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Ltd. honeymoon special tours, honeymoon packages, honeymoon trips, Escorted tours,tours operators in india, world tours operators, europe tours operators, Holiday Investment Plan, Indian tours inclusive of airfare, Young Executives Special tour, Escorted holidays short tours, special holiday for a couple, Spiritual Tours to Holy Places, tour exclusively for ladies, Exclusive tours for seniors, Jungle Tours packages, customized tour packages, cheap holidays package for australia, cheap holiday packages in india, rajasthan tour packages from mumbai, tour package for south africa kenya, holiday package for shimla manali, best tour package for south africa, cheap holiday package for shimla, holidays packages for sikkim, trip to japan from india, holidays packages for darjeeling, honeymoon packages in shimla, darjeeling tour package, trip to mauritus from india, sikkim darjeeling tour packages, tour package for nainital, corporate tour package, honeymoon trip to mauritius, luxury holiday packages in leh ladakh, holidays package for nainital, luxury holidays in Shimla, cheap tour packages for dubai, trip to srilanka from india, book package holiday for dubai, cheap tour package for srilanka, Best Of Thailand Tour Package, hong kong vacation packages, Indonesia tours package, Russian tours and packages, South East Asia Tours packages, book tour package online, cheap holiday package for srilanka, europe tour packages from india, holiday package for srinagar, best of italy tour package, unique speciality tours india, srinagar honeymoon package, israel holiday package,The trailblazing journey of Kesari began in 1984 with a pledge - safety and security of escorted group tours (Kesari Tours), or someone seeking exclusive customised holidays (Strawberi Holidays) or the business traveler (KMICE), Special Interest Tours, My Fair Lady, Second Innings, Student Special, Educational Tours, Honeymoon, Chota Break, Apple Pi,tours and travels in nashik,MUMBAI,NASHIK,NAGPUR,RATNAGIRI,KOLHAPUR,SANGALI,SOLAPUR,AURANGABAD,AMRAWATI,Honeymoon tours,Holiday,Tours and travels in pune,Tours and travels,World wide holidays,Holiday packages,Customised tours,Escorted tours,Trip, Girikand,Travel,Hotel booking, Mice,Visa,Passport,Car rental,Self drive holidays,Flights, Destination, quick break, Adventure, Jewels of Asia, Amazing Thailand, Discover Singapore, Singapore with Bali, Essential Bali, Best of Dubai, Discover Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Maldives, Vietnam Cambodia, Hong Kong Shenzhen Macau, Japan, Gateway to China, Spectacular South Africa, Essential South Africa, Kenya Safari, Best of Mauritius, Australian Wonder, Popular Europe, Best of Europe, London Swiss Paris, Best of Kashmir, Best of Jammu & Kashimir, Best of kashmir by Air, Romantic Himalayas, Himalayan Paradis, Sampoorna Himachal, Kumaoni Retreat, Best of Kumaoni, Darjeeling, Sikkim with Kolkata, Darjeeling Sikkim by Air, Bhutan, Butan by Air, Kingdom of Bhutan, Assam Meghalaya Arunachal, Assam Meghalaya, Royal Nepal, Chrdham Yatra, Valley of Flower, Leh Ladakh with Kargil, Leh Ladakh, Srinagar : Shikara Ride, Shankaracharya Temple, Mughal Gardens (Chashmeshahi, Nishat, Shalimar) Hazratbal Dargah Sonmarg : Thajiwas Glacier (Snow Point) Gulmarg : Highest Golf Course, Gondola Ride (till Kangdoori) Pahalgam : Avantipur Ruins, Cricket Bat Factory, Chandanwari, Betab Valley, Aru Valley, Chandigarh :Rock Garden, Rose Garden, Sukhana Lake, Pinjore Garden Shimla :Mall Road, Old Church, Kufri, High Altitude Zoo, Chini Bungalow Manali :Kullu Shawl Factory, Rohatang Snow Point, Hidimbadevi Temple, Manu Temple, Club House, Vaishisth Hot Water Spring, Solang Valley, Vaishnomata Temple, Chandigarh : Rock Garden Jwala Mukhi: Jwalaji Temple Dharmshala : Chamunda Devi Temple, Dalai Lama Monastery, Kangra Art Museum, Macleodganj- Tsuglagkhang Temple. Palampur : Tea Garden, Baijnath Temple Dalhousie : Khajjiar, Chamba Amritsar : Golden Temple, Jalianwala Bagh, Wagha border, Chandigarh :Rock Garden, Rose Garden, Sukhana Lake, Pinjore Garden Shimla :Mall road, Old Church, Kufri, High Altitude Zoo, Chini bungalow Manali :Kullu Shawl Factory, Rohatang Snow Point, Hidimbadevi temple, Manu Temple, Club house, Vaishisth Hot Water Spring, Solang Valley, Vaishnomata Temple. Dharmshala: Chamunda Devi Temple, Dalai Lama Monastery, Kangra Art Museum, Tsuglagkhang Temple. Palampur :Tea Garden, Baijnath Temple Dalhousie : Khajjiar, Chamba Amritsar :Golden Temple, Jalianwala Bagh, Wagha Border, Nainital : Boating at Naini Lake, Naina Devi Temple, Ropeway, Nainital High Altitude Zoo, Hanuman Garhi, Bhimtal, Naukuchiatal. Mukteshwar: Mukteshwar Mahadev Temple. Corbett : Jim Corbett Museum, Jungle Safari by Jeep Mussoorie : Kemty Fall ( by Ropeway), Gun Hill (by Ropeway) Rishikesh : Laxman Jhula, Laxman Mandir, Swargashram & Geeta Bhavan Haridwar : Hari Ki Pawadi, Ganga Arti Delhi : Akshardham Temple, Kolkata : Dakshineshwar Temple, Belur Math, Victoria Memorial, Science City Mirik : Mirik Lake Darjeeling : Zoological Park, Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, Tenzing Rock, Tea Garden, Tiger Hill, Batasia Loop, Ghoom Monastery Pelling : Rimbhi Waterfall, Kanchenjunga Waterfall, Khecheopalri Lake Gangtok : Enchey Monastery, Banzakari Waterfall, Tibetology, Ropeway, Flower Show, Hanuman Tok, Ganesh Tok, Tsongmo Lake & Baba Harbhajan Singh Mandir, Thimphu : King’s Memorial Chorten, Changangkha Monastery, National Zoo, BBS Tower, Folk Heritage Museum, Textile Museum, School of Art & crafts. Punakha : Chimi Lhakhang, Wangdue Phodrang, Dochu-La-Pass, Punakha Dzong Paro : Ta Dzong- National Museum, Rinpung Dzong, Drukgyel Dzong, Taktsang Monastery, Kyichu Monastery, Guwahati : Srimant Shankardev Kalakeshtra, Kamakhya temple, Umananada Temple, Bramhaputra River. Tawang : Pangateng Tso lake, Sela Pass, Jaswantgarh, Paradise Lake, War Memorial, Tawang Monastery Kaziranga: Kaziranga National Park Jeep Safari Shillong : Umiam Lake, Don Bosco Museum Cherrapunjee : Elephant Falls, Shillong peak, Mawsmai Cave, Ramkrishna mission School, Nohkalikai Waterfalls, Itanagar : Buddhist Temple, Ita Fort, Ganga Lake, Craft Centre & Emporium Kaziranga : Kaziranga National Park Jeep Safari Dimapur : Ruins of the Medieval Kachari Kingdom Kohima : Govindjee Mandir, Kangla fort The World War II Cemetery, largest Cathedral-Bishop’s Cathedral, the Bara Basti, Khonoma Village Imphal : Loktak Lake, Keibul Lamjao National Park, INA Museum, the War Memorial. Ima Bazaar. Aizwal : Mizoram State Museum, Bara Bazar, Luangmual Handicrafts Centre. Agartala : The lake city Udaipur, Tripura Sundari Temple, Bhuvaneswari Temple, Gunabati group of Temples Shillong : Umaiam Lake, Don Bosco Museum Cherrapunjee : Elephant Falls, Shillong peak, Mawsmai Cave, Ramkrishna mission School, Nohkalikai Waterfalls. Guwahati : Srimant Shankardev Kalakeshtra, Kamakhya temple, Umananada Temple, Brahmaputra River, Chitwan : Chitwan National Park, Tharu Village, Tharu Tribe Dance, Elephant safari, Canoe Ride, Elephant Breeding farm. Manakamana: Manakamana Cable Car Pokhara : Devi’s Fall, Seti Gorge, Gupteshwar Mahadev Caves, Vindhyavasini temple, International Mountaineering Museum, Boating in Phewa Lake Kathmandu : Bhaktpur, Patan Darbar Square, Pahupatinath Temple, Budhanilkantha, Swayambhunath Temple, Kathmandu Darbar Square, Kumari Mata, Ahmedabad :Akshardham Temple, Kankariya Lake, Gandhi Ashram, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Memorial. Junagarh :Sakkarbag Museum, Uperkot Fort, Mahabat Maqubara, Junagarh Museum Sasan Gir :Gir Interpretation Zone by Canter Safari, Gir Information Center. Diu : Diu Fort, INS Kukari Memorial, Gangadhara Temple, Diu Museum, St. Paul's Church, Nagoa Beach Somnath : Bhalaka Tirth, Somnath Temple Porbandar : Kirti Mandir Dwarka : Dwarkadhish Temple, Rukmini Devi Temple, Bet Dwarka (by Ferry), Gopi Talav, Nageshwar Temple, Indore : Lal Bagh Palace, Annapurna Temple, Kanch Mandir, Rajwada Palace. Omkareshwar : Omkareshwar Temple, Mamleshwar Temple Maheshwar : Holkar Fort, Ahilya Devi Holkar Temple, Ghat Mandu : Mandu Fort, Jahaz Mahal, Rani Rupmati Pavilion Ujjain : Mahakaleshwar Temple, Kalbhairave Temple. Bhopal : Sanchi Stupa Panchmarhi : Pandav Caves, Handi Khoh, Priyadarshani Valley, Gupta Mahadev, Bada Mahadev, Jatashankar Jabalpur : Bhedaghat - Marble Rocks, Dhuvandhar Water Fall (by Boat/Ropeway), Thiruvananthpuram:Sri Padmanabh Swamy Temple, Napier Museum, Zoo, Sree Chitra Art Gallery, Kovalam Beach Kanyakumari :Suchindram temple, Gandhi Mandapam, Devi Kanyakumari Temple, Vivekanand Rock Memorial Alappuzha : Boat Ride in Backwaters Thekkady : Spice Gardens, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kathakali Show Munnar : Mattupetty Dam, Speed Boat Ride, Echo Point, Tea Gardens, Tea Museum, Eravikulam National Park Kochi : Kaladi Math, Jewish Synagogue, Dutch Palace, Chinese Fishing Net, Kochi Harbor, Thiruvananthpuram: Sri Padmanabh Swamy Temple, Napier Museum, Zoo, Sree Chitra Art Gallery, Kovalam Beach Kanyakumari : Suchindram temple, Gandhi Mandapam, Devi Kanyakumari Temple, Vivekananda Rock Memorial Rameshwaram : Ramnath Swami Temple, Dhanushkodi, Pamban Bridge Madurai : Meenakshi Temple Thekkady : Spice Gardens, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kathakali Show Munnar :Mattupetty Dam, Speed Boat Ride, Echo Point, Tea Gardens,Tea Museum, Eravikulam Park Kochi : Athirapalli Waterfall & Kaladi Math / Jewish Synagogue, Dutch Palace, Chinese Fishing Net, Kochi Harbor, Port Blair :Ross Island, Viper Island, North Bay Island, Cellular, Samudrika (Marine) Museum, Anthropological Museum, Sagarika Cottage Emporium Wandoor :Coral Island- Jolly buoy/Red Skin Havelock Island :Radhanagar Beach, Jaipur : Chokhi Dhani, City Palace, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Manta, Amer Palace, Amber Fort Bikaner : Camel Breeding Farm, Karni Mata Temple, Junagarh Fort, Lalgarh Museum Jaisalmer : The Jaisal Fort, Jain Temple, Narayan Temple, Patwon ki Haveli, Nathmalji ki Haveli, Gadhisar Lake, Sand Dunes, Camel Ride, Sunset Jodhpur : Meharangarh Fort, Umaid Bhavan Palace Museum, Jaswant Thada. Pushkar : Brahma Temple, Pushkar Lake Ajmer : Dargah of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti, Mt.Abu : Shankar Math, Arbuja Devi Temple, Dilwara Temple, Om Shanti Bhavan, Boating at Nakki Lake, Sunset Point, Leh :Shanti Stupa, Leh Palace, Hemis Gompa, Thiksey Gompa, Shey Palace, Hall of Fame, Sindhu Ghat Lamayuru, Magnetic Hill, Pathar Sahib Gurudwara Pangong : Pangong Lake, Changla Pass Lamayuru : Lamayuru Monastery, Zanskar - Indus River Confluence Nubra : Khardung La Pass, Diskit Monastery, Sand Dunes Kargil : Zojila Pass, Drass, Kargil War Memorial, View of Tiger Hill, Namkila Pass, Fatula Pass, Delhi : India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhawan, Birla Temple, Jantar Mantar, Red Fort, Kutub Minar, Lotus Temple, Akshardham, Kingdom of Dreams Mathura: Shri Krishna Temple Agra : Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri Jaipur : City Palace, Jantar Mantar, Hawa Mahal, Amer Palace, Amber Fort, Sajjangad : Sajjangad Fort Kolhapur : Mahaluxmi Temple Malavan : Sidhudurg Fort, Tarkarli Beach Ratnagiri : Kunkeshwar Temple, Swaroopanand Ashram Pawas, Thiba Palace, Ratnadurga Temple, Bhagwatti Devi Temple. Ganpatipule:Ganesh Temple Chiplun : Guhagar( Vyadeshwar Temple), Hedavi (Ganesh Temple), Velneshwar, Lote Parshuram Mahad : Raigad Fort ( by Ropeway), Haridwar : Har-ki-pauri, Ganga Aarti Dehradun : Sahastradhara Yamunotri : Yamuna Mata Mandir Uttarkashi : Kashi Vishwanath Temple Gangotri : Gangnani, Gangotri Temple Guptakashi : Guptakashi Temple, Ukhimath Kedarnath : Kedarnath Temple by Helicopter Chamoli : Gopinath Temple Joshimath : Jyotirmath Badrinath : Badrinath Temple, Mana Village, Saraswati river, Vyas Gumpha, Ganesh Gumpha, Bhimpul & Pandava's Swargarohan Marg. Rishikesh : Laxman Jhula, Laxman Mandir, Swargashram,Gita Bhavan Panch Prayag : Devprayag, Rudraprayag, Karanprayag, Nandaprayag, Vishnuprayag, Enjoy Ski lessons at world class ski destination with instructor, Gondola Ride, Jewels of Asia, Amazing Thailand, Discover Singapore, Singapore with Bali, Essential Bali, Best of Dubai, Discover Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Maldives, Vietnam Cambodia, Hong Kong Shenzhen Macau, Japan, Gateway to China, Spectacular South Africa, Essential South Africa, Kenya Safari, Best of Mauritius, Australian Wonder, Popular Europe, Best of Europe, London Swiss Paris, Pattaya : Alcazar Show, Coral Island with Parasailing, Glass Bottom Boat Ride, Nong Nooch Village, Gems Gallery. Bangkok : City Tour, Safari World and Marine Park. Chao Phraya Dinner Cruise, Singapore : Night Safari, City Tour, Sentosa Island: Admission to Island, One way Cable Car, SEA Aquarium, Wings of Time, Universal Studios Singapore, Garden by the Bay, Thailand : Pattaya : Alcazar Show, Coral Island with Parasailing, Glass Bottom Boat Ride, Nong Nooch Village, Gems Gallery. Bangkok : City tour, Safari World and Marine Park. Chao Phraya Dinner Cruise. Malaysia : Genting Highlands : Cable Car Ride, Snow World : Kuala Lumpur : City Tour, KL Tower entry ticket to Observation Deck Singapore : Singapore : Night Safari, City Tour, Singapore Flyer, Sentosa Island: Admission to Island, One way Cable car, S.E.A. Aquarium, Wings of Time, Garden By The Bay, Bali : Full Day Benoa Beach with Uluwatu Tour. : Full Day Kintamani Volcano Tour with Ubud Village : Devdan Show, Sigiriya : Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage, Sigiriya Rock Kandy : Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic, Cultural Dance Show Nuwara Eliya : Tea Factory, Nuwara Eliya City Tour, Botanical Garden Bentota : Boat Safari in Madu Ganga, Turtle Farm Hatchery Colombo : Colombo City Tour, Maldives Male : City Tour, Dubai :Burj Khalifa observatory deck – 124th floor, Dubai City Tour to all Exclusive Icons of Dubai, Desert Safari by 4x4 vehicles, Arabian Dance with Barbeque Dinner, Dhow Cruise with Dinner. IMG World / Bollywood Theme Park / Ferrari World (any one), Mauritius : South Island Tour - Trou aux Cerfs, Curepipe, Grand Basin, 23 Colored Earth. North Island Tour - The Royal Botanical Garden of Pamplemousses, Port Louis City Caudan Waterfront. Ile Aux Cerfs Tour, Cape Town : City Tour, Cape Peninsula Tour, Table Mountain Oudtshoorn : Cango Caves, Cango Wildlife Ranch Knysna : Cruise on Knysna Lagoon Sun City : Casinos of Sun City Kruger National Park : The famous Big 5 Animals - Lion, Elephant, Rhinoceros, Buffalo and Leopard, Aberdare : Aberdare National Park Ol Pejeta : Ol Pejeta Conservancy – Game Drive Lake Elmenteita : Lake Elmenteita Masai Mara : Masai Mara National Reserve, The famous Big 5 Animals - Lion, Elephant, Rhinoceros, Buffalo and Leopard, Tokyo : Ashikaga Flower Park, Tokyo City Tour, Hakone, Gotemba Hiroshima : Atomic Bomb Dome, Peace Memorial Park Osaka : Umeda Sky Building, Osaka Castle Kyoto : Kiyomizu-dera Temple Nara : Todai-ji Temple, Nara Deer Park, Beijing : Summer Palace, City Tour, The Great Wall, Ming Tombs, Tongrentang Shop and Pearl Factory. Shanghai : Acrobat show, Cheng Huang Temple, The Legendary Bund, Nanjing Road, Yu Garden, Teo Houseand Pearl Shop. Jin Mao Tower Bund Water front and take Electro mobile ride, Melbourne : City Tour, 1 Full Day Great Ocean Road Adventure Tour. Sydney : Sydney City Tour, Bondi Beach, Blue Mountain Tour with Wildlife Park & Scenic rides, Cairns : Big Cat Cruise Tour, Kuranda Tour with one way sky rail & one way scenic rail. Gold Coast : Brisbane City Tour, Dream World, Sea World / Movie World. Melbourne : City Tour, 1 Full Day Great Ocean Road Adventure Tour, Philip Island Tour Sydney : Sydney City Tour, Bondi Beach, Blue Mountain Tour with Wildlife Park & Scenic Rides, Hong Kong: City Tour, Victoria Peak, Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum, Disneyland Shenzhen: Mineral Museum, Lotus Square, and Diwang Mansion, Windows of the World. Macau: City Tour, Macau Tower, Hanoi : Ethnologic Museum, Lake of Hoan Kiem, Water Puppets Show Halong Bay : Cruising Saigon : Cu Chi Tunnels, Mekong River Estuary Siem Reap : Angkor Thom & Angkor Wat,
Less Than After - Christian Rock Band South Texas Christian Rock band Less Than After exists to see people come to know Jesus. Our heart is lead people to a place where they honestly and sincerely praise the Creator of heaven and earth.
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The Temple Institute Store, Jerusalem Temple SHALOM AND WELCOME to the official website of the TEMPLE INSTITUTE STORE in Jerusalem, Israel. The Temple Institute is dedicated to every aspect of the Holy Temple of Jerusalem, and the central role it fulfilled, in the spiritual wellbeing of both Israel and all the nations of the world. The Institute''s work touches upon the history of the Holy Temple''s past, an understanding of the present day, and the Divine promise of Israel''s future. The Institute''s activities include education, research, and development. The TEMPLE INSTITUTE STORE is located in an old stone building in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. In addition to our retails outlets we are manufacturers of the majority of our products, and can offer competetive prices for products manufactured in our production facility. Our products include books in English, hebrew and other languages, educational materials and resources, games and puzzles, models, pictures and posters, jewelry, judaica, gifts, incense, techelet and a lot more. We work with printing, leather binding, wood, metal, fabrics and more. Please contact us with any question by email. THANK YOU for visiting our on line store.
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The Temple Mount Faithful | Working to Rebuild the Temple on the Temple Mount Our goal is the building of the Third Temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem in our lifetime in accordance with the Word of G-d and all the Hebrew prophets.
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The Israel Forever Foundation The Israel Forever Foundation is an engagement organization that develops and promotes experiential learning opportunities to celebrate and strengthen the personal connection to Israel as an integral part of Jewish life and identity.
Justin Kron - Writer | Speaker | Holy Land Tour Leader Justin Kron is a frequent speaker at churches and campus ministry gatherings on topics related to the Jewish heritage of the Christian faith, the history of Christian anti-Semitism, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and building bridges within the Jewish community.
ZIMUKI REAL ESTATE-JERUSALEM REAL ESTATE Zimuki is one of the leading real estate agencies in Jerusalem. With an experience of over 44 years in the Jerusalem real estate market, we serve our clients with courtesy, professionalism and reliability!! We supply properties in all Jerusalem including the central and luxurious neighborhoods of the capital as Talbieh, Rechavia, German and Greek Colonies, Old Katamon, Kiryat Shmuel, Baka, Arnona, Abu Tor and Nachlaot. We offer a large variety of properties like apartments, cottages, penthouses, private houses and even plots and commercial structures. Our clientele lists people from the international Jewish community, who seek to purchase a second home in Israel, immigrate to Israel, or invest for the future. Zimuki Real Estate was founded by Pinchas Zimuki in 1974. The firm Zimuki is a member of Shiran, Jerusalem’s multi-listing association and is in Lishkat Hametavchim, the Association of Realtors in Jerusalem. All that facilitates us to develop excellent relationship with our colleagues and other real estate agents and cooperate with local contractors, architects, appraisers, mortgage bankers and with the Jerusalem’s best attorneys.
The Center for Jewish Peoplehood Education - Building collective Jewish life through education. Building collective Jewish life through education. Explore Jewish Peoplehood with our resources and support for institutions and individuals.
Auctions International Our upcoming timed auctions include: Syracuse City Schools, NY #17663, Onondaga County Sheriff Vehicle, NY #17722, Town of Cicero, NY #17723, Syracuse City Schools, NY #17745, Jamesville DeWitt Schools, NY #17746, Fayetteville Manlius Schools, NY #17747, City of Stamford City, CT #32 #17544, Town of Oxford DPW, MA #17403 **7% BP**, Alexandria CSD, NY #17480, Oneida City School District, NY #17639, Village of Northville, NY #17640, Town of Starkey Hwy, NY #17574, Cattaraugus-Little Valley CSD, NY #17625, Village of Scarsdale, NY #17556, Wilton Fire District, NY #17653, Business Surplus (Birnie Bus), NY #17619, City of Albany DPW, NY #17636, Town of Weymouth Schools, MA #17541 **7% BP**, Galway CSD, NY #17646, New York Power Authority- Astoria, NY #16739, Town of Smithtown, NY #17661, Village of Hamilton, NY #17698, City of Stamford Abandoned Vehicles, CT AV#24 #17542, Valley Stream UFSD #24, NY # 17651, Pioneer CSD Surplus, NY #17657, Cleveland Hill CSD, NY #17585, Town of Wirt Hwy, NY #17659, Business Liquidation, NY #17665, Town of Northfield DPW, MA #17672**7% BP**, Finger Lakes Community College, NY #17673, Business Liquidation, NY #17669, MCCA Boston, MA #17670 **7% BP**, Lockport CSD, NY #17682, Orleans/Niagara BOCES NY #17684, Service Master Sale, NY #17675, Town of Rocky Hill Facilities, CT #17678, Village of Penn Yan, NY #17689, South Colonie CSD, NY #17637, City of Albany P.D, NY #17588, Surplus Liquidation Sale, NY #17712, MidYork Library System, NY #17718 **5% BP**, Town of Marcy Highway, NY #17685, Town of Halfmoon Hwy, NY #17741, Business Liquidation, NY #17751, Village of Gowanda DPW, NY #17664, Onondaga Community College, NY #17676, Dryden CSD, NY #17692, Springville-Griffith Institute CSD, NY #17693, East Williston UFSD, NY #17695, Southampton UFSD, NY #17696, Business Liquidation, NY #17697, OCM BOCES, NY #17681, Town of Eastchester Hwy, NY #17699, Essex County, NY #17755, City of New Rochelle PD, NY #17756, Herkimer CSD, NY #17600, Rockland County, NY #17649, Town of Belfast Hwy, NY #17691, Town of Ramapo, NY #17705, Town of Hamden Highway, NY #17687, Town of Niagara PD, NY #17707, City of Newburgh Fire Department, NY #17708, Village of Cazenovia, NY #17647, Schohaire CSD, NY #17709, Town of Dewitt, Planning/Zoning, NY #17710, Southeast Vermont Transit, VT #17706, Niagara County IDA, NY #17711, Restaurant Equipment, NY #17713, Mass OSD MBTA Ride Buses, MA #17654 **7% BP**, Business Liquidation, NY #17700, Town of Scio Hwy, NY #17658, Saratoga County, NY #17702, Town of Niskayuna PD, NY #17701, Essex County, NY #17719, Town of Worth, NY #17679, Chelsea Housing Authority, MA #17668 **7% BP** , Business Liquidation, NY #17731, Niagara County, NY #17732, Business Liquidation, MA #17734, Chappaqua CSD, NY #17667, Liverpool CSD Facilities, NY #17733, City of Kingston, NY #17740, Town of Alabama Hwy, NY #17742, Town of Birdsall Hwy, NY #17727, Massena CSD, NY #17744, Onondaga County Vehicles, NY #17737, City of Syracuse Parks, NY #17739, Columbia County, NY #17715, Herkimer County Hwy, NY #17716, Chautauqua County Sheriff’s Office, NY #17735, North West Fire District, NY #17748, Yates County Hwy, NY #17752, Three G Volunteer Fire Company Inc., NY #17753, City of Tonawanda DPW, NY #17726, Town of Lewiston, NY #17648, Dundee CSD, NY #17721, Town of Dover, NY #16371 , Ontario County SWCD, NY #17728, Village of Penn Yan, NY #17758, Spafford Fire District, NY #17760, Rockland County, NY #17725, City of Poughkeepsie PD, NY #17761, Town of Salisbury Harbor Master, MA #17762 **7% BP**, Niagara County Fleet Maintenance, NY #17736, City of South Portland DPW, ME #16101, Business Liquidation, NY #17764, Business Liquidation, NY #17765, Suburban Transportation Group, NY #17754, Village of Waterloo, NY #17766, Town of Sangerfield Highway, NY #17763, Town of Brasher Hwy, NY #17750, Schohaire CSD, NY #17769, Town of Lee Highway, NY #17749, Seneca Cayuga ARC, NY #17768, Riverhead CSD, NY #17772, Town of Halfmoon Hwy, NY #17773, Jewish Community Center, NY #17770, Western Suffolk BOCES, NY #17759, Westmoreland School, NY #17386, Town of Westmoreland, NY #17767, Monroe 1 Boces, NY #17777, Town of Crawford Hwy, NY #17757, Siena College, NY #17724 , Village of Garden City, NY #17674, Business Liquidation, NY #17779, Business Liquidation, NY #17782, Jefferson Community College, NY #17783, City of Cortland PD, NY #17785, Town of Camillus, NY #17780, Business Liquidation, NY #17787, Brookfield Fire District, NY #17771, Levittown School District, NY #17671, Southampton UFSD, NY #17795, Town of Stratford, NY #17788, Town of Crown Point, NY #17776, Business Liquidation, NY #17798, Nassau County Public Works, NY #17786, Syracuse City Schools, NY #17784, Monticello Fire District, NY #17800, Business Liquidation, NY #17801, Storage Unit Auction, NY #17796, and Town of Wallkill, NY #17688. Our recently closed timed auctions include: St Lawrence County - Tax Foreclosed Real Estate Auction, and LIVE AUCTION NOTICE.
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Right From the Hip | Observations & Opinions | Politics, Law & Current Events In which our Vagabond Seeks a City in Motion. It is early Saturday evening, the doors are open, the coffee house beckons. I enter into a crowd – young and old, in pairs, groups and singles, are standing in line, checking their phones, reviewing the menu board, sitting astride chairs, leaning on counters, stirring their mugs, contemplating their next move, and conversing with animation and verve. After securing a mug of herbal orange blossom tea and plain pound cake (something different and contemplative), no booths are available. I occupy a seat at a long, central bench and table with the other patrons. Immediately next to me sits a young couple, face to face, wearing various shades of blue denim (she also sports a floppy, soft-brim robin egg blue hat), who have stopped talking to enjoy one of the house's calorie-generous desserts. Their desserts are laden with strawberries, fresh, fragrant, jumbo-sized, strawberries, tumbling generously, abundantly, off the dessert cakes which shyly peek out underneath. These are six-dollar desserts, suitable for serious courtship. The whipped cream had disappeared already. Their strawberries are not shy - they flaunt their bright deep red strawberry color, their inviting texture, they flirt their white edges. These strawberries profligately cast about their unmistakable ripe fragrance. Indeed, the fragrance demands attention. For an unmeasured moment, these strawberries own the bench and my perceptions – my other senses have quietly stepped down and wait for the strawberry fragrance to master the stage, to take its bows, to aromatically speak for strawberries everywhere. Each strawberry is joined with all strawberries - connected in a web of genetic code, agricultural pedigree, sense perception and idea. The smell, the fragrance and appearance of these strawberries, and for a distinct slice of time, the connected picture, the taste, the idea of many strawberries, all strawberries, as an adjective as well as a noun, occupy my thoughts. If there had been no name for strawberries ever given, I would have conjured a name for them, then and there. Strawberries are versatile. We can give Latin names to their various genus, Fragaria. We may note that each apparent achene, or seed, on the outside is actually one of the ovaries of the flower, with a seed inside it, perhaps explaining why the couple beside me ordered them for dessert. Philosophers might debate whether or not there exists a non-physical essence of strawberry, an ideal Platonic form of strawberry, or be skeptical that we could ever be sure that what we perceive as strawberry was reliable. Mischievous children have picked them to throw at each other. We can observe them on wild vines, clip, transplant and cultivate them in our gardens, study what combination of sun and water gives them the greatest growth and sweetest flavor, pick them gingerly to set at our breakfast table, eat them singly or in groups in little morning fruit bowls. We have financed agri-businesses to grow them in vast number, might someday sell strawberry futures on a commodities exchange, have hired agricultural workers to pick them in mass quantity. Graduate students in economics might measure the economic impact of establishing a minimum wage for strawberry pickers, while employers make certain their immigration papers are in order. We can contest the right of strawberry pickers to go on strike, and use courtrooms to enjoin secondary strikes by other fruit pickers. Independent truck drivers can transport them in refrigerated, insured freight carriers at free-on-board rates. District managers of supermarket chains can offer them for retail sale in little green baskets at trendy supergrocers which have memorable advertising logos and trained-to-be-friendly checkout people, and serve them in coffee houses at upscale prices. In laboratories we can measure their molecular carbon chains, forensically identify them with gas and mass chromatography, and fit them into biochemical schema of study. We can mash them into lipstick or cream for purposes of skin and beauty enhancement, advertised by slender, photogenic models. We can handwash our dirty dishes in our neglected kitchen sinks, or shampoo our thinning hair with liquid soaps flavored with them. No small series of achievements, for an aggregate accessory fruit. But we have strawberries as descriptors also, as concepts and additions to the language in which we think and speak and describe, in which we write poetry and love sonnets. They act as triggers or stimulants, to remind us of things, things we may want to remember. I bend my head over my tea and soak a piece of my cake into my orange-blossom tea. But these strawberries are not yet done their work. The fragrances of my coffee-house neighbors' strawberries trigger vivid memories. A series of pictures is summoned up, interior miniatures composing a sequenced event in my life, a road trip of an altogether different sort. Gently unfaded, affectionately insistent, parading in silence one at a time yet making a whole, a set of gliding images from the past paints over my vision. ____________________ My wife, Erma, and I were dating, and engaged. I was just 32. At the time, she was just 23 years of age, not quite 5'2" unless she stood on her tiptoes (she was generous in describing her height on various health and application forms), slender, lithe, with quick, athletic reflexes, light brown hair never allowed to grow long, a bright upturned face full of energy, green-grey eyes that were never quite the same shade from day to day, and a stand-your-ground manner suitable for the youngest child who had five older brothers. Erma had been a Christian since her experiences as a teenager in church youth group, and had been well taught by a beloved senior pastor, Reverend Pusey. She could field a ground ball or steal third base, tell every player on the Philadelphia Flyers in 1977 (she still had a Bobby Clark doll) or quote scripture by memory, intelligently and to the point under discussion. She was a secretary at DuPont, a job she had held since the day after she graduated from high school. There was emotional trauma in her childhood, including a miserable relationship with her father (the misery shared by her brothers and sister), and a tragic gun accident which took the life of one of her brothers, after her father irresponsibly brought home a rifle and gave it to his children without supervision or safety instruction. The collapse of the family unit brought economic difficulties. Erma bubbled over with hope and energy – she was ready to wrestle wildcats, hid her fears, counted her pennies, and laughed loudly and easily. Erma pooled shock, grief, loss and anger in reservoirs of her soul. She introduced herself to a pair of young men attending a Christian singles conference in Sandy Cove, Maryland, one of whom was me, because she recognized the church my friend Dave had announced at the beginning of the conference, and that was enough of a conversational opening for her. We took a trip to North Carolina, to visit her brother Noel, the only one of her family to graduate from college. Noel was a marketing manager for a large agricultural chemicals company, and he was moved about the country every few years. For several years he had lived near Research Triangle Park outside Raleigh. Our trip was a happy one; we packed up Erma's silver Honda Civic, years old but running like a Swiss watch, and toodled down the highway one Monday in the early summer. Life was opening up. My disorderly life, spread across two coasts, was moving in a good direction. Erma, deeply emotionally cautious, was hoping that the world held good things as well. After staying the first night with friends in Virginia, we arrived after a day of easy driving at Noel's, still single. As always, he was a gracious host, owner of a sensible but well-maintained home. His practice of buying and selling homes as he was transferred around the company proved to be economically rewarding. I don't know whether he liked his job in its own right, but years later when he was offered a retirement package at the age of 50, he took it, and to my knowledge, has never worked 9-5 job since. Noel was working 9-5 when we arrived though, so during the day we were left to our own devices around Raleigh, Chapel Hill, Durham and the surrounding areas. Open to guidebook suggestions, we went to the North Carolina Botanical Gardens in Chapel HiIl. We walked the displays of native plants, violet-purple iris, milkweed, wood anemone, maidenhair ferns, wild indigo, water-plaintains, bluestars. The Gardens have a display of carnivorous plants, pitcher plants, Venus fly traps, along with their orchids and lilies. I found a very tiny spider among the carnivorous plant displays, picked him up with a leaf, and deposited him into a Venus fly-trap, which promptly, as advertised, closed its tender petals. The wispy trigger hairs of the plant quite quickly formed a bars-of-a-jail cell effect as the plant's leaves closed reflexively – I could see the tiny spider, looking out, as forlorn and puzzled as any prisoner would be. At the time, I had nothing to say to him, and regretted somewhat causing his fate. With the advantages of hindsight and advancing years, today, I might encourage him with words of sympathy – "you and me both, brother," a final salute, issued nunc pro tunc. Erma and I went to see a movie in the evening. Mr. Hulot's Holiday. Monsier Hulot, the French actor Jacques Tati, "decides to vacation at a beautiful seaside, resort. Rest and relaxation don't last long, given the gangly gent's penchant for ridiculous antics." Released in 1954, you have to be in the right mood to see this slapstick farce. Erma and I were nearly alone in the theater, it was a Tuesday evening. We were in the mood – I laughed hard. Erma laughed uproariously, full volume. I never heard anyone laugh so hard – her cackles filled the theater – no nook or cranny escaped the piercing volume of her laughter. Many times. How can you not fall in love with a girl like that? If anyone else was in the theater at all (maybe one other couple), they certainly knew they weren't alone. The next day, we visited Duke University in Durham. The lawns and grounds were green, immaculate, carefully maintained; the buildings, the Chapel, all were elite-college campus beautiful. I daresay visiting parents longed to expend vast sums of money to send their children there. After walking around for several hours, near the end of the day, we found a small restaurant/coffee-shop. Because of the day and hour we were again nearly alone. The shop featured a strawberry desert, loaded with whipped cream. They were the freshest, sweetest, most flagrantly-and-fragrantly-delicious strawberries imaginable. It was a lifetime trophy desert. The taste, the aroma of the strawberries filled our noses, our palates, our tongues – our sweet, ripe taste buds went off like bells. Erma was just swooning with joy. It seemed as if we just sat and ate for hours (which could not possibly be true), as if the strawberry dessert stopped local time to go on forever. These strawberries had royal, domestic, South American and continental antecedents. According to Wikipedia, the garden strawberry was first grown or bred in Brittany, France in the 1750s by crossing Fragaria Virginia from eastern North America with Fragaria Chiloenses, brought from Chile. The French began harvesting wild strawberries in the 14th century. Strawberries were added to cream in the Court of King Henry VIII. What can I add to that? World production of strawberries is in excess of nine million tons, and not a strawberry too many. After we had spent a few days at Noel's, we drove east to go to the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The Outer Banks are a resort area, but wilder, less cultivated than the homogenized resort areas one sometimes visits. We rented two separate hotel rooms to stay in the area around Kitty Hawk. I had sexual relationships prior to becoming a Christian. Erma had many dating relationships, but had learned her sexual ethics as a teenager at a conservative, evangelical church and drew a line she believed in. We did not sleep together on that trip. It helped to make our dating relationship simple, clean, pure, uncomplicated. (Our physical relationship began on our honeymoon - when Erma exited the bathroom and entered our bedroom the evening of our 11 a.m. wedding in Bear, Delaware. We had driven to a bed and breakfast in Milford, New Jersey, Linda and Rob Castagna's Chestnut Hill on the Delaware River. Looking at the teddy-bear decorated bed and room in the honeymoon suite and at me, Erma asked, "do you think we should pray?" I answered, "I already have.") But that wedding ceremony day was still in our distance, like a beckoning city on a hill. The next day on our excursion to North Carolina, we traipsed about on the Kitty Hawk beach. It was not yet warm enough for swimming; the beaches were nearly empty. I discovered that small fish, mullets or small kingfish, filled some of the deeper surf pools and beach ponds left by retreating waves. There is a picture of me taken by Erma, bending over at the waist, looking down, with my pants rolled up as I stood in the middle of one of these surf pools, wearing a plaid shirt with the sleeves rolled up, trying to catch little silver fish with my bared, cupped hands. Trying to catch small fish by hand was a predictably unsuccessful effort, but loads of fun to try. I looked perfectly ridiculous, and we were perfectly happy. On our trip back in the silver Honda Civic from North Carolina, driving north to Wilmington and Phoenixville, we sang hymns on the road. Neither Erma or I have any musical talent at all - neither of us can carry a melody. But there was no music critic in the car, no one to be distressed. We sang "Fairest Lord Jesus," in toneless acapella - it fit our mood and excursion well. _______________________ I was interrupted in my coffee-house reveries by a young man, of Asian background, whose face I recognized, but whose name I didn't know. He had been listening to me a previous week, when I was proclaiming out loud verses from the Book of Revelation, the lake of fire verses, the judgment verses, on a previous morning when the coffee house was much emptier than it was that Saturday evening. His interruption lead into quite an extended discussion, carried out over three locations in the coffee house. "Hello," he said. I responded with my own 'hello.' "I saw you here the other week. You were reading out loud. I was standing over there" – he indicated where he had been standing when I had my brief confrontation with the coffee house manager, Jen, over reading Bible verses out loud. I nodded 'yes' and offered my hand and introduced myself. "My name is Qi," he introduced himself with a small but perceptible bob of the head. His English was good, with a slight British accent. Qi looked to be in his early twenties, fifty years younger than I. His hair was black parted on one side, his chin and cheeks clean-shaven, his eyes brown, his lashes somewhat long, his build slim, probably 5' 10" in height and weighing 140 or 150 pounds, wearing blue jeans and a neat maroon pullover jersey. His facial expression was respectful, intelligent and friendly. "I wanted to ask you. Why were you reading out loud? And why did you choose those verses?" I had to think to recreate my thoughts and mood the previous week. "I can't answer that easily. God moves inside me without giving me explanations. Why those verses? I felt like I wanted to get somewhere - we ought to get somewhere. I saw those verses on the path." "I heard what you said to the manager. The owner doesn't mind?" His expression suggested that people reading out loud in a coffee house crossed a line in the culture he came from. "No," I told him, "the owner doesn't mind." We paused our conversation for a moment, so Qi could find a way around the bench and people to squeeze in opposite me. He was sitting right next to the strawberry-eating couple, also seated across each other on the bench, as I was. "Do you work, or are you a student?" I asked. Qi explained his background to me, responding to my questions. He was 23 years old, a graduate student seeking a Master's degree in statistics from the graduate department of a nearby university. He was an exchange student, a resident of China, whose family came from near Beijing. Much of his life was not spent in China however. His father was an investment banker, and they spent a number of years in different countries and cities, including London, where he learned as a teenager to speak English well, and learned his slight but discernible British accent. He was one of three children, and had two sisters, one older, who was married and living near Shanghai, and one considerably younger sister, who was living at home near Beijing, where his parents had returned. I asked him about China's one-child policy and he explained that his father had sufficient resources to obtain relief from the rule. Since the first child in the family was a daughter, apparently this exception was not difficult to obtain with respect to Qi. Having official sanction for having a third child was more difficult, but by then his father had political and economic connections. By this time the strawberry dessert-eating couple had left. Their seats were taken by others so it wasn't always easy to conduct our conversation. The coffee house was noisy, there was music in the background and people were sliding behind us at times to reach seats further down the long benches on which Qi and I were seated. When I paused my deposition-like questions, I asked if he attended any local church. He did, he explained, and had been for about a year. "What did you think when I read those verses out loud?" I asked. "How did you react?" "I like hearing the Book of Revelation read aloud. It doesn't often get read out loud. When you hear a sermon, somebody tells you what to think about it. There's always a doctrine or a system. Everything has to be explained." He thought for a few moments. "There's more in the words, than there is in the explanations." He said, and I quietly nodded in agreement. "Well, if you just listen to the words, read by somebody else, you wouldn't have a system," I offered. "You might have a language, though. A set of mutual symbols. Even if we didn't agree on what they meant." He listened to what I said and we talked about language, and symbols. His criticisms of symbolic language were well-thought out; a person whose native tongue is Chinese understands well the strengths and weaknesses of symbols to communicate. I suggested that symbols and graphic pictures cut through many language systems. The phrase "a woman clothed with the sun," eludes precise rational understanding, but it's an accessible image everywhere. We had the mutual and considerable pleasure of two people speaking thoughtfully to each other. "You don't agree with any systems about it?" I asked, meaning the Book of Revelation. "I don't know. My church teaches a system." "Which one is that? Dispensationalism? Premillennialism?" "Yes." "The Rapture, any minute. The Jews left to face the anti-Christ." "Yes. Yes." "You're not defending it very hard," I suggested. His facial expression indicated that I had discerned his feelings accurately. "Is that what you believe?" Qi asked me. "No. I'm a Postmillennialist. I believe in the Great Commission. Christ gave us an order. Go into the far reaches of the world. Convert the nations. So we will succeed. It's the prayer he taught us. 'Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be done.'" "How does reading about the burning lake of fire out loud, help that?" Qi queried. "I'm not sure. Does the Spirit have to explain everything to me? I respond as I'm called. But I think everybody wants good news. Ask them, and they'll tell you the world is a mess. But then they want good news - warm and reassuring. God's judgment in a burning lake of fire is a very unpopular topic. But it wakes people up. It made you ask me questions." "Do you think bad news is more likely to win converts?" Qi was looking at me with a certain amount of respectful skepticism. "I think telling people the truth helps people see the truth." "But you, too. You didn't recite the burning lake of fire verses with a big smile on your face." "Perhaps so. Me too," I admitted. "Maybe there's enough bad news already," Qi suggested. "Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. That's true too. You're right. But why are all those burning lake of fire verses there? Fierce warnings, aren't they?" I asked rhetorically. "Maybe it's the bad news that already exists. Maybe the world loves judging. Maybe the world needs judging. There's a lot of judging inside of us already." As he said this, I thought I detected some personal history in Qi – perhaps his father was a judgmental person. "I think it's a warning - a guide and a look to the future. But I'll be careful about trying to interpret it, with you around. I'll let the words be the words. Burning lake of fire and all." I raised my hands slightly to indicate surrender – the acknowledgment of my limitations. "Don't some people believe the whole book was just meant for the 1st century Christians? They think it all relates to the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem by the Roman armies. That's it – nothing else." Qi's knowledge suggested some study; his tone suggested questions, perhaps questions deeper than interpreting the Book of Revelation. "Are you a preterist?" I asked him. I wasn't sure whether his question was a narrow, specialized question over eschatology, or rather a deeper question that any young person might have, about whether the whole structure of religion is connected to anything real at all. "I'm not sure what that means," he admitted. "About what you said. Preterists believe most of the Book of Revelation has already been fulfilled. It was a warning for the 1st century, for the early church. A tract for the times. Now it's done – it has no future significance," I explained. "If that's what you're asking." "No, I haven't thought about it much, but don't think I think that. How about you?" Qi asked. There were questions in this young man, but I didn't know quite what they were. "I think it's prophecy. The Word of God to us. It's no more fulfilled and done than the Sermon on the Mount is fulfilled and done. Does that answer your question?" I returned. "I guess we'll never know, this side of Final Judgment," he offered. "Maybe we just wait for the Rapture?" "It makes a difference now. It changes how we act, because of what we expect. If all you're doing is sitting around here, waiting for the Rapture, that's one kind of answer. But I'll buy you a cup of coffee, and we can wait together." As I was about to get up to buy coffee, a young woman, talking to her friend following behind her, was trying to make her way behind the bench to a seat. She was holding a sandwich on a plate and a glass. Someone moved on the crowded bench, not knowing anyone was behind him, and bumped directly into her. Her sandwich spilled and tumbled across the back of an unshaven but pleasant-looking blonde young man and onto the floor. There, visible for the world, near Qi's feet, were the ingredients for her sandwich, two slices of multi-grain bread, two chunks of avocado, two generous slices of tomato, and a large stack of bean sprouts, scattered across the floor along with a slice of dill pickle. She moved back apologetically, waving the now-empty sandwich plate in her hand, obviously embarrassed. The young man stood up, rather mildly and saw who had spilled sandwich fixings on him. He didn't seem angry - he was apologetic and rather embarrassed himself. No one quite knew what to do. For a few moments the two of them milled about each other in rather disorganized fashion. The coffee house manager was nearby. She saw what had happened and signaled for a staff person to assist. Qi and I both stood up to move out of the way and sidestepped our way to leave the benches and table. As we were moving, I made brief eye contact with the manager and we mutually and quickly nodded. I didn't want her to think I had been a problem again, but she saw I was an innocent bystander, not an repeat instigator of disturbances. While the clean-up was being accomplished, Qi, seeing our mutual nod, asked if I knew the coffee house manager. "Yes, her name is Jen Geddes. She's a Christian. She's nice – a calm person." We watched the cleanup. I thought I would share a bit more, thinking still about what Qi's questions might be. "Years ago, she was in the newspaper, picture and all. She had a bit of a temper. I think she came from a very fundamental background. She was in a church, and for whatever reason, something was going with a visiting pastor she definitely didn't agree with. She expressed her theological disagreement by shouting out loud, picking up a stool, and heaving it at this visiting pastor. She actually hit him with it and there were disturbances in the church. The police had to be called. As a sentence I think she got what is called ARD, a non-trial diversion. It usually means she had to do some community service and get some counseling. I was practicing as a lawyer at the time, so I paid attention. Some years later, she got the job here. I recognized her when she started. Very calm - very welcoming to everybody these days. I never talked with her about it. I always wanted to ask her what it was about. Part of it was reported in the newspaper – apparently, whatever it was the visiting pastor was saying, her response was along the lines of "are you really going to say that, in my ear?" The cleanup was over, but Qi and I found a different place to sit and resumed our conversation. He wanted to know more about the type of law I had practiced, which was a general community practice. We started talking about the law and about the U.S. Constitution and some well-known constitutional principles, which were not, as Qi described, the rule or norm in China. He described a culture and circumstance in China which might be characterized as intense and ubiquitous favoritism. "We have those problems here - in a big way," I acknowledged. "You have laws about it, though. In China, there is no law to appeal to, to correct such things. The party is the law, and the party officials who operate without needing any approval." "We do have laws," I acknowledged. I narrated for Qi a United States Supreme Court case, which is a staple of the Constitutional Law curriculum in law school. "In San Francisco, around 1880, most of the laundry workers were Chinese. Laundries used heat in wooden buildings. There was a statute that said you couldn't operate a laundry without a permit. The statute itself wasn't crazy - there was a genuine fire risk with boiling water used in the laundries – not a joke in San Francisco. But Yick Wo had been operating his laundry for years, when he was told he couldn't operate his laundry anymore without a permit. Unfortunately, if you were Chinese, you didn't get a permit. If you weren't Chinese, then you got one. Yick Wo was fined for operating without the permit, and he couldn't or wouldn't pay the fine, so he was put in jail. The Supreme Court ruled that the administration of that permit law was unconstitutional – even if the laundry owners weren't citizens. Even if the law itself made sense considered in isolation. The Chinese laundry owners still had a right under equal protection, under the equal protection laws of the 14th Amendment." "You would not find such laws in China," Qi lamented. "Well, it took us years to take the legal principle serious," I told him. "Taking your principles seriously takes time." Our conversation continued. We talked about Chinese coolies and how they worked. We talked about Christianity in China. We talked about the beginning of the movie Crazy Rich Asians where they're having a Bible study. We talked about missionaries and Hudson Taylor and the Chinese Inland Mission, and when Qi's family had become Christians. We talked about wars in Asia – in the Pacific against Japan. Qi had a very distinct opinion about the treatment of the Chinese by the Japanese in WWII, which flowed over to his opinion over disputed islands in the South China sea. We talked about the wars in Korea and Vietnam. We talked about Mao, and Communism and the treatment of Christians in China during the cultural revolution. Qi's family had suffered and practiced their faith in secret, but had emerged. We talked about the Three-Self Church in China. "Sanzi Jiaohui" Qi explained, trying to help me to pronounce it correctly. "But my family has spent so much time overseas, it was not critical to us. We didn't argue about religion, we argued about how many hours my father worked." He looked not as happy making this last statement. I decided to change gears altogether. "You'll be married someday. You'll have a wife and probably children. Do you have a girlfriend?" I asked. "Yes. But she is in graduate school in Michigan now. So I only get to see her on vacations. Sometimes we meet in Chicago. We are making some plans, but they have to wait. We text. She likes it, but she thinks it's cold there." We talked about the weather in China, and in the U.S. We moved our location one more time, when a booth opened up. Time passed, but the Rapture still lay in the future. In the meandering talk and silence of our time together, we made friends. The Holy Spirit, as known to coffee houses as He is to great cathedrals, entered somewhere. Eventually Qi said it was time for him to get back home, and we parted company with the idea that he would be back in the coffee house, and we would have a chance to talk again. Perhaps further, on the Book of Revelation, he suggested. ___________________ And in the Spirit he carried me away to a great, high mountain, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God. Revelation 21:10. Those trained in theology and ministry should present the bulk of the inspired message of Rom. Ch. 12-15. But there is an element of those passages I want to address. I have a law degree, was valedictorian at law school, have practiced law for many years, and have held elected office. I serve as a volunteer on various boards with legal and executive authority over substantial matters. The business of law and government is something with which I am familiar. Although words like "law and government" don't sound San Francisco hippy-ish, don't seem to blend into a coffee-house or a road trip to the last chapters of Revelation, that is my direction now. Rom. 13:1-10 is my topic. Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. Rom13:1a. The passage is central. It does not stand for, nor should it be understood, to be a command to political authoritarianism. It is an invitation to law, to legitimacy, to ascertaining the will of the people in a democracy, enacting that will within the confines of a constitutional system, and then respecting the laws that flow therefrom. Within the world at large, we may be subject to, or may become the governing authorities – but we are always Christians. The Apostle Paul had multiple purposes in so writing – he had a concern with the relationship of Christians to the outside world and to the political authority of the Roman empire. Paul was also concerned about how Christians relate among ourselves. Christian religious/political conflict among ourselves has been a challenge for Christian theology. Theological disagreement may be the reason or the excuse for the ecclesiastical, political or social separation of Christians. Once reasons develop, theological disagreement, leading to differing communions and groupings, becomes the vehicle for separation. As the Reformation commenced and continued through the 16th and 17th centuries, it appeared the immovable object had met the irresistible force. When Christian conscience met Christian government in vehement disagreement, the results were tragically unacceptable in individual cases. Theologically, the issues have never been resolved. One person wishes to pray to the saints, another does not, one expects an early Rapture with no warning, another does not, one thinks the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, another does not. There are innumerable such differences. The continuing disagreements demonstrate that we have no recognized method of either resolving the dispute, or even a recognized method of staying in communication with each other. The argument continues unresolved. The fallback position for various Christian disputants is spiritual distance and intentional distancing, and attrition over time. Politically, we have addressed the most negative consequences of those 16th and 17th century conflicts by privatizing religious conscience. The results of privatizing Christian conscience are only partially satisfactory, as the 21st century is demonstrating. Organizing a better society is problematic, if each Christian has no greater loyalty than to his or her conscience. Conscience slides into self-will. Beyond denominational or theological boundaries, no one is able to present, to debate, to respond, to adjudicate, to give, or to obey an order issued by a recognized body of Christians, on any issue – not just very large important issues. All issues are 'off the table,' as it were, beyond joint resolution. No one could today post 95 theses on the door of a church and have an audience. We are stalled on Christian conscience-autonomy. No one says 'my conscience is God' but that is the net result. Each spider sits on her own web. The Old Testament analogue is the Book of Judges. The civil and political theory and authority that God has established pertinent to us, and to all, has been two thousand years in the making. The development of this theory is an argument for and an example of common grace, extended by God to all, who makes his sun to shine on the good and on the evil, and sends his rain on the just and on the unjust. "All peaceful beginnings of government have been laid in the consent of the people," John Locke, the British philosopher wrote in his Second Treatise on Government, Sect. 112. His work was instrumental in the framing of American constitutional ideas. Within the United States, we are both the governed, and the governing authorities. Perhaps odd, perhaps obvious to say, but if we as Christians want to reach the heavenly city of God, we have to be capable of governing and being governed by each other. This does not suggest extinguishing the ordinary and necessary debate and contentions that accompany civil and religious life. But at some point, a methodology of decision-making has to be established. Decisions are to be made, and they have to be respected. These 'decisions' are Christian decisions, critical to the communications and communal life of all Christians. That is not intended as a challenge to fundamental theological positions. When our government formed, Maryland did not become Pennsylvania – each state assigned certain powers to a federal government, and retained the rest. Lawful is not lawless, even where there is hard questioning and debate over what is really or ought to be 'lawful.' There are many different ways to connect with each other in the exercise of our Christian faith. Our movement toward the Jerusalem from above is obstructed, if we are situated like a collection of hermit crabs, each communion barricaded in its own shell of theological position, ecclesiastical organization and personal conscience. The authorities that exist have been established by God. Rom. 13:1 b. God created and enables all things, in providing the motive power for all events, outside of whose permissive will nothing ever can happen or could happen. Such establishment includes "the authorities that exist." As Jesus said to Pilate, "You would have no power over me if it were not given you from above." God is the source of lawful authority. The present state of world and national affairs, including our legal and political structures, is not accidental. It may be temporary, or cause us to pray "How long, O Lord, will the wicked by jubilant?" But if we cannot obey our own lawful authority, exercising decisions derived from faith, there is no possibility of building a genuinely lawful structure. If we cannot debate our Christian statements, decrees, findings or laws, enable and enact our Christian decrees, respect or obey our Christian laws, because they come from the authority already announced and ordained by our God and Savior, we're not going to move. We are stranded in the valley of stasis. I am postmillennial, a believer in the Kingdom of God that comes into this world. The extension of Rom. 13:1 b is necessary. This verse sends us forward, makes us look to the future. The current set of authorities have been established by God. The next set of authorities will be established by God - and the next set, after that. We want this set of authorities, each set of authorities, to be better, more Christ-like. When we say more 'Christ-like,' it is not reasonable to expect that denominational and theological differences are going to evaporate. We want to be Christ-like as we assume, or obey, or exchange, this developing authority which expresses itself in constitutional forms among us - not because it results in theocracy or theonomy (or any other system of being ruled by the laws of the Old Testament). Rather, we remember that the "authorities that exist" may be us, or may not be; and if we're not holding office at the moment, we may retain our theological positions or political differences. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you, has special significance when we are talking about different groups of Christians contending over beliefs, ideas, or courses of conduct which may be supported and advanced by force of decree, statement or law. If we are going to move toward a more complete Christian community, theological convictions count, inspiration counts, but also, impartiality counts. We want the debate (and the penalties for losing the debate on whatever topic is at hand) to be just and impartial. The rules, the conduct, the doctrine, whatsoever it is under discussion, and the statement or law that issues from them, or us, are to be impartial. The means and procedure of discussing, debating, challenging or appealing the decision regarding the resolution of Christian issues, have to be impartial. Due Process is a legal term but it paves a spiritual road. It means notice of the issue at hand, before the time and place of decision, and the opportunity to be heard on the point by the decision-makers. We hope valued impartiality flows into our political and national lives. But whether it does or does not flow nationally, we have to communicate these exchanges and accord this due process among ourselves in an impartial manner – and then voluntarily respect the outcome. The amorality of the present state of our national political life is not ultimately acceptable, but neither it is acceptable to go back to the political situation, rife with religious persecutions, that characterized Great Britain (and here in New England) in the 17th century. We do not criminalize people with whom we disagree. We will not move toward a golden, millennial age until we capture solutions to both sets of problems – spiritual unity which enables voluntary association and cooperation, and spiritual dissent. Our risen Lord Jesus has set us a mid-term examination. God has graciously provided us guidance. As explained by Locke in his Second Treatise, sect. 131: And so whoever has the legislative or supreme power of any commonwealth, is bound to govern by established standing laws, promulgated and known to the people, and not by extemporary decrees; by indifferent [impartial] and upright judges, who are to decide controversies by those law; and to employ the force of the community at home, only in the execution of such laws; or abroad to prevent or redress foreign injuries, and secure the community from inroads and invasion. And all this to be directed to no other end but the peace, safety, and public good of the people. The peace that Jesus confers - "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you" (John 14:27), connects to this Lockean peace, safety and the public good. The kingdom of God ("Thy kingdom come," Jesus taught us to pray, Mat. 6:10, "on earth as it is in heaven.") and "the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations," Rev. 22:2, converge on this peace. They are intended for this-world Christian implementation, and this implementation and obedience to God's will is not beyond us. John Locke described the "peace, safety and public good of the people" in terms that were attainable. He presented his solution at the time of intense religious persecution that frequently was the excuse, rather than the reason, for political persecution. The experience of the Amish community in self-regulation provides some useful guidance. The Nashville Statement, signed initially by more than 150 evangelical leaders, affirming what is set forth or implied in Scripture about sexuality, particularly Romans ch. 1, is a productive step toward our self-regulation and our movement toward a Holy City. The Nashville Statement engendered disagreement and resentment. Nor do I endorse all views, on all issues, of those Christians who developed the Nashville Statement. The point is to cooperate as actively and as far as we can, but no further. Theological statements and decisions are presented to address conflicting positions. The resentment within large elements of our national society, of the Christian position on the sexual issues addressed in the Nashville Statement, is intense – but that is acceptable. Disregard of God's Word engenders its own consequences. We want to be frog-marched off the Titanic of modern secular culture and nominal Christianity - thrown unceremoniously into a little lifeboat named Jesus and the Bible. We expect to be marginalized with the world's imprecations following, as the Titanic leaves us behind. We may bob in the ocean of broad societal disapproval for a short season. It's not hard to see the iceberg coming. After the iceberg has done its work, we, the Christian community, build a better world. We may communicate our own internal understandings and direction without surrendering those theological positions which are essentially non-negotiable. John Locke calls out the following elements in the above-recited passage: legislative power, established law, impartial judges, a judicious use of 'force' to execute such laws, directed to peace, safety and public good – and we would add, for the community of our faith. The challenge is to connect that political peace, of which we are clearly capable, with Jesus' spiritual peace. The alternative, the Valley of Christian Stasis, is incapable of being characterized as good faith. That is not how the Book of Revelation ends. To disconnect the two kinds of peace, to say that the peace that Jesus provides is always and forever not of this world, is to take a position on eschatology. That is to take the position that the Kingdom of God is not coming (despite praying "thy Kingdom come") in this world except by the visible return of Christ but in no other way. It is to take the position that the Great Commission does not fully succeed (apparently, then, a command to partial failure?). It is to take the position that the ending of Romans ch. 16 ("so that all nations might believe and obey him") doesn't count. If the Kingdom of God is coming in this world, then those good ends that John Locke asserted - peace, safety, the public good - have to be realized in the context of a multitude of Christian expressions (the 'Seven Churches' of Revelation), giving rise to our City in Motion. The political events of the last two thousand years include what has politically taken place in this country in the last 250 years. We may begin with the Deist-influenced proclamation of the Declaration of Independence (which, despite its Deist influences, repeatedly and insistently invokes God, the Creator, the Supreme Judge, and Divine Providence), which is also directly of God. The Declaration of Independence, like all other expressions of common grace, is directed by and under the authority of our risen Lord, Jesus. Pilate's authority derived from Roman military and civil power gets the benefit of God's imprimatur, as spoken by Jesus. Then surely also so does the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, and the Federalist Papers. We have political tools. We need to use them. We don't want to supplant the state, we want to create a miniature of a Constitutional and legislative system, for ourselves, entered into by three gates: by Christian faith, by subscription to the doctrine of Scriptural inerrancy, and by a commitment to a forward-looking eschatology. Beyond that, once through those gates 'of the outer courtyard,' we acknowledge a diversity of views, a gathering of seven churches, a lively exchange of ideas. We will make and find our city and move toward peace, joy, and the enjoyment of the presence of God, characterized by our love for God, and our love for each other. There, we will be in a position to lead useful and interesting lives and have enjoyable and interesting discourse. We do not resurrect the past, look to the past, long for the days of ancient Israel, look for theocratical forms of government, or long for the days when our particular theology will be adopted by everyone. Christianity is just beginning. "By calling this covenant new, he has made the first one obsolete. And what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear." Heb. 8:13. The orchestra is just tuning up - we're barely getting started. I have no use at all for nostalgia. To quote a modern theologian, Greg Bahnsen: Postmillennialists believe, therefore, that the kingdom of God will gradually grow on earth, visibly, publicly, and externally. . . It will grow through the gradual conversion of the nations – through the preaching of the Word of God. . . . This salvation of many people must have visible expression and influence and be seen in an outward culture in society. (Victory in Jesus, Bahnsen, CMP 1999, p. 27). (See also, Postmillennialism, an Eschatology of Hope, Keith A. Mattison, P&R Publishing, 1999; The Victory of Christ's Kingdom, John Jefferson Davis, Canon Press, 1996; Prophecy and the Church, Oswald Allis, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 1978 (critique of dispensationalism); He Shall Have Dominion, Kenneth Gentry, Apologetics Group Media, 2009 (thorough defense of postmillennialism); and An Eschatology of Victory, J. Marcellus Kik, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 1971) ("the Holy City is situated in time and history . . . " p. 245). (Noting also with all these authors, that their theology is learned, their eschatology is inspiring, their legal and political theory needs better direction.) Consequently, he who rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves." Rom:13:2. Paul instructed Christians in the Roman Empire, where we began as a tiny minority. Stay out of trouble, direct your energy away from rebellion, stay away from political revolt or disobedience. Move in our spiritual life and the witness to the growing faith. Paul was concerned about building the church locally and across geographical distances and cultural groups. It was the Holy Spirit saying, "it's okay to obey the Roman authorities – in fact, you should, this is part of your obedience to me, unless (as is clear from the Book of Revelation), you are being asked to deny Christ or otherwise blaspheme." Christ warned his disciples to stay clear of the military and political disaster coming because of the Jewish rebellion brewing against Roman authority in his pointed discourse at the Mount of Olives. In whatever direction we decide to move, it must meet the fundamental standards enunciated by Paul. For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and he will commend you. For he is God's servant to do you good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword for nothing. He is God's servant, an agent of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment, but also because of conscience. That is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God's servants, who give their full time to governing. Give to everyone what you owe him; if you owe taxes, pay taxes, if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor. Rom. 13:3-7. Christian, don't do the crime, if you can't do the time. The bearing of the sword is intended for punishment. The state has a monopoly on the use of force, for a good reason. Generally, Christian conscience acts in conjunction with the state (but not always, see, e.g., Martin Luther King's Letter from a Birmingham Jail). In his Letter to the Romans, Paul meant a number of different things by 'the Law,' understood by context: the Ten Commandments, the Law of Moses implying a special revelation of God's will to the Jews, natural law available to and applicable to all people, spiritual law to be followed by Christians out of obedience to the gospel, the law of love, Roman civil or criminal law to be obeyed at the risk of punishment, the law of conscience, including accusations or defenses of conscience, the law of interior struggle with sin, sin and death itself, and the new life of the Spirit - all are referenced in Paul's letter, all characterized in his writing as or associated with the Law. The Law shows us our sins by holding up a mirror to our conduct in the light of God's Law, sending us to call on Christ's atoning mercy. The Law protects the weak from wrongdoing at the hands of those stronger and is essential to a civil society. The Law in all its forms and expressions is surely the great chain, wielded by an angel, which binds Satan in Rev. 20:1 and 2. As the Holy City comes down out of heaven as described in the 21st Chapter of Revelation, it is not described as the City of Law. By implication, the City may be protected by Law. Law may reinforce its walls and its gate. Spiritual law may flow from and through the Church to separate those who may enter the City of God from those who may not. But the Holy City's light, foundations, jewels, gates, streets, river, fountains, or its Tree of Life are not described in terms of Law. In the Sacred City of divine and human joy, where Christ reigns by acclamation, by love and by power, the purposes of the Law have been fulfilled. Lawlessness has no place in the City as it can never enter in. The Abyss may be escaped, only to give rise to further battle and fire, but the Holy City is prepared as a bride. The description of the Millennial City calls us to something higher, further and more perfect than Law as a goal and end of human society. The Law has a purpose and an end, and it reaches fulfillment in Christ's work on the Cross. In a more perfect society, where equity is done everywhere, there is no need to petition a court of equity for relief. Where love and trust are more perfect among people, no judge is needed to assert jurisdiction, hear argument or rule for one party or the other. In a meeting with our beloved, we who love fold our papers, close our law books and put our contracts aside. Their purpose has been served. Love keeps no record of wrong, so we may leave the courtroom. We go to meet for a wedding ceremony and a feast. The beauty of the meeting calls us to travel the road. Questions arise about doing right, what obedience means, in a Constitutional democracy where we are asked to play a part. The part we play nationally, whatever it is, to which we are also called and from which we refuse to be disenfranchised, is not the same as the spiritual movement we pursue among ourselves. We are called to something higher than the surrounding political confrontation and factionalism (not an easy problem to solve; see Federalist No. 10 – Madison thought the danger of factionalism would be solved by the new Constitution, and clearly that has not been the case). John Locke thought the solution was self-evident. "[F]or nobody has an absolute arbitrary power over himself, or over any other, to destroy his own life, or take away the life or property of another. . . Thus the law of nature stands as an eternal rule to all men, legislators as well as others. The rules that they make . . . must be conformable to the law of nature, i.e., to the will of God . . ." 2nd Treatise, sect. 135. To say something must be conformable to the will of God, or the law of nature or an eternal rule, has proved to be guidance not so obvious, beyond the first application, of not destroying life. Many Christians are united on this point at least. Given the number of abortions being performed annually in the United States and western world generally, even Locke's standard of 'not taking away life' appears to have given way to a notion of personal rights that is practically unlimited in its scope or application. In the case of abortion on demand, the notion is tragic on a massive scale, leads to infanticide (and the purposeful abortion of Downs' syndrome babies), is contrary to God's will, is destructive of our national political fabric, and presents an irresistible temptation to federal courts to exceed their Constitutional jurisdiction and intended scope of authority. Next to the Dred Scott decision, Roe v. Wade is the worst decision ever made by the U.S. Supreme Court, and its consequences have been destructive. The decision raises political problems regardless of religious faith – there is no serious legal question of any type that cannot be formulated into a query about individual rights and then answered in such a way as to make individual rights (defined to assure the preferred outcome) preempt and supersede any other type of right. In the case of abortion, all that is necessary is to deny the definition of human life to children in the womb. The definitions decide the outcome. When we now use the term 'civil rights' the meaning is – rights of the individual. In current judicial reasoning, advancing individual rights is always expansive of the good, as long as the individuals are out of the womb. In current judicial reasoning, the rights of the group are nearly always oppressive, subtracting from the net benefit of civil society. My civil rights cannot be added to the civil rights of my fellow citizens, in such a way as to develop a society promoting religiously-based ethical views. One hundred thousand people may not be lead in prayer at a government-sponsored or funded event, if one objects. If it is necessary to justify protecting children in the womb from destruction by making a religious argument, because the definition of the beginning of life implies theological and ethical reasoning, then the destructive consequences of advancing individual rights above other rights are wrongly justified as compelled by the implied language of the Constitution. An intellectual shell game has been played by our federal judiciary, of which Roe v. Wade is the most notorious example – get the definitions right, set up the conflict as the individual vs. the group (included in 'the group' is any assembly of state legislators) – and the desired judicial result will pop out like candy from a dispenser. From this Christian's viewpoint, and I am also a citizen of this nation, this is unacceptable. As an individual, my name is not "Congress," as in the 1st Amendment ("Congress shall make no law"). The idea that ethical decisions, which result in law, may not have religious foundations, is to be rejected. The idea that I may not join with others to vote for or to pass laws which at some point in their chain of reasoning, rely on religious belief or revelation, is to be rejected. A method of judicial reasoning which relies on carefully-crafted initial definitions and nomenclature to avoid the obvious, observable acts of medically terminating life, with the resulting infant body parts available for marketing, is to be rejected. Political acts which have ethical foundations, which themselves have religious foundations, are ordinary acts of Constitutional self-rule, not the establishment of a theocracy. We will do better, because God will compel a better result. The City of God is a promise to seven churches, standing for a society of communities engaged in the voluntary worship of God and obedience to Christ. Discovering the will of God, in our own relations with other Christians, raises harder questions than challenging bad national law or opposing abortion on demand. Discovering God's will mean moving forward to our own better self-governing society, even if we construct a model first on a 'table-top,' as it were. I quote a passage from Locke which will have a familiar sound to any reader familiar with the Declaration of Independence: Great mistakes in the ruling part, many wrong and inconvenient laws, and all the slips of human frailty, will be born by the people without mutiny or murmur. But if a long train of abuses, prevarications, and artifices, all tending the same way, make the design visible to the people, and they cannot but feel what they lie under, and see whither they are going; it is not to be wondered, that they should then rouse themselves, and endeavor to put the rule into such hands which may secure to them the ends for which government was at first erected . . . 2nd Treatise, sect. 225. Locke observed that the people may "rouse themselves." Indeed, 'rousing ourselves' is essential. But in what way did the Apostle Paul view 'rousing ourselves?' The difficulty with Paul's passage in Romans ch. 13:3-7, is its static nature. Those admonitions made sense then, for a small religious minority in a vast pagan empire. The Roman authorities were there, and the Roman Christians submitted to them, and were grateful to God for the opportunity to worship him in peace. There was no political development implied; it was intentional separation from Roman interference, by giving no cause for offence, for purposes of Christian religious practice. A difficulty with the passage of Locke cited above is that it takes the matter one, but only one, drastic step forward. If the authorities are inflicting a "long train of abuses . . . all tending the same way" then the people ought to put "the rule into such hands as may secure to them the ends for which government was at first erected." Locke's concepts are binary, but they also will become static – either the people accept the "great mistakes and wrong laws without mutiny or murmer" – or, as the American people did in 177 6, they "rouse themselves" to "put the rule into such hands, etc.," in other words, to put governmental rule into American hands in the legislatures of the American states. Continuing, aspirational movement was not contemplated by John Locke either. The wasn't the problem he was facing 320 years ago, but it is a problem we are facing now. There is much the Book of Revelation does not do. There is one thing it does do, beyond its powerful encouragement in the face of persecution – it says, 'look, there's a goal here, a destination, and we want to get to it.' The Book has an end, and the end is a City. The Great Commission is equally dynamic – Jesus telling us "Go, make disciples." There's a goal here, a command, something we are supposed to be doing – and disciples, discipling and discipline has to extend to more than personal conscience, to the exclusion of Christian community. The argument against amillennialism is parallel to the argument against premillennialism (whether in its dispensational presentation or classical presentation) – those doctrines don't go anywhere. When it comes to Revelation ch. 21 and 22, these doctrines 'sit on their hands.' Rather, our doctrine of eschatology is postmillennial (Christ comes after ("post") the millennium) by our voluntary choice, by Revelation's destination, by inspiration of the Holy Spirit to reach a millennium in this world. Jesus is awaited at the end of the golden, millennial period, however long and wonderful that period may be, a thousand years or a ten times a thousand years – and we have acted in obedience to him in making or moving to such a society and such a world. (For the Kingdom of God will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted to them his property - one to receive five talents, one to receive two, another, to receive one). Our goal is forward. Neither John Lock or the Apostle Paul, or Jesus, say: "let's go back to an Old Testament theocracy as soon as we have a chance." Hence, my profound disagreement with all forms of political theocracy, theonomy, etc. We move to the future here, in terms of our political understanding – our Lord Jesus has not been asleep for the last 2000 years. For that matter, if you need open-heart CABG surgery as I did, you will not seek out a doctor who applies the methods of healthcare available in the days of Moses – there are no instructions in the Old Testament for a triple-bypass procedure. Common grace has done something with respect to medical care, as it has done something with respect to political theory which the churches may apply. After the passage quoted above about obeying the authorities, the Apostle Paul moved directly, with no further transition, to a society characterized by love that has already internalized the Law. The movement is sudden between Rom. 13:7, extolling obedience to external Roman authority, sharing neither political power or a faith with us, to Rom. 13:8. Here is our endpoint: Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for he who loves his fellow man has fulfilled the law. The commandments, "Do not commit adultery," Do not murder," "Do not steal," "Do not covet," and whatever other commandment there may be, are summed up in this one rule: "Love your neighbor as yourself." Love does no harm to its neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law. If we wish to go On the Road now (and we find ourselves On the Road whether we wish it or not) – static conceptions will not do. We construct with the law in the manner of a homebuilder, using our tools to lay on progressively wiser and more effective structural elements, until we reach the fulfillment of home-building, a home where we may love. That is the postmillennial vision – a millennial world, a golden age of faith, love and peace, before Christ returns. The thousand years of the millennium in Ch. 20 is both a reality and a symbol for that vision. The reality of God's ordaining will is a driving movement. Growth through the Holy Spirit is neither limited to or circumscribed by the symbol of a thousand year time period. We travel to an end and a society good beyond words. Our driving force and our destination comes from God. Golden ages are hard to come by, but not only can we get there, we will. Christ has called us to this, and his sobriety and his power in doing so is beyond question. ____________________________________
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Cantor Ken Cohen | Building Community – The Ignite Project Cantor Kenneth Cohen grew up in suburban communities in-and-around New York City, attending a mix of Jewish day and public schools. He graduated from Harpur College (SUNY Binghamton) where he received degrees in History (B.A.) and Ethnomusicology (M.A.), then was ordained from the Jewish Theological Seminary of America as a Cantor of the Jewish faith.…
Virginia Avniel Spatz – a writer's pages Welcome to the writer's pages of Virginia Avniel Spatz, a native of Chicago, living and writing in DC for more than 30 years. Although I write on many topics, my thoughts return frequently to bridge building across communities, to Jewish teaching over the ages and its application to social justice today, and to issues like…
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Party In Our Crib — Charidy: For Crowdfunding and Fundraising Success COME PARTY IN OUR CRIB!TODAY! Sinai Health Foundation and The Canadian Shaare Zedek Hospital Foundation are teaming up to raise $1 million in only 24 hours to give our 30,000 babies a healthy start in life! YOU CAN HELP 30,000 BABIES!Over the next 24 hours, every donation you make to this campaign will be matched 1:1 as we come together to crowdfund for birthing beds, warming beds and incubators for our newborns at two incredible hospitals here and in Israel!The campaign is live for only 24 hours! Your support will allow us to ENSURE that ALL babies born in our hospitals will have a bed of warmth, love, security and unparalleled medical care.We only have 24 hours to reach our goal before the clock runs out. If you are living in the United States, please follow this link to make a donation and get a tax receipt.https://cafa.iphiview.com/cafa/Organizations/OrganizationView/tabid/437/dispatch/byorganization_id$11537_hash$f02d9e703a6c098cc9f6e2dee6ab3b75267634ee ABOUT SHAARE ZEDEKLocated in the centre of Jerusalem, Shaare Zedek Medical Center is a major urban hospital with more than 115 years of providing world class health care and responding to the more than 750,000 patients each year, Shaare Zedek prides itself on treating patients of every race, religion and nationality with advanced medicine through a compassionate and individualized approach.In 2014, the Huberfeld Family Birthing Center and Huberfeld Neonatal Intensive Care Unit opened. These new facilities were designed to meet the highest medical standards in an ultra-modern environment. Located on the top two floors of a new women’s and infants building, the facility houses two maternity departments, 22 rooms for labor and delivery, and Israel’s largest and most advanced neonatal intensive care unit. The expansion has increased our maternal and neonatal care space by 45 per cent. The NICU cares for more than 1,000 high-risk infants each year. Most come from our delivery suites located next door, but we also care for tiny babies referred from other hospitals due to our reputation for excellence.This premier facility is equipped to meet the needs of the more than 22,000 babies delivered at Shaare Zedek each year, which is 60 new babies brought into the world each day. This outstanding number of births, is greater than any other hospital in the Western world. In addition to routine births, the services provided also include in-vitro fertilization (IVF), pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and treatments for high-risk pregnancies. Shaare Zedek also has the world’s only MRI machine for preemies and infants.With such a high demand on the NICU and the maternity units, Shaare Zedek is always in need of beds for new babies and their moms. Helps us ensure that we can continue to care for them while offering the most advanced approaches in neonatal medicine.ABOUT SINAI HEALTH FOUNDATION In August 1913, four determined immigrant women from Toronto’s Jewish community began knocking on doors – literally. They were raising funds for a hospital that would serve the city’s growing Jewish population and also, finally, provide a place for Jewish doctors to practice. By 1922 they had raised $12,000 and purchased 100 Yorkville Avenue and founded The Hebrew Maternity and Convalescent Hospital which eventually became Mount Sinai Hospital. Today, Mount Sinai has grown into a renowned world-class health-care institution and is part of Sinai Health System. Sinai Health Foundation raises and stewards funds to support the priorities of Sinai Health which includes supporting our Frances Bloomberg Centre for Women’s and Infants’ Health located at Mount Sinai. The Centre welcomes more than 7,000 babies into the world annually and cares for women with serious pregnancy complications (including preeclampsia and preterm labour) and complex health conditions (including heart disease, cancer, and autoimmune disorders like inflammatory bowel disease, lupus, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and more). Two-thirds of our pregnancies are considered high risk. In fact, we care for more high-risk pregnancies than any other centre in North America.Every year, more than 1,000 of the most vulnerable babies are cared for in the Newton Glassman Charitable Foundation Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. They may be full-term infants who became unwell after delivery, newborns with congenital abnormalities, or fragile preemies who need developmental support until their due date. At the Glassman NICU, up to 57 babies can be cared for at any one time by a professional team that includes doctors, nurses, social workers, respiratory therapists, dietitians and pharmacists, along with parents themselves. The care Mount Sinai provides is constantly advanced by our scientists at the Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute (LTRI), home to North America’s largest women’s and infants’ health research team. Community support fuels everything we do from seamless care to scientific discovery. If you want to speak to a campaign staff person, please phone Lisa on our hotline at 647-292-9919. Thank you for your support! A very special thank you to our generous matching donors:The Mayvon Foundation - $50,000The Sherman Family - $50,000Michael & Libby Goldgrub - $25,000 Gerry Schwartz & Heather Reisman - $25,000 Ira Gluskin & Maxine Granovsky Gluskin Charitable Foundation- $25,000 Richard Pilosof - $25,000 Linda Frum & Howard Sokolowski- $25,000 Nancy Pencer - $25,000 Pinedale Properties - $25,000 Freeman Family Foundation - $25,000 Alex and Brad Krawczyk - $18,000 Jenny Solursh - $15,000 La Prima Investments - $12,500 Harvey & Renee Solursh - $10,000 Anatoli & Valeria Plotkine - $10,000 Rob Kumar - $10,000 Carol Mitchell & Richard Venn - $10,000 Larry & Judy Tanenbaum - $10,000 Andrew Rivkin - $10,000 David Kaufman - $10,000 Max & Heather Gotlieb - $10,000 Robert Rubinoff - $10,000 Brent & Lynn Belzberg - $10,000 The Benjamin Family - $10,000 Mitch & Susan Brown - $5,000 Carole and Bernie Zucker & Family - $5,000 Lawrence and Frances Bloomberg - $5,000 Harry Culham - $5,000 Bernard Heitner - $5,000 Bleeman Family Foundation - $5,000 Mark Davis - $5,000 Anonymous - $5,000 Howard Brodie - $3,600 Dani Reiss - $3,600 Isadore & Rosalie Sharp - $2,500 Elliot Kohn - $2,500 Patricia & Richard Fogler - $2,500 Marder Family Foundation - $2,500 Howard & Claire Glowinsky - $2,000 Herman Auslander - $2,000 Tora Foundation - $1,800 Matt Sitka - $1,800 Alan & Darcia Greenberg - $1,800 John & Marcie Fisher - $1,800 Linda and Jeffrey Nudelman - $1,800 Steve Mayer - $1,800 Carol Goldstein - $1,800 Arthur Dalfen - $1,800 Pamela & Paul Austin - $1,800 Lizzie Sanders - $1,500