for publication in May 2020. It will include an introductory essay by Dr. Ramos Pinto and Dr. Paidipaty, as well as an afterword by Dr. Sanjay Reddy. Dr. Ramos Pinto and Dr. Paidipaty are finalizing plans for a book on the history of inequality, tentatively titled Inequality: A Global History. This work will incorporate many of the insights gleaned from the Measuring Inequality conferences and MPhil course at Cambridge. We are in conversation with both CUP and Princeton about publishing this work, and expect to deliver the finished manuscript by December 2021. Department of Sociology (2013/14) (In)fertility, Education and Reproductive Health PIs – Prof Jacqueline Scott and Prof Sarah Franklin Professor Jacqueline Scott trained at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor where she received her PhD in 1987. She has held a variety of survey related positions before joining the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (now HSPS) in 1994. Jackie was the Director of the Detroit Area Study, from 1989-1990; and Director of the ESRC Centre on Micro-Social Change, at the University of Essex from 1990-1994, where she was responsible for the initial design and implementation of the British Household Panel Study (now Understanding Society). Jackie was a Guest Professor, Zentrum für Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen (ZUMA). Mannheim, Germany (1993, 2005). From 2004-2010 she was the Director of the ESRC Research Priority Network on Gender Inequalities in Production and Reproduction. This was the largest research multi-disciplinary network of its kind in the UK. Jackie co-ordinated projects across eight British universities that investigated different aspects of the way women and men's roles and lifestyles have changed. The common goal of the Network was to understand why gender inequalities remains one of the most pressing social issues of our time and to identify ways that greater equality may be achieved. Professor Sarah Franklin moved from the London School of Economics to take up the Chair of Sociology at Cambridge in October 2011. In 2012 she received awards from the Wellcome Trust, ESRC, and British Academy to establish the Reproductive Sociology Research Group (ReproSoc) which has since gone on to become one of the leading research centres in the rapidly expanding field of reproductive studies. Fellow – Dr Nitzan Peri-Rotem I hold an undergraduate degree in Sociology and Communication (2005) and a Master's degree in Demography and Anthropology (2009) from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 2015, I completed a DPhil in Sociology at Nuffield College, University of Oxford. Before moving to the UK, I gained experience working as Head of Branch for Social Statistical Analyses at the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics. In 2014, I was appointed as Philomathia Research Associate at the University of Cambridge until June 2017, when I took the position of a Lecturer in Social Policy at the University of Exeter. I continue to collaborate with Professor Franklin and the Reproductive Sociology Research Group in Cambridge on various projects, including the new interdisciplinary research project 'Changing (In)Fertilities', which is funded by the Wellcome Trust and is aimed at exploring how assisted reproductive technologies are changing the ways in which fertility and infertility are perceived and practiced. Summary of project The research project '(In)Fertility, Education and Reproductive Health' explored recent trends in reproductive behaviour in the UK and the rest of Europe amid global demographic, societal and technological developments of the past decades. In particular, the increase in women's education, has been one of the major driving forces of changing fertility patterns, including the ongoing rise in age at first birth. These trends have important implications for population ageing in Europe, as well as for individuals' ability to fulfil their own fertility aspirations. As part of this project, we analysed data from the British Household Panel Survey and the UK Household Longitudinal Study to examine changes in union formation and fertility patterns among men and women in Britain from 1991 to 2012. We found that marriage rates are declining more steeply among individuals with secondary or lower level of education compared to highly educated people, and that childbearing outside a stable union continues to be disproportionately higher among low educated women in Britain. These patterns both reflect and preserve social inequalities, since children growing up in non-intact families tend to have poorer life prospects compared to those living in more stable settings. The findings from this study were presented by Dr Peri-Rotem in several international academic conferences, including the European Sociological Association, Vienna Institute of Demography and the British Society for Population Studies. Apart from the research work on education and fertility, in May 2016, we hosted an international forum in Cambridge on 'Changing Fertility: Social, Demographic and Ethical Consequences of Assisted Reproductive Technologies'. This forum has brought together academic scholars, health professionals and members of non-governmental organizations to discuss the consequences of ART use on fertility patterns in post-industrialized societies. The forum has also formed the basis for a position paper, describing the spread of IVF use across Europe and its potential implications for fertility and public health, as well as recommended policies to address infertility. This paper was presented by Dr Peri-Rotem at the 3rd Annual Philomathia Symposium, as part of an organized session on 'Reproduction in an Era of Bio-Tech Revolution' which was chaired by Professor Sarah Franklin. Department of Politics and International Studies (POLIS) (2014/15) The consequences of the politics of austerity in the EU PI - Helen Thompson I am a Professor of Political Economy. I have been at Cambridge since 1994 and am at present Deputy Head of the School of the Humanities and Social Sciences. I'm a regular panellist on Talking Politics. My present work is focused on the historical origins of the post-2008 economic and political world and the crises it is generating for western countries. More particularly my recent work covers the political economy of oil, Brexit and the euro zone crisis. Fellow – Juan Munoz-Portillo In 2013, I received my PhD in Politics and International Relations from Dublin City University. Prior to moving to Cambridge I was a Post-doctoral Fellow at Dublin City University. Between 2014 and 2017 I worked with Prof Andrew Gamble, Dr Helen Thompson and Dr Pieter van Houten on the project "The consequences of the politics of austerity in the European Union". This project consisted of two parts. The first stage documented and analysed the specific ways in which states in the EU have implemented fiscal austerity programs. The second stage analysed various social and political consequences of the politics of austerity. My research interests lie in comparative political economy and international political economy, in particular, but not solely, electoral systems and the behaviour of legislators, the influence of political institutions on public spending, and politics and sovereign debt. After leaving the University of Cambridge in September 2017, I returned to Costa Rica, where I worked during one year as an adjunct staff member of the School of Political Science of the University of Costa Rica. During that time I also worked as a consultant for the Latin American Faculty of the Social Sciences (FLACSO) and the Latin American Office of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. I have been recently appointed, in January 2019, lecturer of International Politics at the School of Political Science of the University of Costa Rica. I expect to continue my research on fiscal austerity policies in the European Union. I also aim to apply my understanding of fiscal austerity policies developed during the course of the Philomathia project to the Latin American context, using the methodology myself and my principal supervisor in Cambridge applied. Summary of project The project 'The consequences of the politics of austerity in the European Union' officially terminated on 30 September 2017. During this time two papers were prepared and two international conferences were attended. At the time of writing, Pieter van Houten, one of the principal investigators, is engaged in leading collaborative papers arising from the project. We expect to get them published in the near future. In our Report of activities 2015 – 2016 we reported that we decided to adopt a narrative approach for our analysis of austerity policies in EU member states. A narrative method consists of the study of official records and sometimes news, based on theoretically defined criteria, seeking to identify policy decisions that are motivated by the intentions of authorities to reduce deficits and public debt, and not by other confounding factors. In other words, it is a way of isolating the effect of fiscal consolidation decisions from other variables that might simultaneously be having an influence on changes in public revenues and expenditures. They presented this paper at the 7th Annual Conference of the European Political Science Association, held in Milan on 22–24 June 2017. Juan and Pieter, with the support of the Philomathia Programme, organised the panel 'Comparative Approaches to the Study of Causes and Consequences of Fiscal Austerity Policies in the European Union' that was presented at the Council of European Studies' 24th International Conference of Europeanists, held in Glasgow on 12-14 July 2017. Prof Klaus Armingeon of the University of Bern and Prof Stefano Sacchi of the University of Milan, presented the paper 'Austerity. Where and Why Politics Still Matters' at this panel. Dr Michael Breen (Dublin City University) gave the paper 'Daily Judgement: Political News and Financial Markets'. Also in this panel Juan and Pieter presented their work 'Explaining the Magnitude and Composition of Fiscal Austerity Episodes in the European Union.' Each of these papers was discussed by Prof Sebastian Dellepiane-Avellaneda of the University of Glasgow. All of the presenters and the discussant have published their research on austerity policies in Europe in important political science journals (Armingeon 2012; McMenamin, Breen, and Muñoz-Portillo 2015; Dellepiane-Avellaneda and Hardiman 2014) Faculty of Law (2015/16) The Law of Energy Transitions PI – Prof Jorge Vinuales I hold the Harold Samuel Chair of Law and Environmental Policy at the University of Cambridge and is the founder and former Director of the Cambridge Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance (C-EENRG). I'm also the Chairman of the Compliance Committee of the UN-ECE/WHO-Europe Protocol on Water and Health, a member of the Panel of Arbitrators of the Shanghai International Arbitration Centre and the Director-General of the Latin American Society of International Law. Prior to joining Cambridge, I was the Pictet Chair of International Environmental Law at the Graduate Institute, Geneva, where I keep a limited affiliation as Adjunct Professor of Public International Law. I have a wide experience as a practitioner, both in an advisory and a litigation context. I was associate, counsel and of counsel with two major law firms specialised in international law for a decade. In addition to this work for the UNECE/WHO, I have served as arbitrator, counsel, expert and, earlier in my career, as secretary of arbitration tribunals in inter-State, investment and commercial disputes. I regularly advise governments, companies, international organisations or major NGOs on different matters of environmental law, investment law, human rights, maritime delimitation and public international law at large. Fellow – Dr Leslie-Anne Duvic-Paoli I am a Lecturer at The Dickson Poon School of Law. Before joining King's College London in August 2017, I was Philomathia Post-doctoral Research Associate in the Department of Land Economy at the University of Cambridge. I am a public international lawyer, with expertise in international environmental law and climate and energy law. I am particularly interested in understanding the nature and content of its principles: her monograph, entitled The Prevention Principle in International Environmental Law, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2018. A recording of the book launch event held at King's in October 2018 is available here. My research also looks at the energy transition to a low-carbon economy from an international and comparative law perspective. I work on the global legal implications of energy democratisation and the importance of participatory mechanisms in the design of inclusive energy systems. In addition, I'm starting a new research agenda on the 'water-energy-food' nexus in global governance: it investigates the gap between, on the one hand, its increasing relevance as a theoretical concept describing the interconnections between complex systems and presented as a solution to foster sustainable development; and, on the other hand, the limited interactions between specialized international legal regimes. I hold Master's degrees in international relations / political science from Sciences Po Paris and in public law from the University of Panthéon-Sorbonne, and a PhD (summa cum laude) in international law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. Summary of project The PI brought a visiting Postdoctoral Research Associate (PDRA), Dr Tibisay Morgandi, supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation, whose research was closely aligned with the subject of the Project and was further supported with a small grant from the Philomathia Foundation to build a database. Dr Morgandi was also able to secure a permanent position (a Lectureship) in the University of London (Queen Mary) starting in September 2018, largely due to her involvement in the activities on global energy governance emerging from the project. This is another indication of the success of the Project in launching the career of aspiring academics. The PI secured a small grant from the Cambridge Humanities Research Grants Scheme to hire a part-time PDRA, Dr Maria Augusta Paim, to complete some of the data collection work initially envisioned for the third year of the Project. This work is still ongoing. In addition to launching the career of aspiring academics, the Project resulted (1) in a stream of important publications on energy governance, (2) in the organization of several events, including two high-profile ones, and (3) in some enduring extensions in the form of a Platform and Research Network, a Database on bilateral energy agreements, and subsequent research projects. Department of Land Economy (2015/16) Realising Genomic Medicine PI – Dr Kathy Liddell I undertook my doctorate in law at the University of Oxford focussing on the regulation of controversial genetic technologies in morally pluralist societies. In addition to substantial experience in academia, I worked in private legal practice and in public sector legal services for a health department. This work history has provided me with a solid knowledge of commercial realities and needs, as well as experience in legal policymaking. I have degrees in law and science from the University of Melbourne and bioethics from Monash University, and is a strong advocate of interdisciplinary research. My research focuses on health, medicine and society, with the aim of understanding and improving the legal frameworks that govern and support innovation in this field. A key theme in my research is to examine ways in which intellectual property rights help and hinder the translation of medical discoveries into effective, affordable clinical treatments and diagnoses, and how such frameworks could be modified to be more effective and just. Currently, I'm involved with an international collaboration which aims to investigate intellectual property law in five areas of bioinnovation: (i) repurposing pharmaceuticals; (ii) antibiotics; (iii) biologics; (iv) rare diseases; and (v) machine-learning based precision medicine. Fellow – Dr John Liddicoat I was the Philomathia Research Associate in Law at the University of Cambridge. I was working on a research project analysing intellectual property issues that interface with the realisation of genomic medicine. My research was funded by the Wellcome Trust, Cambridge University and the Philomathia Foundation. I adopt a variety of research methodologies including doctrinal legal research and established empirical methods, as well as developing new, science-inspired quantitative methods. The Philomathia project was very beneficial for my career and the development of the Centre for Law, Medicine and Life Sciences (LML). The Centre was established just prior to the commencement of the Philomathia project, and is now collaborating with an elite group of research centres on a range of topics. At the conclusion of the Philomathia Fellowship, I began a new position on 30 November 2018 as a Senior Research Associate with the Law Faculty at the University of Cambridge. This is a more senior role and is part of a large international research collaboration between Cambridge University, Harvard University, Copenhagen University and Michigan University. The collaboration is led by Professor Timo Minssen at the University of Copenhagen, who was inspired to work with LML after seeing its work on the Philomathia project. Furthermore, many of the lines of enquiry which commenced with the Philomathia project continue to be pursued in the international collaboration. Alongside the collaborative research, I also continued some independent research. Notably I published several articles based on my PhD thesis, and co-authored work with colleagues around the world. I have had the opportunity to travel to Hong Kong during my tenure as Philomathia Fellow. Together with colleagues from the LML, I was the guest of Professor Terry Kaan at the Centre for Medical Ethics and Law, HKU, Dr Anthony Ng (WYNG Foundation) and Dr Ron Zimmern (Hatton Trust). This was a terrific trip, and a good opportunity for our Philomathia research team to present its research results in Hong Kong. Summary of project Genomic medicine is an emerging discipline that involves using genetic information about a patient as part of their clinical care. Since the sequencing of the human genome, a key goal has been to make genomic medicine an everyday reality. However, scientific research that recognises a correlation between genetic make-up and a future health outcome is not enough. Considerably more research is necessary to understand how genes, drugs and other environmental factors work together, and how they work in particular individuals. This research involves complex and high-powered data analysis, and resource-intensive translation into effective molecular test and drug-test combinations. It is a multi-faceted challenge with scientific, regulatory, legal, ethical and financial aspects. In this project we were investigating two topics in which intellectual property (IP) laws support, and potentially hinder, the realisation of clinically-useful genomic developments. Overall, the project has been successful beyond our expectations. We have published (or have in review) nine peer-reviewed articles, three in Nature Biotechnology, and several more to be submitted for publication shortly. We've also organised six symposia or workshops, advised government on several issues tied to our project, and obtained seven grants (totalling around £66,000). In summary, the Philomathia Fellowship provided an inspiring and productive three years for our research, collaboration, centre development, and engagement in broader society. We are most grateful to the Philomathia Foundation for making it all possible. Phase 2 (2018-23) Department of Geography (2018-21) PI – Dr Bhaskar Vira My research interests centre on the changing political economy of environment and development, especially in South Asia; with a particular interest in the political ecology of forests, water, food, wildlife and landuse change and the social and political context for biodiversity conservation. I am concerned, in particular, with the often-hidden costs of environmental and developmental processes, and the need for scholarship to draw attention to the distributional consequences of public policy choices. My work focuses on the ways in which large-scale economic, societal and environmental transformations are governed, the values that frame how human societies engage with each other and with nature, and the networks of formal and informal institutions that are intertwined in everyday decision making across a variety of spatial and temporal scales. I apply a critical political economy perspective to contemporary debates in relation to ecosystem services and natural capital, and the values of nature for human wellbeing. I have led large scale intellectual and policy-oriented projects that involve interdisciplinary conversations across the natural and social sciences. Trained as an economist, but with a portfolio of research that now engages across the critical social sciences and their interface with the biological and environmental natural sciences, I inhabit the interdisciplinary intellectual 'borderlands' of a number of disciplines (Human Geography, Development Studies, Institutional Economics, Environmental Studies and Conservation), while being firmly rooted in the political economy tradition. Fellow – Dr Katarzyna Cieslik I am a postdoctoral research associate at the Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, specializing in Development Studies. My research focuses on the interactions among society, policy and environment, and their implications for sustainable development in the Global South. In particular, I'm interested in agency, entrepreneurship and civic potency of individuals in addressing the pressing development challenges related to sustainable livelihoods. I have recently completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Wageningen University and hold a PhD in Development Economics and Management from the Université libre de Bruxelles. I have conducted research in Ethiopia, Nepal, Kyrgyzstan, Peru, Colombia and Burundi. I've published on topics ranging from microfinance and entrepreneurship to social economy and development policy in World Development, Oxford Development Studies Journal and European Journal for Development Research. My research is highly practice-oriented; I have cooperated with UNICEF Burundi Innovation Lab agencies as well as a number of local NGOs in South America (CONDESAN, AGAPE) and Asia (Practical Action, Mountain Societies Research Institute). Summary of project Dr. Cieslik's work at Cambridge, together with Professor Bhaskar Vira and Dame Barbara Stocking, focuses on youth and livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a particular focus on public policy challenges for employment creation. The persistent rise in youth populations Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue until at least 2100. Developing locally and nationally appropriate employment policies and interventions is a key public policy challenge across the continent. Department of Social Anthropology (2018-21) PI – Dr Perveez Mody I have conducted ethnographic fieldwork in Delhi, and specifically in a District court, where I looked at the legal and informal processes whereby couples legitimate their love through marriage. I am interested in anthropological theories about the constitution of castes and "communities" in India, the history of civil marriage law from the colonial into the post-colonial period, the politics of religious nationalism, changes in South Asian kinship, marriage and urban sexuality (sexual relations, conjugality, gender and the family), law and human rights and the ways in which the modern state transforms and bears witness to intimate relations such as those expressed in a love-marriage. My current work concerns an ethnography of South Asian marriage and kinship amongst two ethno-religious groups in East London. Fellow – Dr Maria Ignacia Arteaga Perez I graduated from Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile with a BA (Hons.) in Sociology and came to the UK to pursue postgraduate studies in Social Anthropology. I hold an MSc. in Medical Anthropology (2014) and a PhD in Anthropology (2018) from University College London. My main research interest is in caregiving — its practices, possibilities and limits in different institutions and political economies. I explore this theme ethnographically. In the last seven years, I have looked at experiences of ageing, youth, disability and life-threatening medical conditions cross-culturally. My PhD thesis examined the everyday lives of colorectal cancer treatments in London (UK) through an analysis of the caregiving practices that both structure the treatment pathway and afford research participants the possibility of 'getting on with life'. I am currently a teaching associate and affiliated lecturer in the Department of Social Anthropology at the University of Cambridge. Alongside my teaching role, I am preparing research outputs in the form of peer-reviewed papers, a special issue, and a book manuscript based on my doctoral research, also co-organising a multidisciplinary workshop on practices of disease stratification. Summary of project From July 2019, I will be working with Dr Maryon McDonald and Dr Perveez Mody on a project related to the early detection of cancer in the UK, undertaking ethnographic research within a broad field that concerns the development of diagnostic technologies through to their clinical use and social effects.
Home 美国全家福移民区域中心介绍‏ 1。主席前言 2。項目宗旨 3。美国国会訍員支持函 4。加州參訍員支持凾 5。前美国勞工部長支持函 6。洛杉矶政委支持函 7。美国全家福項目一 .加百爽RADISSON FAMILY SUITE HOTEL 8。美国全家福項目二。义乌商城展示廳,倉㢑,發货倉庫,生活社区 9。EB5投资人问题解答 10。EB5投资申请流程 11。EB5項目選擇之重要性 12。美国全家福会員优点 13。関于我们 14。美国移民局公告和表格 15。移民美国生活指南 16。联络我们 HAPPY FAMILY (USA) REGIONAL CENTER LLC 美国全家福移民区域中心 中国代理刃事處 : 北京德恒(深圳)律师事务所 广东省深圳市福田区金田路4018号安联大厦B座11/F 涂律师[email protected] 86-13823318588 楊律师[email protected] 谷律师[email protected] 美国刅事處:1108 W VALLEY BL STE 6222 ALHAMBRA CA 91803 Director :Johnny Tsang Tel:00-1-626-267-9006 [email protected] 客户服务: 曾先生 王小姐 001—626-202-9198 Customer Service V. President :Godfrey Tsang [email protected] Customer Service Director :Eunice Wang [email protected] 版權所有 翻印必究 出版日期 2016年10月1曰 1。主席前言 美国全家福移民区域中心-主席DON LOONEY前言 美国全家福区域中心对美国提供就业机会及振兴经济作出供獻,並对有興趣移民美国的家庭提供一个投资平台实现移民美国的萝想 美国是一个人人平等的移民国家,只要勤奋努力在這个海闊天空资源豐富的地方有很多机会 我在此祝福各位加入美国全家福的EB5移民移民家庭成功,快乐 Don Looney 前移民局長 主席DON BRUCE LOONEY 资歷 19851988曾任美国西区移民副局長. 19881996全国最大移民局区域洛彬矶局长主管数千移民官员包括洛杉矶机场,在任期间改革洛杉矶机场系统使旅客快徢通関並改善移民局各部門効率因此獲多項成就獎. 在2001年退休参予亜利桑拿州環保工作,現在是二大健康食品公司 LIFE VANTAGE ,UNICITY 代理,並管理自己640英畝農塲 2。項目宗旨 美国全家福区域中心項目是為幫助想移民美国,多完化投資及子女教育多个選擇之家庭提供一个平台,並促进中,美贸易,文化,經濟交流為宗旨 2008年全球經濟金鎘風暴美国失业率上升,中国經濟發展强劲对全球経濟作出貢獻,在这八年EB5投资移民在对美国增加就业机会作出貢獻 美国是一个移民国家 二百多年前第一批英国移民在美国東部登陆 經过二个世纪 人民冒險犯難 努力奮鬥演变成今天的先进国家 中国五千年歴史有深厚的文化自改革開放三十多年現在已是世界超级貿易大国在這个基础上美国全家福移民項目更进一步建立這个侨樑 有人想為何要移民我想好處在于 1。分散投资 2。出入方便 3。子女多个敎育選擇。 4。美国地大人少 空氣清新 居住環境好 有時在国内工作拼博 放假之余去軽鬆一下確实不錯 况且有些地区不需英語也能溝通 如洛山矶的蒙得利公园市 3。美国国会訍員STEVE KNIGHT支持函 4。加州參訍員 EDWIAN CHAU 支持凾 5。洛杉矶政委 MICHAEL D. ANTONOVICH 支持函 6。前美国勞工部長支持函 7。美国全家福項目一 .加百爽RADISSON FAMILY SUITE HOTEL HAPPY FAMILY (USA) REGIONAL CENTER, LLC 1108 W VALLEY BL STE 6222 ALHAMBRA CA 91803 Tel:626-267-9006 Fax: 626-262-4518 www.hfeb5 [email protected] Company Project Profile HAPPY FAMILY (USA) REGIONAL CENTER (HFRC) was established and found by California business professionals headed by Don Bruce Looney ,Dr. Joseph Li MD, Tony K. Wong P.E.,QSD/P and Philip Ip MBA with key investors. Our goal is to create a business that will be environmental friendly and additionally provide jobs for the community in a growing global economy. The project is a destination oriented services and products of Quality Organic Health Food Products that will be located in the City of Cabazon, Riverside County, California. The name of this project is “Cabazon Organic Farmers Market, Radisson Family Suite Hotel & Restaurant “ which will be situated across the Interstate Freeway I-10 and opposite Desert Hill Premiums Outlet and Morongo Casino Resort and Spa. The total investment of this project will be Forty two million dollars ($42,000,000.00). The project will be built on approximately a ten (10) acre site consisted of: a)120 Rooms (Radisson-type) Family Suite b) 120 booths Organic Farmers Market C) Organic Food Restaurant (500 seats) D) Self picking organic fruits and vegetables farms The Project will improve the California’s agricultural environment and business, and use the water saving conservation root-irrigation system. Additionally it will help farmers’ to plant and grow the organic fruits & vegetables, increase farmers’ income & provide healthy foods to the consumers. Our long-term economic growth and job creation objective is to use the significant pool of capital for investment that ultimately will stimulate the economic growth and the agricultural Industry. This is the cornerstone concept of HFRC’s business plan. 項目名称 ‏:HAPPY FAMILY (USA) REGIONAL CENTERCABASON ‘RADISSON RADISSON FAMILY SUITE HOTEL ” OGANIC RESTAURANT & OGANIC FARMERS MARKET ,”加百爽酒店,農家樂餐厅”有基農夫市场超市‏ ‏” 項目地理位置:N/W CORNER OF BONITA & OLIVE Cabazon, CA 92230''53.1%22N+116%C2%B045''56.4%22W/@33.9154065,-116.7886851,5330m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m2!3m1!1s0x0:0x0 項目介绍 RADISSON 域廸生120 間家庭式酒店房間 FARMERS MARKET 120 單位農夫市场 ORGANIC RESTAURANT 500坐位有矶食品餐廳 SELF PICK ORGANIC VEGETABLES FARM 自採野菜水果農塲 項目主題是以農家樂有矶農塲自採水果,蔬菜,有矶餐厅,域廸生家庭酒店,及有矶農夫市塲為主 該地点離名牌商塲DESERY HILL PREMIUN OUTLET 及MORONGO 賭塲3分种車程隨着経濟發展該商塲是訪美国遊客必到之地如LV,CHANNEL,POLO,NIKE..应有盡有平日人潮𣈱旺,假日更是水洩不通因为商埸大一天也没法逛完䣓鄰是著名赌塲MORONGO賭塲唯獨缺少家庭健康娱乐,所以項目以家庭樂及健康食品為主,母亲㹶了一天商埸,父亲在賭塲玩了一天,也該陪小孩娱乐採摘水果,䟽菜並可以带到酒店餐厅即煮即吃,水果以加州本地水果為主而有矶蔬菜有上百种以野菜为主並在餐厅以火鍋野菜方式全家吃得健康 酒店有媬姆服务,専車來往对面赌塲及名牌商塲,方便客人 酒店並与旅行社長期合作因为該商塲是遊客必到之地 酒店附有泳池及健康中心及水療,足浴等設施務求満足遊客之需要 該地点附近有棕櫊泉山頂覧車,近百个高爾夫球塲,酒店離巿区约80哩一个多小時車程我们每天亦安排早上班車到酒店晚上班車到市区為住客提供方便 項目總投资4千200万美元,项目投资合作公司注入資金 1千700万美元, EB5投资人项目資金2千500万美元 接受50个EB5投资移民家庭申请,項目可以創造500个直接或间接工作机会 基本上投资人在五年后最得正式绿卡后在項目退出机制時可以有优先權选择2間家庭式酒店房間 域廸生家庭酒店RADISSON FAMILY SUITE HOTEL 有矶農夫市场 有矶食品餐厅 自採水果農塲 对面 MORONGO CASINO 賭塲 对面名牌商塲 DESERT HILLS PREMIUM OUTLETS® 48400 Seminole Drive Cabazon, CA 92230 (951) 849-6641 180 OUTLET STORES Find impressive savings at Alexander McQueen, Armani, Dolce & Gabbana, Gucci, Helmut Lang, Jimmy Choo, Neiman Marcus Last Call, Loro Piana, Polo Ralph Lauren, Prada, Saks Fifth Avenue Off 5th, Salvatore Ferragamo, Ted Baker London, Versace, Saint Laurent Paris DESIGNER FASHIONS & SPORTSWEAR • STORE7 For All Mankind A|X Armani Exchange Alexander McQueen Alice + Olivia AllSaints Spitalfields American Eagle Outfitters Ann Taylor Factory Store Anne Fontaine Armani Outlet ASICS Balenciaga NEW Banana Republic Factory Store Barneys New York Warehouse BCBGMAXAZRIA Bebe Belstaff Billabong NEW Bottega Veneta Brooks Brothers Factory Store Brunello Cucinelli Burberry Calvin Klein Calypso St. Barth Au Marche Canali • CH Carolina Herrera Charlotte Russe Chico''s Coach Converse Diane Von Furstenberg Diesel DKNY • Dolce & Gabbana Eddie Bauer Outlet Elie Tahari Ermenegildo Zegna Outlet Store Etro Express Factory Outlet NEW Fendi Forever 21 G-Star Raw G.H. Bass & Co. Gap Factory Store Gucci Guess Factory Store • Helmut Lang Hugo Boss Factory Store Hurley J.Crew James Perse Jockey Joe''s Jeans John Varvatos • Jones New York Kate Spade New York Kenneth Cole La Perla Lacoste Levi''s Outlet Store Loft Outlet • Loro Piana Lucky Brand Maidenform Maje Marc by Marc Jacobs Marni MaxMara • Michael Kors Moncler Mulberry Nautica Neiman Marcus Last Call Nike Factory Store The North Face NEW • PacSun Polo Ralph Lauren Factory Store Porsche Design Prada Quiksilver Rag & Bone New York • Robert Graham Saint Laurent Paris Saks Fifth Avenue OFF 5TH Salvatore Ferragamo Sandro • Sarar St. John Steve Madden Ted Baker London Theory Theory Men Tommy Hilfiger NEW • Tory Burch True Religion Brand Jeans TSE U.S. Polo Assn. Valentino Van Heusen Versace Vince • Volcom White House Black Market Wilsons Leather Wolford Zumiez 附近活动 ,山頂缆車, 高爾夫球塲 8。美国全家福項目二。义乌商城展示廳倉㢑,發货倉庫,生活 社区 美国加里义乌商城 CAAZ MIDWAY OUTLET TRDADE CENTER 項目地理位置- 該地面積640 英畝 即2,592,000 平方米 , 由洛杉矶往東約180哩 ,由鳳凰城往西约189哩十号公路南”210”出口 GPS''48.1%22N+115%C2%B014''12.7%22W/@33.6806975,-115.2408132,17z/data=!4m2!3m1!1s0x0:0x0 將起 义乌商城展示廳,倉㢑,發货倉庫,住宅生活 社区 佔地约640英畝 1.300間展示廳/倉㢑 300 SHOW ROOM/WAREHOUSE 2. 300間酒店式小区住宅 300 UNITS RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX 3.会议中心 CONVENTION CENTER 4.物流發貨倉庫 LOGISTIC CENTER/AMAZON MODEL 5.STATER BROTHER 超市 6.300间房四星渡假酒店,酒店附游泳池 及SPA 300 RM HOTEL 7. 10間連鎖餐厅 10 RESTAURANTS 8.加油站,SHELL,76 ,.GAS STATION 踏入2015年随着互联网發展迅速国际市场経營模式変化本項目之採用以义乌商品城,亜馬遜模式経營 ,美国是小商品市场最大消费国 相等于整个歐洲市场 目前很多商家用亞里巴巴,ebay作为平台进入美国市场可惜因为寄货成本及退貨问题困扰,而買家往往亦未能直接看貨不夠信心 所以本項目是幫助有興趣打開美国市塲的商家直销美国亦可全家刅理投资移民而設 基本上投资人在五年后最得正式绿卡后在項目退出机制時可以有优先權选择一酒店式住宅130平方米及一展示商舖/倉㢑 300平方米 項目会展中心会一年四次定期舉全国展銷会 項目行政区亦会發展成亞馬遜模式経營協助商家销售及發貨 加州10公路由洛彬矶到亞里桑拿州,鳯凰城 共約369哩 車流量每天約30万兩 此地段在兩大城市中间 該地段離BLYTHE 市 科罗拉多河約半小時30哩路程 附近有2间賭塲和小型購物中心 離Havasu lake.哈弗蘇湖遊樂区約1个多小时 10号公路為美国横越東,西岸主要幹道 此地剛在公路出口 増值前途無限 项目投资合作公司注入資金 9千万美元 EB5投资人项目資金1億5千万美元項目總 投资2億4千万美元,項目可以創造3000个直接或间接工作机会 可以接受300个EB5投资移民家庭申请 The project will join venture with City of Yiwu China “Yiwu market is the world largest wholesale market of general merchandise.” —by United Nations, The World Bank, and Morgan Stanley. The feature of Yiwu Market: 1) The World’s Largest Wholesale Market Of Small Commodities 2) One-stop Shopping of Commodities in 1901 Categories You need not go to other places, only in Yiwu market. 3) Zero-distance Contact With 58,000 Chinese Suppliers You can see, you can touch, you can take photos, huge designs for your choice. 4) All-day Exhibition Of 410,000 Kinds Of Consumer Goods The five district of yiwu international trade city It opens 8 Hours a Day (9:00 AM – 5:00 PM), 7 Days a Week, 365 Days a Year. It is like a permanent tradeshow. 5) Accept Small Quantity, Can Mix lots of Items in One Container Unlike Guangzhou or other cities in China, where buyers usually are required to buy container loads of goods to receive favorable pricing, minimum quantity in Yiwu starts only with 1 carton, and yet you still receive wholesale prices. 6) All the Prices in Yiwu wholesale market is the Factory Price Yiwu is the Heart of the World’s Factory. 90% shops in yiwu market are factory direct sale. 7) Most of the Products are in Stock, Can Deliver within 1 week Time is money. 18) Yiwu Scarves & Shawls Market yiwu market build Featured Products in Yiwu Market: 1) Apparel &Shoes : T-Shirts, Dresses, Sportswear, Lingerie, Jeans, Underwear, Socks, Boots, Sneakers. 2) Fashion Accessories: Headwear, Hats, Neckties, Belts, Gloves, Sunglasses, Watches, Bags, Handbags. 3) Gifts & Crafts: Christmas Products, Crystal Crafts, Metal Crafts, Holiday Gifts & Decoration, Photo & Picture Frames, Key Chains, Candles & Candles Holders. 4) Health & Beauty: Massagers, E-Cigarette, Makeup & Makeup Tools, Skin Care, Perfume & Perfume Bottles, Personal Hygiene. 5) Home & Garden: Baby Supplies, Bath & Toilet, Bedding, BBQ, Cookware, Tableware, Kitchen Accessories. 6) Jewelry: Bangles & Bracelets, Brooches, Earrings, Jewelry Set, Necklaces, Rings, Silver & Sterling Silver Jewelry, Gemstones. 7) Office & School Supplies: Pens, Notebook, Calculator, Educational Supplies. Promotional Gifts: Keychain, Caps, Lanyard, Digital Photo Frames, Coasters, Golf Items, T-shirts. 9) Sports & Outdoor: Camping, Games, Pet & Products, Scooters, Sport Products. 10) Toys: Dolls, R/C Toys, Educational Toys, Ball, Electrical Toys, Plastic Toys. yiwu market inner Yiwu Market, the world’s largest wholesale market of general merchandise. Welcome to Yiwu market! If you come to yiwu, we can be your reliable partner and one stop export solution provider. We will take you to visit Yiwu Market and factories in mainland China, help you bargain the price for the goods, translate for you, collect the goods to our warehouse, check quality, load the container and export the container to your port, all this service include. More info about our one stop export services, please visit: Yiwu Market Sourcing Services 9。EB5投资人问题解答 EB-5投资移民区域中心的常见问题。 请注意,这些常见问题解答(常见问题解答)仅供参考,它们并不是要取代专业的法律和财务意见。任何选择EB5投资前请咨询移民律师的业务和/或合格的金融专家。 重要提示:包括在任何要约文件所有文件必须翻译成英文。投资者必须签署的所有协议,政府表格,和应用程序的英文版本。另外,请谘询持牌移民律师 1.申请EB-5投资移民签证需要投资最少多少金额? 如果您通过区域中心投资在高失业率区投资需要50万美金 , 在低失业率地区100万美金,您的配偶及21周岁以下的子女都可以同时申请移民签证。 2. 什么是投资移民区域中心 “REGIONAL CENTER” 投资移民区域中心是移民局経过䆺查確認你的項目可行性及能提供工作机会的事業項目解决美国失业率問題,一般每个投资家庭提供十个工作崗位之項目. 3. 什么是及臨時綠卡(I-526和永久綠卡(I-829)之分別 当你申请移民区域中心簽証律师会遞交臨時綠卡l-526表格約6个月核准臨時綠卡二年到期 ,在二年到期前3个月可以申请永久綠卡(I-829) 注意:二年到期移民局会審核你投资的項目是否在进行及眞实性,確認項目进行才会接受你永久綠卡(I-829)的申请 一般美国律师收费 合計約5万元-6万元左右 4..拥有美国绿卡有什么好处? 拥有美国绿卡(美国合法居留权)其好处如下: • 方便的在美国开办属于自己的企业 • 可随时进出美国,避免了繁琐的美国签证申请 • 给子女可读美国公立学校及美国各大专院校提供了极大的便利,享受到与美国居民相同的学费待遇,可节省庞大的教育费用支出,且可合法工作, • (外国戼移民簽証F1 留学生大学费用約居民學生三倍.) • 可享受医疗保障,社会生活保障等诸多社会福利 5. EB-5投资移民需倶備什么條件? 合格投资人是具有个人投资50万美(高失业率区)或100万美金(低失业率地区)能力 投资者必须能够提交资金来源证明的相关文件 ,税單 ,無犯罪記錄,健康正常 6.什么是“风险”直接投资? 风险投资是资金直接投入“有风险”的新企业,而不是用来更换债券,票据,可转换债务或其他任何债务安排。依照法律,通过投资移民项目的投资全额必须是“有风险”投资。 7. EB5移民投资有何風險? 移民局條文是EB5投资移民項目是不能保证無風險的 区域中心项目一般是用借貸方式, 投资人貸給区域中心項目事業單位 通常年利率百分之0.25% -1% 合同期5年到10年 合同期到期項目完成由区域中心事業單位退还EB5投资人(亦称有限合伙人)投资欵項50万美或100万美金. 風險有二 1.如投资人項目在第二年轉換永久緑卡(I829)時, 項目没有进行,移民局会拒绝I-829永久綠卡的申请 2.如合同期到期5年-10年投资項目未能達標虧損, 投资人有不能拿回全部欵項之風險 8. 什么是“条件绿卡”i-526 , 永久居民I-829“”正式绿卡” 投资者的投资移民I-526申请获批,美国移民局将颁发一张“条件绿卡”。 美国政府规定“条件绿卡”的有效期限为两年。条件绿卡的持有者与正式绿卡的持有者均享有等同的权利和待遇。在两年届满的前3个月,投资人可向移民局提出解除有条件移民签证的申请。只要此时投资人的投资項目真实存在,就将会获得美国移民局批准的十年“正式绿卡”I-829 即成为“永久居民”。 9.条件绿卡”与“正式绿卡”之间有什么区别? “正式绿卡”是无任何条件限制的有效期为十年的绿卡。“条件绿卡”与“正式绿卡”两种绿卡的持有人均享有相同的权利和福利。 10..如果我之前曾向美国移民局申请的签证遭到拒绝,是否还能申请投资移民签证 可以的。投资者以往的拒签并不影响投资移民的申请,除非拒签理由与移民欺诈或者其他重大问题有关。至关重要的是,在提出投资移民申请前,申请者必须将所有的犯罪记录,健康记录或者以往移民记录向北京德恒(深圳)律师事务所披露。 11.获得美国正式绿卡后,投资人每年须居住美国多久时日? 依据美国移民法规,正式绿卡即永久绿卡持有者需要每年停留美国六个月以上,否则将有可能被视为放弃其永久居留身份。 如因任何原因,例如家庭,工作或商业事务等原因从而不能使您在美国达到居留时间的要求,您必须申请回美证(ReEntryPermit俗称白皮书),回美证的有效期限为两年,期满后需重新申请换发。 12.我的健康状况需要很好吗? 是的。在获得条件性EB5移民签证前投资人必须递交健康检查报告,并通过领事馆对其个人的健康状况进行审核。 13.我是否必须具备流利的英语对话能力? 不需要。投资人不需要任何英语能力。 14.哪些人可以递交投资移民申请? 申请人包括投资人,投资人的配偶以及在递交I-526申请时21岁以下的未婚子女均可申请。领养的子女也可包括在内。 15.如果我的I-526申请被拒绝,投资金额是否会退还给我? 会的,通常項目区域中心会讓另一位EB5投资人最代你的配額 然后由公証行退还給你投资额50万美金。 16.我是否应在投资之前向我的金融顾问作相关咨询? 美国全家福移民区域中心鼓励投资者提前与自己的金融投资顾问讨论本项目。 17.在美国移民局取消临时绿卡的条件之后,我的永久绿卡的有效期是几年? 十年。持有綠卡,五年及一半以上時间以上居住美国可以申請為公民 18.我的投资風險如果保障 移民局條文是不可保証投资人没有風險的 任何投資都会有風險 全家福理財團隊有豐富財務管理經騐,監管投资人資金運行安全性並定期核數將季度財務報表發到投资人網上帳户 投资人亦可在全家福項目客户中心暸解项目进度情况 19 全家福項目会提供EB5移民申请嗎 全家福非移民律师不能代表投资人提出移民申请 投资人法律服务分二部份 第一部份是国內律师对投资移民提供咨询如何准备投资移民需備的文件以配合美国移民律师遞交全套l-526申请 第二部份是投资人聘請美国EB5移民律师配合全家福准备丨-526耍求的文件 如投资人合同,公証行合同,項目資料,税單,投資金額来源証明等等 全家福会推荐多位与本項目代表投资人EB5的律师,投资人亦可自聘律师,一般美国EB5律师费約5-6万元丨-526申请約3万元,丨-829𨍭换永久綠卡3万元(僅供參考) 20 我需要会計師嗎? 是的 美国全家福可以推荐多位中文流利会計師協助投資人報稅因你投资在全家福的資金会有收入或虧損或者有其它收入每年4月15日前要將上年度稅表報交稅務局. 21 我投资資金股權有保障嗎? 有的法律規定你会持有,有限合伙人股票而是登記在州政府档案,是公開的. 22. 我投资的資金何時可以最回? 一般全家福合同是5年,正式合同是10年投资人即(有限合伙人)在項目完成 項目資產会对換成現金將貸欵还給投资人,直到全部項目投資金額償还給項目合伙人才投票解散投资人(有限合伙人)關係.在項目完成一般以出售資產或轉成金鎘貸欵退还給投资人, 投资人亦有优先權䐟買該資產. 23. 為何要投资在美国全家福区域中心? 全家福團隊是和投資合伙人有共同目标完成項目 全家福財務團隊有着多年監管佱業財務經騐 技資人定期在自己帳户看到自己帳户上的結存 共同目標: 1 在轉换成丨-829永久綠卡時確保項目进行中使投资人全家順利獲最永久綠卡 2 全家福建設團隊对政府要求建设䂓劃經騐豐富確保項目順利完成 3 全家福对項目發展市场推广由多年品牌開發商執行 4 全家福及其投资人对美国失业率作出供獻 24.投资人投资全家福区域中心項目之風險 隨著2008年全球金融風暴至2015年美国経濟續歩上升不同地区投资同比上升 12%到200%不等 ,但是比2008年乃處于低状态乃有升值空间 在項目六年完成2022应该處在低風險評級. 但是不限于天災人祸等 投资人应该咨询金融専家作出投資決定 25. 投资人在丨-829正式綠卡后 移民局会有何要求 投资人在丨-829正式綠卡最得后EB5投资者已经完成了移民局的所有要求。 剩余有關区域中心業務協訍由区域中心与投资人執行便可. 10。EB5投资申请流程 11。EB5項目選擇之重要性 在選擇区域中心投资是EB5投資人最重要的第一步 至2015年9月分共有約732个区域中心近1200个項目 而移民局最消了約35个区域中心 下面是区域中心官方連接 区域中心投资方式模式分为二种 第一种是以合作投資方式,EB5投资人是有限合伙人,没有決策權,也不能保证投资回报率及風險 第二种是以借贷方式 投资人為貸欵方,区域中心項目合作伙伴為借欵方,通常合同為五年到十年,利率通常是0.25-1里投资人在選擇時要作出評估,考虑清楚並咨询一下財務專家 目前市㘯上区域中心大慨可 分为三大類 第一類,是大型項目如机場,公路等等,此類項目大多用借貸方式,合同期約5至10年,好處在2年轉正式綠卡項目在进行所以l-829大多批准,全家可以最得正式綠卡。 第二類,虚拟项目 投资人大多通过广告,仲介介紹,如太阳能發电,油矿,金矿,石油開採,此類為高風險投资,問题在投资人在2年綠卡到期而项目未能进展投资人𨍭成正式綠卡未能批准那就不但資金無保障身份亦成問題。 第三類,中,小型酒店,商場,餐厅開發項目 此類投资最主要是看投资区域中心地点及市场有否未来投资前途,可行性及是否可完成的項目 考虑重点在 1。2年臨時緑卡轉正式綠卡時項目是否会在进行中 2。5到10年到期投资金額能否最回或如合作方式回报率如何? 都要在考虑範圍內。 美国全家福為第三類,詳情請查閲,美国全家福項目介绍 12。美国全家福会員优点 為何要選擇美国全家福 7.美国全家福之优点 1。美国全家福国內律师團隊是国內最大品牌北京德恒(深圳)律师師務所,其中律师全程暸解由国內開始准备之流程步驟直到EB5投资人順利最得正式綠卡 2。美国全家福 主席前美国西区移民局長,国会议员代表,前市長,資深移民律师團隊,確保項目附合所有法規,項目进行順利投资人顺利最得绿卡全家移民 3。美国全家福项目工程師曾任市政府工程師,市政府規劃委员由規劃,設計,建築專業管理確保項目安全完成 4。美国全家福财務官是多年銀行财政主管及加州建築房贷専家確保资金運行正確保障投资人利益 5。美国全家福美国客户服務部人員精通中英語,多是国內多年移民由日常生活,服务投资人,項目視察,居住房屋,小孩入学,交通驾駛,保險医療,稅務建訍,投资建汉,職業介绍,法律常识,旅游娱乐,美食介绍,購物建訍,超市採䐟等等全方位協助 6。美国全家福会員 会費三千元年费,無須加入投资移民項目都可享受以上免费7/24咨询及服务 如果加入投资移民項目年費退回並享受以上項目直到全家正式綠卡獲最及資金償还 另外投资人在網上隨時可进入投资人資金帳户瞭解資金結存利息收入,资金動向,项目进度,公開,透明 美国全家福網站在国內建立確保投资人在国內外𣈱通無阻随時嘹解自已綠卡进度,項目进度,資金運行情况,安躭無休 我们客户服务部並会提醒投资人重要事項,如l-526批准,丨-428面談日期如何准备,丨-829轉換前4个月使你不会因忽略而引起不必要的延誤 13。関于我们 14。美国移民局公告和表格 I-526, Immigrant Petition by Alien Entrepreneur • Form I-526 (93 KB PDF) • Instructions for Form I-526 (56 KB PDF) • Form G-1145, E-Notification of Application/Petition Acceptance (240 KB PDF) For use by an entrepreneur who wishes to immigrate to the United States. Number of Pages Form 3; Instructions 5. Edition Date 09/24/13. No previous editions accepted. Where to File File your completed Form I-526 at the USCIS Dallas Lockbox facility: For U.S. Postal Service: USCIS P.O. Box 660168 Dallas, TX 75266 For Express mail or courier deliveries: USCIS Attn: I-526 2501 S. State Highway 121 Business Suite 400 Lewisville, TX 75067 Important filing tips, as well as additional information on fees and customer service, are listed on our Lockbox Filing Tips webpage. E-Notification: If you want to receive an e-mail and/or a text message that your Form I-526 has been accepted at a USCIS Lockbox facility, complete Form G-1145, E-Notification of Application/Petition Acceptance and clip it to the first page of your application. Form G-1145 can be downloaded through the link above. Filing Fee $1,500 15。移民美国生活指南 新移民美国生活指南 全家福项目為何不同 有很多家庭对移民响往但是人地生䟽内心偟恐 迼部分也是全家福服務之一 從你第一天加入全家福会員由第一部咨询開始一直到你全家移民美国成家立業,子女教育,生活咨詢,吃喝玩乐,投资就業,租房購房我们專業中美團隊使你安躭無优,全家福美国服務中心 是非牟利机构,中心,义工多是𡰪住美国多年的老移民 首先在国內從你計劃閈始会指導你在投资移民的前期準備事項,如資料匯入投资帳户,資金來源証明,税收証眀⋯等等一直到收到 I-485 全家移民刻准套件到当地領事館面談 在美国中心從你下机接机, 1.我们会建议你先租住华人区适应生活習惯,如蒙特利公园市基本和国內生活無異,中文全可溝通 2。開立銀行臨時帳戶,保險䈾,私人信箱(很多移民在头几年都会搬几次而往往失去信件引起不必要的麻烦,所以建訍用信箱) 3。申请社会安全卡,美国个人財務信用記𨥭,社会医疗福利,退休金都需此卡 4。有了社会安全卡才能到银行開立支票帳戶,存款信用卡建訍開二至三个,美国是信用為主如果將來購房信用很重要 5。有了社会安全卡才能到車管所刅理身份证,及通过中文筆試申请臨時架照去学車 6.學車考驾照是必须的在美国如無車很難生活 7。考了駕照可以買个中文英語双用GPS 到超市 幫小孩找學校找合适的房子都需用車,通常华商年鑑都有所有資訉 8。購買医療保險 美国政府規定要有医保 汽车亦要購保險 9。可以透过房產経紀寻找可以投资的生意 美国比较透眀一般看財務稅表收入 而訂价 如自助洗衣店 油站,等等 或找自己适合的職業或行业 10。旅游,購物,名牌商埸可以参加遊行團或者自鴐,美国公路系统路况平均都很好,目標GPS亦易找但是驾駛高速公路要注意安全,不可太快或太慢,平均65哩比较好 11。飲食在䝉特利公园市,所有中国菜都有,龍蝦,活海鲜,港式西餐様様齊 12。有空之余可以學英語,政府成人教育中心是免费的,子女小學,中學免费,社区學院是二年教育以技术學習為主,如电䐉,汽车维修,护士等等如果想轉大学,學分可以轉再讀二年大学課程修满𡦃分便可最得學士學位 以上只是生活基本建訍,我们美国全家福中心有服务専線替新移民提供免费協助,使你高躭無憂 16。联络我们 HAPPY FAMILY (USA) REGIONAL CENTER LLC 美国全家福移民区域中心 Register Office:711 S CARSON ST. STE 4 CARSON CITY NV 89701 美国刅事處:1108 W VALLEY BL STE 6222 ALHAMBRA CA 91803 Tel:00-1-626-267-9006 Director :Johnny Tsang [email protected] Customer Service V. President :Godfrey Tsang [email protected] Customer Service Director :Eunice Wang [email protected] Tel:00-1-626-202-9198 中国代理刃事處 : 北京德恒(深圳)律师事务所 广东省深圳市福田区金田路4018号安联大厦B座11/F 涂律师[email protected] 楊律师[email protected] 谷律师[email protected] 美国專員 吴廸[email protected]
Akij Jute Mills Ltd. One of the biggest Jute company in Bangladesh. The legacy of AKIJ GROUP is over half a century old and over the years Akij has established itself as the full of confidence and much revered industrial family of Bangladesh. It consists of 24 big concerns with diverse activities & different products.
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Telescope Hub | Welcome to the Telescope Hub - for independent and best telescope reviews. Are you looking for the best telescope? Well I have to say that when we are talking about telescopes, more money means you can buy more telescope! So there has to be a limit applied somewhere, and for me, I can show you some awesome astronomical capability with telescopes around the 200 mm aperture range, whilst still fitting into most people's budget. I always like to recommend the Orion and Celestron brands the best, but you don't have to worry about which is the weakest - simple thing is they are all good. If you want to step up to another level, go for a 200 mm version. Each of the different brands offer the same functionality, the only points of difference are in the quality of the accessories, so you should be aware of what accessories come included in the deal, or whether you can afford to buy the top quality extras on top of the purchase price. For example, look for a 6 X 30 site finder (or even larger if you afford it), choose Plossl eyepieces wherever possible, and select Pyrex instead of plate glass mirrors. Okay so let's look at some of the various offerings for the Best Telescope on the market, in no particular order. 1. Orion 8945 SkyQuest XT8 Reflector Telescope The Orion SkyQuest XT8 Reflector Telescope offers some of the biggest optics and easy to use features in a simple and neat package that would have to be about the best value for money out there. Whilst it is one of the most reasonable Dobsonian mounted telescopes on the market, this device is worthy of your attention simply because of the huge aperture and optical magnification, as well as the compact nature of this instrument. Make no mistake, it is still a large piece of finely manufactured equipment, but the viewing options are simply stunning. Well, the Orion XT8 is not just great value for money, but actually gives anyone from a beginner to a budding enthusiast with the magnification to reach beyond the level of interest from the near sky objects to outer reaches of the universe and beyond. This telescope features a professional level parabolic mirror housed in a sturdy steel optical tube, and a package designed for optical brightness and clear distinct imagery. This upgraded model of the workhorse Orion XT8 has been designed as the deluxe version of the popular 200 mm telescope and is loaded with top-notch feature enhancements and upgraded accessories to enhance your visual experience. Don't forget the additional items that are included in this deal. You also get a 2 inch dual speed Crayford focusing tool, as well as upgraded accessories including a 28mm DeepView eyepiece, a 10mm Sirius Plossl eyepiece, a Safety Film Solar Filter, the EZ Finder II reflex sight, and collimation cap and more. Click Here to read our in depth review of the Orion XT8 Reflector Telescope. Click Here to read more about the Orion XT8 Reflector Telescope at Amazon. 2. Orion 09007 SpaceProbe 130ST Equatorial Reflector Telescope The Orion SpaceProbe 130ST is a real surprise package, with fantastic viewing and clear images. You can expect to easily pick up views of Venus with its crescent disk, Saturn is easily recognizable by its spectacular ring formations, and you will also be able to see Jupiter. Better still if you are careful with your focus you be able to see the moons of Saturn, the moons and cloud patterns of Jupiter, and maybe even the fabled red spot. This telescope really is fantastic value for money with such great optical performance. What else can you expect to see with this telescope? This 130 mm aperture reflector telescope gathers a brilliant field of view for bright images of the Moon and the planets but in addition, it will provide you images of deeper sky object such as some of the brighter galaxies, nebulae, and even distant glimpses of star clusters and more. The SpaceProbe 130ST EQ consists of 24 inch long optical tube design which makes it a versatile telescope for the whole family, and children will love the stunning images of the night sky. The sturdy equatorial telescope mount and adjustable tripod features fine manual adjustment for tracking and focusing on celestial objects. The easy to assemble instrument is portable and convenient to use anywhere from you own backyard, to your favourite viewing location. To maximise your viewing pleasure, the Orion SpaceProbe 130ST comes with two Sirius Plossl eyepieces (25mm and 10mm), a very handy 6x30 finder scope, and the manual rack and pinion adjustable tracking unit to keep you in the picture! Click Here to read our in depth review of the ORION 09007 SpaceProbe 130ST Equatorial Reflector Telescope 3. Celestron NexStar 130SLT Computerised Telescope The Celestron NexStar 130SLT Computerised Telescope is a high precision optical instrument and the automatic sky mapping software makes this a very simple telescope to operate. The most impressive feature of the Celestron Telescopes is the wonderful SkyAlign technology which gives you the ability to completely automate your astronomical experience. With SkyAlign you won't need a star chart, compass or even a finder scope to align the telescope. With the power of automation all you need to do is enter the date and time. The computer takes over, and with a very rough aim, you point it at three bright objects, and the telescope is ready. SkyAlign is completely automatic and you can select any target object from the database, and the telescope will do everything for you, from aiming, to tracking and ensuring a sharp focus on the object no matter how fast it tracks across the sky, or how long you want to maintain your attention. What else do you get with the Celestron NexStar 130SLT Telescope: 130 mm aperture reflector telescope with Newtonian Optics Focal length = 650 mm 9mm eyepiece Motorized Altazimuth mount Computerized target selection and tracking with massive object database SkyAlign allows you to align on any 3 bright celestial objects Click here to read more about the Celestron NexStar 130SLT Computerized Telescope. 4. Celestron NexStar 4 SE Telescope The Celestron NexStar 4 SE Reflector telescope delivers great views of the Moon, the planets, and bright deep space objects. This fantastic telescope provides a brilliant construction based on the Cassegrain optical design, which offers you with the magnifying power of a telescope with a 50 inch long focal length, but compressed into a 13 inch optical reflector tube. The Celestron NexStar 4 SE is the most compact and portable telescope in Celestron's NexStar SE series, yet offers superior optical performance. The wide aperture of 100 mm makes for truly stunning magnification and bright, clear images. But despite these attractive features, the Celestron NexStar 4 SE offers still more to the budding or experienced astronomer due to the magnificent advantage offered by the computerised alignment and tracking system on which this telescope is based. The patented SkyAlign computer technology is coupled to a motorized alt-azimuth mounting platform, which is fully automated by computer technology and takes all the hard work out of aligning and tracking the telescope. The Celestron NexStar 4 SE Reflector telescope comes with standard equipment such as a 25mm E-Lux plossl eyepiece with a magnification of 53 times, enough to see the Lunar surface features, the rings of Saturn and the major cloud formations of Jupiter. If you choose, it is easy to add optional eyepieces to zoom in for even better details, but as equipped, this telescope has more than adequate magnification for a 100 mm telescope to get you started. For further details - click here to read our in depth review. Click here to read more about the Celestron NexStar 4 SE Computerized Telescope 5. Celestron NexStar 6 SE Computerised Telescope The Celestron NexStar 6 SE Reflector telescope is the next beauty in the Celestron range of reflector telescopes. These telescopes look great and and also give you great performance. The NexStar 6 SE is Celestron's latest Schmidt – Cassegrain telescope design, providing 1.5 metres of focal length in a much shorter optical tube. With an aperture of 150 mm this telescope offers brilliant clear images using superior optical components coated with high transmission coatings. This device is powerful yet portable, coming in at a total compact package of less than 15 kg in weight. The reason I like to recommend the Celestron NexStar telescopes is that they all come equipped with the fantastic automated SkyAlign technology for simple alignment and tracking functions. This computerised telescope is so simple to use, that you will never again be caught fumbling in the dark, or losing focus on your target. The Celestron NexStar 6 SE is controlled by a easy to use hand remote control panel which means you can operated the telescope with hands off the actual instrument, which eliminates the risk of bumping, wobbling or otherwise disturbing the sensitive instrumentation which can spoil your viewing pleasure. Click Here to read more about where you can buy the Celestron NexStar 6 SE Reflector telescope. 6. Orion 10018 SkyQuest XT8i IntelliScope Dobsonian Telescope So now we move up another level to the 200 mm aperture size, and to explore what additional magnification and capability is available when we step up to the next level. The Orion SkyQuest XT8i Intelliscope Computerized Telescope provides the magnification power of a 203 mm diameter aperture and combines it with the intelligence of computerized tracking technology. The standard Orion 200 mm reflector optics have been upgraded and combined with the IntelliScope Computerized Object Locator, to make it easier than ever to enjoy the best astronomical delights. The amateur stargazer can easily pinpoint the location of almost any desired object in the universe, and sit back and let the computer control guide the telescope completely by remote control. It's like having your own personal tour guide to the stars, the planets, and deeper sky objects that you previously only dreamed about. The optical tube houses a 203 mm parabolic reflector mirror and rests upon the sturdy Dobsonian mounting base. Once again, not only does the telescope make it easy for you to align on the target, the friction control and spring less mounting base provide you with the smoothest tracking motion and always keep the telescope in perfect, steady balance. The IntelliScope Computerized Object Locator includes more than 14,000 galactic objects and the database is included with the telescope and provided for the user to make it easy to get up and running. All you need to do is select the target you wish to locate from the database, then simply direct the telescope onto the target, by simply looking at the directions on the remote control. The automatic drive then controls the telescope motion until the target is centered in the telescope lens. Now that makes life for astronomers very easy! Read our in depth review to find out more about the Orion SkyQuest XT8i Intelliscope Reflector telescope. Wait - there's one more! 7. Orion 8946 SkyQuest XT10 Classic Dobsonian Telescope And now we have the Big Dob! The 254 mm diameter aperture on this big Orion XT10 Telescope will blow you away. Check our full review of the Orion XT1o Dobsonian Telescope. With the Orion XT10, you get a lot of telescope for your money, not to mention the incredible power and magnification it offers! For as little as $630 you can own this telescope and take advantage of the fantastic clarity and intensity, and you will be amazed at how clear the images of celestial objects like planets, galaxies, and nebulae will appear right in front of you! We recommend you click here to look at the Orion XT10 at the Amazon store. The Orion XT10 is Simple to Use What type of Telescope should I buy? First question: What type of Telescope should I buy? Let's try to make this an objective answer, but as with any subject, and in particular it seems, the nature of telescopes the answer to the basic question of "What telescope should I buy?" is very subjective and there is no simple answer. I will endeavour to start from the perspective of a beginner and take you through a growth process whereby you develop your skills in a logical sequence and don't break your bank (or your back!) before you develop a deep interest and love for this incredible hobby. You will find a lot of commentary about the use of binoculars as an alternative to purchasing a telescope, and some of this is well intentioned, but seriously – if you want to become an astronomer, you will need a telescope! Having said that, a decent pair of binoculars can be used to line up your more important equipment, and can certainly form a part of your astronomy tool kit. Not so long ago choosing a telescope was an easy decision as there wasn't as much choice as there is now. You could very easily purchase a small refractor telescope with say a 60 mm aperture, and have plenty of fun doing it that way. Maybe you could afford to upgrade to a 150 mm design of a more complex nature. But if you maintained the fervor, you could really aspire to a 200 mm Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescope, but this was generally at great expense and only for the deadly serious astronomer. Luckily for all of us, whether young or old, new to astronomy or reasonably experienced - it is very different in the telescope world these days. Let's try to keep this as simple as possible and stick to the facts. Simple Facts about Telescopes A good refractor telescope will generally provide you the best in terms of optical superiority. A good Reflector Telescope will generally cost less to set up than the other types of telescopes. The Schmidt-Cassegrain telescopes generally offer the best of both worlds. Most astronomers will choose a Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescope as their primary instrument. As a rough guide, the Newtonian reflector telescopes used to be the best choice of instrument for the amateur sky watcher. As technology advanced, astronomers were attracted to the lightweight Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope as the various designs provide better and better features. Likewise, better technology revived the design of refractor telescopes, in terms of optical clarity and cost effective production. Nowadays all of the different types of telescopes are available to the amateur astronomer, so embrace the diversity and find the design that suits you best. Which is the Best Telescope for Beginners? 100mm reflector telescopes are excellent for beginners. For less than $500, you can have a telescope that has a reasonably large aperture size and is relatively portable. If you decide to go for a refractor telescope, start in the range of an 80mm diameter telescope, but be aware that you should invest in a good stable mount in order to improve the viewing quality. As a common sense rule, don't expect to buy a decent telescope for less than $100 or so. Even telescopes found at the Scientific retail shop may fall under this category, despite the best of intentions to encourage newcomers to astronomy. These telescopes are basically only good for playing with, and are not helpful if you are trying to be serious. Find a reputable telescope brand with proper optical components, and generally go with scientific telescopes. For all of the perfectionists out there - don't worry! If you are struggling to make a decision, rest assured that you can find a high quality instrument these days for a relatively modest cost that will certainly give you a kick start in astronomy, and you can always upgrade in the future. What telescope should I upgrade to? Taking it to the next level Many astronomers end up buying and using more than one telescope, so if you have a beginner telescope, don't assume that you have to do a straight upgrade, whatever you have now does not have to dictate your next purchase. Don't get too worried if your first choice doesn't measure up straight away, you just might end up with a bigger telescope that compliments your first purchase. If you're interested in developing your skills in astronomy, you might like to investigate acquiring a "spotting scope". The purpose of a spotting scope is to plan your viewing schedule on a given evening, and to work out your angles and set up. With a simple and inexpensive spotting scope you can save a lot of heavier manipulation of your primary telescope. I always recommend that you consider an upgrade to a Newtonian Telescope. They're the most comfortable to use of the three designs. The eyepiece is nearly always at a convenient height. Refractors are the worst in this regard because the eyepiece is at the bottom of the instrument, and hence trying to look straight up with a refractor telescope means you have to get underneath it to look up, which can be an uncomfortable proposition. So just to put some context around this discussion, I will try to compare like for like, but this is probably best taken as a tongue in cheek guide. As a general rule, a 200mm Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescope is relatively affordable and portable. On the other hand, a 200 mm reflector telescope could be a bit of a handful, especially for a beginner, and you could end up looking at a lot of black sky (this is not fun). Finally how about upgrading your favorite refractor telescope up to a 200 mm refractor telescope? Don't take this assumption for granted, because even if you can find one, you'll probably need to convert part of your house into an observatory! This could be a good or bad thing depending on your circumstances… Recommendation for Best Telescope If I had to recommend one telescope manufacturer, it would be the Orion Brand of reflector telescopes. The XT6 / XT8 model telescopes come complete as shown blow, and simply sit on the ground. There is no need to purchase any additional mount or tripod. These telescopes weigh less than 20 kgs and stand about 4-5 feet high, and therefore should not cause too much trouble in terms of portability. The biggest problem I have found is that if your machine is too large or too heavy, you just won't use it often enough. I always recommend the Orion XT8, but I will say that all of the Orion telescopes are good. If you're feeling ambitious, choose the mighty 200 mm Orion XT8, if you are on a budget, choose the smaller XT6 version. Click here to look closer at the Orion XT8 Reflector Review A great all round telescope: Orion's XT8 Save
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Dr. Heidi , Dr. Fu, Dr. Heidi Fu, Acupuncture Retreat She is a Pain and Fertility Specialist, a professional Member of RESOLVE - The National Infertility Association, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, and a Certified American Heart Association CPR instructor. Dr. Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM, Specializes in: For your Health: Pain, Infertility Treatment For your Beauty: Facial & Anti-Aging Acupuncture For your Well-Being: Stress & Emotional Balance Dr. Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM, Specializes Treatment for Pain, Male and Female Infertility. She has treated patients with Stress, Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS),low libido / loss of sex drive and other conditions. She is into TCM Reproductive Medicine helping people desiring to be parents and suffering from infertility and also promotes Women and Men's Health, Beauty and Well-being. Couple’s health. At Acupuncture Retreat, we are dedicated to bringing health and healing to our patients thru acupuncture and chinese medicine. Dr. Heidi Fu, licensed acupuncturist and Doctor of Acupuncture of Oriental Medicine (DAOM), has over 15 years of experience treating patients ranging from ages 3 to 86 years old in the health care field. We specialize in pain management, infertility treatment, and stress management.Acupuncture, Acupuncture Retreat - Los Gatos, CA. The Center for Your Health, Beauty & Well-Being. Acupuncture,acupuncture herbs herb Chinese medicine Los Gatos Saratoga Monte Sereno Campbell pain neck shoulder back joints depression stress insomnia infertility allergy tendinitis urination headache migraine sciatica tennis elbow tinnitus fatigue low cost Bay Area California weak face lift natural holistic health management Heidi Fu alternative Monterey Sleeping disorder bipolar addiction allergies skin rash herbalAnxiety Depression Infertility IFV IUI Hypertension Stress Sinusitis Asthma Facial Acupuncture Facial Rejuvenation facelifts Facial Pain Facial Spasm Common Cold Symptoms Insomnia Chronic Fatigue Syndrome lost weight Arthritis IBS Migraine Headache Bell’s Palsy Sports Injuries Helping Patients From Los Gatos, Monte Sereno, Saratoga, Campbell, Cupertino, Sunnyvale, Los Altos, Mountain View, San Jose, Palo Alto, MorganHill and The Greater Bay Area, Weight Loss Neck Pain Lower Back Pain Digestive Problems Health improvement Auricular Acupuncture Electroacupuncture Five-Element Acupuncture Fire Neddles Heat Hot or Cold Herbs Therapy Japanese Acupuncture Korean Acupuncture Traditional Chinese Acupuncture Trigger Point Acupuncture QiGong We Accept Insurance PPO plan from: Anthem Blue Cross, Aetna, Blue Shield, Cigna, United HealthCare and many other insurance company...We will provide a billing statement and invoice for your health savings account (HSA), or flexible spending account (FSA). Acupuncture and Reproductive Health Acupuncture Increases IVF Success by 65% Acupuncture Improves Sperm Quality Foods for Fertility The Ancient Art of Infertility Treatment Five Top Men's Health Concerns and How Acupuncture Can Help Cardiovascular Disease,Lung Cancer,Prostate Health,Sexual Health Depression and Mental Health Samuel L. Jackson talks about getting acupuncture Acupuncture Cuts Tension Headache Rates By Almost Half At the Acupuncture Retreat we encourage you to join with us as we press forward for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine’s continuing integration into the world community of health care. Dr. Heidi , Dr. Fu, Dr. Heidi Fu American Heart Association CPR Class-Learn and Live! • CPR: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Class • CPR consists of four main parts: Airway, Breathing, Circulation and Defibrillation • Your CPR Certification is for TWO years BLS (Basic Life Support) for Healthcare Provider Course: For MD (Medical Doctors), RN (Register Nurses), Dentist and other medical professionals. This course includes all of the Healthcare Provider core components: 1. Adult CPR/Child CPR with Mask 2. Infant CPR with Mask 3. AED: Automated external Defibrillator Hartsaver First Aid Provider Course: This course qualifies for California Acupuncture Board Course for Acupuncturist. This course included the Heartsaver First Aid Core components: 1. Adult First Aid 2. Environmental Emergencies 3. Adult/Child CPR with Mask 4. Adult/ Child AED 5. Infant CPR with Mask Heartsaver CPR Provider Course: This course included the following Heartsaver CPR core components: 1. Adult CPR 2. Child CPR 3. Infant CPR Call/Text for your appointment: (408)-982-7277 or (408)-828-3089 (408)-98-AQCPR The best way to make your American Heart Association (AHA) BLS-CPR, CPR/First Aid or CPR class appointment is: E-mail: [email protected] Text/SMS: 1-408-982-7277 Call: 1-408-982-7277 or (408)-98-AQCPR We have CPR class everyday by appointment Your CPR class can be taught in English or Chinese The best way to make your Acupuncture or TCM appointment is: 1. E-mail: [email protected] 2. Text-SMS: 408-982-7277 3. Call: 408-982-7277 Dr. Heidi Fu, RN, LAc., DAOM, Specializes in: For your Health: Pain and Infertility Treatment For your Beauty: Facial Rejuvenation Acupuncture For your Well-Being: Stress and Emotional Balance For Chinese CPR class Call/Text: 1-408-828-3089 黃帝內經 Huang Di Nei Jing: “The superior physician prevents the disease; The mediocre physician attends to impending disease; The inferior physician treats the actual disease.” “The superior physician helps before the early budding of the disease. The inferior physician begins to help when the disease has already developed, he helps when destruction has already set in and since this is so, it is said of him that he is ignorant.” What Is Acupuncture? Acupuncture is an age-old healing practice of traditional Chinese medicine in which thin needles are placed at specific points in the body. It's primarily used to relieve pain but also has been used to treat other conditions. More than 3 million Americans use acupuncture, but it is even more popular in other countries. In France, for example, one in five people has tried acupuncture. Acupressure vs. Acupuncture If you are afraid of needles, you may be able to get much of the same effect from acupressure. Acupressure involves pressing or massaging the acupuncture points to stimulate the energy pathways. Scientific comparisons of acupressure and acupuncture are limited, but acupressure has been shown to be effective in reducing nausea and lessening labor pain. Infertility FAQ's What is infertility? Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying. Or, six months, if a woman is 35 years of age or older. Women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be infertile. Pregnancy is the result of a process that has many steps. To get pregnant— A woman’s body must release an egg from one of her ovaries (ovulation). The egg must go through a fallopian tube toward the uterus (womb). A man's sperm must join with (fertilize) the egg along the way. The fertilized egg must attach to the inside of the uterus (implantation). Infertility can happen if there are problems with any of these steps. Is infertility a common problem? Yes. About 10 % of women (6.1 million) in the United States ages 15–44 years have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant. Study: Acupuncture Good For Aching Backs (CBS/AP) Fake acupuncture works nearly as well as the real thing for low back pain, and either kind performs much better than usual care, German researchers have found. Almost half the patients treated with acupuncture needles felt relief that lasted months. In contrast, only about a quarter of the patients receiving medications and other Western medical treatments felt better. Even fake acupuncture worked better than conventional care, leading researchers to wonder whether pain relief came from the body's reactions to any thin needle pricks or, possibly, the placebo effect. "Acupuncture represents a highly promising and effective treatment option for chronic back pain," study co-author Dr. Heinz Endres of Ruhr University Bochum in Bochum, Germany, said in an e-mail. "Patients experienced not only reduced pain intensity, but also reported improvements in the disability that often results from back pain and, therefore, in their quality of life." Since the late nineties there has been evidence to suggest that your breech baby can be turned to its optimal position for birth using moxibustion, a Chinese medicine technique. View Larger Map 317 Los Gatos Saratoga Rd. Los Gatos, CA 95030 Regular practice Hours: By Appointment Mon - Fri: 11:00AM - 8:00PM Sat: 1pm - 6:00PM By appointment Sun: Closed Dr. Fu is available after hours by appointment on weekends and holidays for pain, stress, IVF, IUI and urgent needs patients. Call Dr. Fu’s office today, we are here to answer your call 24/7. We Accept Most Insurance PPO plan from: Anthem Blue Cross, Aetna, Blue Shield, Cigna, Great-West, United HealthCare and many other insurance companies... We will provide a billing statement and invoice for your health savings account (HSA), or flexible spending account (FSA). We bill your insurance directly. Having your insurance information prior to your visit will ensure that this process will go smoothly for you. Dr. Heidi , Dr. Fu, Dr. Heidi Fu Celebrity loves acupuncture! Christopher Egan, movies and TV star and an awesome friend of mine. He is stars in the movie " Letters to Juliet" and He is a fan of ancient Chinese acupuncture and Cupping. Christopher Egan, movie and TV star and a friend of mine. He is in the movie " Letters to Juliet"  and He is awesome!
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"BRAIN-DEATH" IS KIDNAP...MEDICAL TERRORISM/MURDER BEGINS WITH YOUR OWN PERSONAL CARE PHYSICIAN (PCP)...ARREST TRUMP FOR FEMICIDE...TRUMP HEADS UP FEMICIDE RING OF 93 "FEDERAL" PROSECUTORS...RITA REVOLUTION...93 "FEDERAL" PROSECUTORS ARE THE ROOT OF ALL TERROR...CNN FUCKS UP...MEDICAL KIDNAP/GENOCIDE (REAL TERROR) IN THE U.S. SINCE 1963...THE BRADY BUNCH...ARREST SCOTT W BRADY FOR HARBORING MEDICAL TERRORISTS OF WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA...HIDDEN HOSPITAL HOLOCAUST OF AMERICA...ARREST AHN DOCTOR DEBORRA KIM ZAISER (PER THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE DEATH PENALTY)...IRS KIDNAP BY "BRAIN-DEATH"...TYRANNY IS DEADLY IN THE USA...END THE REAL TERROR, SCOTT W BRADY ("FEDERAL" PROSECUTOR)...PITTSBURGH''S ED JITNEY SAYS "DON''T BE BRAIN-DEAD"...EMILY MARBURGER (MAYOR OF BELLEVUE 15202), ARREST DR KIM ZAISER...911 IN A NUTSHELL...93 U.S. FEDERAL PROSECUTORS PROVIDE US WITH HARVARD''S HIDDEN HOLOCAUST OF AMERICA... The Magic of Hyperventilation G.M. Woerlee, 20052018 An incident occurring during the first few weeks I started my career in anesthesia made a deep impression upon me. It was the beginning of 1977, and I had just started an anesthesiology residency in the Fremantle Hospital in Western Australia. Everything was new and unfamiliar. I asked the anesthesiologist standing next to me, why the patient who was undergoing an operation under general anesthesia was sweating so profusely. His reaction surprised me, and was one I never forgot. He grabbed the anesthetic chart, began fanning the patient and himself, and remarked: Warm isnt it? It was not warm in the operating theater. The patient was simply inadequately anesthetized using the then popular Liverpool technique of anesthesia. The Liverpool technique of anesthesia was first described by Thomas Cecil Gray during 1952. It consists of the now standard method of using separate drugs to provide analgesia, muscle relaxation, and unconsciousness, while mechanically ventilating the patients with a respirator to prevent hypoxia (Gray 1952). Subsequent studies revealed that anesthetic drug dosages could be further reduced by mechanically hyperventilating patients under general anesthesia (Dundee 1952, McAleavy 1961). This latter effect is but one of the several fascinating effects of hyperventilation on the human body. In fact, hyperventilation exerts so many effects upon the body relevant to anesthesia and the functioning of the brain, that it deserves a separate discussion. So what is hyperventilation? But first, what is the role of carbon dioxide in the body? Role of carbon dioxide in the body Carbon dioxide is a byproduct of the energy-generating chemical reactions occurring within the cells of the body. Carbon dioxide produced by these chemical reactions within the cells of the body diffuses into blood which transports it into the lungs where it is eliminated from the body in exhaled air. But carbon dioxide is not just an inert waste product. It is also a vital component in the maintenance of the chemical environment of the body, because it also regulates the acidity of blood, as well as other fluids outside and inside each cell of the body. Regulation of acidity and alkalinity within the tissues of the body is extremely important. The machinery of the body is driven by myriad complex chemical reactions, and the sum total of these chemical reactions result in optimally healthy body function at a certain levels of acidity and alkalinity inside and outside the cells of the body. Acidity and alkalinity of fluids is expressed in terms of the pH, a scale varying from 0 to 14. A pH = 0 is maximally acid, a pH = 7 designates neutrality, being neither acid nor alkaline, while a pH =14 is maximally alkaline. A fluid is acid if the pH is less than 7, and is alkaline if the pH is greater than 7. Blood is slightly alkaline with a pH = 7.4, while the insides of cells are slightly acid with a pH = 6.9. Carbon dioxide (CO2) reacts reversibly with water (H2O) to form carbonic acid (H2CO3). But carbonic acid is unstable at body temperature and is usually in the ionized state, forming hydrogen ion (H+), and bicarbonate ion (HCO3-) as in the chemical equation below. CO2 + H2CO3 ⇔ H+ + HCO3- At any given partial pressure of carbon dioxide within the tissues of the body, a balance exists between carbon dioxide and the bicarbonate concentration. This balance between carbon dioxide and bicarbonate ion determines the pH in blood and other tissues of the body. The Henderson-Hasselbach equation used to calculate the pH in blood shows this relationship in mathematical form. pH = 6.1 + log[HCO3-] (0.03 PCO2) The normal partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood is about 40 mmHg, and the normal bicarbonate concentration is about 24 millimoles per liter. Put these figures into the Henderson-Hasselbach equation above, and you get the pH of arterial blood which is 7.4. One more fact is needed to fully understand the effects of hyperventilation. This is the amount of bicarbonate in the body. As mentioned above, the concentration of bicarbonate in blood is 24 millimoles per liter. This is also true for all the fluids in between the cells of the body. Inside the cells of most tissues, the bicarbonate concentration is about 8 millimoles per liter. This means there is a lot of bicarbonate in the body. It takes time before such a large mass of bicarbonate ion decreases, or increases in size as a result of changes in blood carbon dioxide concentration. And it is this large mass of bicarbonate that lies at the origin of the effects of hyperventilation. So what is hyperventilation? What is hyperventilation? In practical terms, all carbon dioxide is eliminated from the body as a gas in exhaled air. When the volumes of air breathed into and out of the lungs increases above what is normal, more carbon dioxide than normal is eliminated from the body. This lowers the pressure of carbon dioxide within the body, whereby carbonic acid changes back to into water and carbon dioxide, eventually resulting in a new equilibrium between bicarbonate ion and carbon dioxide. CO2 + H2O ← H2CO3 ← H+ + HCO3- But this spontaneous chemical reaction whereby carbonic acid returns to water and carbon dioxide, is not as rapid as the speed with which carbon dioxide is removed from the body by hyperventilation. So when body carbon dioxide pressure is suddenly lowered relative to the bicarbonate concentration, the pH increases above normal because the bicarbonate concentration does not decrease as rapidly. The condition where pH of the body is increased above normal is called alkalosis, and all the body fluids and cells become more alkaline than normal. This effect lies at the basis of the mental effects of hyperventilation. So what are the mental effects of hyperventilation? Thresholds and mental effects of hyperventilation During the last two years of World War 2 (1939-1945), Seymour Kety and Carl Schmidt performed hyperventilation experiments upon conscientious objectors (Kety 1946). Military applications were part of the reason for these experiments. Their reasoning was that sometimes airplane crew flying at great height above Germany, might sometimes depend upon hyperventilation to prolong the period of useful consciousness, such as when oxygen delivery systems failed at high altitude, or when forced to abandon high flying aircraft after being hit by enemy fire. Regardless of these considerations, these experiments provided invaluable information regarding the manifestations of sudden onset of hyperventilation in normal young people, as well as the levels of carbon dioxide at which these manifestations occur. Kety and Schmidt found that clouding of consciousness and unconsciousness became increasingly likely when the carbon dioxide pressure fell below 30 mmHg (Kety 1946). This threshold was subsequently confirmed by Rafferty in 1992, who also found that all people developed neurological symptoms due to hyperventilation at a carbon dioxide pressure of 20 mmHg (Rafferty 1992). Mental effects of hyperventilation are very mixed. People with hyperventilation commonly describe symptoms such as disturbed mentation, impaired concentration, poor memory, and hallucinations. Feelings of depersonalization are also common, where hyperventilating persons describe sensations of unreality, or feeling everything is confused and dream-like. Visual experiences such as blurred vision, tunnel vision, flashing lights, and seeing double also occur (Evans 2005, Lum 1987, Perkin 1986). Extreme hyperventilation causes loss of consciousness in 31% of people with hyperventilation disorder (Perkin 1986), is occasionally observed during experimental hyperventilation (Kety 1946), and in some pregnant women hyperventilating due to labor pains (Burden 1994). But this is not all. Hyperventilation can sometimes even cause brain death. Death due to hyperventilation in the intensive care Even though hyperventilation is usually regarded as a mild problem, it can also cause brain death. But how? Some people with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), develop respiratory failure as a result of lung infections. Respiratory failure means their lungs malfunction so severely that insufficient oxygen is absorbed into their blood to sustain life, and their diseased lungs are unable to eliminate all the carbon dioxide produced by their bodies. These people usually die if this situation is not corrected. So they are often admitted into an intensive care unit where they undergo mechanical ventilation of their lungs. Mechanical ventilation is more efficient than normal respiration in these circumstances. It rapidly removes excess carbon dioxide from their bodies, ensures that sufficient oxygen enters their bodies, enabling these people to survive a period of temporarily worsened lung malfunction. This type of therapy has been available in many Western countries since the early 1960''s. And it was during the 1960''s that several reports were published of patients with severe COPD, who were admitted to an intensive care, underwent mechanical ventilation, and shortly afterwards developed unmanageable epileptic convulsions, severe brain damage, and even brain death (Kilburn 1966, Rotheram 1964). Relative hyperventilation was the cause of this dramatically tragic result of what is normally a life-saving therapy (Kilburn 1966, Rotheram 1964). Fortunately this occurs very rarely. Nonetheless, it does occur. So how can such tragedies occur? Hyperventilation-induced cerebral hypoxia Changes in body function caused by hyperventilation explain these deaths, as well as explaining the mental and visual manifestations of hyperventilation. As I explained earlier in this chapter, the acidity and alkalinity of bodily fluids is determined by the relative difference between the concentration of bicarbonate and the pressure of carbon dioxide as expressed by the Henderson-Hasselbach equation earlier this chapter. For the situation in arterial blood, the normal PCO2 = 40 mmHg, and the [HCO3-] = 24 millimoles, this means that the bicarbonate / carbon dioxide ratio is about 0.6. If the ratio is larger than 0.6, a fluid or tissue will be alkaline because this means there is less carbon dioxide due to hyperventilation. And when the ratio is less than 0.6, this means the fluid or tissue is acid. Chronic obstructive airways disease and hyperventilation Now people with severe chronic obstructive airways disease often have a higher than normal carbon dioxide concentration in their blood, simply because they cannot breathe deeply and rapidly enough to remove all the waste carbon dioxide from their bodies. And because the carbon dioxide concentration is higher than normal, this drives the chemical equilibrium to the right such that more carbonic acid is made. CO2 + H2O → H2CO3 → H+ + HCO3- The carbonic acid dissociates into hydrogen ion and bicarbonate ion. Eventually the relative concentrations of bicarbonate ion and the pressure of carbon dioxide are such that the ratio of 0.6 is achieved, and the pH once again equals 7.4. This is not something theoretical, but is a standard clinical truth seen in such persons and taught to medical students throughout the world. Here is an example. Consider the values for pH, carbon dioxide pressure, and bicarbonate concentration reported by Walmsley during 1985 in a man with severe chronic obstructive airways disease: pH = 7.42, PCO2 = 87 mmHg, [HCO3-] = 55 millimoles (Walmsley 1985). The bicarbonate / carbon dioxide ratio here = 55 / 87 = 0.63 = approximately normal. This is a classic example of how right-shifting of the chemical equilibrium increases the bicarbonate concentration, so normalizing the pH of this man''s blood and body. Now just imagine this man was admitted to the intensive care with respiratory failure, where he was treated with mechanical ventilation of his lungs. Imagine that overenthusiastic physicians adjusted the mechanical ventilator such that his arterial carbon dioxide pressure was rapidly lowered to the normal level of 40 mmHg. Because carbon dioxide is more rapidly eliminated from the body than the bicarbonate concentration changes, the resulting bicarbonate / carbon dioxide ratio would be = 55 / 40 = 1.38, which indicates his blood would suddenly become very alkaline. If we calculate the exact pH, the resulting pH in his arterial blood would = 7.76. This means his blood would very rapidly become very alkaline indeed. This effect is true hyperventilation, because the change of carbon dioxide pressure is relative to the original carbon dioxide pressure in an abnormal equilibrium state. Such changes can profoundly affect the functioning of the body. But are these changes in body function important? And do these changes induce significant changes in body function? Cerebral blood flow and hyperventilation The flow of blood through the brain is called the cerebral blood flow. The normal flow of blood through the adult human brain is about 50 milliliters blood per 100 gm brain tissue per minute (50 ml/100 gm/min). During 1954, a medical scientist called Frank Finnerty determined the levels of cerebral blood flow at which cerebral hypoxia occurs in conscious people (Finnerty 1954). This experiment was performed according to the ethical standards of the day, using measurement techniques that are still the golden standards for the measurements he performed. Nowadays, most medical ethical committees would refuse permission to perform this experiment, so this was one of those enormously valuable, but unrepeatable experiments providing invaluable information about a fundamental property of the functioning of the human brain. The experiment was basically simple. He used a drug to lower the blood pressure of the experimental persons until symptoms of cerebral hypoxia occurred. Manifestations of cerebral hypoxia were defined as sighing, yawning, staring, and confusion. He found that the average level of cerebral blood flow at which cerebral hypoxia began to manifest was 31.5 ml/100 gm/min (Finnerty 1954). But this figure is an average, which means one half of all people developed manifestations of cerebral hypoxia at higher levels of cerebral blood flow, the other half at lower levels. So when you look at a graph of the distribution of levels of cerebral blood flow at which cerebral hypoxia occurred in this experiment, you see that significant numbers of people developed manifestations of cerebral hypoxia at cerebral blood flow at levels of even 40 ml/100 gm/min. The reverse is also true. About 10% of people are still conscious without any cerebral hypoxic symptoms at blood flow levels of 20-25 ml/100 gm/min, and about 5% are still conscious without any cerebral hypoxic symptoms at blood flow levels as low as 15-20 ml/100 gm/min (see Figure 5). Figure 5: Percentage distribution of cerebral blood flows at which symptoms of cerebral hypoxia without loss of consciousness occur in people of all age groups. Symptoms of cerebral hypoxia occur at an average cerebral blood flow of 31.5 ml/100 gm/min. The distribution of measurements around this average reveals that somewhat more than 10% of people are still conscious without any cerebral hypoxic symptoms at blood flow levels of 20-25 ml/100 gm/min, and about 5% are still conscious without any cerebral hypoxic symptoms at blood flow levels as low as 15-20 ml/100 gm/min (Finnerty 1954) (Figure � Woerlee). Human studies performed since the 1940''s reveal that hyperventilation reduces the cerebral blood flow by causing constriction [narrowing] of the arteries supplying the brain with blood (Pierce 1962, Raichle 1972, Wollman 1965, Wollman 1968a). Seymour Kety devised the first accurate system for measuring the cerebral blood flow which is still the golden standard against which other techniques for measuring cerebral blood flow are compared. His articles are still as current and valuable as when they were published during the 1940''s. He found that cerebral blood flow is directly related to the carbon dioxide pressure in the blood, and inversely related to the pH of the blood flowing through the arteries going to the brain (Kety 1946, Kety 1948). In other words, the lower the carbon dioxide pressure in the blood, the lower the cerebral blood flow. The studies of Kety clearly demonstrated that when hyperventilation caused the arterial carbon dioxide to drop below 30 mmHg, that the cerebral blood flow dropped below 40 ml/100 gm/min (Kety 1946), a cerebral blood flow threshold below which increasing numbers of people develop manifestations of cerebral hypoxia (Figure 6). And as mentioned earlier, all people develop neurological manifestations due to hyperventilation below an arterial carbon dioxide pressure of 20 mmHg (Rafferty 1992, and Figure 6). Figure 6: The effect of hyperventilation on the cerebral blood flow. The relationship between the carbon dioxide pressure in arterial blood and the cerebral blood flow in humans is as shown in this graph (Kety 1946, Kety 1948, Wollman 1965, Wollman 1968a). Extreme levels of hyperventilation, where the carbon dioxide pressure drops below 25-30 mmHg cause the cerebral blood flow to drop below 40 ml/100 gm/min, a level below which increasingly more people develop manifestations of cerebral hypoxia (Finnerty 1954) (Figure � Woerlee). Such low levels of arterial carbon dioxide pressure also cause cerebral blood flow to drop to levels at which cerebral hypoxia occurs (Figure 5). But are the cerebral manifestations of hyperventilation due to cerebral hypoxia? Binding of oxygen with hemoglobin provides further evidence that hyperventilation may well cause brain tissue hypoxia. Binding of oxygen to hemoglobin Blood is not a wondrous fluid with magical properties. Instead blood is a transport fluid. It transports oxygen, electrolytes, proteins, hormones, fats and sugars to tissues, and removes waste products of metabolism, hormones, products of metabolisms, etc away from tissues. Oxygen is transported by blood from the lungs where it enters the body. However oxygen is very poorly soluble in blood, and blood contains negligible amounts of dissolved oxygen. Practically all oxygen in blood is chemically bound to hemoglobin inside red blood cells. But the chemical binding of oxygen with hemoglobin is directly affected by the acidity and alkalinity of blood (i.e. the pH of blood). Hyperventilation causes loss of carbon dioxide from the body, causing the pH of blood to increase and become more alkaline. When blood is more alkaline, hemoglobin binds more tightly with oxygen. Oxygen bound to hemoglobin within red blood cells does nothing, because binding of oxygen to hemoglobin within red blood cells is no more than the body''s method of transporting oxygen to the capillaries within the tissues of the body. Within the capillaries of the tissues of the body, the chemical bond between oxygen and hemoglobin is weak enough to allow oxygen to leave the blood and diffuse into the cells surrounding the capillaries, so providing oxygen for the vital, energy-generating chemical processes within the cells forming the tissues of the body. But when hyperventilation causes oxygen to bind more tightly to hemoglobin, less oxygen is released to diffuse into the tissues surrounding the capillaries. The oxyhemoglobin saturation curve demonstrates this effect, showing that hemoglobin binds oxygen more tightly during hyperventilation (Figure 7). This is why hyperventilation can cause less oxygen to enter the tissues of the body from the capillaries, so resulting in hypoxia of the cells outside the blood vessels, even though the blood contains more than sufficient oxygen. Figure 7: Oxyhemoglobin saturation curve showing how the binding of hemoglobin with oxygen changes during hyperventilation. For example, if the oxygen pressure is 40 mmHg, the pH and everything else is normal, then hemoglobin is about 75% saturated. But during extreme hyperventilation when the PCO2 = 20 mmHg, the chemical binding of hemoglobin with oxygen is much stronger, and hemoglobin is almost 90% saturated at an oxygen pressure of 40 mmHg. (Figure � Woerlee). Hyperventilation causes cerebral hypoxia But does hyperventilation cause cerebral hypoxia? Hyperventilation has profound effects on the transport and delivery of oxygen to the tissues of the body. Hyperventilation reduces the cerebral blood flow, and to make matters worse, hyperventilation also causes oxygen to bind more tightly with hemoglobin. Both factors combine to reduce the availability of oxygen to the tissues of the brain, and can even cause cerebral hypoxia. Animal studies reveal that extreme hyperventilation does indeed cause cerebral hypoxia (Clausen 2004, Sugioka 1960). The tragic fatal effects of relative hyperventilation in humans with severe chronic obstructive airway disease, also reveals that hyperventilation in humans can result in cerebral hypoxia severe enough to cause actual brain damage and brain death (Kilburn 1966, Rotheram 1964). Furthermore, hyperventilation has also been implicated as one of the potential causes of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Hyperventilation-induced frontal lobe failure This last remark brings us to the effects of hyperventilation on conscious mental function. These were discussed earlier in this chapter and consist of manifestations such as: disturbed mentation, impaired concentration, poor memory, and hallucinations. Feelings of depersonalization are also common, as hyperventilating persons often describe sensations of unreality, or feeling everything is confused and dream-like. Many of these conscious mental experiences and manifestations are similar to those of cerebral hypoxia (see Chapter 4). And during extreme degrees of hyperventilation, the degree of cerebral hypoxia may be sufficient to cause loss of consciousness. But is this true for lesser degrees of hyperventilation? Figure 8: The basic regions / lobes of the surface, (or cortex) of the brain. (Figure � Woerlee). The effects of hyperventilation upon the human brain have been studied intensively for many years. As long ago as the 1940''s, hyperventilation was known to cause high amplitude, low frequency delta waves [waves with a frequency of 1-4 Hertz] to manifest in the electroencephalograph of the frontal lobes of the brains of conscious persons (Davis 1942, Meyer 1960, Stoddart 1967, Worp 1991). However, the appearance of delta waves is unrelated to the degree of lowering of arterial carbon dioxide pressure, or the pH increase due to hyperventilation, but is directly related to the occurrence of cerebral hypoxia induced by hyperventilation (Gotoh 1965). Hyperventilation does not only reduce the total cerebral blood flow, but also changes the distribution of blood flow within the brain. Modern studies reveal that blood flow to the frontal, occipital, and parieto-occipital cortex (see Figure 8), as well as the hippocampus is reduced relative to other areas of the brain within seconds to minutes of commencing hyperventilation (Naganawa 2002, Posse 1997). These relative changes in blood flow and electroencephalogram reflect reduced activity in these regions of the brain. The frontal lobes of the brain are required for cognitive functions such as memory, experience of time, directed attention, reflective consciousness, and the idea of self (Dietrich 2003). So hyperventilation induced cognitive changes such as disturbed mentation, impaired concentration, and poor memory, are readily explained by reduced frontal cortical function - nicely termed transient hypofrontality (Dietrich 2003). The occipital cortex performs primary and secondary visual processing, while the parieto-occipital cortex integrates body sensory information into the body image (Blanke 2005, Maravita 2003). Reduced function in these regions of the brain certainly explains other experiences occurring during hyperventilation, such as visual hallucinations, feelings of depersonalization, or feeling that everything is confused and dream-like. All these things mean hyperventilation can temporarily induce profound changes in brain function and the resulting conscious mental function. These effects even form the basis for a particular form of psychotherapy during which patients perform prolonged hyperventilation - a therapy called Holotropic Breathwork (Rhinwine 2007). As a simple and blunt anesthesiologist, I am unable to make any serious assessment of this form of psychotherapy, but this use of the conscious mental effects of hyperventilation is certainly interesting. Drowning and hyperventilation Most swimmers know that a short period of hyperventilation prior to diving allows them to extend the period they can spend underwater. But this not a safe technique, because sometimes people who hyperventilate prior to diving lose consciousness and drown while underwater (Craig 1976). Part of the reason why this technique works is the fact that breathing is mainly regulated by the pressure of carbon dioxide in the blood. Increased carbon dioxide pressures in arterial blood stimulates breathing, and generates a desire to breathe. Decreased carbon dioxide pressure in blood causes breathing to slow, reducing the urge to breathe, sometimes entirely removing the urge to breathe (Meah 1994). Arterial blood oxygen pressures measured in divers forced to surface due to the necessity to take a breath after prolonged dives preceded by hyperventilation, are sometimes low enough to cause loss of motor control (Lindholm 2006), and sometimes even low enough to cause loss of consciousness in some people (Craig 1961, Lindholm 2006). Loss of consciousness due to hypoxia is insidious, and is preceded by changes in mental state whereby affected people experience loss of insight, together with feelings of wellbeing (page 300 in Liere 1963). This explains why many people do not even realize they are about to lose consciousness due to hypoxia. This is the reason why some people who hyperventilate prior to an underwater dive, sometimes lose consciousness due to cerebral hypoxia before feeling the necessity to surface and breathe. And once they lose consciousness while underwater, they subsequently drown if not rescued (Craig 1976). However, anesthesiologists regard hyperventilation as a useful technique. Hyperventilation during general anesthesia Anesthesiologists often exploit the various properties of hyperventilation during general anesthesia. For example: During neurosurgical operations on the brain, anesthesiologists often apply hyperventilation to cause constriction of the blood vessels of the brain. This reduces the volume of blood inside blood vessels within the substance of the brain, so reducing the volume of the brain. Constriction of blood vessels also reduces bleeding. The combination of both effects results in better operating conditions for the neurosurgeon. Hyperventilation below an arterial carbon dioxide pressure of 30 mmHg reduces the level of consciousness, and sometimes even induces loss of consciousness. One consequence of this is a reduction of drug dosages required for general anesthesia. Hyperventilation is sometimes used at the end of operations to reduce the level of consciousness, as well as to prolong and intensify the actions of residual concentrations of anesthetic drugs. This last point is fascinating. How can hyperventilation intensify and prolong the actions of anesthetic drugs? The answer lies in the chemical nature of anesthetic drugs. Most drugs and most organic compounds are either weak acids or weak bases. Anesthetic drugs are no different. In fact, except for thiopental, all anesthetic drugs are bases. Now a base interacts with water molecules to form an equilibrium between an ionized form and a non-ionized form. Just look at this chemical equilibrium where H2O is water, and B is the base molecule or drug. When such a weak base dissolves in water, it interacts with water to acquire a hydrogen ion (H+), resulting in a free negatively charged hydroxyl ion (OH) in the following manner. B + H2O ⇔ BH+ + OH- For example, morphine is just such a weak base, so the interaction with water is just the same, and forms an equilibrium as below where the proportions ionized and unionized morphine are constant at each pH level. Morphine + H2O ⇔ MorphineH+ + OH- Morphine is a weak base. So when blood becomes more acid, (i.e. the pH decreases), a greater proportion of morphine exists in the ionized form. On the other hand, when blood becomes more alkaline and the pH increases, a smaller proportion of morphine exists in the ionized form. The same is true for all other anesthetic drugs except for thiopental. This may sound like a chemical subtlety of little practical consequence, but the concept of ionization of drugs used in anesthesia has important practical consequences. Anesthetic drugs do not cause sleep by acting upon blood cells or blood vessels: anesthetic drugs do not cause muscle paralysis by acting on blood cells or blood vessels: and anesthetic drugs do not relieve pain by acting upon blood cells or blood vessels. Instead, anesthetic drugs cause all these effects by acting upon nerve cells which are located outside and around blood vessels. And anesthetic drugs must somehow diffuse out of the blood vessels transporting them to get to the nerve cells outside. Brain capillaries only permit the passage of non-ionized drug molecules into the substance of the brain, and many anesthesiologists exploit this latter fact to prolong the effects of general anesthesia under some circumstances. One of these circumstances is the period near the end of an operation. At the end of an operation, a patient must be quickly aroused and transported out of the operating theater to the recovery room, so that the next patient can be brought into the operating theater to undergo an operation. So towards the end of an operation, anesthesiologists always try to lower the concentrations of drugs used for general anesthesia so that the patients will awaken more rapidly. They use measurements as well as clinical experience to estimate whether their patients will remain under general anesthesia sufficiently long for the surgeon to finish before they awaken. This is where anesthesia becomes an art form akin to cooking or music. Unfortunately some patients begin to react to the pain of surgery at this time. This leaves the anesthesiologist with three choices of action: Deepen the general anesthetic to the same level as during the middle of the operation. But this means that the time to awakening at the end of the operation will be longer than normal, resulting in a very slow operating program, from which one or more patients may have to be cancelled due to lack of time. Administration of repeated small doses of an anesthetic drug such as thiopental or propofol, sometimes together with an opiate. This is often a good choice, because patients usually awaken quickly after this technique, provided the surgeon does not take his time closing the wounds. Regrettably, some surgeons do take their time, ignoring anesthesiologists telling them to hurry. Hyperventilate the patient until the surgeon is finished. This is a practical and commonly used technique when combined with small doses of thiopental or propofol. Hyperventilation, not only reduces the level of consciousness, but also increases the proportion of non-ionized opiates already present in blood. This means more of these opiates can enter the brain, resulting in higher brain concentrations of opiates such as morphine (Nishitateno 1979), sufentanil (Matteo 1992), and fentanyl (Ainslie 1979). The same effect is also true for all other anesthetic drugs, except for thiopental. This relative increase in non-ionized concentrations of weakly basic drugs is one of the reasons why hyperventilation potentiates the effects of most anesthetic drugs. Final remarks on hyperventilation This brief discussion of the properties and consequences of hyperventilation reveal it to be almost magical in the extent of the extensive changes it induces in body and mental function. And the most magical aspect of hyperventilation, is how something as simple as breathing deeply and quickly, can induce such profound effects upon the functioning of the body, as well as the functioning of the conscious mind. Hyperventilation is still applied during some types of surgery performed under general anesthesia, but when injudiciously applied is detrimental, yet when applied appropiately is a useful addition to the anesthesiological amamentarium. EMILY MARBURGER (MAYOR OF BELLEVUE 15202) NEEDS TO END THE MEDICAL HOLOCAUST IN "OUR TOWN"... ORGAN PRINTING: THE STEM CELL CONUNDRUM INTRODUCTION: ORGAN PRINTING: METHODS AND PRESENTATION Advances in bioprinting, have brought along with them many great aspects that can improve the quality of life of many people, including the ability to create new tissues and even new organs for people who have been injured or sick. Bioprinting is an innovation in biomedical and tissue engineering in which biological tissues such as skin and organs are printed from a three-dimensional bioprinter. Using live cells as the material to be printed with [1]. However, at this point in time, the development has reached an ethical crossroad in the process of creating fully formed three-dimensional working organs. While working in the organ printing department of a research facility for tissue engineering, the suggestion of the incorporation of human embryonic stem cells into the process of growing cells and printing organs. The integration of human embryonic stem cells into the cultures dramatically increases the yield of cells, which can be used to print organs; however, there is no dependent source of human embryonic stem cells that would not cause for an ethical dilemma within both the company and the public. One of the main sources of embryonic stem cells that are used in research nowadays is the collection of cells from abortion [2]. An agreement is made with clinics throughout the US to hand over excess stem cells and artificially inseminated eggs to our company to be cultured and grown, in order to create an abundance of human embryonic stem cells that could be used for printing organs. With the introduction of stems cells, the research rates would increase exponentially and, after the initial testing period, in which fully printed organs were tested in animals, the finished products would be put on the market. When asked about the source of the cells used, I have been instructed to let it be known that human embryonic stem cells are used, however it is not allowed to let it known that these stem cells are coming from the abortions being performed throughout the United States, because of the amount of controversy that it would cause would most likely shut down the entire operation. Looking at this situation from the perspective of a biomedical engineer, who is bound by the code of ethics for both the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) and the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES), it would be a difficult decision to make because of the conflicting aspects of the situation. Having the ability to print organs from scratch is an invaluable technique to have, and it could help endless amounts of people; however, each person who is receiving one of the organs deserves to know the true origin of the cells that are being put into their body. I, personally, would agree with the use of human embryonic stem cells in the printing of organs, but I would not agree to this situation because it contains far too many violations of the both codes of ethics and overall is a dishonest situation. USE OF HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS Printing an organ is an extremely complex process that requires much more than just living cells and a 3-D bio printer [3]. Three-dimensional printing is the process in which a 3-D printer lays a type of material in multiple layers of a two dimensional cross section to form a three dimensional object [4]. When an organ is printed, the cells must be positioned on top of each other in a certain way to allow them to fuse together into a working organ [5]. With the introduction of human embryonic stem cells into the process, not only would the cells be better suited for the task at hand, more cells would also be able to be cultured from the stem cells at a faster rate [6]. Many controversial theories have arisen in the general public about the origin of the cells to be used for organ printing. The most prevalent of the theories is the use of the human embryonic stem cells, which come from abortions, in order to grow the cells used to print organs [2]. Though this may not seem immoral, considering these cells are not being put to use in any other way, one of the main concerns was the idea of this being incentive for institutes to increase the number of abortions they perform; however, in this situation, that is not an issue because of the wide range of locations across the United States from which these cells can be gained. According to Dr. Courtney Farrell, author of the article Stem Cell Research, the use of human embryonic stem cells is widely disapproved of in the general public of because of the theory that life begins at the moment of conception [6]. This creates a dynamic between the fetus and the person getting the organ because that would be valuing one life over another, which is the root of the problem for many of the people who are currently opposed to the situation in this instance. The situation is then exacerbated by the fact that there is the possibility that abortions are beginning to take place for the sole purpose of gaining human embryonic stem cells, which would not be a step in the positive direction. Looking at the situation from an engineering point of view, according to one of the fundamental canons of the code of ethics for engineers from the National Society of Professional Engineers, an engineer must always view a situation in which the safety, health and welfare of the public is held above all other aspects [7]. The introduction of human embryonic stem cells greatly increases the chance that an organ would be successfully printed, which would be considerate of the health and welfare of the general public; however, if the cells are being cultured in a suspicious manner, that could possibly be dangerous to the health and safety of the public, then as an engineer, I cannot support this process because it is a direct violation of the code of ethics. Nonetheless, if the use of embryonic stem cells were to increase the chance that organs would be able to be printed, then from an engineers point of view, those cells should be used. Each day, 115,000 people are in need of a lifesaving organ transplant, in the United States, but are unable to get them because of lack of access [8]. On average, 18 people die, each day, due to lack of available organs for transplant, and the need for organs is rising each day. According to the statistics at, in 2012 there were 14,013 organ donors resulting in 28,052 organ transplants [9]. The need for organs is vastly outracing the amount of organs and organ donors; therefore, organ printing would be a good investment of the time and resources, at least to close the gap between the amount of people who need organs and the amount of organs that are available. Withholding the ability to print organs because of the religious beliefs of the few who are opposed to the use of stem cells would not be abiding by the code of ethics for engineers. It would be in the interest of the health and welfare of the public to incorporate human embryonic stem cells into the process of organ printing because of the potential amount of lives it would be able to save through the three-dimensional printing of organs. ANIMAL TESTING Once organ printing is fully developed, and some of the prototypes are put into practice, many fear that the use of animals for testing will become a problem. Animal testing has become a normal process in the research process of todays society, yet it is still heavily debated and protested by many people around the world [2]. Again, looking at it from an engineering perspective, in terms of the code of ethics from the National Society of Professional Engineers, the health and welfare of the public must be held paramount over other aspects; however, as stated in the code of ethics for biomedical engineers, as put forth by the Biomedical Engineering Society, a biomedical engineer must Comply fully with legal, ethical, institutional, governmental, and other applicable research guidelines, respecting the rights of and exercising the responsibilities to colleagues, human and animal subjects and the scientific and general public [10]. Animals have rights also, and they deserve to be treated a certain way, even if they are being used for scientific research. There is a certain standard of living that is would be considered as respecting the rights of an animal. Therefore, if the conditions and the treatment of the animals were unacceptable during the time of the testing, I would not be able to support that process because it would be against the Biomedical engineering research obligations. But in this situation, it is easy enough to ensure the correct treatment of the animals in which the organs are being tested so that would not be a valid reason for the initial testing of the organs to be halted. Organ printing is a technology that has the potential to change the world by saving many innocent lives. I am not advocating for animal testing when it comes to testing the organs produced by organ printing, but if this technology truly has the potential to make such a big difference, then it is plausible to use a certain amount of animal testing in a controlled environment and manner if it is necessary. PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION The methods of the research facility to obtain their findings and discoveries are sound; however the way in which they chose to present it is somewhat questionable. They want to present their discoveries to the market as three-dimensional printed organs containing human embryonic stem cells, but they are tentative to reveal the origins of those cells as being the results of abortions, out of fear that it would not go over well with the public. Selectively withholding information about their product would create a very bad situation for many people, especially those who were extremely opposed to the idea of using human embryonic stem cells. Not only is that dishonest and dangerous for the people who are getting the printed organs made from stem cells, but it is also a violation of the code of ethics for both the Biomedical Engineering Society and the National Society of Professional Engineers. The code of ethics for the Biomedical engineering society clearly states that all biomedical engineers involved in health care activities shall regard responsibility toward and rights of patients, including those of confidentiality and privacy, as their primary concern meaning, in this situation, that the confidentiality between patient and the person giving them the organ, that could potentially save their life, should extend to telling them the full truth about the origins of the cells that will soon be in their body in the form of a three-dimensionally printed organ [10]. Such dishonesty between the company and the patient is unacceptable. Also, according canons of the code of ethics put forth by the National Society of Professional Engineers, engineers are to avoid deceptive acts [7]. Omitting such a large part of the information on something that is going to become an integral part of another person is definitely a deceptive act, because it doesnt allow the consumer to make an informed decision on whether or not they want it. An engineer is commissioned to create the technologies that are in the best interest of the health and welfare of the public. If the people choose not to use the technologies for personal reasons then that is not the jurisdiction of the engineer. If a technology is chosen based on a false or not completely true pretense, then that is not in the best interest of the public in any way. The code of ethics then goes on to say, Engineers shall avoid the use of statements containing a material misrepresentation of fact or omitting a material fact, which reiterates the aforementioned point [7]. It is an utter violation of the engineering code of ethics to omit such an important fact, especially when lives could be at stake because of it. CONCLUSION Organ printing shows promise as a new innovative technology, that has the potential to help countless numbers of people; however, there are some who are opposed to the idea of organ printing, and rally for the stopping of research into the topic. However, in this scenario, in which a certain type of human embryonic stem cells are being added to the organs without the knowledge of the people who are accepting these organs, organ printing has shown itself to be a very ethically charged scenario. It is very important to consider the ethical side of any situation, especially in situations concerning the innocent lives of patients, because codes of ethics for engineers were made to protect the general public from the dangers of the field. It is completely unethical according to both codes of ethics for all engineers and more specifically biomedical engineers. The logical solution to this scenario would be to discontinue research and progress until the research facility found a better way to present their methods to the public. Even though the technology for printing organs has the potential to help many people, it would be counteractive to deceive the public into using something they may not want to use. Susan Lindauer (born July 17, 1963) is an American antiwar activist and former U.S. Congressional staffer who was charged with "acting as an unregistered agent of a foreign government" and violating U.S. financial sanctions during the run-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. She was incarcerated in 2005 and released the next year after two judges ruled her mentally unfit to stand trial. The government dropped the prosecution in 2009. In 2010, Lindauer published a book about her experiences. Since 2011 Lindauer has appeared frequently on television and in print as a U.S. government critic. Contents [hide] 1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Interest in the Middle East 4 Arrest, incarceration and release 5 Book and subsequent claims 6 Television Personality and U.S. government critic 7 References 8 External links Early life and education[edit] Lindauer is the daughter of John Howard Lindauer II, a newspaper publisher and former Republican nominee for Governor of Alaska. Her mother, Jackie Lindauer, died of cancer in 1992. In 1995, her father married Dorothy Oremus, a Chicago attorney.[1] Lindauer attended East Anchorage High School in Anchorage, Alaska, where she was an honor student and was in school plays.[2] She graduated from Smith College in 1985 and then earned a master''s degree in public policy from the London School of Economics.[3] Career[edit] Lindauer began in journalism working as a temporary reporter at the Seattle Post-Intelligencer in 1987, and as an editorial writer at The Everett Herald in Everett, Washington until 1989. She later worked as a reporter and researcher at U.S. News & World Report in 1990 and 1991.[1][2][4][5] Lindauer worked as a Congressional staffer for Representative Peter DeFazio (D-OR, 1993) and then Representative Ron Wyden (D-OR, 1994) before joining the office of Senator Carol Moseley Braun (D-IL), where she worked as a press secretary and speech writer.[1][4] She served as Press Secretary for Representative Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) from March 11, 2002 to May 14, 2002.[6][7] Interest in the Middle East[edit] In November 1993, a friend of Lindauer''s father introduced her to former Vietnam combat pilot Paul Hoven, at a restaurant next to the Heritage Foundation in Virginia. She began socialising in an informal circle of conservatives interested in counterterrorism, including Capitol Hill staff and intelligence community members. These included Dr. Richard Fuisz[3] and senior Congressional staffer Kelly O''Meara.[8] At the time of Lindauer''s first meeting with Fuisz, theories of the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 in 1988 were divided between blaming the Libyan government under Moammar Gaddafi and the Syrian Ahmed Jabril. Lindauer said that Fuisz had shared with her a theory that did not hold Libya to blame. Lindauer and Fuisz said they met an average of once per week from 1994 to 2001, and Lindauer has described Fuisz as "my contact with the CIA." In 2000, the Sunday Herald in Scotland reported that Fuisz had been an operative for the CIA in Damascus during the 1980s. Fuisz did not confirm or deny this, saying he was not permitted to speak about it.[3][9] Lindauer said she began making visits to the Libyan mission at the United Nations (UN) in 1995[4] and with Iraqis at the UN in 1996.[3] In 2000, she told Middle East Intelligence Bulletin that she had been subject to surveillance, threats, and was attacked after meeting Libyan officials in 1995 to discuss what she had learned about the Flight 103 bombing.[4][10] On November 26, 2000, then President-elect George W. Bush appointed Lindauer''s second cousin,[11][12] Andrew Card, as White House Chief of Staff upon his inauguration. Card had previously served as Deputy Chief of Staff and Secretary of Transportation for George H. W. Bush, and had been selected by George W. Bush to run the 2000 Republican National Convention.[13] Starting in 2000, Lindauer delivered multiple letters to Card, leaving them on the doorstep of his home in Northern Virginia. In her letters, she urged Card to intercede with President George W. Bush not to invade Iraq, and offered to act as a back channel in negotiations.[3] Over approximately two years, Lindauer wrote Card a total of eleven letters, the last on January 6, 2003, two months before the invasion of Iraq.[14] Card later told the FBI that Lindauer had tried to contact him several times, but according to a statement by White House spokesman Scott McClellan, Card did not recall seeing or talking to Lindauer after the January 2001 inauguration.[11] In a 2008 hearing, one of Lindauer''s associates testified that she had mentioned an imminent attack on Manhattan with airplanes in 2001.[8] Lindauer, in her book, claims that she was asked by Fuisz to ask the Iraqi diplomats if they knew about an imminent attack. According to Lindauer, pre-9/11 information was part of her work with Fuisz. Fuisz''s interactions with Lindauer ended in 2001, i.e. he had a falling out with Lindauer after the September 11th attacks in 2001, no longer welcoming her to his office. He said that before the attacks she was "Arabist, but Arabist from the standpoint of trying to lift sanctions, so that children would do better, and trying to get medicines into countries -- principally I''m talking about Iraq and Libya." Lindauer described her falling out with Fuisz in a 2009 interview, saying that it had been in regard to the approach taken in reacting to the possibility of an imminent attack.[15] He said that after September 11, "Susan, in her discussions, went from benign, in my opinion, to malignant... These discussions changed and now involved a very strong seditious bent."[3] Arrest, incarceration and release[edit] On March 11, 2004, Lindauer was arrested in Takoma Park, Maryland by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).[3][16][17] She was taken to the FBI office in Baltimore. Outside of this office, she told WBAL-TV: "I''m an antiwar activist and I''m innocent. I did more to stop terrorism in this country than anybody else. I have done good things for this country. I worked to get weapons inspectors back to Iraq when everybody else said it was impossible."[18][19] Lindauer was indicted by a grand jury for "acting as an unregistered agent of a foreign government",[20] an accusation usually made against foreign spies.[21][22] For this reason, the media wrote much about her being accused of spying.[23] Lindauer stated she was charged (and held in detention) under the USA PATRIOT Act.[24] The indictment against Lindauer alleged that she accepted US$10,000 from the Iraqi Intelligence Service in 2002.[3][20] Lindauer denied receiving the money, but confirmed taking a trip to Baghdad.[3] Lindauer was also accused of meeting with an FBI agent posing as a Libyan, with whom she spoke about the "need for plans and foreign resources to support resistance groups operating in Iraq."[6] Lindauer said she went to the meeting because of her interest in filing a war crimes suit against the U.S. and U.K. governments.[3] Pursuant to Lindauer''s arrest, Congresswoman Lofgren released a statement saying she was "shocked" by the arrest, that she had no evidence of illicit activities by Lindauer, and that she would cooperate with the investigation.[6][7] Robert Precht, an Assistant Dean of the University of Michigan Law School, said the charges were "weak" and that Lindauer was more likely a "misguided peacenik".[25] Lindauer was released on bond on March 13, 2004 to attend an arraignment the following week.[26] Sanford Talkin of New York was appointed by the court as her lawyer.[27] Lindauer claimed she was conducting peace negotiations with representatives of several Muslim countries (including Iraq, Libya, Malaysia, and Yemen) in New York. According to transcripts Lindauer presented to the New York Times in 2004, these included meetings with Iraqi Muthanna al-Hanooti, a peace activist later accused of spying. Lindauer also said that the U.S. intelligence community was aware of these meetings and was monitoring her.[3][27] President George W. Bush listens to remarks by Mukasey after announcing his nomination to be Attorney General. In 2005, Lindauer was incarcerated at Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth, Texas, for psychological evaluation. She was then moved to the Metropolitan Correctional Center in Manhattan.[28] In 2006, she was released after judge Michael B. Mukasey ruled that Lindauer was unfit to stand trial.[29][28] He noted that the severity of Lindauer''s mental illness, which he described as a "lengthy delusional history", weakened the prosecution''s case. In his decision he wrote, "Lindauer ... could not act successfully as an agent of the Iraqi government without in some way influencing normal people .... There is no indication that Lindauer ever came close to influencing anyone, or could have. The indictment charges only what it describes as an unsuccessful attempt to influence an unnamed government official, and the record shows that even lay people recognize that she is seriously disturbed."[28] During Lindauer''s incarceration she refused antipsychotic medication which the United States Department of Justice claimed would render her competent to stand trial. Judge Mukasey would not allow her to be forcibly medicated, as requested by the prosecution.[30][31][32][33] At a hearing in June 2008, Lindauer told reporters that she had been a CIA asset[34] and said she had "been hung out to dry and scapegoated".[34] In 2008, Justice Loretta A. Preska of the Federal District Court in New York City reaffirmed that Lindauer was mentally unfit to stand trial, despite Lindauer''s insistence to the contrary.[1][35] Preska ruled that Lindauer''s belief in her connection to the intelligence community was evidence of her insanity.[36] Testifying before Loretta Preska, the New York Times reported that Lindauer, "... angrily contested an accusation in her indictment that she had illegally lunched with Iraqi intelligence operatives."[37] On January 16, 2009, the government decided to not continue with the prosecution saying, "prosecuting Lindauer would no longer be in the interests of justice."[29][38] Book and subsequent claims[edit] In 2010, Lindauer self-published a book about her experience titled Extreme Prejudice: The Terrifying Story of the Patriot Act and the Cover-Ups of 9/11 and Iraq.[39] Lindauer wrote that for a number of years she had worked for the CIA and DIA undertaking communications with the Iraqi government and serving as a back-channel in U.S. government negotiations. In October 2012 she denied in an e-mail being the author of the Markovian Parallax Denigrate Usenet postings of August 5, 1996. The meaning of the cryptic posts, if any, remains a mystery.[40] Television Personality and U.S. government critic[edit] Since 2011, Lindauer has repeatedly appeared on Russia Today news, in television and in print where she is presented as an expert on Libya,[41][42] Iraq and Yemen[43] also as a commentator on U.S. government operations.[44] Lindauer''s story was profiled on the English-language Iranian television show The Autograph[45][46] on Press TV-Iran in 2011 911kite 911kites ... PITTBIRD 911 KITES GO 2001 FEET ALTITUDE...JOIN THE RITA REVOLUTION (RITAREVOLUTION)... Teen accuses Mayo Clinic of medical kidnapping POSTED 11:35 AM, AUGUST 13, 2018, BY CNN WIRE FACEBOOK952 TWITTER GOOGLE LINKEDIN PINTEREST EMAIL In a jaw-dropping moment caught on video, an 18-year-old high school senior rushes to escape from the hospital that saved her life and then, she says, held her captive. At the entrance to the world-renowned Mayo Clinic, the young womans stepfather helps her out of a wheelchair and into the family car. Staff members come running toward him, yelling No! No! One of them grabs the young womans arm. Get your hands off my daughter! her stepfather yells. The car speeds away, the stepfather and the patient inside, her mother at the wheel. Mayo security calls 911. We have had a patient abduction, the security officer tells police, according to a transcript of the call. A cautionary tale The patients name is Alyssa Gilderhus. She and her family say she wasnt abducted from the Mayo Clinic in February 2017; rather, she escaped. They say the hospital was keeping her there against her will that Mayo medically kidnapped her. Unhappy with the care she was receiving at Mayo, they say, they repeatedly asked for her to be transferred to another hospital. They say Mayo refused. According to police, Mayo officials had a different plan for Alyssa: They had asked the county for assistance in gaining guardianship of Alyssa, who was an adult. A spokeswoman for the Mayo Clinic said hospital officials would be willing to answer CNNs questions if Alyssa signed a privacy release form giving them permission to discuss her case publicly with CNN. The spokeswoman, Ginger Plumbo, supplied that form to CNN. Alyssa signed the form, but Plumbo declined to answer CNNs questions on the record. Instead, she provided a statement, which said in part, We will not address these questionable allegations or publicly share the facts of this complex situation, because we do not believe its in the best interest of the patient and the family. Our internal review determined that the care teams actions were true to Mayo Clinics primary value that the patients needs come first. We acted in a manner that honored that value for this patient and that also took into account the safety and well-being of the team caring for the patient. Read the Mayo Clinics entire statement to CNN. This story is based on interviews with Alyssa and members of her family, a family friend, law enforcement officials and a former member of a Mayo Clinic board, as well as documents including law enforcement records and Alyssas medical records. By everyones account, this is an unfortunate and devastating story about a bitter clash that went out of control a clash between a Minnesota farm family and one of the worlds most revered hospitals. Its confusing to me why this went off the rails so horribly, said Richard Saver, a professor at the University of North Carolina School of Law, who at CNNs request reviewed medical and legal documents that the family and law enforcement officials provided to CNN. Art Caplan, head of the Division of Medical Ethics at the New York University School of Medicine, also reviewed the documents, and he agrees. This should never have happened, he said. This is a cautionary tale. A Christmas Day aneurysm The relationship between Alyssas family and the Mayo Clinic started off well. On Christmas morning 2016, Alyssa settled in with a mug of hot chocolate to open her gifts. She was surrounded by her large family: her mother, Amber Engebretson, a stay-at-home mom; Duane Engebretson, her stepfather since she was 4 years old, who manages a construction company and the familys farms; and her five younger siblings, then 18 months to 11 years old. They live in Sherburn, Minnesota, population just over 1,000 people, about 150 miles southwest of Minneapolis, on a farm with sheep, cows, horses and pigs. Alyssa was thrilled with her first Christmas present: a pair of cowboy boots emblazoned with the emblem of the Future Farmers of America, her favorite club. Then she went to the bathroom. Her parents heard screaming. Mom, I need you! Alyssa yelled as she lay curled up on the floor, vomiting. It was immediately obvious this was much more than just a stomach bug. Her left side was very weak, and she couldnt hear out of her left ear. You could see looking at her that she was petrified, her stepfather said. He called an ambulance. A local hospital determined that Alyssa, whod always been healthy, had a ruptured brain aneurysm: A blood vessel inside her brain had suddenly and unexpectedly burst. Surgeons explained that her life was on the line. They drilled a hole in her skull to relieve the pressure on her brain. A nurse gave her parents a bag of Alyssas hair, which had been shaved off for the operation. Some people liked to have it, she said. Amber and Duane cried as they considered that this bag of hair their daughters long, beautiful hair might be all they had left if she died. They begged to have her sent to the Mayo Clinic. The main campus for the world-renowned medical center was 85 miles away in Rochester, Minnesota. Theyre the best. People come from all over the world to go to Mayo, said Alyssas mother, Amber Engebretson, who worked as a vehicle inspector for the Minnesota State Patrol before staying home to care for her family. But Alyssa couldnt get to Mayo immediately. There was an ice storm. Ambulances couldnt drive, and helicopters couldnt fly. The weather eventually broke, and about 7 p.m. about nine hours after the aneurysm Alyssa finally arrived by ambulance at Mayo headquarters in Rochester. On Christmas night, surgeons gave her a 2% chance of living, her parents said. Doctors wrote in her medical record that her prognosis was grim. Her parents reached out on Facebook for prayers. They called their daughter the #Christmasmiraclegirl. Alyssa lived up to that name. She survived, thanks to four brain surgeries over the next month. Her doctors were ecstatic. They were like, shes not supposed to be here. She beat the odds, her stepfather said. Mayo neurosurgeons saved her life, added her mother. Well be grateful to them forever. On January 30, Alyssa was transferred from the neurology unit to the rehabilitation unit. It should have been a happy turning point. But thats when the troubles began. Tensions flare Although all had gone smoothly on the neurology floor, the family got into conflicts with the rehab staff almost immediately. First, doctors there wanted to take Alyssa off oxycodone, a powerful opioid painkiller that the neurology doctors had prescribed for pain after surgery. Her most recent surgery the fourth in one month had been just a few days before. Shed lay in bed with tears coming out of her eyes because she was in so much pain, her stepfather said. Many medical authorities, including the Mayo Clinics website, say opioids are critical for post-surgical pain management. A week after Alyssa arrived on the rehabilitation floor, her mother shared her feelings on Facebook. [Alyssas] and my frustration level was high and it seems that they just dont listen sometimes, Amber wrote on February 7. More disputes arose. Her parents say their daughters breathing tube was the wrong size, and they had to pester doctors to get it corrected. They also say the family not doctors discovered that she had a bladder infection. They say a social worker discussed private financial information within earshot of visiting friends and relatives. Her parents asked for the social worker and a doctor to be replaced. We just need someone who will at least listen to us and hear us, Amber wrote on her Facebook page on February 20. Alyssas parents say that at their request, they had a meeting with her care team on February 21. I had two whiteboards filled up with questions left unanswered, tests left undone, and every other question we could think of, Amber wrote on her Facebook page that day. Amber says that at one point during that meeting, she told the staff she felt like they dont give a f***, later apologizing for her language. She also asked for a second doctor to stop taking care of their daughter. We took no crap and laid it all on the line. Because seriously what do we have to lose at this point, Amber wrote on Facebook that night. Mayo kicks Mom out On February 22, the day after that meeting, Amber got into a disagreement with a nursing aide and asked to have her removed from her daughters care team. She was the fourth staffer the family had asked to be replaced in just three weeks. That afternoon, Amber says, she was scheduled to have a meeting with the social worker the same one shed asked to leave her daughters care. Amber had requested the meeting, and she says that as she approached the office at the appointed time, a man shed never seen was standing in the office doorway. She said he saw her coming and went into the office and shut the door. Amber listened through the door. She says that as she suspected, the man and the social worker were talking about her family. I proceeded to open the door and say, Since youre talking about my family, I think its only appropriate that I would be here also, to be included in the conversation, she remembers. She says the man puffed out his chest and stepped toward her, and she took a backward step into the hall. The man, who Amber later learned was a physician, demanded that she leave. She says the man told her, I run this whole rehab unit. Do you understand me? Amber describes the doctor as intensely aggressive. She replied to him, she says, with similar aggression and frustration: I need to talk to you. Do you understand me? The doctor walked away. CNN reached out to this doctor and other staff members involved in Alyssas care but did not receive responses. About an hour later, Alyssas parents say, the same doctor, the social worker and a nurse approached the family. They were accompanied by three security guards. [The doctor] said to me, You are not allowed to participate in Alyssas care. You are not allowed on Mayo property. You will be escorted off the premises right now, Amber remembers. Amber and Duane say they asked why Amber was being kicked out but did not receive an answer. Later, a social worker would tell police that Amber interrupted a meeting because Amber was upset over the care Alyssa was receiving. Due to that incident, Amber was escorted off of [Mayo] property. According to Alyssas parents, the doctor told Duane that he could stay but that he would not be allowed to have any involvement in his stepdaughters care. The couple say they asked the doctor whether they could speak with a patient advocate. He said, There is no patient advocate, and walked away, Amber said. When asked about Ambers dismissal from the hospital, Mayo spokeswoman Plumbo sent CNN a statement. Our care teams act in the best interests of our patients. As a general practice, this includes sharing information with family members and facilitating family visits and interactions with patients and their care providers when the patient is in our care. However, in situations where care may be compromised or the safety and security of our staff are potentially at risk, the family members ability to be present in the hospital may be restricted. Plumbo did not elaborate on whether or how Amber compromised her daughters care or placed staff at risk. We would never compromise her care, Amber said. Shes our daughter. We love her. She also says she never put staff members at risk. We would never do that ever, she said. On February 23, the day after Amber was kicked out, she went on Facebook. PRAYER WARRIORS UNITE!!!! We need your help. Please READ THIS AND SHARE THIS POST in hopes it reaches the people or person who can help us, she wrote. I HAVE BEEN TOLD I AM NOT ALLOWED IN ALYSSAS ROOM AND NO ONE IS ALLOWED TO HAVE ANY SAY OR PARTICIPATE IN HER [CARE]. I AM NOT ALLOWED TO SEE HER!! We have been given no reason why, no paperwork, and no explanations, she continued. I never imagined something like this could happen in our world and a very hard situation already has been made even harder!! The response from one Facebook user led the family to conclude that they needed to get Alyssa out of Mayo, and fast. Basically a prisoner at Mayo Alyssa, who was legally an adult during her entire hospitalization, says that around this time, she started asking doctors and nurses to transfer her to another facility. She says she never received a response. They were cruel to me, Alyssa said, adding that she wanted to get out of Mayo as bad as possible. On February 23, three weeks into her daughters stay in rehab, Amber complained on Facebook, tagging Mayo. They refuse to let her go. We cannot transfer [Alyssa] out or get her discharged, she wrote. No one has any say in [Alyssas care] and she is basically a prisoner of Mayo. Alyssas stepfather and grandmother say they also asked to have her transferred out of Mayo. I asked two to three times a day, and it would go nowhere, Duane said. Duane said, This is ridiculous. We dont want her here; Alyssa doesnt want to be here; she doesnt feel safe here, her grandmother Aimee Olson remembers. But there was no response. Duane says he tried to talk to a senior doctor on the rehab staff about a transfer. It was the same doctor who had asked his wife to leave the hospital. He said I have nothing to say to you. This is a legal problem, Duane remembers. I even asked him, can I speak to your supervisor, your boss, and his exact words were I run this whole floor, and [he] turned around and walked out of the room, and that was it. Duane says he called the Mayo Patient Experience office and in a 45-minute phone call described the familys grievances. He said the patient experience specialist told him he would be back in touch after getting Mayos side of the story. Olson, Alyssas grandmother and Ambers mother, said she also tried to speak with the senior doctor but was told he wasnt available. She was truly being held captive, Olson said. I would never believe a hospital could do that never in my wildest dreams. The family and a friend say they were instructed by Mayo staff not to talk to Alyssa about her mother. Two nurses were assigned to be with Alyssa, and they kept careful watch, according to visitors. It was like they were watching every move you made, said Joy Schmitt, Alyssas boyfriends mother, who visited frequently after Amber was asked to leave the hospital. They were taking over our daughter On February 21, the day before her mother was kicked out of the hospital, a Mayo psychiatrist examined Alyssa and found that she lacked the capacity to make her own medical decisions, according to a summary of her care that her doctors wrote after she left Mayo. Around this time, a hospital social worker went to adult protection services in two counties to try to get those authorities to get guardianship over Alyssa, according to the police. If they had succeeded, she would have become a ward of the state. Alyssa and her family say that they werent told any of this as it was happening but that around this time, they started to feel that Mayo was isolating Alyssa. On February 26, staffers confiscated Alyssas cell phone, laptop and tablet after finding that shed made a video for her mother, according to Alyssa and her family. They say Alyssas visitors were also banned from bringing their devices into the hospital. The same day, Mayo staffers said no one would be allowed to stay overnight with Alyssa, according to Duane and Ambers sister, April Chance, who attended a meeting with Alyssas care team. Duane says he asked the staff to reconsider. He said his stepdaughter had never spent the night alone in the hospital. But he says they refused. The doctors said they were doing this for Alyssas own benefit, Duane said. The family says the doctors also told them that visitors would no longer be allowed to attend Alyssas treatment sessions, such as physical and occupational therapy. I said, Were her cheerleaders. We cheer her on, her aunt remembers. And they said No, youre impeding her care. She said the staff didnt elaborate on how they were impeding her care. They were restricting us little by little from even being with Alyssa. They were taking over our daughter, Duane said. Mayo also pushed back Alyssas discharge date, which was supposed to be February 27. Meanwhile, her mothers following was growing on Facebook, with many users posting angry messages that tagged Mayo. One woman sent Amber links to stories about a teenager named Justina Pelletier. Articles in The Boston Globe and elsewhere described how in 2013, Pelletier, then 14 years old, was placed in state custody for nearly 16 months after Boston Childrens Hospital accused her parents of interfering in her care. She spent much of that time in a psychiatric ward. Amber says she spoke on the phone with Justinas parents, Linda and Lou Pelletier. She says they warned her there would be signs that the hospital was seeking guardianship for their daughter. They would keep a tight watch over her and limit her communications with her family. Through their lawyer, John T. Martin, the Pelletiers confirmed that they had conversations with Amber. A spokeswoman for Boston Childrens Hospital told CNN that the hospital is committed to the best interest of our patients health and well-being and declined to discuss the specifics of the case. Amber sent a text to the woman whod sent her the news articles. OMG I am SICK. This is what is happening, Amber wrote. It rings lots and lots of bells. Omg I am so scared. A Mayo board member steps in Alyssas parents reached out to a friend of a friend for help: Mark Gaalswyk, who at the time was a member of the board of directors for the Mayo Clinic Health System in Fairmont, Minnesota. Gaalswyk emailed a Mayo Clinic vice president. He informed her of the situation and explained that CNN had contacted the family. Could you please please do what you can to get your arms around the [situation] immediately?! he wrote. Please get to the bottom of this quickly before it blows up even more. But Gaalswyks pull wasnt enough. He says Mayo treated Alyssa terribly. Im probably the most pro-Mayo person who has walked the face of this earth, said Gaalswyk, who left the board January 1. But this was a mess. He said he thinks Amber probably used words she shouldnt have with hospital staff. Im not saying that Amber is 100 percent in the right, he added, but I know what Mayo did is not OK at all. In its statement to CNN, the Mayo spokeswoman said that Mayo Clinic is committed to the safety and wellbeing of all the patients we treat. Feeling like they were running out of options, Alyssas parents then enlisted the help of Karie Rego, an attorney and patient advocate theyd met on Facebook. On February 27, Rego spoke on the phone with Joshua Murphy, Mayos chief legal officer, and faxed him a letter urging Mayo to transfer Alyssa to another facility. Given what has happened here, an expedited transfer this coming week would be best for everyone, she wrote. Rego says an attorney in Murphys office called her later. She says that he told her he couldnt speak with her and that she never heard anything more from Mayos legal department. That night, Alyssas parents thought about Justina Pelletier and the 16 months she spent in state custody. They went online and printed a form for Alyssa to sign, saying she was leaving the hospital against medical advice. But her parents didnt know how they would get her out. Two nurses were assigned to keep watch over her at all times. They started to hatch a plan to get her out of Mayo the very next day... IS THE RITA REVOLUTION!
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NICK EBDON SERVICES - BUSINESS CONSULTANCY & PROJECT MANAGEMENT | A Professional Consultancy Service The bulk of this blog has been written for some time, but until yesterday I had decided that I wasn't going to publish it. In fact I had decided that I wasn't going to publish any blogs in the foreseeable future for a few reasons: Firstly, I've become a little disenfranchised with the whole formulaic blog and permanent social media presence thing. I have a lot of tailored news feeds and it dawned on me a while ago that it was becoming increasingly hard to separate the wheat from the chaff in terms of content and value. Worst still, I noticed that somewhere along the way I had become a little 'chaffy' myself (note: not chavy although I am sure many would disagree) and was becoming prone to publish what I thought I should write rather than what I wanted to. I love writing, but I have become loathe to write for the sake of writing and for this reason decided that I would only address the topics I wanted to address. However this just made me want to sit on my hands even more because the truth is, the stuff that I wanted to write about were all the things that were annoying me and getting on my nerves. So for the best part of this year I thought it best to adopt the stance of 'If you haven't got anything good to say, don't say anything at all' and keep my irritated thoughts to myself, that is until I read the brilliant BASTARD LIFE COACHES blog by Andrew T Austin and realised there is a difference between ranting and ranting constructively whilst being very entertaining. Now I don't presume to think my blogs are entertaining (feel free to click on Andrew's link if you want to be entertained), but I think some elements of my rantings in this one will at least be constructive and may even prove to be of value if they stop just one more bozo parting with their hard earned cash. If you have already taken a detour and read Andrews piece above you will see very quickly as you begin to read mine, just why it resonated with me, had me chuckling and encouraged me to share my own rants. It has also encouraged me to consider trickling out some of my older dormant drafts of blogs that have never made the light of day, or maybe not, we shall see. Anyway below is one of the more recent blogs that had only been gathering a few weeks of dust before Andrew's blog changed my mind and I decided to give it an airing. A FOOL AND HIS MONEY ARE SOON PARTED .... And it would seem there is almost no end to the people lining up to exploit the naive, gullible, desperate and stupid on their blind and ignorant search for financial freedom and happiness. For those that have ever had the unadulterated pleasure of reading some of my older 'Advanced Hypnosis' blogs, you will be only too aware of how I have a real problem with vulnerable people being sold bullshit by unscrupulous conniving salesmen posing as therapists and trainers. The therapy world is awash with hypnotists (ahem) and therapists (ahem again) offering advice and miracle methods to desperate clients (and even more desperate therapists via the offer of training in said methods) and talking all kinds of nonsense and headline grabbing shit to get their attention. Two days ago I wrote a new blog continuing the former theme of 'hypnotherapy versus other therapies', highlighting how hypnotists have a special knack of putting themselves and their profession on the lower rungs of credibility with their empathic need to convert clients into cash (though even for me its so barbed I am not sure if I want to publish it). Yet as annoying and cringeworthy as I find therapists and therapy trainers, there is a certain type of fuckwit that seems to have invaded and infected every facet of my social media experience, with not a single day going by without me encountering their cheesy, gurning, insincere, very pleased with themselves faces on instagram, Facebook or twitter and of whom I hold a particularly high level of disdain for - Who are they? Well my friends, they are the Fake Gurus - a collection of people about whom my level of car crash fascination and intrigue is only surpassed by a seething and growing contempt. Who are these Fake Gurus? If you find yourself asking that question (especially if you consider yourself a professional, or consultant or coach) then let me warn you that you are already in danger of being taken for a fool by them. These people are the new false profits (that was hilariously misspelt on purpose) offering endless financial stability, wealth and fortune, abundance, dream fulfilment and a life full of as much meaning and money as you can eat. Except most of what they offer isn't their own work, hasn't worked for them and almost certainly will not work for you. They themselves, just like the gullible people they exploit, are as desperate for all of the aforementioned things but, so desperate, so motivated by ego and so completely shameless in their pursuit, are prepared to sell vacuous and intangible promises to others, to make their own financial goals a reality. If they aren't selling specific skills in investing and trading to wannabe investors and future Gordon Geckos, they are selling a wider more generic set of skills to wannabe entrepreneurs, ambituous wealth hunters and people seeking an inspirational new direction in life. They are all utterly shameless marketers and self promoters, all amazingly thick skinned (as long you aren't probing them too deeply) and all continually promoting their promises and aspirational dreams incessantly via every social media avenue possible. Yet worryingly, for every person who must immediately recoils with a look of incredulity after every new promotional drive from these morons, there also appears to be a continual abundance of subscribers to their bollocks (though I have no doubt this is mostly for perception and is actually a list that consists of friends, family members and the odd few who have taken the plunge and drunk the kool aid). In fact if it wasn't for the fact that they were forcing naive, gullible and desperate people to part with their savings, or in the case of a number of former clients, borrow money and get themselves in serious debt, they would be nothing short of hilarious. Yet I don't find them funny at all and even taking into consideration the fact that, like an mentally challenged psychic who genuinely believes in their gifts, there will be a small minority who believe they are doing some good, the evidence is clearly there to suggest that virtually all of them know they are peddling shit and simply just don't care and it is this that really bothers me. It bothers me a great deal because I have a problem with people who's services and methods are incongruous with the needs and aims of the client seeking and retaining them. I often encounter evidence in my own work how seemingly established and very qualified life, executive and business coaches arguably exploit and extend client relationships, but I rationalise in many of these instances that although I do not agree with their methods or their timeframes, most of the organisations they do this in can bear the financial burden and hey, if they aren't going to challenge why the coach has been working with the same employee for twelve months with minimal impact, well - more fool them. But most companies will not recruit blindly and these coaches, mentors and consultants often bring a fair degree of expertise and knowledge to the table that they have harvested over years in the real world. But the fake gurus, life coaches and wealth dragons (ahem) I am referring to in this piece are those that are exploiting and raiding the pockets of individuals and do so with no experience of pretty much anything at all. Unsurprisingly they all tend to work off of a very similar Modus Operandi, all eventually have something to sell (though for many not straight away) and all who have a real penchant for taking other peoples money to talk.. and talk...... AND TALK ...without ever saying very much at all. They generally are all male too, though I have noticed a growing number of women getting in on the act too both in the capacity of trading gurus and lifestyle mentors and who, for the sake of equality I find equally as irritating, cringeworthy and full of crap as their male counterparts. Yet as frustrating as these women are (and trust me they are - I've met a couple and you can smell the bullshit over their Chanel No.5 as soon as they start to talk at you), I will refer to them collectively in the male tense from hereon, because as you will see below on the very first of the 'TWENTY FOUR TELL-TALE SIGNS YOU'VE ENCOUNTERED A FAKE GURU', it clearly seems much more appropriate to do so. The below list is an examination of the young men parading themselves as experts, gurus and life coaches. They are not the messiahs, they are naughty boys. 24 TELL TALE SIGNS YOU'VE ENCOUNTERED A FAKE GURU Most fake gurus have - and I don't know if its just a coincidence or not - the kind of faces that you simply feel an overwhelming urge to slap. Hard. All fake gurus love microphone headsets, marker pens, projectors and white boards, but forced to choose, they will pick their microphone headset (pictured) every time. The fake gurus weaponry of choice. They are invariably all millennials. Though you do stumble across the more mature idiot. Being mainly millennials, most look as though they have only recently emerged from puberty, some are still stuck in it, and the odd few overlooked by it entirely. He will sound well spoken, middle class and privileged and will expend a lot of energy trying desperately to convince you he isn't well educated, middle classed or ever has been privileged (bonus point if you hear the term 'silver spoon'). To emphasise the point he will have a heart wrenching back story or a history of overcoming adversity and failure which may include some or all of the following: Being poor or destitute Harsh or deprived upbringing Being down to his last tin of spaghetti hoops / thirty five pence in their pocket / cant pay the rent / granny needed medicine Lost it all, before discovering the secret (which was subsequently simple and transferable) and making it back after learning May speak of spiritual journeys and life lessons learned He may talk of the number of books he has read (if he does he will also almost certainly be a speed reader) or of the innate abilities he has in digesting and assimilating information others cannot. If he doesn't focus on his 'gifts' he will almost certainly try to convince you he was born with a desire to help others. He will name drop like its a disease and reference all of the people he has allegedly worked with (he almost certainly hasn't) or shared a platform with (maybe), presented alongside (so what) - or mention all the events he has ever spoken at (even if he sometimes hasn't). With regards to speaking, he will speak only in cliches, soundbites and anecdotes that sound strangely familiar (like you've heard them on social media....over pictures of stones and flowers and sunsets and stuff) He will love talking head videos, in which he will consistently and permanently speak in a clearly affected voice, almost as if he was playing the role, or doing an impression of, someone doing a talking head video. His website and marketing material with have photos of him either with: a fast car or big, fuck-off house in the background a buddy shot with a celebrity or established entrepreneur guru - that absolutely doesn't look posed or uncomfortable at all from the point of the celeb (minus points if the celeb looks harassed/in a head lock). He will mention how many companies he has started, how many he owns or how many he as turned around. When pressed for details on the companies he has started, owns or has helped turned around he will avoid answering directly, never respond over social media directly and often block or ignore his inquisitor. He will generally have no discernible track record in anything but often use adjectives such as 'leading', 'top' and 'foremost' liberally, despite not having anything tangible or credible to attach them too. This will not deter them in anyway. Mathematically the timeline of their personal history and list of achievements, will be disjointed, wont add up at all and as such, their story will have more holes in it than a standard colander. 2017 Winner 'Best Colander" If they are marketing themselves as trading or investment specialists, they will not have enjoyed any gainful employment at any trading or investment companies such as banks, brokers, funds or investment institutions, but have instead gained any limited trading knowledge they have shamelessly using the family money that they've already gone to grain lengths to tell you they never had (see point 5). Or they may have used the money mentioned in (points 5 and 17) to initially enrol on a trading course held previously by another fake guru (covered in all points) to discover: Bloody hell trading is harder than they said it was But making money from gullible saps seems a quicker and easier route to making a buck They will try to block and redirect any criticism by proactively addressing the obvious criticisms themselves (in talking head videos see point.11) explaining that the criticisms are absurd and unsubstantiated, but offering no evidence why they are or to the contrary. He may have a few misguided people around him that he condescendingly refers to as 'his team' who originally got the job by not wanting much in the way of money and showing an abnormal propensity for borderline moronic naivety. They will have a very disturbing, misguided and unhealthy obsession with Anthony Robbins* They will have a great working knowledge of using the web and social media to proliferate stories that can be traced back to them as the original source (and Anthony Robbins as the original inspiration see point. 21). He will go to great lengths to convince you he's not selling you anything. Once he's convinced you he's not selling you anything, he will go to great lengths to sell you as much as your inability to say 'No' and bank balance will permit him to. On a serious note, too many people are being influenced, snared and scammed by these self styled trainers and educators and I think we all have a responsibility to challenge them whenever we feel it appropriate to do so. For the ones offering additional or alternative income from trading, too few people seem to be questioning why that aren't just leveraging up and doing more of the same themselves. Because the simple answer is this - they would if they could. But they can't and the reason that they cant is that it simply does not work like that. They play a numbers game knowing full well that they can use the tiny minority of success stories (that would have happened anyway over a minimal time frame) as poster boys and girls. With the majority which fail happy to drift back embarrassed into the shadows without making a song and dance about it. The exact same approach is used by the generic investor, coaches and life style gurus knowing that the tiny minority of those who's short term fortunes have changed for the better after parting with their hard earned cash (a number which I'm pretty convinced would be bigger without the input of these dickheads) will make more of a noise than the ones who leave empty handed and empty pocketed. Even more disturbing is that because of psychological fallibility of people, they will be endorsed by the punters they have exploited even when those punters know on some cognitively level that they have had their proverbial pants pulled down. Crazy as it seems, this is something I have written and spoken about before in the world of therapy training and I am sure I will continue to get irritated and angry about for years to come. The exploitation of 'buy in' whereby, despite not delivering anything of value, a trainer can manipulate the student, or paying customer into believing that they themselves are missing something, often by eliciting false positive testimonials by addressing the group of students as a whole, to the point that they reinvest even more money - is a shameful tactic that fake teachers and fake gurus are using with increasing frequency and social media gives them the perfect opportunity to do so. These fake coaches play the numbers game in every facet of their business too and not just in the free loss leading seminars and free downloads designed to whittle down the first batch of prospective fools to attend a training event en-masse. Go onto their websites and you will find offers of premium exclusive coaching opportunities to work with the gurus on a one-to-one level. Out of curiosity (and for shits and giggles), a very successful trader and businessmen friend, who I have been working with recently emailed one such 'leading' (ahem) 'Coach' (ppffff) seeking their coaching services. A few days later he got the response and quotation of eight grand for an individual coaching programme. He paused before exploding into laughter and using an expletive even I wont use in my blogs, before getting serious again and telling me that I really needed to consider upping my prices. I explained to him that for these arseholes everything is a numbers game and if they don't get any private clients they still are projecting the perception that they're high end and should a complete fucking idiot bite the bait he'll probably be stupid enough to have the wool pulled over his eyes and think he's got his 8K's worth anyhow. Its the same stupid numbers game that tells these (un)experts that they can invest a lot in their marketing budget because it has nothing to do with the quality of the product they are selling and all about getting people to initially bite. If you see a 'leading' coach or 'guru' selling something, a series of balanced and well thought out questions should give you all the evidence you need as to whether they are the real deal or playing at being coaches or wannabes. There are plenty of super smart young people but the experience and knowledge that comes with time having lived should not be under-appreciated or underestimated either. I can call myself a coach and mentor people in the City, because my experience and learning as a therapist NLP'er or Life Coach, actually plays second fiddle to and compliments the decades of experience I have working in banking up to a respectable level of productivity and professional accomplishment. Unfortunately, too many of the people I see are naive victims of the get-rich quick training and coaching programmes this article is poking fun at, albeit in a deliberately acerbic fashion. There are only so many aspiring yet emotionally and financially bankrupt FX traders you can meet, who have paid their money and drank from the Kool aid only to implode when everything the 24 year old snotty dick with a headpiece (see point. 2) told them to do didn't come to pass, before you feel its your duty to challenge the life coaches and gurus going to great pains to screw them out of their dough. The fact is that with the ever-hastening evolution of technology, those trainers and service providers who are the most prolific on social media and prepared to use questionable marketing techniques, aren't necessarily proving to be the best at anything other than selling shit while drowning out the competition - Good for their business but not entirely great for their students and clients base who want to actually invest in something tangible. The wider implications of this is that, just as we are witnessing at an ever increasing rate in the world of hypnosis and therapy training schools, they aren't just drowning out the competition, but destroying the public perception of therapists, or in this case coaches, as a whole. As I said earlier, disappointing as it to see people kept in open ended coach-coachee working relationships, often it is companies with OOD and HR budgets not individuals being exploited or even encouraging it. But social media is now becoming awash with these new fake charlatans, making false and unfounded claims (most of which can be exposed with a simple visit to Companies House website) setting themselves up as trainers and coaches and business mentors, often reinventing their own version of get rich schemes that personally failed for them, but always looking to separate a fool and their money. * I mentioned Tony Robbins, who has proven so successful as the worlds leading personal development specialist that it is natural that over the years, numerous people have tried to emulate him. For the sake of total disclosure I do use a number of techniques developed by him and Chloe Madanes in my work, but there is much which I also do not think its either adaptable to the UK audience, or should be seen as anything other than showmanship. As a private coach, Robbins also has an entirely different persona to the one on stage and his clients have included numerous successful people not only from the world of show business but also industry, including some of the worlds most successful hedge fund managers whom I have been fortunate to do business with in the past.
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T-Intelligence | Strategic thoughts on security issues On April 7, U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) partially evacuated its military forces from Tripoli due do the deteriorating security situation in Libya. The AFRICOM personnel, tasked with supporting the U.S. diplomatic mission and counterterrorism efforts, was extracted by a U.S. Navy Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC) hovercraft from the beach of Janzour (15 km west of Tripoli). The LCAC dispatched from one of the U.S. Navy assets operating in AFRICOM's area of responsibility - likely the San Antonio-class USS Arlington amphibious transport dock, which was last reported near Carthage on March 24. The evacuated personnel was transported to Catania, Italy. Footage of U.S Africa command personnel being evacuated from Libya to a U.S navy ship in the Mediterranean this morning #Libya #Tripoli — CNW (@ConflictsW) April 7, 2019 The drawdown of U.S. forces also seems to include special operations units and intelligence personnel based in covert facilities throughout Libya. CIA-affiliated private airlines such as Tepper Aviation - likely tasked with extracting personnel - conducted several flights to Libya in the past 36 hours. On April 7, a Special Operations Command (SOCOM) Beech B300 King Air was tracked on ADS-B exchange while conducting sorties over Misrata, likely providing ISR for an ongoing evacuation. Misrata airfield is the main covert facility used by the U.S. and allies in Libya and the largest air base of the Tripoli-based Government of National Accords (GNA). The evacuation of U.S. personnel from Misrata has become necessary, as the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) under Haftar has recently announced plans to capture the city and establish a no-fly zone over western Libya. RECENT ESCALATION After capturing the former Tripoli Airport on Sunday, the LNA is advancing towards Tripoli's southern outskirts. Tripoli is currently controlled by the U.N.-recognized GNA which encompasses a myriad of militias, including Islamists. Haftar is in close contact with Russia and receives covert military support from Egypt, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and potentially the United Arab Emirates. As the LNA and GNA are preparing for a head-on confrontation over Tripoli and potentially Misrata, both sides are mobilizing their anti-surface and counter-air assets to support operations. HAFTAR'S NO FLY ZONE Despite their threats of a no-fly zone, Haftar's forces are unable to conduct air interdiction operations (neither airborne nor ground-based) against advanced adversaries such as the U.S., the U.K., Italy or France. However, the LNA's air capabilities are slightly superior to the GNA. Haftar's small aviation is able to conduct tactical air strikes at a higher pace than its Tripoli-foe and has the potential to engage in interceptions. Overall, both sides suffer from a severe lack of trained personnel, spare parts and logistical support, limiting their anti-surface an anti-air assets to low-intensity engagements. The LNA's air inventory consists of two Mirage F-1, twelve MiG-21MF (NATO reporting name: Fishbed-J), three MiG-23ML (Flogger), and one Su-22 fighter bomber (Fitter). It is believed that the vast majority of the LNA's aircraft are serviceable due to repair and maintenance support provided by Egypt and the UAE. The LNA also fields several ZPU-2 and ZU-33-2 anti-aircraft artillery and Soviet-made shoulder-mounted man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS). In contrast, the GNA operates two MiG-23ML (Flogger), one MiG-25 (Foxbat), five G-2 Galeb, thirteen L-39ZO Albatros fighter jets, eight Mi-24 and three Mi-35 attack helicopters (Hind and Hind-D). The Czechoslovak-made L-39ZO Albatros light aircraft serve as the GNA's main attack aircraft, as the fleet has been repaired by Ukrainian specialists and undergone trainer-to-fighter conversion. Despite these limitations, the GNA is still able to neutralized "easy" targets (e.g. vehicle columns and exposed infantry units) of the "Islamic State" and LNA. In terms of anti-air systems, the GNA has one 2K12 Kub (NATO reporting name: SA-6 Gainful), which was recently declared operational and is believed to still house a few S-125 (SA-3) surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems. #Libya- amidst #LNA's #Tripoli operation and statement on no-fly zone, #Misrata Air College goes on high alert, deploys 2K12 Kub/SA-6 Gainful to protect Misrata Airbase — Oded Berkowitz (@Oded121351) April 8, 2019 Anti-surface operations are already underway. Recently, the GNA reportedly struck an LNA convoy near Garyan (90 km south of Tripoli). On April 8, an LNA MiG-21 bombed the runway of Mitiga Airport, near Tripoli. Furthermore, both sides have mobilized their SA-6 SAMs. However, there is no indication to whether those systems are operational. #BREAKING: Watch the moment, a #Libya National Air Force MiG-21MF rocketed the main runway of #Mitiga Airport (Umm Atiqa) at #Tripoli minutes ago. Last night, Ecuadorian Mirage F.1ED pilot of #GNA Air Force unsuccessfully bombed #LNAF Base at Watiya. (Credit: O. Berkowitz) — Babak Taghvaee (@BabakTaghvaee) April 8, 2019
World superbike riders 1996 world superbike riders 1996 List of Superbike World Championship race winners. Superbike World Championship; Current season summary 2019 Superbike World Championship: 2019 Supersport World Championship: 2019 FIM Superstock 1000 Cup: Related articles Superbike racing MotoGP World Championship Supersport World Championship, , world superbike riders 1996 Entry list for the 1996 World Superbike championship Motorcycle Racing Online: Unofficial Motorcycle Racing Online news, views and message boards. World Superbike Review 1996 Download Description In 1996, Aussie Ducati ace Troy Corser had overall victory well and truly in his sights 955cc of power beneath him world superbike riders 1996 Welcome to the Unofficial World Superbike Archive The database is now updated to include qualifying and race results for every World Superbike race and every rider who competed. In the coming weeks, results of individual practice and qualifying sessions will be added, along with supplementary information about the races and riders. This is a complete list of FIM World Superbike Champions, from 1988 up to and including 2017. 57 rows  The 1996 Superbike World Championship was the ninth FIM Superbike World Championship season. The season started on 14 April at Misano and finished on 27 October at Phillip Island after 12 rounds. Troy Corser won the riders'' championship with 7 world superbike riders 1996 Superbike World Championship (also known as SBK, World Superbike, WSB, or WSBK) is a motorsport road racing series for modified production motorcycles also known as superbike racing. The championship was founded in 1988. The Superbike World Championship consists of a series of rounds held on permanent racing facilities. How can the answer be improved? Dec 24, 2017  1996 AMA Superbike Results December 24, 2017 March 15, 2018 Larry Lawrence Results showing rider name, hometown, brand and model of motorcycle, bike number and laps completed (where the information is available).
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